S. gwath n. “shadow, dim light” (Category: Shade, Shadow)
A word for “shadow” but more accurately an area of “dim light”, since it was “not for the shadows of actual objects or persons cast by sun or moon or other lights” (VT42/9) but was used “in the sense of dim light, owing to cloud or mist, or in deep valleys” (UT/261). A cast shadow would be morchant “(lit.) dark shape” (VT42/9). Gwath was derived from the root √WATH.
Conceptual Development: N. gwath “shade” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s, already with the derivation given above (Ety/WATH).
References ✧ PE17/41; SA/gwath; UT/261, 263; VT42/9
|chwath||sibilant-mutation||“shadow”||✧ PE17/41: after a < ✶as(a); [rejected when the etylomogy of a changed]|
|wath||soft-mutation; gw-mutation||“shadow”||✧ PE17/41|
|wath||soft-mutation; gw-mutation||✧ SA/gwath|
|✶wath > gwath||[watʰa] > [waθa] > [gwaθa] > [gwaθ]||✧ PE17/41|
|√Wath > Gwath||[watʰa] > [waθa] > [gwaθa] > [gwaθ]||✧ VT42/9|
|√WATH > Gwath||[watʰa] > [waθa] > [gwaθa] > [gwaθ]||✧ VT42/9|
N. gwath¹ n. “shade” (Category: Shade, Shadow)
References ✧ Ety/DYEL, WATH
|(w)ath||soft-mutation; gw-mutation||“shade”||✧ Ety/DYEL|
|ON. watha > gwath||[waθa] > [gwaθa] > [gwaθ]||✧ Ety/WATH|