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S. gwend n. “maiden” (Category: Girl)

S. gwend, n. “maiden, *young woman” (Category: Girl)

A word for “maiden” or “*young woman”, frequently appearing as suffixal -wen as an element in female names, derived from the root √WEN(ED) (PE17/191; Ety/WEN).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, the word G. gwin meant “woman, female” and G. {gwen >>} gwennin was “girl” (GL/45). The former was derived from the root ᴱ√giu̯i which had to do with pregnancy, but the latter was derived from {ᴱ√gw̯ene >>} ᴱ√gu̯eđe. In the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon {ᴱ√WENE >>} ᴱ√GWENE was the basis of words like ᴱQ. ’wen(di) “maiden” (QL/103). In the Gnomish Lexicon Slips it seems G. gwin was also reassigned to the root ᴱ√(G)WENE [ᴱ√u̯enĭ-], derived from ᴱ✶u̯einā́, though possibly shifted or blended in meaning with an adjectival sense “womanly” (PE13/113).

In the Early Noldorin Grammar of the 1920s, Tolkien had ᴱN. uin “woman” (PE13/123), a form that also appeared with this gloss in contemporaneous Early Noldorin Word-lists as a replacement for deleted {gwind, gwinn} (PE13/146, 155). In The Etymologies of the 1930s, Tolkien had N. gwend, gwenn “maiden” under the root ᴹ√WEN(ED) which he said was “often found in feminine names” (Ety/WEN). He noted that “since the [suffixed names] show no -d even in archaic spelling, they probably contain a form wen-”. Tolkien seems to have stuck with these forms thereafter.

Neo-Sindarin: For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I would use this word for a young woman or adolescent girl, especially prior to marriage, but for female children I would use neth.

Reference ✧ PE17/191 ✧ gwen(d) “maiden”

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

WEN-ED > gwen(d) [wende] > [gwende] > [gwend] > [gwenn] ✧ PE17/191

N. gwenn n. “maiden” (Category: Girl)

See S. gwend for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/WEN ✧ “maiden”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√WENED > gwend > gwenn [wende] > [gwende] > [gwend] > [gwenn] ✧ Ety/WEN

ᴱN. uin n. “woman” (Category: Woman)

See S. gwend for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/123, 146, 155

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

uinwaith class-plural ✧ PE13/155: sg. coll.
uinir plural ✧ PE13/123; PE13/155
uint plural ✧ PE13/123

G. gwin n. “woman, female” (Category: Woman)

See S. gwend for discussion.

References ✧ GG/9; GL/39, 45; PE13/118

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

gwinias plural   ✧ PE13/118
gwinieis plural   ✧ PE13/118
gwinin plural   ✧ GL/45
gwinis plural   ✧ PE13/118
winin soft-mutation plural; gw-mutation “women” ✧ GG/9

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√giu̯i > gwin [giwini] ? [gʷini] > [gʷin] ✧ GL/45
ᴱ√u̯enĭ- > gwein [weni] !!! [gʷein] ✧ PE13/118
ᴱ✶u̯einā́ > guin [weinā] !!! [guin] ✧ PE13/118

G. gwennin n. “girl” (Category: Girl)

See S. gwend for discussion.

References ✧ GL/45

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√gu̯eđe > gwennin [gʷendin] > [gʷennin] ✧ GL/45