[ɣ] ‹ʒ›

[ɣ] ‹ʒ›
Remained only as intervocalic development of [ŋ] @@@

References ✧ PE18/82, 89, 102-105; PE19/69, 72-73, 95, 100-101; VT39/17; VT47/6; VT48/26

Variations

Changes

Element In

Phonetic Development

medial [ŋ] usually became [ɣ] VɣV < VŋV ✧ PE18/102 (ŋ > ʒ); PE19/72 (ñ > ʒ; denasalized medially between vowels); PE19/95 (ñ > ʒ; between vowels or before r, l)
Ilk. initial [ŋ], [ɣ] became [g] ɣ- > g- ✧ PE18/105 (ʒ > h)
OS. [ŋs], [hs] became [ns], [ss] hs > ss ✧ PE18/104 (ʒs > ss)
OS. [ɣ] vanished ɣ > ø ✧ PE18/105 (ʒ > [ø]); PE18/104 (ʒ > [ø]; initially)
[ɣ] became [g] after nasals and [l] ŋɣ > ŋg ✧ PE18/102 (ʒ > g; after a nasal)
[ɣ] became [h] before voiceless consonants ɣ{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} > h{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} ✧ PE18/82 (ʒ > h; before voiceless consonants); PE18/89 (ʒt > ht); VT47/12 (ʒ > χ; before t and s])
medial [h] vanished except before [t], [s] -h- > -ø- ✧ VT47/6 (ʒ > [ø])
medial [h] vanished except before [t], [s] VhC > V̄øC ✧ VT47/12 (ʒ > [V̄ø]; before other consonants [not s, t])
Q. [ɣ] from [g] disappeared ɣ > ø ✧ PE18/105 (ʒ > [ø])
T. initial [ɣ] becamee [h] ɣ- > h- ✧ PE18/103 (ʒ > h; initially); PE18/105 (ʒ > h)

ᴹ✶[ɣ] ‹ʒ›

References ✧ PE18/30, 54, 59, 104; PE19/19, 23, 30

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴹ✶medial [ŋ] usually became [ɣ] VɣV < VŋV ✧ PE18/54 (ŋ > ʒ)
ᴹ✶medial [ŋ] usually became [ɣ] ɣ{rls} < ŋ{rls} ✧ PE18/54 (ŋr, ŋl, ŋs > ʒr, ʒl, ʒs)
Dan. [ŋ], [ɣ] became [g] ɣ > g ✧ PE19/19 (ʒ- > g-); PE19/19 (ʒ- > g-); PE19/23 (-ʒ- > -g-); PE19/23 (-ʒ- > -g-)
Ilk. [h] vanished before consonants lengthening the preceding vowel Vht > V̄t ✧ PE18/104 (ʒt > ´t)
Ilk. initial [ŋ], [ɣ] became [g] ɣ- > g- ✧ PE19/19 (ʒ- > g-)
Ilk. [ɣ] vanished ɣ > ø ✧ PE19/23 (-ʒ- > -)
ᴹ✶[ɣ] became [h] before voiceless consonants ɣs > hs ✧ PE18/54 (ʒs > hs)
ᴹ✶[ɣ] became [h] before voiceless consonants ɣt > ht ✧ PE18/59 (ʒt > ht)
ON. [ɣ] vanished ɣ > ø ✧ PE19/19 (ʒ- > -); PE19/23 (-ʒ- > -)

ᴱ✶[ɣ] ‹ʒ›

References ✧ PE12/15, 24; PE14/63

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. voiced spirants becames stops after liquids, nasals and [z] > lg ✧ PE12/24 ( > lg)
ᴱQ. voiced spirants becames stops after liquids, nasals and [z] > rg ✧ PE12/24 ( > rg)
ᴱQ. voiced spirants becames stops after liquids, nasals and [z] ŋɣ > ŋg ✧ PE12/24 (ŋɣ > ng)
ᴱQ. voiced spirants becames stops after liquids, nasals and [z] > zg ✧ PE12/24 ( > rg)
ᴱQ. [ɣ] otherwise vanished ɣ > ø ✧ PE12/16 (ɣ > -; medial)

ᴱ✶[ɣʷ] ‹ʒw›

References ✧ PE12/12, 15

Element In

Phonetic Development

ɣʷu > ū ✧ PE12/12 ((ū̆)ẇū̆ > ū)
ᴱQ. [ɣʷ] became [w] ɣʷ > w ✧ PE12/16 (ɣ͡w > ; medial)
ᴱT. intervocalic [gʷ], [xʷ], [ɣʷ] became [v] VɣʷV > VvV ✧ PE12/16 (ɣ͡w > v; medial)