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N. tulus n. “poplar-tree” (Category: Tree (other))

N. tulus, n. “poplar-tree” (Category: Tree (other))

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “poplar-tree”, cognate to ᴹQ. tyulusse, both derived from the root ᴹ√TYUL “stand up (straight)” (Ety/TYUL).

Conceptual Development: Earlier words for a poplar tree include G. cwithwiros “poplar” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s based on G. cwitha- “murmur” (GL/29) and ᴱN. {aigir >> lalath >>} loloth “poplar-tree” in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/136, 149).

In Tolkien’s later writings he decided that initial palatized dentals like ty- were no longer a feature of Primitive Elvish, and he revised other derivatives of the root ᴹ√TYUL to use kyul- instead, most notably ✶kyul(u)mā > Q. tyulma “mast” (SD/419; PE21/74, 80).

Neo-Sindarin: I ignore this particular change for purposes of Neo-Eldarin as it requires us to abandon too many words; see the entry on how [j] was lost after initial dentals for further discussion. As such, I would retain tulus “poplar-tree” for purposes of Neo-Sindarin. If, however, you want to follow the later paradigm, you should adopt this Noldorin word as ᴺS. *culus “poplar-tree”.

References ✧ Ety/TYUL




tylys plural ✧ Ety/TYUL



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶tyulussē > tulus [tjulussē] > [tulussē] > [tulusse] > [tulusse] > [tulusse] > [tuluss] > [tulus] ✧ Ety/TYUL
ᴹ✶tyulussē > tylys [tjulussī] > [tulussī] > [tulussi] > [tulussi] > [tulussi] > [tylyssi] > [tylyss] > [tylys] ✧ Ety/TYUL

ᴱN. loloth n. “poplar-tree” (Category: Tree (other))

See N. tulus for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/136, 149





lolothyn plural ✧ PE13/149
lylyth plural ✧ PE13/149

G. cwithwiros n. “poplar” (Category: Tree (other))

See N. tulus for discussion.

Reference ✧ GL/29 ✧ “poplar”


cwitha- “to murmur, whisper” ✧ GL/29