Q. [p]

Q. [p]

References ✧ PE18/91-92, 94; PE19/69, 80, 83-85, 87, 95, 101

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Q. [no change] p < p ✧ PE19/69 (p > p)
{ptk}p < {ptk}pʰ ✧ PE18/91 (pph > pp)
Q. initial voiceless nasalized stops became stops p- < mp- ✧ PE18/92 (mp > p-)
Q. [sp], [sk] metathesized to [ps], [sk] ps < sp ✧ PE18/94 (sp > ps); PE19/83 (sp > ps); PE19/84 (sp > ps; metathesized); PE19/95 (sp > ps); PE19/101 (sp > ps)
Q. [p], [k] before [t] spirantalized to [β], [x] βt < pt ✧ PE19/84 (pth > ᵽt); PE19/84 (pt > ᵽt); PE19/85 (pʰt > ᵽt); PE19/87 (pth > ᵽtʰ > ᵽt)
Q. [w̥] after [p] became [p] pp < pw̥ ✧ PE19/85 ( > pp)

ᴹQ. [p]

Reference ✧ PE22/65 ✧ p

Element In


ᴱQ. [p]

References ✧ PE12/16, 18, 20, 22, 26; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [no change] p < p ✧ PE12/16 (p > p)
ᴱQ. [x] assimilated to preceding stop pp < px ✧ PE12/18 ( > pp)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z] pt < ɸt ✧ PE12/20 (ᵽt > pt)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z] ps < ɸs ✧ PE12/20 (ᵽs > ps)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops after nasals mp < ✧ PE12/20 (nasal + ᵽ > mp)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] pp < kp ✧ PE12/22 (kp > pp)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] pp < tp ✧ PE12/22 (tp > pp)
ᴱQ. [pp] became [pt] pp > pt ✧ PE12/18 (pp > pt); PE12/22 (pp > pt); PE12/22 (pp > pt)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -ps > -s ✧ PE12/26 (ps > -s)