S. Fingon m. “Hair Shout”
Eldest son of Fingolfin and second high king of the Noldor in Beleriand until his father’s death (S/60). His name is an adaptation of his Quenya name Findecáno which roughly means “Hair Shout” (PM/345), a combination of fîn “hair” and the suffix -gon seen in the several names (SA/fin, káno).
Conceptual Development: The name of this character was Fin(n)weg in the earliest Silmarillion drafts (SM/14), though the name Fingon appeared in later revisions of the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/80). In Silmarillion drafts from the early 1930s, the name Finweg was consistently revised to Fingon (SM/89), and remained thus thereafter.
In The Etymologies from the 1930s, N. Fingon was given as a derivative of ᴹ✶Phindekāno containing ON. phinde “skill” and the suffixal form -gon of caun¹ “valour” (Ety/PHIN, KAN). Later Tolkien briefly considered revising this name to S. Fingorn “Revered Finwe” using the same final element as Aragorn, but quickly rejected this idea (PE17/113). He then considered various etymologies for Fingon using the roots √KUN(DU), √KON and √KAN, the last of which is given above.
References ✧ LT1I; LT2I; MRI; PE17/113; PM/345, 352; PMI; SA/fin, káno; SI; UT/400; UTI; WJI
|fîn||“(single) hair, filament”||✧ SA/fin (fin-)|
|-gon||“lord, prince”||✧ PM/345|
|✶kānō||“leader, ruler; crier, herald”||✧ PM/352|
|✶Phiniñgornā > Fingorn||[pʰiniŋgornā] > [pʰiniŋgorna] > [ɸiniŋgorna] > [finiŋgorna] > [finiŋgorn] > [finŋgorn] > [fingorn]||✧ PE17/113|
N. Fingon m.
References ✧ Ety/KAN, PHIN; LB/80, 219, 292; LBI; LRI; SM/89; SMI/Fingon, Finweg; WRI
|ᴹ✶Findekāno > Fingon||[pʰindekāno] > [pʰindekǭno] > [ɸindekǭno] > [ɸindekouno] > [findekouno] > [findekauno] > [findekaun] > [findegaun] > [findgaun] > [findgon] > [fingon]||✧ Ety/PHIN|
ᴱN. Finweg m.
References ✧ LB/80, 219, 292; LBI/Fingon, Finweg; SM/89; SMI/Fingon, Finweg