Neo-Primitive Elvish Roots

⛔️ᴹ√A root. “intensive prefix”; see instead:
Q. an(a)- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
ABA root. see BĀ/ABA
ᴹ√ABAR root. “*refuser”
⚠️ᴹ√AD root. “entrance, gate”; see instead:
NA/ANA “to, towards”
⚠️AD(A) root. “by (the side of), beside, alongside; against, opposed to, opposite”; see instead:
AS² “beside”
⛔️ᴱ√AÐA root. “stretch, extend” see ṆÐṆ
⛔️ᴱ√AFA root. “open, begin”; see instead:
ᴹ√PAT “*open”
ᴹ√GAS “yawn, gape”
ᴺ√YESET “beginning”
⛔️ᴱ√AHA root. “know”; see instead:
SAN “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
ᴹ√AK root. “narrow, confined”
AK root. “hostile return”
⛔️ᴱ√AKA root. “*intensive, excessive”; see instead:
Q. an(a)- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
AKAS root. “neck, ridge”
⛔️ᴱ√AKASA root. “*waterfall”; see instead:
S. lanthir “waterfall”
ᴺQ. !lantasírë “waterfall, (lit.) falling river”
ᴹ√AKLA(R) root. “*radiance”
√, ᴹ√AL(A) root. “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
⛔️ᴱ√ALA¹ root. “gaze‽”; see instead:
EL “star; behold!”
AL(A) “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
⛔️ᴱ√ALA² root. “spread‽”; see instead:
GAL² “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive”
ALAB root. “elm”
√, ᴹ√ALAK root. “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
⚠️ᴹ√ALAM root. see (L)ALAM
ᴹ√ALAT root. “large, great in size”
⛔️ᴱ√ALU root. “cleanse, dress”; see instead:
ᴹ√POY “*clean”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AM¹ root. “mother”
√, ᴹ√AM² root. “go up, [ᴹ√] up”
AMA root. “addition, increase, plus”
AMAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil” see MAN
⛔️ᴱ√AM(U) root. “up(wards)”; see instead:
AM² “go up, [ᴹ√] up”
√, ᴱ√, ᴹ√ANA root. see NA/ANA
⚠️ᴹ√ANA² root. “be, exist” see NĀ²/ANA²; see instead:
“be, exist”
√, ᴹ√ANAD root. “long; far”
⛔️ᴹ√ANAK root. see NAK; see instead:
NAK “bite”
ᴹ√ANAT root.
√, ᴹ√ANGA root. “iron”
ᴹ√ANGWA root. “snake”
ᴹ√AP root. “?cook”
APA root. see PĀ/APA
APHA root. “before of time” see PHĀ/APHA
⛔️ᴱ√AQA root.; see instead:
RAPH “seize, grab, [ᴹ√] snatch”
NAP “take (hold), pick up, grasp (with the whole hand), seize quickly (with fingers)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AR root. “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
⛔️ᴹ√AR¹ root. “day”; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
UR “heat, be hot”
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
ARA root. see RĀ/ARA
⛔️ᴱ√ARA¹ root. “(be) dry”; see instead:
ᴹ√PARAK “*dry”
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
ARAN root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARAT root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARI root. “good, excellent, noble”
AS¹ root. “warmth”
√, ᴱ√AS² root. “beside”
ᴹ√ASAT root. “*dust”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AT root. “two, double, bi-, di-; back, re-, [ᴹ√] again, twice; ⚠️[ᴱ√] dual; [√] across, over, lying from side to side”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AT(AR) root. “father”
√, ᴹ√ATATA root. “two; ⚠️[ᴹ√] again, back”
ATHA root. see THĀ/ATHA
√, ᴹ√ATTA root. see ATATA
⛔️ᴱ√AVA root. “go away, depart, leave”; see instead:
WĀ/AWA “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
√, ᴱ√AW root. “possess, own, keep (have in hand, use or with one)”
⛔️ᴱ√AWA root. “burn; be parched, yellow, warm”; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
UR “heat, be hot”
WĀ/AWA “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
⚠️ᴱ√AYA² root.
ᴹ√AYAK root. “sharp, pointed”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AYA(N) root. “blessed; treat with awe/reverence; [ᴱ√] honour, revere”
⚠️√, ᴹ√AYAR root. “sea” see GAY(AR); see instead:
GAY(AR) “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
⛔️ᴹ√BA root. “away, go away” see AB; see instead:
BĀ/ABA “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), [ᴹ√] deny; ⚠️away, go away, depart”
√, ᴹ√BĀ/ABA root. “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), [ᴹ√] deny; ⚠️away, go away, depart”
√, ᴹ√BAL root. “power; powerful, mighty; have power”
⛔️ᴱ√*BALA root. see PALA; see instead:
PAL “wide (open), broad, extended”
⛔️√, ᴹ√BA(N) root. “meet, come up against; go, [ᴹ√] proceed”; see instead:
MEN “go, move, proceed, make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend”
√, ᴹ√BAN root. “beauty (due to lack of fault or blemish); fair, beautiful”
⛔️ᴱ√?BAPA root.; see instead:
SOK “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
√, ᴹ√#BAR root. “[ᴹ√] raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”
√, ᴹ√BARAD root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
ᴹ√BARAN root.
ᴹ√BARAS root. “*heat”
BARAS root. “height combined with strength/majesty”
√, ᴹ√BARAT root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
√, ᴹ√BARATH root. “height combined with strength/size/majesty”
ᴹ√BAT root. “tread”
⛔️ᴱ√?BATA root. “*build”; see instead:
ᴹ√BAT “tread”
⛔️ᴹ√BAY root.
⛔️ᴱ√* root. “‽”; see instead:
PEÑ “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴹ√BED root.; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
⛔️ᴱ√BEÐE root. see *VEÐE
√, ᴹ√BEL root. “*strong”
ᴹ√BEN root. “corner (from inside), angle from inside”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]BENET root. “chin”
ᴹ√BER root. “valiant”
⚠️BER root. “to mate, be mated, joined in marriage”; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
ᴹ√BEREK root.
ᴹ√BERETH root. “beech”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[√]BES root. “to wed”
ᴹ√BEW root. “follow, serve”
ᴹ√BIRIT root.
⛔️ᴱ√BOÐO root. “*gate, door”; see instead:
ᴹ√AD “entrance, gate”
ᴹ√BOL root.
ᴹ√BON root.
ᴹ√BOR(ON) root. “endure”
⚠️ᴱ√BOTO root. “*back, behind, after”
ᴹ√BUD root. “jut out” see (M)BUD
√, ᴹ√BUZBU root. “*large fly”
ᴹ√DAB root. “give way, make room, permit, allow”
⛔️ᴹ√DAG root. “dig”
⛔️ᴱ√DAGA root.; see instead:
NDAK “hew, slay”
⛔️ᴱ√*DAHA root. “*high”; see instead:
TĀ/TAƷ “high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble”
⛔️ᴹ√DAƷ root. “great”; see instead:
DAY “*great”
√, ᴹ√DAL root. “bottom, ground; [ᴹ√] flat”
√, ᴹ√DANTA root. “*fall down” see DAT
ᴹ√DAR root. “stay, wait, stop, remain”
ᴹ√DARAK root.
ᴹ√, ᴱ√DARAM root. “beat, hew; [ᴱ√] batter, thud”
√, ᴹ√DAT root. “fall down, fall to ground”
⛔️ᴱ√?DAVA root. “*skin”; see instead:
ᴹ√SKEL “*skin”
DAY root. “*great”
⚠️ᴹ√DAY root. “shadow”; see instead:
SKAL “cover, veil, cloak, conceal, [ᴹ√] screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
WATH “[ᴹ√] shade”
DAY “*great”
NDAY “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
DEL¹ root. “walk, go, proceed, travel”
DEL² root. “fair”
⛔️DEL³ root. “thick, dense”
⚠️ᴹ√DEM root. “sad, gloomy”; see instead:
ᴺ√DIM “sad, gloomy”
ᴹ√DEN root. “hole, gap, passage”
DER root. “hard, difficult”
⛔️ᴹ√DER root. “adult male, man” see (N)DER; see instead:
N(D)ER “male (person), man”
DER “hard, difficult”
DEW root. “go wrong, fail”
ᴹ√DIL root. “stop up, fill up hole”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]DIM root. “sad, gloomy”
ᴺ√[ᴺ√]*DIN root. “silence”
ᴹ√DING root. “ding (onomatopoeic)”
⛔️ᴱ√?DṆTṆ root. “light up”; see instead:
KAL “light; shine, be bright”
⛔️ᴱ√DO root. “*interrogative base”; see instead:
MA “interrogative base; ⚠️[ᴱ√] root of indef[inite]”
⚠️ᴹ√DOƷ root. “night”; see instead:
DOM “dark, faint, dim”
*ᴺ√DU “dark”
√, ᴹ√DOM root. “dark, faint, dim”
DOR root. “hard, tough”
ᴹ√DORON root. “oak”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^DOT root. “drop, ⚠️fall”
ᴹ√DRING root. “beat, strike”
DROB root.
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]*DU root. “dark”
ᴹ√DUB root. “lie, lie heavy, loom, hang over oppressively (of clouds)”
ᴹ√DUL root. see (N)DUL
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]^DULUTH root. “*dinner, dine”
ᴹ√DUN root. “dark (of colour)”
√, ᴹ√DUR root. “to show special interest in things”
⛔️ᴹ√DUS root. “?burn”; see instead:
UR “heat, be hot”
√, ᴹ√DUY root. “flow (strongly), flood, drench, inundate, ⚠️pour”
⛔️ᴱ√DYĒ¹ root. “*gaze”; see instead:
TIR “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
⛔️ᴱ√DYĒ² root. “behind, back (before of time)”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NO “before (of time); at back (of place)”
⛔️ᴱ√DYEÐE root. see YERE(NE)
ᴹ√DYEL root. “feel fear and disgust; abhor”
⛔️ᴱ√DYELE root. “*cold”; see instead:
RINGI “cold”
KHELEK “ice”
ᴹ√DYEL “feel fear and disgust; abhor”
⛔️ᴹ√DYELEK root. “sword?”; see instead:
MAK “cut, cleave, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; [ᴹ√] (fight with a) sword; sword; ⚠️[√] forge metal”
⚠️ᴱ√DYṆTṆ root. see YṆTṆ
⛔️ᴱ√DYULU root. “*carry, bear”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⛔️ᴱ√#ÐANA root. “day”; see instead:
auri “heat, period of sun”
⛔️ᴱ√ÐORO root. “sit”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
⛔️ᴱ√ÐOTO root. “drop, fall”; see instead:
^ᴺ√DOT “drop, ⚠️fall”
⛔️ᴹ√E root. “intensive prefix”; see instead:
Q. an(a)- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
⛔️ᴱ√E root. “that (by you)”; see instead:
EN “again, once more, go on doing, next; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
TA “that, there, then; demonstrative”
⚠️ᴹ√Ē¹ root. “indeed”; see instead:
Q. naitië “indeed, truly”
ᴹ√Ē² root. “to be” see
EB root. “can of mere possibility according to likelihood, natural probability, etc.”
⛔️ᴹ√EDE(L) root. “precede, come forward, hence”; see instead:
DEL¹ “walk, go, proceed, travel”
MIN “stand alone, stick out; one, first of a series”
⛔️ᴹ√ED(ER) root. “open”; see instead:
LAT¹ “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
⛔️ᴱ√EÐE root. “*iron, steel”; see instead:
ANGA “iron”
⛔️ᴱ√EÐE/ESE root. “out”; see instead:
ET “out, forth”
⚠️ᴱ√EI̯KA root.
EK root. “sharp point”
ᴹ√EK root. “spear, (sharp) point, thorn”
EKE root. “it is open” see KE/EKE
⚠️ᴱ√EKE/EHE root.
EL root. “star; behold!”
⚠️ᴱ√ELE¹ root. “drive, push, thrust, send forth”
⚠️ᴱ√?ELE² root.
ᴹ√EL(ED) root. “star, starry sky; star-folk, Elf”
ELED root. “Star-Folk, Elf”
EM¹ root. “depict, portray”
⚠️EM² root. “mother” see AM¹; see instead:
AM¹ “mother”
√, ᴹ√EN root. “again, once more, go on doing, next; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
root. “be, exist”
⚠️ᴱ√EŊE root.
⚠️ᴱ√ENE¹ root.
⛔️ᴱ√ENE² root. “six”; see instead:
ENEK “six”
⚠️ᴱ√ENE³ root. “*name”
ENED root. “centre, middle”
ᴹ√(E)NED root. “centre, middle”
√, ᴹ√ENEK root. “six”
ENET root.
⚠️ᴱ√ENU root. “origin‽”
⚠️ᴹ√EPH root. “emerge (especially from water, opp[osite] of dive)”
ER root. “one, single, alone”
ᴹ√ER root. “be alone, deprived”
⚠️ᴱ√ERE root. “remain alone”
⛔️ᴱ√EŘE root. “out” see EÐE/ESE
ᴹ√(E)REK root. “thorn, holly”
ᴹ√ES¹ root. “indicate, name”
⛔️ᴹ√ES² root.
ᴹ√ESEK root.
⛔️ᴹ√ESE(T) root. “precede (forward)”
√, ᴹ√ET root. “out, forth”
⚠️ᴱ√ETE root. “cling together”
ᴹ√ETER root. “open, come out (of flowers/sun/etc.)”
⚠️ᴱ√‽EWE root.
EWE root. see WĒ/EWE
EYE root. “feminine”
⛔️ᴹ√EZGE root. “rustle, noise of leaves”
⚠️ᴱ√FABA root. see FAVA
⚠️ᴱ√FAGA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FAKA root.
⛔️ᴱ√FALA¹ root. “bare, nude”; see instead:
PAR² “peel, *bare”
⚠️ᴱ√FANA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FAPA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FASA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FATA root.
⚠️ᴱ√FAVA root.
⚠️ᴱ√FAWA root. “smell”
⚠️ᴱ√FAYA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FEÐE root.
⚠️ᴱ√‽FEHE root.
⚠️ᴱ√*FEKE root.
⚠️ᴱ√FELE/FELU root.
⚠️ᴱ√FEŊE root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FESE root.
⛔️ᴱ√FIÐI root. “*hair”; see instead:
SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair”
⚠️ᴱ√FILI root. “fine, thin”
⚠️ᴱ√FIŊI root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FIRI root.
⛔️ᴱ√FIŘI root. see FIÐI
⚠️ᴱ√FḶKḶ root. “cleave, hew”
⚠️ᴱ√FṆÐṆ root. “*omen, ?ominous”
⚠️ᴱ√FṆTṆ¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√‽FṆTṆ² root. see FANA
⚠️ᴱ√?FOFO root.
⚠️ᴱ√FOƷO root. “hide, hoard, store up, lay up in secret”
⚠️ᴱ√FOLO root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FOTO root.
⚠️ᴱ√?FUKU root.
⛔️ᴱ√FULU root. “strip” see HULU
⚠️ᴱ√FUMU root. “sleep”
⚠️ᴱ√FURU/HURU root.
GAL¹ root. “light; shine, be bright”
ᴹ√GAL¹ root. “shine”
√, ᴹ√GAL² root. “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive”
⚠️ᴱ√*GALA root. “shine golden”
⛔️GAL(AB) root. “flower”
ᴹ√GALAD root. “tree”
⛔️GALAM root. “elm”; see instead:
ALAB “elm”
ᴹ√GALAN root. “bright”
ᴹ√GALAS root. “joy, be glad”
⚠️ᴱ√?GANA root.
GAP root. “bend (tr.)”
ᴹ√GAP root.
ᴹ√GAR root. “keep, possess; maintain, defend”
ᴹ√GARAD root. see GARAT
⚠️ᴱ√?GARAÐA root.
ᴹ√GARAT root.
⛔️GAS root. “*warmth” see AS¹; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
ᴹ√GAS root. “yawn, gape”
ᴹ√GAT root. “*catch”
ᴹ√GAT(H) root.
ᴹ√GAW root. “think out, devise, contrive”
ᴹ√GAY root. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
GAY(AR) root. “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
ᴹ√GAYAS root. “fear”
ᴹ√GEM root. see GENG
ᴹ√GENG root.
⛔️ᴹ√GEY root. “ever, everlasting”
ᴹ√GIL root. “shine (white or pale)”
GIL root. see (Ñ)GIL
⚠️ᴱ√GILI root. see *ƷILI
⚠️ᴱ√?GIMI root. “*hear, heed”
ᴹ√GIR root. “quiver, shudder”
⚠️ᴱ√GIWI root.
ᴹ√(G)LAM root.
(G)LAN root. “rim, edge, border, boundary”
(G)LAWAR root. “gold (colour)”
ᴹ√(G)LAWAR root.
ᴹ√(G)LIB root. “*ointment”
GLIM root. “gleam, glint”
⛔️ᴹ√GLINDI root. “pale blue”
ᴹ√(G)LINGI root. “hang”
(G)LOS root. “snow, whiteness”
ᴹ√GOLOB root.
ᴹ√GOLOS root.
ᴹ√GONOD root. “stone”
⚠️ᴱ√*GOPO root. “keep, guard‽”
ᴹ√GOR root. “violence, impetus, haste”
⛔️ᴹ√GOROM root.
ᴹ√GOS/GOTH root. “dread”
⚠️ᴱ√GOÞO root. “strive; angry”
⚠️ᴹ√GOW root. see GAW; see instead:
ᴹ√GAW “think out, devise, contrive”
⚠️ᴹ√GRAD root. “to flatten, lay low/flat, make flat what was standing”
ᴹ√GRAW root. “dark, swart”
GRON root.
⚠️ᴱ√GṚÞṚ root.
ᴹ√GRUD root. “[empty entry]” see RUD
ᴹ√GŪ/MŪ root. “no, not”
⚠️ᴱ√GUÐU root. see *ƷUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√*GUMU root. see KUMU
⚠️ᴱ√GUŊU root. see *UŊU
GUR root. “hard, stiff, difficult, cumbrous, slow”
⚠️ᴱ√GWĀ root.
GWAL root. “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
⚠️ᴱ√GWALA¹ root.
⛔️ᴱ√GWALA² root. see *WALA
(G)WAN root. “pale, fair”
⚠️ᴱ√GWARA root. “rub”
⚠️ᴱ√GWASA root. “*rush”
⚠️GWAY root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWEÐE¹ root.
⛔️ᴱ√GWEÐE² root. see GWENE¹; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√GWELE root.
⛔️GWEN root. “fair, beautiful; (probably originally) fresh, fair, unblemished (especially of beauty of youth)”
ᴹ√GWEN root. “*fresh, green”
⛔️ᴱ√GWENE¹ root. “*maiden; woman”; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√GWENE² root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWERE root. “whirl, twirl, twist”
⚠️ᴱ√#GWESE root. “greet, welcome”
⚠️ᴱ√GWETE root.
GWETH root. “report, give account of”
⚠️ᴱ√GWEVE root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWIÐI root.
⚠️ᴱ√*GWIKI root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWILI root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWIMI root. see GWINI
⚠️ᴱ√GWINI root. “sparkle”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIŊI root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWIWI root.
⚠️ᴱ√GWORI root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√GWṚÐṚ root. “die”
⚠️ᴱ√*GWṚÞṚ root. see GWṚÐṚ
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]GYAK root. “cattle”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]GYANTA root. “*(en)large, increase”
⛔️ᴹ√GYĒ root.
√, ᴹ√GYEL root. “[ᴹ√] *cry of joy or triumph, ⚠️[√] ringing”
ᴹ√GYER root.
GYOL root. “ringing” see GYEL
⛔️ᴱ√HAÐA root. “cleave, remain”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
⛔️ᴱ√?HAKA root.; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
⚠️ᴱ√HALA root.
⚠️ᴱ√HAMA root. “‽”
HAN root. “add to, increase, enhance, enrich, honour (especially by gift); give”
⛔️ᴱ√HAŘA root. “cleave, remain” see HAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√?HARA root.
⚠️ᴱ√HATA root. “hurl, fling”
HATH root. “treat kindly/make easy, (help to) cure”
⚠️ᴱ√#HAWA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?ǶAWA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?HAYA root.
⚠️ᴱ√ǶEHE root. “breath; die, expire”
HEK root. “aside, apart, separate”
⚠️ᴱ√HELE root.
HEN root. “middle; again”
⚠️ᴱ√ǶEN+U root.
⚠️ᴱ√HEN+U root. see ǶEN+U
HENET root. “middle”
⚠️ᴱ√HEPE root. “bind”
⚠️ᴱ√HESE¹ root. “brother or sister”
⚠️ᴱ√HESE² root. “wither”
⚠️ᴱ√HEÞE¹ root. see HESE¹
⚠️ᴱ√HEÞE² root. see HESE²
⛔️ᴱ√HILI root. “*youth, offspring”; see instead:
KHIL “follow (behind)”
KHIN “child”
⛔️ᴱ√HISI root.; see instead:
KHITH “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
⚠️ᴱ√?HIÞI root.
HO root.
⚠️ᴱ√HO root. “shout, scream”
⚠️ᴱ√HONO root.
HOR root. “urge, impel, move; warn, counsel”
⚠️ᴱ√HOSO root. “bind”
⚠️ᴱ√HOTYO root. “sneeze”
⚠️ᴱ√HUHU¹ root. “whoop”
⛔️ᴱ√HUHU² root.
⛔️ᴱ√HULU root. “strip”; see instead:
ᴹ√SKEL “*skin”
⚠️ᴱ√HUNU root. “lie low”
⚠️ᴱ√?ǶUNU root.
⚠️ᴱ√?HUYU root.
⚠️ᴱ√ǶUẎU root.
⚠️ᴱ√HYA root. “this by us”
⚠️ᴱ√HYAÐA root. “plough through”
⚠️ᴱ√HYAŘA root. “plough through” see HYAÐA
ƷAN root. “adorn; extend”
ᴹ√ƷAN root. “male”
ᴹ√ƷAR root. “have, hold”
⛔️ᴱ√ƷARA root. “spread, extend sideways; wide places”; see instead:
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
ᴹ√ƷEL root. “sky”
⚠️ᴱ√#ƷETE root. “*kin”
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷILI root.
ᴹ√ƷO root. “from, away, from among, out of”
⛔️ᴱ√*ƷONO root. “hard”; see instead:
ᴹ√GONOD “stone”
ᴹ√ƷOR root.
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷṚMṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷUÐU root.
ᴹ√Ī root. “to be” see
⚠️ᴱ√I root. “here it is”
ᴹ√ root. “that (deictic particle)”
ᴹ√ root. “intensive prefix”
IBI root.
⚠️ᴱ√‽IBI root. “to swarm”
ID root. “desire, long for”
ᴹ√ID root. “*desire, ?thought”
⚠️ᴱ√IÐI root. “dwell‽”
⚠️ᴱ√?IKI root.
IL root. “all”
ᴹ√IL root. “all”
⚠️ᴱ√ILI¹ root. “shine oily”
⚠️ᴱ√ILI² root. “many”
⚠️ᴱ√ILU root. “ether”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*IM root. “same, alike”
ᴹ√IMBE root. “dell, deep vale”
ᴹ√IMI root. see MĪ/IMI
IMI root. see MI/IMI
⚠️ᴱ√IMI¹ root. “same, alike”
⚠️ᴱ√IMI² root. “in, into”
ING root. “first, foremost”
ᴹ√ING root. “first, foremost”
⚠️ᴱ√INI root. “tiny, small”
IN(ID) root. “mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses”
ᴹ√INIK root.
⚠️INIS root. “inmost heart, thought, mind” see IN(ID); see instead:
IN(ID) “mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses”
⚠️ᴱ√IQI root. “request, ask for”
IR root. “desire, long for; [ᴹ√] desirable, beautiful”
ᴹ√IR root. “desirable, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√IŘI root. “dwell‽” see IÐI
IS root. “know”
ᴹ√IS root.
⚠️ᴱ√ISI root.
⚠️IT¹ root. “glitter, shine, shimmer, twinkle”; see instead:
IT² “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
IT² root. “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
⚠️ᴱ√ITI¹ root. “peck, bite (of flies), annoy”
⚠️ᴱ√?ITI² root.
⚠️ᴱ√IÞI root.
ᴹ√IW root.
⚠️ᴱ√IWI root. “*fish”
root. “after (later than) of time”
KAB root. “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”
ᴹ√KAB¹ root. “hollow”
ᴹ√KAB² root. “to be able, capable”
⚠️ᴱ√‽KAHA root. “cause”
⚠️ᴱ√KAKA root. “laugh”
KAL root. “light; shine, be bright”
ᴹ√KAL root. “shine”
⚠️ᴱ√KALA¹ root. see *GALA
⚠️ᴱ√KALA² root.
KALAK root. “glass”
KALAR root.
ᴹ√KALAR root. “be radiant”
KALAT root.
ᴹ√KALPA root. “water-vessel”
KAM root. “fit, suit, agree, be agreeable; ⚠️[ᴹ√] bind, join”
⛔️ᴹ√KAM root. “bind, join”; see instead:
SAM¹ “have; [ᴹ√] unite, join”
⚠️ᴱ√KAMA¹ root. “lie down”
⚠️ᴱ√‽KAMA² root.
KAN root. “cry aloud; (Q.) command”
ᴹ√KAN root. “dare”
⚠️ᴱ√KANA root. “*lead (metal)”
⚠️ᴱ√KAŊA root. “weave, twine”
KANAT root. “four”
ᴹ√KANAT root. “four”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAP root. “leap, [ᴱ√] spring”
KAR root. “do, make”
ᴹ√KAR root. “make, build, construct”
⚠️ᴱ√KARA root. “do, make”
KARAK root. “sharp fang, spike, tooth”
ᴹ√KARAK root. “sharp fang, spike, tooth”
ᴹ√KARAN root. “red”
KARAP root.
ᴹ√KARPA root.
KAS root. “head”
ᴹ√KAS root. “head”
⚠️ᴱ√KASA root. “head”
KAT root. “shape”
ᴹ√KAT root. “shape, make”
⚠️ᴱ√KATYA root.
⚠️ᴱ√KAVA root.
KAW root. “shelter”
KAY root. “lie (down)”
ᴹ√KAY root. “lie (down)”
⚠️ᴱ√KAYA root. “lie, rest; dwell”
⚠️ᴱ√‽KAẎA root.
KAYAN root. “ten”
ᴹ√KAYAN/KAYAR root. “ten”
⚠️ᴱ√KAẆA root. “stoop”
KE root. “may (be)”
KE/EKE root. “it is open”
⚠️ᴱ√KEKE¹ root. “to bubble up”
⚠️ᴱ√KEKE² root. “cluck”
KEL root. “flow (down or away), run (of water or rivers), go away”
ᴹ√KEL root. “flow, flow away (downhill), run (of water or rivers), run away especially downwards or at end”
⚠️ᴱ√KELE root. “flow, run; ooze, trickle”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√KEM root. “soil, earth”
KEN root. “see, perceive, note”
⛔️ᴹ√KEN root. “spearhead, gore”
⚠️ᴱ√KENYE root. “prick”
⛔️ᴹ√KEPER root. “ridge”
⚠️ᴱ√KERE root. “turn”
⚠️ᴱ√KEREKE¹ root. “*spit”
⚠️ᴱ√KEREKE² root. “turn round and round, send to and fro; weave”
KES root. “other”
KETH root. “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
KEW root. “new, fresh; anew, repeated; live of vegetables”
KEY root.
KHAB root. “heap up, pile up”
√, ᴹ√KHAD root. “sit”
ᴹ√KHAG root. “pile up”
KHAG¹ root. “stake”
⚠️KHAG² root. “pile up”
KHAL root. “raise; lift up or extend upwards”
ᴹ√KHAL root. “uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up”
⛔️ᴹ√KHAM¹ root. “sit (down)”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
ᴹ√KHAM² root. “call, summon, name by name”
ᴹ√KHAN root. “understand, comprehend”
KHAN¹ root. “brother”
KHAN² root. “back”
⛔️ᴹ√KHAN(AK) root. “giant”
KHAP root. “keep, detain”
ᴹ√KHAP root. “enfold”
ᴹ√KHAR root. “helmet”
ᴹ√KHARAS root.
ᴹ√KHAT root. “hurl, cast, send through air, loose from hand”
ᴹ√KHAW root. “rest, lie at ease”
KHAW¹ root. “rest, lie at ease; cover up, hide away, lay in store”
KHAW² root. “big”
KHAWAD root. “store, hoard”
ᴹ√KHAY root. “far, distant, remote”
KHEL root. “ice”
ᴹ√KHEL root.
KHELEK root. “ice”
ᴹ√KHELEK root. “ice”
ᴹ√K(H)EN root. “see, perceive, look at, observe, direct gaze”
KHEN root. “base of eye-words”
ᴹ√KHENED root. “eye”
KHEP root. “retain, keep, do not give away or release, keep hold of”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KHER root. “possess, [ᴹ√] rule, govern, [ᴱ√] have power”
ᴹ√KHES root. “command”
√, ᴹ√KHIL root. “follow (behind)”
KHIM root. “adhere, stick, cleave [to]”
ᴹ√KHIM root. “adhere, stick, cleave [to]”
KHIN root. “child”
KHIR root. “light on, find”
⛔️ᴹ√KHIS root. see KHITH; see instead:
KHITH “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
√, ᴹ√KHITH root. “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
⚠️ᴹ√KHLIP root.
KHOL¹ root. see SKOL
KHOL² root. “crow, cry aloud”
KHO(M) root. “heart”
ᴹ√KHO(N) root. “heart (physical)”
ᴹ√KHOP root. “*harbour, bay”
ᴹ√KHOR root. “set going, put in motion, urge on”
KHOT root. “gather”
ᴹ√KHOTH root. “gather”
KHU root.
KHUG root. “bark, bay”
ᴹ√KHUG root. “bark, bay”
⛔️ᴹ√KHUSU root. “up from below ground, to ground level”
KHY- root. “other”
KHYĀ root. “before, in front of place”
ᴹ√KHYAR root. “left hand”
ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) root. “glass”
⚠️ᴱ√KI root. “this by me”
⚠️ᴱ√KIÐI root. “cut, split”
KIL root. “choose, select”
ᴹ√KIL root. “divide”
⚠️ᴱ√KILI root. “edge”
ᴹ√KIM root. “light on, find, come by”
KIM root. “edge, brink of”
KIN/KIT root.
KIR root. “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through”
ᴹ√KIR root. “cleave”
⚠️ᴱ√KIŘI root. “cut, split” see KIÐI
ᴹ√KIRIK root.
KIRIS root. “cleave, cut”
ᴹ√KIRIS root. “cut”
⚠️ᴱ√KIRISI root. “cut, split”
⚠️ᴱ√KISI root. “cut, split” see KIÐI
⚠️ᴱ√KITI root. “‽”
ᴹ√KIWIK root.
⚠️ᴱ√KḶKḶ root. “gather, collect, reap”
⚠️ᴱ√?KḶNḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√KḶPḶ root. “hold, contains”
⛔️ᴱ√KḶTḶ root. “tilt; fling”; see instead:
ᴹ√RIK(H) “jerk, sudden move, flirt”
⚠️ᴱ√KṆÐṆ root. “shine”
⚠️ᴱ√KṆŘṆ root. “shine” see KṆÐṆ
⚠️ᴱ√KṆTṆ root. “make twang; play harp”
KOB/KOM root. “gather, collect”
⚠️ᴱ√KOÐO root. “revere‽”
⚠️ᴱ√KOHO root. “undergo, endure”
KOL root. “bear, carry, wear”
⛔️ᴹ√KOL root. “*round”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⛔️ᴱ√KOLO¹ root. “to strain through”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⛔️ᴱ√KOLO² root. “*point”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⚠️ᴱ√KOMO root.
KON root. “lord; to lead” see *KUN(DU)
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]*KOPH root. “*bay”
⚠️ᴱ√KOPO root. “keep, guard‽” see *GOPO
KOR root. “round”
ᴹ√KOR root. “round”
ᴹ√KORKA root. “crow”
⚠️ᴱ√KOŘO root. “revere‽” see KOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√KORO root. “be round, roll”
KOROK root. “hen” see POROK
⚠️ᴱ√KOSO root. see GOÞO
KOT(H) root. “strive, quarrel”
ᴹ√KOT(H) root. “quarrel, strive, be wroth”
⚠️ᴱ√*KOTO root.
KOY root.
ᴹ√KOY root. “live, have life”
⚠️ᴱ√KOẎO root. “have life”
ᴹ√KRAB root. “press”
⚠️ᴱ√KṚKṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√KṚNṚ root.
⛔️ᴱ√KṚPṚ root. “pluck”; see instead:
ᴹ√ root.
KUB root. “hide, secrete”
ᴹ√KUB root. “bow”
ᴹ√KU(Ʒ) root. “bow”
⚠️ᴱ√?KUKU root.
KUL root. “golden-red”
ᴹ√KUL root. “golden-red”
⚠️ᴱ√KULU root. “gold”
ᴹ√KUM root. “void”
⚠️ᴱ√KUMU root. “heap up”
√, ᴹ√*KUN(DU) root. “to lead; lord, [ᴹ√] prince”
⚠️ᴱ√KUPU root. “hump”
KUR root. “skill, craft; have power, strength, ability inherent physically or mentally”
ᴹ√KUR root. “craft”
⚠️ᴱ√KURU root. “*magic”
ᴹ√KURUM root.
⚠️ᴱ√KUVU root. “bend, bow”
KUY root. “live”
ᴹ√KUY root. “come to life, awake”
KWA root. “complete, full, whole, all, every”
ᴹ√KWA root. “something”
KWAL root. “die, pain”
ᴹ√KWAL root. “die (in pain)”
ᴹ√KWAM root.
KWAR root. “press together, squeeze, wring”
ᴹ√KWAR root. “clutching hand, fist”
KWAT root. “fill; full”
ᴹ√KWAT root.
KWAY root. “ten”
KWE root. “vocal speech”
ᴹ√KWǢ root. “onomatopoetic”
KWEL root. “fade (away), die away, grow faint; wither”
ᴹ√KWEL root. “fade (away), die away, grow faint; wither”
KWEN root. “speak with rational words”
KWENED root. “Elf”
ᴹ√KWEN(ED) root. “Elf”
KWER root. “revolve”
⚠️ᴱ√KWERE root. see KERE
ᴹ√KWES root.
KWET root. “say”
ᴹ√KWET root. “say”
KWI root. “suppose”
ᴹ√KWIG root.
KWIN root. “crest, salient or top edge”
KWIS root. “inquire, suppose”
ᴹ√KYAB root. “taste”
KYAB root. “taste” see KYAW
√?KYANAT root.
ᴹ√KYAR root. “cause, do”
KYAW root. “taste, select, choose”
ᴹ√KYEL root. “come to an end, cease, run out”
KYEL¹ root. “go down slowly”
KYEL² root. “(come to an) end, cease, run out”
ᴹ√KYELEK root. “swift, agile”
KYELEP root. “silver”
ᴹ√KYELEP root. “silver”
⚠️ᴱ√KYERE root. see KERE
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]KYUR root. “curdle”
⚠️ᴱ√KYURU root. “curdle”
⚠️ᴱ√KYUSU root. “curdle” see KYURU
⛔️ᴱ√ root. “spread‽” see ALA²
LA root. “no, not; to be not”
ᴹ√LA root. “no, not; to be not”
root. “interjection of pleasure/assent”
ᴹ√ root.
⚠️ᴱ√LA’A root. see LAHA
LAB root. “lick, move the tongue”
ᴹ√LAB root. “lick”
LAD root. “bottom, ground”
ᴹ√LAD root. “lie flat, be flat”
⚠️ᴱ√LAÐA root. “*broad”
ᴹ√LAG root. “*cut”
⚠️ᴱ√LAHA root. “*open, extend”
⛔️ᴹ√LAƷ root.
LAƷ root. “cross, pass over, go beyond”
ᴹ√L(A)IK root. “keen, sharp, acute”
⚠️ᴱ√LAIKA root.
ᴹ√LAK¹ root. “swallow”
ᴹ√LAK² root. “swift” see (A)LAK
⚠️ᴱ√*LAKA root.
ᴹ√LAKH root. “kick”
LAL root. “laugh”
⚠️ᴱ√LALA root.
⚠️ᴹ√(L)ALAM root. “elm-tree”; see instead:
ALAB “elm”
LAM root. “inarticulate voiced sounds”
ᴹ√LAM root. see (G)LAM
⚠️ᴱ√LAMA root.
LAN root. “stretch, extend; [ᴹ√] weave”
ᴹ√LAN root. “weave”
ᴹ√LANK root. “swallow” see LAK¹
LAP root. “fold, bend”
ᴹ√LAP root.
⚠️ᴱ√LAPA root. “enfold”
⚠️ᴱ√LAQA root. “catch”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAR root. “rich, fat”
⚠️ᴱ√LAŘA root. see LAÐA
LAS¹ root. “leaf”
ᴹ√LAS¹ root.
LAS² root. “listen”
ᴹ√LAS² root. “listen”
⚠️ᴱ√?LASA root.
ᴹ√LAT root. “lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area)”
LAT¹ root. “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
LAT² root. “fall (to the ground)”
⚠️ᴱ√LATA root. “*level, smooth”
ᴹ√LATH root. “string, thong”
⚠️ᴱ√LAVA root. “lick”
LAW¹ root.
ᴹ√LAW¹ root. “warm”
LAW² root. “flourish (green), grow”
ᴹ√LAW² root. “abound”
⚠️ᴱ√LAWA root. “*life (esp. plants)”
ᴹ√LAWAR root. see (G)LAWAR
LAWAR root. see (G)LAWAR
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAY root. “*fresh, green; [ᴱ√] be alive, flourish”
ᴹ√LAYAK root. “*fresh, green”
⛔️ᴱ√ḶÐḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
ᴹ√LEB/LEM root. “stay, stick, adhere, remain, tarry”
LED root. “go, proceed”
ᴹ√LED root. “go, fare, travel”
⚠️ᴱ√LEFE¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√LEFE² root. “half” see *LEǶE
⚠️ᴱ√*LEǶE root. “half; *five”
⚠️ᴱ√LEHE¹ root. “half” see *LEǶE
⚠️ᴱ√*LEHE² root.
LEK root. “loose, unbind, let, permit”
ᴹ√LEK root. “loose, let loose, release”
⚠️ᴱ√‽LEKE root.
LEMEK root.
ᴹ√LEN root. “(?road), way”
LEN root. “way” see LED
LEÑ root.
⚠️ᴱ√LENE root. “long”
⚠️ᴱ√LEŊE root. see LENE
LEP root. “pick up/out (with the fingers)”
ᴹ√LEP root.
⚠️ᴱ√LEPE root.
LEPEN root. “five”
ᴹ√LEPEN root. “five”
ᴹ√LEPET root. “finger”
⚠️ᴱ√LEQE root.
LER root. “free”
⚠️ᴱ√LESE root. “collect”
⚠️ᴱ√LETH root. “set free”
LEWEK root. “worm”
⚠️ᴱ√LEẆE root.
LI root. “many”
ᴹ√LI root. “many; large people”
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
ᴹ√LIB¹ root. “drip”
ᴹ√LIB² root. see (G)LIB
⚠️ᴱ√LIÐI root. “sing”
⚠️ᴱ√?LIKINI root.
ᴹ√LILTA root. “dance”
LIM root. “link, join; ?swift”
⚠️ᴱ√LIMI root. “*bind”
ᴹ√LIÑ root.
LIN¹ root. “pool, mere, lake”
ᴹ√LIN¹ root. “pool”
√, ᴹ√LIN² root. “sing, make a musical sound”
LIND root. “sing” see LIN²
ᴹ√LINGI root. “hang” see (G)LINGI
⚠️ᴱ√LINI root. “gentle”
⚠️ᴱ√?LIŊI root.
ᴹ√LINKWI root.
LIP root. “oil”
ᴹ√LIP root.
⚠️ᴱ√LIPI root.
⚠️ᴱ√LIQI root. “flow, water; clear, transparent”
LIR root. “sing, warble”
ᴹ√LIR¹ root. “sing, trill”
ᴹ√LIR² root.
⚠️ᴱ√LIŘI root. “sing” see LIÐI
LIS root.
ᴹ√LIS root. “honey”
⚠️ᴱ√LISI root. “sweetness”
LISKI root.
ᴹ√LISKI root.
ᴹ√LIT root.
⚠️ᴱ√?LIÞI root.
ᴹ√LIW root. “*fish”
⚠️ᴱ√LIYA root. “unite many as one”
⛔️ᴱ√ḶKḶ¹ root. “*ray of light, glory”; see instead:
ᴹ√AKLA(R) “*radiance”
⛔️ᴱ√ḶKḶ² root. “*swan, seem(ing)”; see instead:
ALAK “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
⚠️ᴱ√LḶTḶ root. “dance”
⚠️ᴱ√LṆQṆ root. “catch, come on, light on, find, get”
⛔️ᴱ√*LṆTṆ root. “*fall”; see instead:
DANTA “*fall down”
ᴹ√ root. “ablative element”
ᴹ√LOD root. “*pass, path”
⚠️ᴱ√LOÐO root.
LOG root. “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
⚠️ᴱ√LOHO root.
LOK root. “bend, loop”
ᴹ√LOK root. “great serpent, dragon”
ᴹ√LOKH root. “*curl of hair”
⚠️ᴱ√LOKO root. “twine, twist, curl”
⚠️ᴱ√LOMO root.
LON root.
ᴹ√LON root.
ᴹ√, ᴱ√LOP root. “horse; [ᴱ√] *run (of animals), lope”
⚠️ᴱ√LOQO root. “*run (of humans)”
LOR root. see (O)LOS/R
⚠️ᴱ√LOŘO root. see LOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√LORO root. “doze, slumber”
ᴹ√LOS root. see (O)LOS
LOS¹ root. see (G)LOS
LOS² root. see (O)LOS/R
⚠️ᴱ√?LOSO root.
√, ᴹ√LOT(H) root. “flower”
⚠️ᴱ√?LOTO root.
⚠️ᴱ√LOURI root.
LOW root. “flow freely (fully)”
LOY root. “go wrong, fail”
ᴹ√LOY root. “lack, be without; miss, fail to go”
⚠️ᴱ√LOYO root. “*thirst, parched”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶTḶ root. “thrust in”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]LU root. “*(flow of) time”
ᴹ√LU root. “*time”
ᴹ√LUB root. “weary”
LUB¹ root. “bend”
LUB² root. “shadow, darkness” see LUM
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]LUG root. “be heavy”
ᴹ√LUG¹ root. “be heavy”
ᴹ√LUG² root.
⚠️ᴱ√LUHU root. “*time”
LUK root. “haul, drag, *pull”
ᴹ√LUK root. “magic, enchantment”
⚠️ᴱ√LUKU root. “*slime, mud”
√, ᴹ√LUM root. “shadow, darkness”
⚠️ᴱ√?LUŊU root.
ᴹ√LUR root. “be quiet, still, calm”
⚠️ᴱ√LURU root.
ᴹ√LUS root. “*empty”
⚠️ᴱ√LUSU root. “foment, cherish, warm, bathe”
LUT root. “float”
ᴹ√LUT root. “float, swim”
⚠️ᴱ√LUTU root.
⛔️ᴱ√LUVU root.; see instead:
LUM “shadow, darkness”
LUY root. “blue”
√, ᴱ√MA root. “interrogative base; ⚠️[ᴱ√] root of indef[inite]”
⚠️MAB root. “lump, mass”; see instead:
ᴹ√MAD root.
MAG root. “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state”
ᴹ√MAG root. “use, handle”
MAH root. “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use”
⚠️ᴱ√MAHA root. “grasp”
ᴹ√MAƷ root. “hand”
MAƷ root. see MAH
ᴹ√MAIGA root.
MAK root. “cut, cleave, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; [ᴹ√] (fight with a) sword; sword; ⚠️[√] forge metal”
ᴹ√MAK root. “sword; fight (with a sword), cleave”
⚠️ᴱ√MAKA¹ root. “slay”
⚠️ᴱ√MAKA² root.
MAL root. “yellow, gold”
⚠️ᴱ√MALA¹ root. “crush, squeeze, pulp”
⚠️ᴱ√MALA² root. “yellow”
MALAT root. “gold”
⚠️ᴱ√MAMA root. “something nice” see MAɃA
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit”
ᴹ√MANAD root. “doom, final end, fate, fortune”
⚠️ᴱ√MANGA root. “lacking”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAP root. “take away, take hold of, grasp, [ᴹ√] lay hold of with hand, seize”
⚠️ᴱ√MARA¹ root. “ripe, yellow”
⚠️ᴱ√MARA² root. see MṚÐṚ
ᴹ√MAS root. see M(B)AS
⚠️ᴱ√MASA root. see M(B)ASA
MASAG root.
ᴹ√MASAG root. “knead, make soft by rubbing, kneading”
MAT root. “eat”
ᴹ√MAT root. “eat”
⚠️ᴱ√MATA root. “eat”
⚠️ᴱ√MAÞA root. “dusk”
⚠️ᴱ√MAWA root. “‽cry, bleat”
MAY root. “excellent, admirable; (make) art”
⚠️ᴱ√MAẎA root.
⚠️ᴱ√MAɃA root. “something nice”
ᴹ√(M)BAD root. “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement”
ᴹ√MBAKH root. “exchange”
ᴹ√MBAL root.
⚠️ᴱ√MBALA root. “crush, hurt, damage, give maim to”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MBAR root. “settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
M(B)ARAT root. “doom, fate”
ᴹ√MBARAT root. “fate”
MBAS root. “bake, [ᴱ√] cook; [ᴹ√] knead”
ᴹ√M(B)AS root. “knead”
⚠️ᴱ√M(B)ASA root. “cook, bake”
⛔️ᴹ√MBAT(H) root. “screen, shield”
⚠️ᴱ√MBAÞA root.
ᴹ√MBAW root. “compel, force, subject, oppress”
MBEL root. “*strong” see BEL
(M)BELEK root. “great, mighty, powerful, strong”
⚠️ᴱ√(M)BELEKE root.
ᴹ√M(B)ER root. “wish (for), want, desire”
ᴹ√MBIRIL root.
⚠️ᴱ√M(B)ṆÐṆ root. “bind”
(M)BOL root. see
MBON root.
ᴹ√MBOTH root.
⚠️ᴱ√M(B)ṚTṚ root. “chance”
ᴹ√(M)BUD root. “jut out, project”
⚠️ᴱ√MEHE root. “ooze‽”
⚠️ᴱ√MEKE root.
MEL root. “love”
ᴹ√MEL root. “love (as friend)”
⚠️ᴱ√MELE root. “love”
⚠️ᴱ√‽MEME root.
MEN root. “go, move, proceed, make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend”
ᴹ√MEN root. “go, proceed”
MENEL root. “heavens, firmament”
ᴹ√MENEL root. “heaven, sky”
⛔️ᴹ√MEREK root.
√, ᴹ√MET root. “end, finally”
MI/IMI root. “in, within”
ᴹ√MĪ/IMI root. “in”
⚠️ᴱ√MĪ¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√MĪ² root. “in” see IMI²
MIK root. “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*MIKI root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]MIKW root. “kiss”
ᴹ√MIL root.
⚠️ᴱ√MILI root.
√, ᴹ√MIL(IK) root. “*greed, lust”
⚠️ᴱ√MIMI root.
MIN root. “stand alone, stick out; one, first of a series”
ᴹ√MIN root. “stand alone, stick out”
⚠️ᴱ√MINI¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√MINI² root.
ᴹ√MINIK(W) root.
⚠️ᴱ√MIQI root. “kiss”
MIR root. “precious; esteem, value”
ᴹ√MIR root. “*precious”
⚠️ᴱ√MIRI root. “smile”
ᴹ√MIS¹ root. “go free, stray, wander”
ᴹ√MIS² root. “*wet”
⚠️ᴱ√MISI root. “mingere, *to urinate”
ᴹ√MISIK root. “*wet”
⛔️ᴹ√MIT root. “small”
MITH root. “grey”
ᴹ√MITH root. “*mist, grey”
ᴹ√MIW¹ root. “whine”
ᴹ√MIW² root.
MIZDI root.
ᴹ√MIZDI root. “*fine rain, dew”
⚠️ᴱ√MḶÐḶ root. “crush, pound”
⚠️ᴱ√MḶKḶ root. “possess”
⚠️ᴱ√MLŘL root. “crush, pound” see MḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√MṆGṆ root.
⚠️ᴱ√MṆTYṆ root.
root. “labour, be afflicted”
ᴹ√ root.
⚠️ᴱ√MOKO root. “hate”
MOR root. “black”
ᴹ√MOR root.
⚠️ᴱ√MORO root.
ᴹ√MOROK root.
MOT root. “fen, marsh”
ᴹ√MOY root.
⚠️ᴱ√?MOYO root.
⚠️ᴱ√MṚÐṚ root. “grind”
⚠️ᴱ√‽MṚKṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√MṚŘṚ root. “grind” see MṚÐṚ
⚠️ᴱ√MṚTYṚ root. “smile” see MIRI
⚠️ᴱ√MUKU¹ root. “cacare [Latin], *defecate”
⚠️ᴱ√?MUKU² root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]?MUL root. “grind fine”
⚠️ᴱ√MULU root. “grind fine”
ᴹ√MUN root. “‽groan, moan”
⚠️ᴱ√MURU root. “slumber”
ᴹ√MUY root.
ᴹ√N- root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√ root. “be, exist”
√, ᴹ√NA/ANA root. “to, towards”
ᴹ√NAD root.
⚠️ᴱ√NAÐA root.
⚠️ᴱ√ŊAHYA root. “hurt, grieve”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NAK root. “bite”
ᴹ√NAKAT root. “eighteen”
NAKH root. “narrow, thin”
ÑAL root. see Ñ(G)AL
⚠️ᴱ√NALA root. “ring, play”
√*NAM root. “judge”
ᴹ√NAN root.
√, ᴱ√NAP root. “take (hold), pick up, grasp (with the whole hand), seize quickly (with fingers)”
⚠️ᴱ√NAQA root. “steal, take”
⚠️ÑAR root. “by, beside, near”; see instead:
AS² “beside”
NAR root. “fire, flame”
ᴹ√NAR¹ root. “flame, fire”
ᴹ√NAR² root. “tell, relate” see NYAR
⚠️ᴱ√NAŘA root. see NAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√ŊARA root. “(properly) bite at”
⚠️ᴱ√NARA root. see ŊARA
ᴹ√NARAK root. “tear, rend (tr. and intr.)”
ᴹ√NARTA root. “kindle”
ᴹ√NAS root. “point, sharp end”
⚠️ᴱ√NASA root. “taste nasty”
NASAG root.
ᴹ√NAT root. “lace, weave, tie”
NATH root. “welcome, be kind to”
⚠️ᴱ√NAVA root. “suspect, guess, have an inkling of”
⚠️ᴱ√?NAWA root.
ᴹ√NAWAK root.
ᴹ√NAY root. “lament”
NAY¹ root. “cause bitter grief or pain, lament”
NAY² root. “have opportunity, chance or permission; be allowed by circumstance [or] way of the world”
⚠️ᴱ√NAẎA root. see ŊAHYA
ᴹ√NAYAK root. “pain”
⚠️NDA root. “long; far” see ANAD; see instead:
ANAD “long; far”
NDAB¹ root. “endeavor, try, seek opportunity”
NDAB² root. “to judge”
⚠️ᴹ√NDAG root. see (N)DAK; see instead:
NDAK “hew, slay”
√, ᴹ√, ᴹ√NDAK root. “hew, slay”
⚠️ᴱ√?NDALA root.
ᴹ√(N)DAM root. “hammer, beat”
(N)DAN root. “back (again)”
ᴹ√(N)DAN root. “back, backwards”
⛔️ᴹ√NDAR root.
NDAY root. “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
NDEB root. see NDAB¹
ᴺ√[√]!NDEL root. “thick, dense”
⚠️ᴱ√*N(D)ELE root. “point”
√, ᴹ√N(D)ER root. “male (person), man”
ᴹ√(N)DEW root. “follow, come behind”
ᴹ√(N)DI root. “in”
(N)DIL root. “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to”
ᴹ√N(D)IL root. “friend; love, devotion”
(N)DIP/B root. “bending and drooping”
ᴹ√NDIS root.
⛔️ᴱ√?NDOÐO root. “*oak”; see instead:
ᴹ√DORON “oak”
ᴹ√NDOL root. “*head”
⚠️ᴱ√NDOLO root. “delve”
√, ᴹ√NDOR root. “land; hard, firm; [ᴹ√] dwell, stay, rest, abide”
NDU root. “under, down; sink, descend”
ᴹ√NDŪ root. “go down, sink, set (of Sun)”
⛔️ᴹ√(N)DUB root. “lay base, foundation, root; found”
ᴹ√(N)DUL root. “hide, conceal”
(N)DUP/B root. “bending and drooping”
(N)DUR root. “bow down, obey, serve”
ᴹ√N(D)UR root. “bow down, bend (low), obey, serve; grow/be dark”
⛔️ᴱ√ṆÐṆ root. “stretch, extend”; see instead:
ANAD “long; far”
⛔️ᴹ√NE root.
NE root. “scent”
NEB root. “turn towards (speaker), *front”
ᴹ√NED root. see (E)NED
⚠️ᴱ√NEÐE root.
NEG root. “‽ooze, drip”
ᴹ√NEG root.
⚠️ᴱ√NEHE root.
NEK¹ root. “narrow”
NEK² root. “divide, separate, part; deprive”
⛔️ᴹ√ÑEL root. “friendship”
NEL root. “three”
ᴹ√NEL root. “three”
⚠️ᴱ√NELE root. see *N(D)ELE
NELED root. “3”
ᴹ√NEL(ED) root. “three”
NELEK root. “tooth”
ᴹ√NELEK root. “tooth”
⚠️ᴱ√NEME root.
NEN root. “water”
ᴹ√NEN root.
ᴹ√NEÑ root.
⚠️ᴱ√NENE root. “flow”
NER root. see N(D)ER
⚠️ᴱ√NERE root.
⚠️ᴱ√NEŘE root. see NEÐE
⚠️ᴱ√NESE root. “give to feed; feed, pasture; graze”
NET root. “trim (pretty/dainty)”
⚠️ᴱ√NETE root. “catch, get”
NETER root. “9”
ᴹ√NETER root. “nine”
NETH root. “young, fresh, lively, merry; young woman”
ᴹ√NETH root. “young”
ᴹ√NEY root. “tear”
Ñ(G)AL root. “shine (by reflection)”
ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) root. “play (on stringed instrument)”
ᴹ√ÑGARAM root.
√, ᴹ√ÑGAW root. “howl; ⚠️falsify, deform, disguise”
(Ñ)GAY root. “gape, become wide, open, vast”
(Ñ)GIL root. “shine (white); silver glint”
ᴹ√ÑGOL root. “wise, wisdom, be wise”
ÑGOL¹ root. “knowledge, wisdom, lore”
ÑGOL² root. “dark-hued, dark-brown”
ÑGOLOD root.
ᴹ√ÑGOLOD root. “one of the wise folk, Gnome”
ÑGOR root. “dread, horror, fear, terror”
ᴹ√ÑGOROTH root. “horror”
⛔️ᴹ√ÑGOW root.
ÑGUL root. “dark with sinister associations”
ÑGUR root. “death”
ᴹ√ÑGUR root.
(Ñ)GWAL root. “(suffer) torment, agony”
ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL root. “(suffer) torment, agony”
NGWAW root. “howl” see ÑGAW
ᴹ√ÑGYAL(AM) root. “talk loud or incoherently”
ᴹ√ÑGYO(N) root. “grandchild, descendant”
NI root. “me”
NĪ/INI root.
ᴹ√NĪ¹/INI root. “female”
ᴹ√NĪ² root. “I”
ᴹ√NIB root. “face, front”
NID root. “force, press(ure), thrust”
ᴹ√NID¹ root. “lean against”
⛔️ᴹ√NID² root. “hurt, injure”
NIƷ root.
NIK root. “small”
NIK(W) root. “white; snow, ice”
ᴹ√NIK(W) root.
ᴹ√NINDI root. “fragile, thin”
⚠️ᴱ√NINI root.
NIP root. “small”
⚠️ᴱ√NIQI root. “white”
NIR root. “will, intention, conscious resolve to move or do”
NIS root. “woman”
ᴹ√NIS root. “woman”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*NITH root. “smell sweet”
ᴹ√ÑIW root. “wink, hint”
⚠️ᴱ√NḶĐḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√NṆGṆ root. “have a cold”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*NO root. “before (of time); at back (of place)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NŌ/ONO root. “beget, give birth to; be born; ⚠️[ᴱ√] become”
⚠️ᴱ√NOHO root. “extended”
ᴹ√ÑOL root. “smell (intr.)”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊOLO root. “to know”
⚠️ᴱ√NOLO root. “dare”
⛔️ᴹ√ÑO(N) root.; see instead:
ÑGAW “howl; ⚠️falsify, deform, disguise”
NOR root. “run (or leap) of animals or men”
⚠️ᴹ√NOR root. “run as of wheels, roll along”
⛔️ᴱ√‽NOŘO root. see ?NDOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√NORO root. “run, go smoothly, ride, spin”
ᴹ√NOROTH root.
⚠️ᴱ√NOSO/NOTO root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NOT root. “count, reckon”
ᴹ√NOW root. “think, form idea, imagine”
⛔️ᴱ√NOWO root. “ahead, in front; after of time, tomorrow”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NO “before (of time); at back (of place)”
⚠️ᴱ√ṆQṆ¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√ṆQṆ² root.
⛔️ᴱ√NŘN root. “stretch, extend” see ṆÐṆ
⚠️ᴱ√NṚQṚ root. “to wither, fade, shrivel”
⚠️ᴱ√NṚŘṚ root. see NṚÞṚ
⚠️ᴱ√NṚÞṚ root. “smell sweet”
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
NŪ/UNU root. “under, down; go down, sink”
ᴹ√NU/UNU root.
⚠️ᴱ√NUFU root. “*smell”
⚠️ᴱ√NUHU root. “bow, bend down, stoop, sink”
NUK root. “dwarf, stunted”
⚠️ᴱ√NULU root. “‽”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*NUR root. “*murmur, grumble”
ᴹ√NUR root. “deep”
⚠️ᴱ√NURU root. “*growl, grumble”
ᴹ√NUS root. “sense, wisdom”
⚠️ᴱ√NUSU root. “*smell”
ᴹ√NUT root. “tie, bind”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊWAÐA root. “tarry, linger”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊWEĐE root.
ᴹ√NYAD root. “gnaw”
⚠️ᴱ√NYAÐA root. “relate, tell”
ᴹ√NYAR root. “tell, relate”
⚠️ᴱ√NYAŘA root. “relate, tell” see NYAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√NYASA root.
⚠️ᴱ√NYATA root. “chatter, gossip”
⚠️ᴱ√NYEHE root. “weep”
ᴹ√NYEL root. “ring, sing, give out a sweet sound”
ÑYEL/ÑYOL root. “ringing”
⚠️ᴱ√?NYELEK root.
⚠️ᴱ√NYE(NE) root. “bleat”
⚠️ᴱ√Ō root. “be, exist”
⛔️ᴱ√OÐO root. “*dawn”; see instead:
RŌ/ORO “up; rise (up), mount”
⚠️ᴱ√OHO¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√OHO² root. “cry”
OKO root. “evil, wicked, bad”
OL root.
ᴹ√OL root. “grow”
⚠️ᴱ√OLO¹ root. “tip”
⚠️ᴱ√OLO² root.
⚠️ᴱ√OLO³ root.
OLOB root. “branch”
OLOR root. see (O)LOS/R
ᴹ√(O)LOS root. “sleep; dream”
(O)LOS/R root. “dream, vision; sleep”
OM root. “of resonant sounds”
ᴹ√OM root.
⚠️ᴱ√OMO root. “all, every”
⚠️ᴱ√ONGO root.
⛔️ᴱ√ONO root. see *ƷONO
√, ᴹ√ONO root. see NŌ/ONO
⚠️ᴱ√’O’O root. “*sea”
OP root.
OPO root. “before of place, ahead, in front”
⛔️ᴱ√‽OQO root. “curve, bend”; see instead:
!ᴺ✶okkā “knee”
⛔️ᴱ√OŘO root. “*dawn” see OÐO
ᴹ√ORO root. see RŌ/ORO
ORO root. see RŌ/ORO
⚠️ᴱ√ORO² root. “‽”
OROK root.
ᴹ√OROK root.
ᴹ√(O)ROM root. “loud noise, horn blast”
ᴹ√ORON root.
ᴹ√OROT root. “height, mountain”
OS root. “making a hissing foaming noise”
ᴹ√OS root. “round, about”
⚠️ᴱ√OSO¹ root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√OSO² root.
ᴹ√OT/OTOS/OTOK root. “seven”
⚠️ᴱ√OTO root. “knock”
⛔️OTO root. see TŌ/OTO
OTOS/OTOK root. “seven”
OWO root. “masculine”
⚠️ᴱ√OWO root.
OY root. “ever, continual, unceasing”
ᴹ√OY¹ root. “ever, eternal”
ᴹ√OY² root. “live, pass one’s days”
⚠️ᴱ√OYO root.
⚠️ᴱ√OẎO root. “salve, rub, oil”
PĀ/APA root. “touch; after, behind of place”
ᴹ√PAD root.
PAK root. “close, shut”
⚠️ᴱ√PAKA root.
√, ᴱ√PAKAT root. “*talk, speech”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PAL root. “wide (open), broad, extended”
ᴹ√PAL² root. “beat”
ᴹ√PALAP root.
⚠️ᴱ√PALAS root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PAN root. “arrange, set in order; [ᴹ√] place, set, fix in place (especially of wood)”
⚠️ᴱ√PAPA root.
PAR¹ root. “arrange, compose, put together; learn”
√, ᴱ√PAR² root. “peel, *bare”
ᴹ√PARAK root. “*dry”
ᴹ√PAS root.
ᴹ√PAT root. “*open”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]PAT root. “*step, walk”
⚠️ᴱ√PATA¹ root. “*rap, tap”
⚠️ᴱ√PATA² root. see PṆTṆ
PATH root. “smooth (to feel), silky”
ᴹ√PATH root.
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PAY root. “punish, take vengeance on, requite; ⚠️conquer, subdue”
⚠️ᴱ√PE root. “at, by”
⛔️ᴱ√ root. see *
PED root. “slope, slant down”
⛔️ᴹ√PEG root. “(?outer) mouth”; see instead:
PEÑ “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴱ√PEKE root.
PEL root. “fence, border, edge, bound, limit”
⚠️ᴱ√PELE¹ root. “fence in”
⚠️ᴱ√PELE² root.
ᴹ√PEL(ES) root. “revolve on fixed point”
PEN root. “lack, be without, have not”
PEÑ root. “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴱ√PENE root.
ᴹ√PEN(ED) root.
⚠️ᴱ√PEQE root.
PER root. “divide in middle, halve”
ᴹ√PER root. “divide in middle, halve”
⚠️ᴱ√PERE root.
ᴹ√PERES root. “affect, disturb, alter”
⚠️ᴱ√PETE root.
PEY root.
PHĀ/APHA root. “before of time”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PHAL root. “foam, splash”
ᴹ√PHALAS root. see PHAL
PHAN root. “cover, screen, veil”
⛔️ᴹ√PHAN root.
ᴹ√PHAR root. “reach, go all the way, suffice”
⛔️PHAR(AN) root. “*rowan”; see instead:
ᴹ√PHAR “reach, go all the way, suffice”
ᴹ√PHER(EN) “beech”
⛔️ᴹ√PHARAN root.
ᴹ√PHAS root. “*tangle, shag, fringe”
PHAW root. “breath, puff of breath; gape, emit (foul breath)”
ᴹ√PHAW root. “gape”
PHAY root. “spirit; [ᴹ√] radiate, send out rays of light”
ᴹ√PHAY root. “radiate, send out rays of light”
ᴹ√PHEG root. “inner part, pith, core; of person ?inner spirit”
PHEL root. “*emotion”
ᴹ√PHELEG root. “cave”
PHELEK root. “*cave”
⛔️ᴹ√PHELEK root. “(animal’s) horn; steep mountain peak”
PHELES root. “*cave” see PHELEK
√, ᴹ√PHEN root. “door”
PHER root.
ᴹ√PHER(EN) root. “beech”
ᴹ√PHEW root. “feel disgust at, abhor”
ᴹ√PHI root.
⛔️PHĪ root. “skill, dexterity” see PHIN¹; see instead:
PHIN¹ “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity, [ᴹ√] nimbleness”
PHILIK root. “finch”
ᴹ√PHILIK root. “small bird”
PHIM root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PHIN¹ root. “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity, [ᴹ√] nimbleness”
⛔️PHIN² root. “hair” see SPIN(ID); see instead:
SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair”
PHIR root. “exhale, expire, breathe out”
ᴹ√PHIR root. “die of natural causes”
PHŌ/Ū root. “interjection of displeasure/dissent”
ᴹ√PHOR root. “right-hand”
PHUT root.
ᴹ√PHUY root.
⛔️ᴱ√ root. see PINI; see instead:
NIP “small”
*√PIN “little”
ᴹ√PIK “*small”
ᴹ√PIK root. “*small”
⚠️ᴱ√PILI¹ root. “rob”
⚠️ᴱ√PILI² root.
ᴹ√PILIN root.
√[ᴱ√]*PIN root. “little”
⚠️ᴱ√PIPI root. “hang, trail”
⚠️ᴱ√PIQI root.
PIRI root. “close eyes, blink, wink”
⚠️ᴱ√PIRI root.
ᴹ√PIS root.
ᴹ√PITH root. “spit”
ᴹ√PIW root. “spit”
⚠️ᴱ√PIẆI root.
⚠️ᴱ√PḶQḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√PḶTYḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√PṆTṆ root. “*open”
⚠️ᴱ√PO root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√POKO root. “tuck (away)”
POL root. “can, have physical power and ability”
⚠️ᴱ√POL-I root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√POLO root. “have stength”
ᴹ√POL(OD) root. “physically strong”
ᴹ√POR root.
POROK root. “hen”
ᴹ√POT root. “animal’s foot”
⚠️ᴱ√POT-I root. see BOTO
ᴹ√, ᴱ√POY root. “*clean”
⚠️ᴱ√PUÐU root. “consume by fire”
⚠️ᴱ√PU(HU) root.
⚠️ᴱ√PULU root. “swell”
⚠️ᴱ√PUMU root.
⚠️ᴱ√PUŘU root. “consume by fire” see PUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√PUSU root. “puff, blow, puff out, make swell”
PUT root.
ᴹ√PUT root. “stop, halt, pause”
⚠️ᴱ√‽QAHA root.
⚠️ᴱ√QALA root. “die”
⚠️ᴱ√QAMA root.
⚠️ᴱ√QAPA root. “chaffer”
⚠️ᴱ√QARA¹ root. “care for, guard, watch (over)”
⚠️ᴱ√‽QARA² root. see QṚÐṚ
⚠️ᴱ√QASA root.
⚠️ᴱ√QEL+U root.
⚠️ᴱ√QELE root. “perish, die, decay, fade”
⚠️ᴱ√QETE root.
⚠️ᴱ√QIÐI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QILI¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√QILI² root. see QḶÐḶ
⛔️ᴱ√*QIMI root. “*woman”; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√QINGI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QINI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QIPI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QIQI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QIŘI root. see QIÐI
⚠️ᴱ√QISI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QITYI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QIVI root.
⚠️ᴱ√QḶÐḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√QḶŘḶ root. see QḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√QḶTḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√QṆTṆ root.
⚠️ᴱ√QOÐO root.
⚠️ᴱ√QOLO root.
⚠️ᴱ√QOŘO root. see QOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√QOSO root. see QOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√QOTO root.
⚠️ᴱ√QṚÐṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√QṚŘṚ root. see QṚÐṚ
RĀ/ARA root. “noble, high, royal”
RAB root. “astray, wandering, unsettled”
ᴹ√RAB root. “*wild”
RAD root.
ᴹ√RAD root. “back, return”
⚠️ᴱ√RAÐA root.
ᴹ√RAG root. “*crooked”
⚠️ᴱ√RAHA root. “stretch forward”
ᴹ√RAK root. “stretch out, reach”
⚠️ᴱ√RAKA root.
ᴹ√RAM root. “*wing, fly”
⚠️ᴱ√RAMA root.
ᴹ√RAMBA root.
RAN root. “wander, stray, meander, go on an uncertain course, go aside from a course (commanded or self-chosen); err”
ᴹ√RAN root. “wander, stray”
ᴹ√RAP¹ root. “bind”
⚠️ᴹ√RAP² root. “climb (as a tree by clinging[?])”
⚠️ᴱ√RAPA root. “drag, pull”
RAPH root. “seize, grab, [ᴹ√] snatch”
ᴹ√RAPH root. “snatch”
⚠️ᴱ√RAŘA root. see RAÐA
RAS root. “horn”
ᴹ√RAS root. “stick up (intr.)”
ᴹ√RASAT root. “twelve”
ᴹ√RAT root. “walk, go in a line (as a road)”
⛔️RAT² root. “tower up”; see instead:
ARAT “good, excellent, noble”
⚠️ᴱ√*RATA root.
RATH root. “climb”
⚠️ᴱ√RAÞA root.
ᴹ√RAUTA root. “metal”
⚠️ᴱ√RAVA root.
ᴹ√RAW root. “*roar”
RAY¹ root. “net, knit, contrive network or lace, involve in a network, enlace”
RAY² root. “smile”
ᴹ√RAYAK root. “crooked, bent, wrong”
⚠️ᴱ√RAẆA root. “*rush, run, chase”
REB root. “entangle, snare, trap” see REM
√, ᴹ√RED root. “scatter, sow”
⚠️ᴱ√REÐE root. “kinsman”
ᴹ√REG root. “edge, border, margin”
ᴹ√REK root. see (E)REK
REK root. “to recover, save (from ruin, peril, loss), get out or away”
REM root. “entangle, snare, trap”
REN root. “recall, have in mind”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^RE(N)D root. “kinsman”
ᴹ√REP root. “bend, hook”
RES root. “remain in same place” see RETH
⚠️ᴱ√RESE¹ root. “aid, support” see REÞE
⚠️ᴱ√RESE² root. “kinsman” see REÐE
RET root. “climb”
RETH root. “remain in same place”
⚠️ᴱ√RETYE root. “*spit”
⚠️ᴱ√REÞE root. “aid, support”
RIG root. “wreath, twine; garland, crown”
ᴹ√RIG root.
RIK¹ root. “put forth effort, strive, endeavour”
⚠️RIK² root. “twist”; see instead:
ᴹ√RAYAK “crooked, bent, wrong”
ᴹ√RIK(H) root. “jerk, sudden move, flirt”
⚠️ᴱ√RIKI root. “*twist”
RIL root. “brilliant, brilliance”
ᴹ√RIL root. “glitter”
⚠️ᴱ√?RILI root.
ᴹ√RIM root. “abound; large number”
⚠️ᴱ√RIMI root.
ᴹ√, ᴱ√RIN root. “*circle”
RINGI root. “cold”
ᴹ√RINGI root. “cold”
⚠️ᴱ√RIŊI root.
ᴹ√RIP root. “rush, fly, fling, hurl”
⚠️ᴱ√RIPI root. “a rim”
⚠️ᴱ√RIQI root. “*twist” see RIKI
RIS root. “cleave, cut; slash, rip”
ᴹ√RIS root. “slash, rip”
ᴹ√RIY root.
⚠️ᴱ√RIẎI root. “scatter‽”
⚠️ᴱ√ṚMṚ root. see *ƷṚMṚ
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√RŌ/ORO root. “up; rise (up), mount”
ᴹ√ROD root. “roof, cave”
ᴹ√ROK root. “run on foot”
ROM root. “loud noise; horn noise”
ᴹ√ROM root. see (O)ROM
√*ROÑ root.
RON¹ root. “arch over, roof in”
RON² root. “solid, tangible, firm”
ROS root. “spindrift, spray”
ᴹ√ROS¹ root. “distil, drip”
ᴹ√ROS² root.
ROT root. “dig, excavate, tunnel”
ᴹ√ROT root. “bore, tunnel”
⚠️ᴱ√ROTO root. “hollow”
ᴹ√ROY¹ root. “chase”
ᴹ√ROY² root. “ruddy, red”
⚠️ᴱ√ṚTYṚ root. “peck, prick”
ᴹ√RUD root.
RUƷUS root.
RUK root.
ᴹ√RUK¹ root. “demon”
ᴹ√RUK² root. “pluck”
⚠️ᴱ√RUKU root. “smoke, reek”
ᴹ√RUN root. “flat of hand or sole of foot”
RUN¹ root. “red, glowing”
RUN² root. “rub, grind, smooth, polish”
RUS root. “brownish red”
⛔️ᴹ√RUS root. “flash, glitter of metal”; see instead:
RUS “brownish red”
RUTH root. “anger, rage, wrath”
⚠️ᴱ√RU’U root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√RUVU root. “burst asunder”
RUY root. “blaze (red)”
⚠️ᴱ√?RUYU root.
ᴹ√S root. “demonstrative stem”
S- root. “privative”
⚠️ᴱ√SA root. “demonstrative”
ᴹ√SAB root. “juice”
SAB root. “believe (that statements, reports, traditions, etc. are) true, accept as fact”
SAD root. “strip, flay, peel off”
ᴹ√SAG root.
⚠️ᴱ√SAH(Y)A root. “be hot”
⛔️√, ᴹ√SAK root. “draw, pull”; see instead:
THAG “oppress, crush, press”
LUK “haul, drag, *pull”
ᴹ√TUK “draw, bring”
⛔️ᴱ√SAKA root. “*search”; see instead:
KETH “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
SAL root.
⚠️ᴱ√SALA root. “*harp(ing), lyre”
ᴹ√#SALAK root. “*grass”
ᴹ√SALAP root. “lick up”
ᴹ√SAM root. “unite, join”
SAM¹ root. “have; [ᴹ√] unite, join”
⛔️SAM² root. “mind, think, reflect, be aware”; see instead:
SAN “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
⚠️ᴱ√SAMA root.
SAN root. “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
⚠️ᴱ√?SANA root.
⚠️ᴱ√SAŊA root. “pack tight, press”
⚠️SAP root. “dig”
⚠️ᴱ√SAPA root. “dig, excavate”
ᴹ√SAR root. “*stone”
SAR root. “score, incise; write”
⚠️ᴱ√SARA¹ root. see *ÞARA
⚠️ᴱ√?SARA² root.
SAT root. “space, place; divide, apportion, mark off”
SATAR root. “faithful, trust, loyal, rely, steadfast”
SATH root. “pair”
SAW root. “digusting, foul, vile”
⚠️ᴱ√SAW̯A root.
ᴹ√SAY root. “know, understand”
⚠️ᴱ√SAẎA root. “hunger”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]SAYAK root. “hunger”
⚠️ᴱ√SAYAPA root.
⚠️ᴱ√SAẆA root.
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “‽”
SED root. “rest, repose”
ᴹ√SED root. “rest, repose”
⚠️ᴱ√#SEKE root. “mid”
ᴹ√SEL(D) root. “child”
⚠️ᴱ√SELE root.
SEN root. “let loose, free, let go”
ᴹ√SER root. “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)”
⚠️ᴱ√SERE root. see *ÞERE
SEREK root. “blood”
ᴹ√SI root. “this, here, now”
SIB root. “rest, quiet”
⚠️ᴱ√SIÐI root. “flow”
ᴹ√SIK root.
SIL root. “shine (white or silver)”
ᴹ√SIL root. “shine silver”
⚠️ᴱ√SILI root.
ᴹ√SILIP root.
SI(N) root. “this, here, now”
⚠️ᴱ√SI(N) root. “this here by me”
⚠️ᴱ√SINI root. “pale blue‽”
⚠️ᴱ√SIŊI root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√SIPI root. “whistle, pipe”
⚠️ᴱ√SIQI root. “sigh, say alas”
SIR root. “flow”
ᴹ√SIR root. “flow”
⚠️ᴱ√SIŘI root. “flow” see SIÐI
⚠️ᴱ√SIRIPI root.
ᴹ√SIS root. “hiss” see SUS
⚠️ᴱ√SISI root. “singe, etc.”
⚠️ᴱ√SITI root.
⚠️ᴱ√SIVI root.
ᴹ√SIW root. “excite, egg on, urge”
√, ᴹ√SKAL root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal, [ᴹ√] screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
ᴹ√SKAL² root. “(small) fish”
ᴹ√SKAR¹ root. “tear, rend”
ᴹ√SKAR² root. “?stop, end; limit, marge”
ᴹ√SKAT root. “break asunder”
ᴹ√SKEL root. “*skin”
SKEY root. “pass”
ᴹ√SKIL root.
SKOL root. “shut, close”
SKOR root. “rough, marred, unequal or unsymmetrical in shape”
ᴹ√SKOR root. “look out for, expect, wait for”
SKŪ/KHŪ root. “curse”
ᴹ√SKWAR root. “crooked”
ᴹ√SKYAP root.
SLAS root. “ear”
ᴹ√SLIG root.
ᴹ√SLIK root. “creep”
ᴹ√SLIN root.
⚠️ᴹ√(S)LIT root. “swiftly[?] speed[?]”
ᴹ√SLIW root. “sickly”
⚠️ᴱ√SḶKḶ¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√SḶKḶ² root. “rich, lush”
SLON root. “noise”
SLOUN root.
SLOY root.
⚠️ᴱ√SḶPḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√SḶŘḶ root. see ÞḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√SḶTḶ root.
ᴹ√SLUK root. “swallow”
ᴹ√SLUS root. “whisper”
ᴹ√SMAG root. “soil, stain”
ᴹ√SMAL root. “yellow”
SNAG root. “wound, gash”
ᴹ√SNAR root. “tie”
ᴹ√SNAS/SNAT root.
ᴹ√SNEW root. “entangle”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆKṆ root. “rend, tear”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆTṆ root. “esteem”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆTYṆ root. “twinkle”
ᴹ√SNUR root. “twist”
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^SOB root. “wash”
√, ᴱ√, ᴹ√SOK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain” see SUK
ᴹ√SOL root.
⚠️ᴱ√SOLO root. see *ÞOLO
⛔️ᴹ√SON root. “love, befriend, cherish”
SOÑ root.
⛔️ᴱ√SORO root. see ÐORO
⚠️ᴱ√ŠORO root. see *ÞORO
SOT root. “shelter, protect, defend”
⛔️ᴱ√SOTO root. “drop, fall” see ÐOTO
⛔️ᴱ√SOVO root. “wash”; see instead:
^ᴺ√SOB “wash”
⛔️ᴱ√SOWO root. see SOVO
ᴹ√SPAL(AS) root.
SPAN root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal; white”
ᴹ√SPAN root. “white”
ᴹ√SPANAG root.
SPAR root. “hunt, pursue”
ᴹ√SPAR¹ root. “hunt, pursue”
ᴹ√SPAR² root. “*strew, spread, ?scatter”
ᴹ√SPAY root. “despise, contemn”
√, ᴹ√SPIN(ID) root. “fine thread, filament; hair”
⚠️ᴱ√‽ṢQṢ root.
SRAB root. “wild”
⚠️ᴹ√SRAD root. “to flatten, lay low/flat, make flat what was standing” see GRAD
SRAG root. “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult”
SRAK root. “hard, difficult” see SRAG
SRAW root. “body, flesh”
⚠️SRAY root. “easy, pliant, moving with ease”
ᴹ√(S)RI root.
ᴹ√SRIP root. “scratch”
SRIS root. “snow”
SRIT root. “to complete a work or design”
⛔️SRITH root. “snow”
⚠️ᴱ√SṚKṚ root. “fat”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√](S)RŌ root. “east”
SRON root. “flesh, substance, matter”
(S)ROT root. see ROT
SRUG root. “*evil, wicked”
⛔️ᴹ√SRUS root. “whisper” see SLUS; see instead:
ᴹ√SLUS “whisper”
⚠️ᴱ√SṢTYṢ root. “‽”
ᴹ√STĀ root.
ᴹ√STAB root.
ᴹ√STAG root. “press, compress”
ᴹ√STAK root. “split, insert”
ᴹ√STAL root. “steep”
STAL root. “strong”
ᴹ√STALAG root.
ᴹ√STAN root. “fix, indicate, decide”
STAR root. “stiff”
ᴹ√STAR root. “stiff”
ᴹ√STARAN root.
STEL root. “remain firm”
ᴹ√STELEG root.
STEN root. “cut short, limit, confine, cramp”
STIN root. “grey”
⛔️ᴹ√STIN root.
ᴹ√STINTĀ root. “short”
√*STIR root. “face”
STOR root. “steadfast”
ᴹ√STUD root. “base, ground”
STUK root.
root. “wind”
⚠️ᴹ√SUB root. “sink (esp. in water)”
ᴹ√SUD root. see STUD
⛔️ᴹ√SUG root. “drink” see SUK; see instead:
SUK “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
⚠️ᴱ√SUHYU root. “air, breath, exhale, puff”
√, ᴹ√SUK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
⚠️ᴱ√SUKU¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√SUKU² root.
⚠️ᴱ√SULU root.
ᴹ√SULUK root. “*root (especially as edible)”
⚠️ᴱ√SUQU root.
SUR root. “noise of wind”
⚠️ᴱ√SURU root. “to blow”
ᴹ√SUS root. “hiss”
⚠️ᴱ√SUẈU root.
ᴹ√SWAD root.
ᴹ√SWES root. “noise of blowing or breathing”
ᴹ√SWIN root. “whirl, eddy”
SYAD root. “compress”
ᴹ√SYAD¹ root. “shear through, cleave (through)”
ᴹ√SYAD² root. “compress”
ᴹ√SYAL root.
SYAR root. “score, incise; write” see SAR
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TA root. “that, there, then; demonstrative”
√, ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ root. “high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble”
⚠️ᴱ√TAÐA root.
⛔️ᴱ√TAHA root. see *DAHA
⚠️ᴱ√TAILIK root.
TAK root. “fasten, fix”
ᴹ√TAK root. “fix, make fast”
⚠️ᴱ√TAKA root. “fix, fasten, stick”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAL root. “foot; *flat; [ᴱ√] support”
ᴹ√TAL² root. “appraise, esteem, values”
TALAM root. “flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation”
ᴹ√TALAM root. “base, root, foundation; floor, ground”
√, ᴹ√TALAT root. “slip (down)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAM root. “construct; [ᴹ√] knock, [ᴱ√] beat; smelt, forge”
√, ᴹ√TAN¹ root. “construct, make with tools, [ᴹ√] make, fashion”
TAN² root. “indicate, show”
ᴹ√TAN² root.
⚠️ᴱ√TAŊA root. “touch, be next to”
⚠️ᴱ√TANA root.
ᴹ√TAP root. “stop”
⚠️ᴱ√TAPA root.
⚠️ᴱ√TAQA root. “fashion”
TAR root. “stand”
⚠️ᴱ√TAŘA root. see TAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√TARA¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√TARA² root. “‽”
ᴹ√TARAG root.
ᴹ√TARAK root. “horn (of animals)”
⛔️ᴱ√TARA(MA) root. “to batter, thud, beat” see DARA(MA); see instead:
ᴹ√DARAM “beat, hew; [ᴱ√] batter, thud”
ᴹ√TARAS root. “*trouble”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^TARKWA root. “*to preserve”
TAS root. “point out, indicate”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAS root. “*fringe”
√, ᴹ√TATA root. see ATATA
TATHAR root.
ᴹ√TATHAR root.
⚠️ᴱ√TAÞA root. “count”
⚠️ᴱ√TAVA root. “beam”
TAW root. “wood”
⚠️ᴱ√TAW̯A root.
ᴹ√TAWAR root. “wood, forest”
TAY root. “stretch, extend, make long(er); mark, line, limit”
ᴹ√TAY root. “extend, make long(er), stretch”
TE root. “3rd person plural pronoun”
⚠️ᴱ√TEÐE root. “pierce, boring”
⚠️ᴱ√TEFE root.
TEG root. “line”
⚠️ᴱ√TEHE root. “‽pull”
TEK root. “make a written mark, sign”
ᴹ√TEK root. “write or draw (signs or letters), make a mark”
⚠️ᴱ√TEKE root. “make marks”
TEL root. “close, end, complete, come to an end”
⚠️ᴱ√TEL+U root. “to finish, close, end, complete”
⚠️ᴱ√TELE root. “cover in”
ᴹ√TELEK root. “stalk, stem, leg”
ᴹ√TELEP root. “silver”
⚠️ᴱ√TELEPE root.
TELES root. “come at rear, end a line or series”
ᴹ√TELES root. “hindmost, tarrier”
TELU root. “roof in, put the crown on a building”
ᴹ√TEL(U) root. “*roof”
⚠️ᴱ√TEME root. “tie”
TEN root. “direction; point (toward); end (in sense of point aimed at)”
TEÑ root. “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at; ⚠️[ᴹ√] line, direction”
ᴹ√TEÑ root. “line, direction”
⚠️ᴱ√TENE root. “touch, feel”
⚠️ᴱ√TEŊE root. “know, understand”
⚠️TER root. “pierce”
ᴹ√TER root. “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√TEŘE root. “pierce, boring” see TEÐE
ᴹ√TERES root. “pierce” see TER
⚠️ᴱ√TETE root. “bud, blossom”
TEW root. “show, sign, indicate” see TEÑ
ᴹ√THA root. “forward”
THĀ/ATHA root. “ease, comfort, heal; be helpful; be willing to assist (in any work, etc.), agree, consent”
THAG root. “oppress, crush, press”
THAN root. “kindle, set light to, fire, light”
√, ᴹ√THAR¹ root. “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
ᴹ√THAR² root. “to stand”
THAR² root. “vigour”
THAW root. “cruel; stink”
ᴹ√THĒ root. “look (see or seem)”
ᴹ√THEL(ES) root. “sister”
⚠️THER root. “sew”
THIL root. “shine silver”
ᴹ√THIL root.
THIN root.
ᴹ√THIN root.
⛔️ᴹ√THIR root.
THOL root. “stand up, top”
ᴹ√THON root.
THOR root. “steadfast” see STOR
ᴹ√THOR(ON) root. “come swooping down”
THOS root. “frighten, terrify; show dread of”
THOW root. “stink”
THŪ root. “puff, blow”
ᴹ√THŪ root. “puff, blow”
ᴹ√THUR root. “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”
THUS root. “evil mist, fog, darkness”
ᴹ√THUS root. “*smell, stench”
⚠️ᴱ√TIÐI root. “‽stick up”
⚠️ᴱ√TIFI root.
TIG root.
ᴹ√TIK root.
TIL root. “point, horn”
ᴹ√TIL root. “point, horn”
⚠️ᴱ√TILI¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√TILI² root.
TIN root. “sparkle, spark”
ᴹ√TIN root. “sparkle, emit slender (silver pale) beams”
⛔️ᴺ√*TIN² root. “silence” see *DIN; see instead:
*ᴺ√DIN “silence”
ᴹ√TING/TANG root. “ting (onomatopoeic)”
⚠️ᴱ√TINI root. “twinkle”
⚠️ᴱ√TIPI root.
⚠️ᴱ√TIQI root.
TIR root. “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
ᴹ√TIR root. “watch, guard”
⚠️ᴱ√TIŘI root. “‽stick up” see TIÐI
⚠️ᴱ√TIRI root. “watch; guard; observe”
ᴹ√TIT root.
ᴹ√TIW root. “fat, thick”
⚠️ᴱ√TIW̯I root. “thick”
⚠️ᴱ√TḶDḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√TḶKḶ root.
⛔️ᴱ√TḶPḶ root. “*support, prop”; see instead:
ᴹ√TULUK “*support, prop; steady, firm”
⛔️ᴱ√TḶTḶ root.; see instead:
TALAT “slip (down)”
⚠️ᴱ√TṂPṂ root. “build”
⚠️ᴱ√TṆQṆ root.
⚠️ᴱ√TṆTṆ root.
⛔️TŌ/OTO root. “back”
TOK/NOK root. “non-resonant sounds”
⚠️ᴱ√TOKO root. “feel with the hand, handle; appraise, tax, assess, assay; try, test, essay, endeavour”
TOL root. “stick up”
⚠️ᴱ√TOL+U root.
ᴹ√TOL¹-OTH/OT root. “eight”
ᴹ√TOL² root.
⚠️ᴱ√TOLI root.
⚠️ᴱ√TOLO root.
TOLOB root.
TOLOD root. “8”
TOLOT root. see TOLOD
TOM root. “of resonant sounds”
⚠️ᴱ√TOMPO root.
ᴹ√TON root. “tap, knock”
⚠️ᴱ√TOŊO root. “to hammer”
ᴹ√TOP root. “cover, roof”
⚠️ᴱ√TOQO root. “bear fruit, bear, bring forth, produce”
ᴹ√TOR root. “brother”
TOR root. “secrete, hide”
⚠️ᴱ√TORO root. “*bake”
ᴹ√TOW root.
⚠️ᴱ√TOŁᵂO root.
⚠️ᴱ√TOẆO root.
⚠️ᴱ√TṚKṚ root.
⛔️ᴱ√TṚQṚ root. “*to preserve”; see instead:
^ᴺ√TARKWA “*to preserve”
⚠️ᴱ√TṚTYṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√‽TUAKK root.
ᴹ√TUB root. “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
TUD root.
⚠️ᴱ√TUÐU root. “kindle”
ᴹ√TUG root.
ᴹ√TUK root. “draw, bring”
⚠️ᴱ√TUKSA root.
⚠️ᴱ√TUKU root.
TUL root. “come, approach, move towards (point of speaker)”
ᴹ√TUL root. “come, approach, move towards (point of speaker)”
⚠️ᴱ√TULU root. “fetch, bear, bring; move, come; (originally) uphold, support, bear, carry”
ᴹ√TULUK root. “*support, prop; steady, firm”
⚠️ᴱ√TULUKU root. “*steady, firm”
⚠️ᴱ√TUM(B)U root. “‽”
ᴹ√TUMPU root. “hump”
⚠️ᴱ√TUMU root. “‽swell (with idea of hollowness)”
ᴹ√TUN root.
⚠️ᴱ√TUN+TƎ root.
TUP root. “cover over, hide”
ᴹ√TUP root.
⚠️ᴱ√TUPU root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TUR root. “dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power; [ᴹ√] victory; [ᴱ√] be strong”
⚠️ᴱ√TUŘU root. see TUÐU
TURUK root. “*strong”
ᴹ√TURUM root. “shield”
ᴹ√TUS root. “*bush”
⚠️ᴱ√TUSU root. see TUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√TUVU root.
TUY root. “sprout, bud”
ᴹ√TUY root. “sprout, spring”
⚠️ᴱ√TUẎU root.
⚠️ᴱ√TYAKA root. “hew”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TYAL root. “play”
⚠️ᴱ√TYASA root. “taste, try, choose, test, select”
⚠️ᴱ√TYAVA root. “to savour, taste”
⚠️ᴱ√TYETE root. “give suck”
⚠️ᴱ√TYOSO root. “cough”
⚠️ᴱ√TYU root.
⚠️ᴱ√TYUKU root. “chew”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TYUL root. “stand up (straight)”
⚠️ᴱ√TYURU root. “curdle” see KYURU
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞARA root.
⚠️ᴱ√ÞEHE root.
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞERE root. “twine, tie, bind”
⚠️ᴱ√ÞḶÐḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√ÞṆKṆ root.
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞOLO root.
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞORO root. “eagle”
Ū root. “denial of fact, privation”
⚠️ᴱ√Ū¹ root. “under”
⚠️ᴱ√Ū² root. “not”
UB root. “have in mind, consider, ponder; to approach”
ᴹ√UB¹ root. “abound”
ᴹ√UB² root. “ponder, have in mind”
UG root. “dislike”
UGU/UMU root. “expressing privation”
ᴹ√UGU/UMU root. “negative stems”
UK root. “nasty”
UL root. “pour (out), flow”
⚠️ᴱ√(U)ḶQ(U)Ḷ root. “rend”
ᴹ√ULU root. “pour, flow”
⚠️ᴱ√ULU¹ root. “pour, flow fast”
⚠️ᴱ√ULU² root.
ᴹ√ULUG root.
⚠️ᴱ√ULUKU root. “wolf”
⚠️ᴱ√ULUN(T) root.
UM root. “teem, throng; large”
⚠️ᴱ√UMU root.
UÑG root. “spider word”
ᴹ√UÑG root.
ᴹ√UNU root. see NU/UNU
UNU root. see NŪ/UNU
⚠️ᴱ√*UŊU root. “‽”
ᴹ√UNUK root.
⚠️ᴱ√UQU root. “wet”
UR root. “heat, be hot”
⛔️ᴹ√UR¹ root. “be hot”
ᴹ√UR² root. “wide, large, great”
⚠️ᴱ√UŘU root. see *ƷUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√URU root.
ᴹ√URUK root.
⛔️URUN root. “copper”; see instead:
RUS “brownish red”
Q. urus “copper”
S. rust “copper”
(U)RUTH root. see RUTH
ᴹ√US root.
⚠️ᴱ√USU root. “get out, escape”
USUK root. “dusk”
ᴹ√USUK root. “*reek”
UTHU root. “[wrong] with a bad sense”
ᴹ√UY root.
⚠️ᴱ√VAHA root.
⚠️ᴱ√VAKA root.
⛔️ᴱ√VALA root. see *WALA
⛔️ᴱ√VANA root. “*beauty”; see instead:
BAN “beauty (due to lack of fault or blemish); fair, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√VARA root.
⚠️ᴱ√VASA root. “*wing”
⚠️ᴱ√VAẎA root. “enfold, wind about”
⛔️ᴱ√*VEÐE root.; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
⚠️ᴱ√VEHE root. see *WEHE
⚠️ᴱ√VELU root. “unroll”
⚠️ᴱ√VENE root. “shape, cut out, scoop”
⛔️ᴱ√VEŘE root. see *VEÐE
⛔️ᴱ√VETE root. “*chin”; see instead:
ᴺ√BENET “chin”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “as”
⚠️ᴱ√VIKI root.
⚠️ᴱ√VILI root.
⚠️ᴱ√VITI root.
⚠️ᴱ√VḶÐḶ root.
⚠️ᴱ√VḶKḶ root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√VḶŘḶ root. see VḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√VḶTḶ root. “release, set free; deprive, take away”
⚠️ᴱ√?VO(NO) root.
⚠️ᴱ√VŌRI root. “fur”
⛔️ᴱ√VORO root.; see instead:
ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure”
⛔️ᴱ√VṚÐṚ root.; see instead:
BARAD “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
⚠️ᴱ√VṚKṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√VṚTṚ root.
⚠️ᴱ√VṚTYṚ root. “serve”
root. “blow; noise of wind”
ᴹ√ root. “blow”
√, ᴹ√WĀ/AWA root. “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
ᴹ√WAD root. “err, stray”
ᴹ√WAƷ root. “stain, soil”
⚠️ᴱ√WAIK root. “*man, male”
⛔️ᴱ√*WALA root. “fortune, happiness; *power”; see instead:
BAL “power; powerful, mighty; have power”
WAN root. see (G)WAN
ᴹ√WAN root. “depart, go away, disappear, vanish”
⛔️ᴱ√*WANA root. see VANA
ᴹ√WAR root. “give way, yield, not endure, let down, betray”
⚠️ᴱ√WARA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?WASA root. “juice”
WATH root. “[ᴹ√] shade”
WATHAR root.
WAW root. “blow (of wind), be disturbed”
ᴹ√WAW root. “blow”
WAY root. see WAW
ᴹ√WAY root. “enfold”
WE root. “dual”
WĒ/EWE root. “a person or being”
ᴹ√WED root. “bind”
⛔️ᴱ√WEDE root. see *VEÐE
√, ᴹ√WEG root. “live, be active; [ᴹ√] (manly) vigour”
⚠️ᴱ√*WEHE root.
⚠️WEƷ root. “masculinity apart from sex” see WEG
√, ᴹ√WEN(ED) root. “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√WEŘE root. see GWEÐE¹
ᴹ√WEY root. “wind, weave”
⚠️ᴱ√?WI root.
ᴹ√WIG root.
WIG root. see WIR
⚠️ᴱ√WIKI root. see *GWIKI
ᴹ√WIL root. “fly, float in air”
⚠️ᴱ√WILI root.
WIN root. “young”
ᴹ√WIN root. “new, fresh, young”
⛔️ᴹ√WIN(I)D root. “pale blue”
ᴹ√WIR root. “new, fresh, young”
WIR root. “weave”
⚠️ᴱ√WIRI root.
WIS root. “alter, change, shift”
ᴹ√WIS root. “air”
WIW root. see WAW
WO root. “together”
ᴹ√WO root. “together”
⛔️WOR root. “express, cause to exude (by pressure)”
YA root. “there, over there, back/ago (of time)”
ᴹ√YA root. “there, over there, back/ago (of time)”
⚠️ᴱ√YA¹ root.
⚠️ᴱ√YA² root. “demonstrative pointing back”
ᴹ√YAB root. “fruit”
YAD root. “wide” see YAN¹
⚠️ᴱ√YAÐA root.
YAG root. “gap; yawn, gape”
ᴹ√YAG root. “yawn, gape”
ᴹ√YAK root. “*neck”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎAKA root. “a head of cattle”
⚠️ᴱ√*YAKA root. see #YAYA
ᴹ√YAL/YAM root. “to cry”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎALA root. “ring, sound hollow”
⚠️ᴱ√YAMA root.
⛔️ᴹ√YAN¹ root. see (A)YAN; see instead:
AYA(N) “blessed; treat with awe/reverence; [ᴱ√] honour, revere”
YAN¹ root. “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
ᴹ√YAN² root. “give”
⚠️YAN² root. “*join”; see instead:
ᴺ√YAT “join”
⚠️ᴱ√YAPA root. “snarl, snap, bark ill-temperedly”
ᴹ√YAR root. “blood”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√[√]YAT root. “join”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎAVA root.
ᴹ√YAY root. “mock”
⚠️ᴱ√#YAYA root.
ᴹ√ root. “to be”
⚠️ᴱ√ root.
ᴹ√YEL¹ root.
⛔️ᴹ√YEL² root. “friend”
ᴹ√YEN¹ root. “year”
ᴹ√YEN² root. “daughter”
ᴹ√YER root. “feel sexual desire”
⛔️ᴱ√YERE(NE) root. “*iron,”; see instead:
ANGA “iron”
ᴹ√YES root. “desire”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]YESET root. “beginning”
⛔️ᴱ√YḶTḶ root.; see instead:
ᴺ√YAT “join”
⚠️ᴱ√YṆTṆ root. “*(en)large, increase”
YOD root. “fence, enclose”
⚠️ᴱ√YOLO root. “smell, stink, reek (intr.)”
ᴹ√YO(N) root. “son”
YON¹ root. “son”
YON² root. “wide, extensive”
⚠️ᴱ√?YO(NO) root.
YU root. “two, both”
ᴹ√ root. “two, both”
ᴹ√YUK root. “employ, use”
YUL root. “drink”
ᴹ√YUL root. “smoulder”
ᴹ√YUR root. “run”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎURU root. “run”
⛔️ᴱ√*ɃELE root. “*great”; see instead:
BEL “*strong”
⚠️ᴱ√ẆAÐA root. “dwell”