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S. madha n. “mud” (Category: Mud, Mire)

S. madha, n. “mud” (Category: Mud, Mire)

A word given as maða “mud” in the Outline of Phonology (OP2) of the 1950s, a derivative of ✶mazgō (PE19/101). A similar form N. mada [probably a slip for maða] appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s with the gloss “soft, pliant, yielding” as a derivative of madhgh < ᴹ√MASAG (EtyAC/MASAG). But this form was rejected and apparently replaced by N. moe “soft, pliant” < ON. maiga (Ety/MASAG). These variations seem to reflect shifting thoughts on the development of zg in Sindarin and Noldorin, either (in the 1930s) zg > i̯g to form diphthongs or (in the 1950s) zg > ðg > -ða.

Reference ✧ PE19/101 ✧ maða “mud”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

mazgō/ŭ > maða [mazgō] > [mazgo] > [maðɣo] > [maðɣ] > [maða] ✧ PE19/101

N. mada adj. “soft, pliant, yielding” (Category: Soft)

See S. madha for discussion.

Reference ✧ EtyAC/MASAG ✧ “soft, pliant, yielding”

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√MÁSAG > madhgh > mada [mazga] > [maðɣa] > [maðɣ] > [maða] ✧ EtyAC/MASAG