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ᴺS. [ᴱN.] úlam adj. “dumb, unable to speak, (lit.) untongued” (Category: Dumb)

ᴺS. [ᴱN.] úlam, adj. “dumb, unable to speak, (lit.) untongued” (Category: Dumb)
See ᴱN. orlham for discussion.

Elements

S. ú- “no, not, negative; impossible”
S. lam¹ “(physical) tongue; language”

ᴱN. orlham adj. “dumb” (Category: Dumb)

A word appearing in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, first given as uvlam “dumb” in the (untranslated) phrase maint uvlam o ballam “*better dumb than evil-tongued”, which was then revised to maint orlham o vallam, although uvlam as an independent word was allowed to stand (PE13/138). The revision clearly relates to Tolkien’s decision to change the negative prefix from ᴱN. um- to ᴱN. ur-/or- in this document (PE13/155). The second element of uvlam/orlham is ᴱN. lham(b) “tongue” (PE13/148).

Neo-Sindarin: For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I would update this word to ᴺS. úlam “dumb, unable to speak, (lit.) untongued” using the later negative prefix ú-.

References ✧ PE13/138

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

ur- “privative prefix, without, -less”
lham(b) “tongue” soft-mutation

Element In