S. Barthan m. “World-artificer”

S. Barthan, m. “World-artificer”

A Sindarin name for Aulë. According to Christopher Tolkien, it appeared in a very late note, as a cognate of Q. Martamo (LT1A/Talka Marda). It is a combination of bâr “house, home, dwelling” and a mutated form -than of *tân “smith” (attested only in compounds).

Conceptual Development: The earliest form of this name was G. Martaglos “Smith of the World”, appearing in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s (GL/18, LT1A/Talka Marda.026). A revised form ᴱN. Barthaglon “World Smith” appeared in Early Noldorin word lists from the 1920s (PE13/138). The name appeared as N. Barthan “Earth-smith” or “Earthbuilder” in The Etymologies from the 1930s, the source of the derivation given above (Ety/MBAR, TAN).

Reference ✧ LT1A/Talka Marda ✧ “World-artificer”

Elements

bâr “home, house, dwelling”
#tân “builder, smith, wright, artificer” liquid-mutation

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

mbartanō > Barthan [mbartanō] > [mbartano] > [mbartʰano] > [mbarθano] > [barθano] > [barθan] ✧ LT1A/Talka Marda

N. Barthan m. “Earth-smith, Earthbuilder”

See S. Barthan for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GAWA, MBAR, TAN

Glosses

Elements

bár “home; earth” ✧ Ety/GAWA (bar); Ety/MBAR (bar); Ety/TAN (bar)
#tân “builder, smith” liquid-mutation
ᴹ√TAN¹ “make, fashion” ✧ Ety/GAWA; Ety/MBAR; Ety/TAN

Cognates


ᴱN. Barthaglon m. “World Smith”

References ✧ PE13/138

Glosses

Variations

Elements

barth “world, earth” ✧ PE13/138
taglon “smith” liquid-mutation ✧ PE13/138 (thaglon)

Cognates


G. Martaglos m. “Smith of the World”

References ✧ GL/18, 56; LT1A/Talka Marda; PE15/8

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

mar “Earth, ground, soil” ✧ GL/56
tagros “smith” ✧ LT1A/Talka Marda

Cognates