S. Elbereth f. “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen”

S. Elbereth, f. “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star-queen”

The Sindarin name of Varda, a compound of êl “star” and bereth “queen”, that is: “Star-queen” (LotR/378, RGEO/66). The Quenya equivalent of this name is Elentári. This name was of ancient derivation, from ✶elen-barathī > elmbereth > Elbereth, as shown by the fact that the initial [b] in the second element did not lenite to [v] (MR/387, PE17/22).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this name was G. Timbridhil “Queen of Stars” (GL/71, LT1A/Tinwetári), which reappeared in the Etymologies from the 1930s as N. Timbreðil (Ety/TIN). Tolkien revised the name to N. Elbereth “Star Queen” (Ety/EL, Ety/BARATH), which appeared in the narratives starting with the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (RS/68).

Before giving this name to Varda, Tolkien used the name Ilk. Elbereth for the youngest child of Dior (Ety/BER), but he changed that name to Elrûn (later S. Elurín). Tolkien also used the name N. Elbereth² for one of the sons of Elrond before renaming him S. Elrohir (WR/297).

References ✧ LBI; Let/278, 282; LotR/238, 729; LotRI; MR/387-388; MRI; PE17/22-23; PM/358; PMI; RGEO/61, 63-66; SI

Glosses

Variations

Elements

êl “star” ✧ PE17/22 (el-); RGEO/65
bereth “queen, spouse; supreme, sublime” ✧ PE17/23; RGEO/66
elen “star” ✧ PE17/22; PE17/23 (el-en)

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

elen-barathi > elmbereth > Elbereth [elenbarathī] > [elembarathī] > [elembarathi] > [elemberethi] > [elembereth] > [elmbereth] > [elbereth] ✧ MR/387
elen-barathī > el-mbereth > Elbereth [elenbarathī] > [elembarathī] > [elembarathi] > [elemberethi] > [elembereth] > [elmbereth] > [elbereth] ✧ PE17/22

N. Elbereth f. “Queen of Stars, (lit.) Star Queen”

See S. Elbereth for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/BARATH, EL; RS/68, 394; RSI; SDI1/Elbereth; TII; WRI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

el “star” ✧ Ety/EL
bereth¹ “queen” ✧ Ety/BARATH; Ety/EL

Element In

Cognates


N. Timbredhil f.

See G. Timbridhil for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/TIN ✧ Timbreðil

Elements

ᴹ√TIN “sparkle, emit slender (silver pale) beams” ✧ Ety/TIN
Bredhil ✧ Ety/TIN (-breðil)

G. Timbridhil f. “Queen of Stars”

Precursor to S. Elbereth from the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, a combination of tim “star” and Bridhil “queen” (GL/24, 70). In this period, only its Qenya equivalent ᴱQ. Tinwetári was used in the narratives. The name did appear in the earliest Silmarillion drafts of the late 1920s (SM/82), and a variant of this name, N. Timbredhil, appeared in the Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/TIN), but starting with the Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, Tolkien consistently used Elbereth instead.

See S. Elbereth for further discussion.

References ✧ GL/18, 24, 71; LBI; LT1A/Tinwetári; PE14/14; SM/82; SMI/Tim-Bridhil

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

tim “spark, gleam, (star)” ✧ GL/70; LT1A/Tinwë Linto
Bridhil ✧ GL/24; GL/71; LT1A/Tinwetári
brindi “(Queen) Princess” ✧ GL/24 (Brindi)

Cognates