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S. lhûg n. “reptile, snake, serpent, worm” (Category: Snake)

S. lhûg, n. “reptile, snake, serpent, worm, *lizard; [N.] dragon” (Category: Snake)

A noun in Quenya Notes from 1957 (QN) derived from primitive ✶(s)lōkō “reptile, snake, worm” based on the root √LOK “bend, loop”, so presumably having a similar meaning (PE17/160). Christopher Tolkien also had lhûg in the The Silmarillion appendix, but gave it the glosses “snake, serpent” (SA/lok).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, Tolkien had G. ulug “dragon” (GL/74), and in the contemporaneous Official Name List for the Lost Tales and the Name-list to the Fall of Gondolin he had G. lug or lûg “snake” (PE13/105; PE15/28). In The Etymologies of the 1930s, Tolkien had N. lhûg “dragon” under the root ᴹ√LOK “great serpent, dragon” (Ety/LOK), where initial l was unvoiced to lh as was usual in Nodorin. This was no longer true of Sindarin of the 1950s and 60s, so Sindarin lhûg required a primitive from ✶slōk- and a corresponding Quenya form of hlócë.

Neo-Sindarin: Given the breadth of its glosses, I would assume this word can apply to any sinuous reptilian creature with or without legs, including lizards, snakes and dragons.

References ✧ PE17/160; SA/lok

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

(s)lōkō > lhûg [slōkō] > [slōko] > [l̥ōko] > [l̥ūko] > [l̥ūk] > [l̥ūg] ✧ PE17/160

N. lhûg n. “dragon” (Category: Snake)

See S. lhûg for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/LOK

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

lug soft-mutation; lh-mutation ✧ Ety/LOK

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√LOK > lhûg [lōke] > [lūke] > [lūk] > [l̥ūk] > [l̥ūg] ✧ Ety/LOK

G. lûg n. “snake” (Category: Snake)

See S. lhûg for discussion.

References ✧ GL/34; LT2A/Foalókë; PE13/105; PE15/28

Glosses

Variations

Element In

Cognates


G. ulug¹ n. “dragon” (Category: Dragon)

See S. lhûg for discussion.

References ✧ GL/74; LT2A/Foalókë

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

ulûgin plural ✧ GL/74

Element In

Cognates

Derivations