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S. menel n. “the heavens, firmament, region of the stars” (Category: Sky, Heavens)

S. menel, n. “the heavens, firmament, region of the stars” (Category: Sky, Heavens)
G. climli “heaven, sky”
ᴱN. dai “sky; high”
G. daimoth “heaven”
G. ilbar “heaven, the uttermost region beyond the world”
G. ilwint “sky, heavens; (lit.) face of god”

A word for the “the heavens, firmament, region of the stars”, a loan word from Quenya (MR/387; RGEO/64). See the entry on Q. menel and √MENEL for further details.

Conceptual Development: This word began to appear as an element in Sindarin in late Lord of the Rings drafts (SD/45) and drafts of Lord of the Rings appendices (PM/130) from the early 1950s. In the Sindarin prayer Ae Adar Nín from the mid-to-late 1950s, Tolkien used Menel for “Heaven” as in ae Adar nín i vi Menel “our Father who [art] in Heaven” (VT44/21), but this seems not to be the proper Elvish usage, so could perhaps be considered a Mannish misconception. Elsewhere Tolkien only used S. menel for “the heavens”, such as in o menel aglar elenath “from heaven [the firmanent] on high the glory of the starry host” from the A Elbereth Gilthoniel poem (LotR/238, 1028; RGEO/63-64). Note that menel did not appear in the earliest drafts of Elbereth Gilthoniel from the 1940s (RS/394).

References ✧ LB/354; LotR/238, 729; MR/387; PE17/24; RGEO/63-64; VT44/23

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N. #menel n. “*the heavens” (Category: Sky, Heavens)

See S. menel for discussion.

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