ᴹQ. Lament of Atalante
This text appears in two different stories by Tolkien, both published posthumously: the “Lost Road” (LR/36-104) and “The Notion Club Papers” (SD/145-327). In both stories, a modern Englishmen retrieves the text from visions of the ancient past. The text summarizes the tale of the fall of Númenor. Tolkien did not himself name the text, but it has been called “Atalante”, “Atalante Fragments” or the “Lament of Atalante” in the literature, the last of these names being adopted here.
There are five basic versions of this text, some with minor variations:
There is considerable variation between the different versions of the text and there is no definitive version, since the stories where it appeared were unfinished. The presentation of the poem here is an amalgam of elements from the different versions written by J.R.R. Tolkien, illustrating as many features of the different versions as possible while remaining internally consistent.
This presentation of the Lament is compiled from the phrases appearing in at least one version of the text, with a preference for later forms over earlier ones. Further discussion of the textual history can be found in the analysis of the individual phrases. A more extensive analysis of the text can be found in the article “The Atalante Fragments” by Aleš Bičan.
|ar Sauron túle nukumna Númenórenna||“and Sauron came humbled to Númenor”|
|lantaner Turkildi nuhuinenna||“the Lordly Men [Númenóreans] fell under shadow”|
|Tar-Kalion ohtakáre Valannar||“Tar-Kalion made war on the Powers”|
|Herunúmen arda sakkante lenéme Ilúvatáren||“the Lord of the West [Manwe] broke the world by leave of Ilúvatar”|
|eari ullier i kilyanna||“the seas poured into the chasm”|
|Númenóre ataltane||“Númenor fell down”|
|malle téna lende númenna||“a road [once] went straight westward”|
|ilya sí maller raikar||“now all roads (are) bent”|
|Turkildi rómenna||“the Lordly Men [Númenóreans] [go] eastward”|
|vahaiya sín Andóre||“far away now (is) the Land of Gift”|
|haiya vahaiya sín Atalante||“far, far away now (is) the Downfallen”|