Q. Ilúvatar m. “Father of All”

Q. Ilúvatar, m. “Father of All”

A Quenya name for God (S/15, Let/155), translated “Father of All” or “All-father” (Let/204, MR/39). It is a compound of the noun ilúvë “all” and atar¹ “father” (SA/atar, ilúvë; WJ/402).

Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/49), though ᴱQ. Ilúvatar originally meant “Sky Father” or “Heavenly Father” (LTA1/Ilúvatar, QL/42). A revised translation “Lord for Always” appeared in the Name-list for the Fall of Gondolin (PE15/27) and the translation “All-father” emerged in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/78, LR/110). ᴹQ. Ilúvatar appeared in the Etymologies as the combination of ᴹQ. ilúve and ᴹQ. atar (Ety/ATA, IL).

References ✧ Let/155, 204; LotRI/One; MR/39; MRI; PE21/83; PMI; SA/atar, ilúvë; SI/Children of Ilúvatar, Ilúvatar; UTI; WJ/402; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

Ilúvataro genitive “of Ilúvatar” ✧ PE21/83; SI/Children of Ilúvatar

Elements

ilúvë “the whole, the all, allness” ✧ MR/39; SA/ilúvë; WJ/402
atar¹ “father” ✧ SA/atar; WJ/402

Element In


ᴹQ. Ilúvatar m. “All-father”

See Q. Ilúvatar for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ATA, IL; LR/47, 72, 110, 156, 204; LRI; SD/246, 310, 401; SDI2/Ilúvatar; SM/78, 263; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Ilúvatáren genitive “of Ilúvatar” ✧ LR/72
Ilūvatāren genitive “of-Ilúvatar” ✧ LR/47
Ilūvatāren genitive “of God” ✧ SD/310
ilúvatáren genitive “of [Ilúvatar]” ✧ SD/246

Elements

ilúve “universe, world; Heaven” ✧ Ety/IL
atar “father” ✧ Ety/ATA

Element In


ᴱQ. Ilúvatar m. “Heavenly Father, Sky-father; Lord for Always”

See Q. Ilúvatar for discussion.

References ✧ GL/50; LT1/61; LT1A/Ilúvatar, Ilwë; LT1I/Ilu, Ilúvatar; LT2A/Ilúvatar; LT2I; PE13/103; PE15/20, 23, 27, 72; PME/42; QL/42

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

Ilūvatard- stem ✧ QL/42

Elements

ilu “ether” ✧ LT1A/Ilwë; QL/42
atar “father” ✧ LT1A/Ilúvatar

Cognates