S. -wen suf. “maiden, *female suffix” (Category: Female)
A common feminine suffix in Sindarin (SA/wen; PE17/190), a reduction of S. gwend “maiden” in compounds; see that entry for more examples.
Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s the common female suffix was G. -win based on G. gwin “woman”, though Tolkien mentioned a variant -wein in Gnomish Lexicon Slips revising that document (PPE13/118). By the Noldorin of the 1930s, the usual suffix was -wen from N. gwenn “maiden”, and Tolkien seems to have stuck with it thereafter, as noted above.
Reference ✧ SA/wen ✧ wen “maiden”
|√wen > wen||[-wende] > [-wend] > [-wenn] > [-wen]||✧ SA/wen|
References ✧ GL/24, 28, 31, 34-35, 42, 44; PE13/118
|gwin||“woman, female”||soft-mutation||✧ PE13/118 (gwein); PE13/118; PE13/118; PE13/118; PE13/118 (gwein)|