S. Helevorn loc. “Black Glass”

S. Helevorn, loc. “Black Glass”

The lake where the people of Caranthir dwelled (S/112), a combination of heledh “glass” and the lenited form vorn of morn “black” (PE17/37), with the dh lost because [ð] vanished before nasals in Sindarin.

Conceptual Development: In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, this name first appeared as N. Elivorn “Lake-Black” (LR/405), revised to N. Helevorn (LR/269). The latter name also appeared in The Etymologies with the translations “Black Glass” and nearly the same derivation as given above, only with N. hele “glass” instead of S. heledh (Ety/KHEL).

References ✧ PE17/37; RS/466; SA/khelek; SI; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Elements

heledh “glass” ✧ PE17/37 (heleð); RS/466 (heleð); SA/khelek
morn “black, dark; night” soft-mutation ✧ PE17/37 (vorn)

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

Kh. kheled > Hele(ð)vorn [kʰeledmorna] > [xeledmorna] > [xeleðmorna] > [xeleðmorn] > [xelemorn] > [helemorn] > [helevorn] ✧ PE17/37

N. Helevorn loc. “Black Glass”

See S. Helevorn for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES); LR/265; LRI/Elivorn, Helevorn; RSI

Glosses

Elements

hele “glass” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)
morn “black” soft-mutation
ᴹ√MOR “*black, dark” ✧ Ety/KHYEL(ES)

N. Elivorn loc. “Lake-Black”

Earlier name for lake Helevorn glossed “Lake-Black” (LR/269, 405), apparently a combination of an earlier form of oel “lake” and with the lenited form of morn “black” (EtyAC/MOR).

See S. Helevorn for further discussion.

References ✧ EtyAC/MOR; LR/269, 405; LRI

Glosses

Changes

Elements

oel “pool, lake”
morn “black” soft-mutation ✧ Ety/MOR