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S. ephel n. “outer fence, surrounding ring”

S. ephel, n. “outer fence, surrounding ring”

References ✧ LotR/1114; PE17/65, 87; SA/pel

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et-pel > eppel > ephel [etpel] > [eppel] > [eppʰel] > [eɸɸel] > [effel] ✧ PE17/65

N. ephel n. “outer fence”

Reference ✧ WR/137 ✧ Ephel

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶Et-pele > eppele > Ephel [etpele] > [eppele] > [eppʰele] > [eɸɸele] > [effele] > [effel] > [efel] ✧ WR/137

N. hebel n. “?fence”

An element of the (Noldorin) names of some mountain ranges in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s. In the case of N. Hebel Dúath “Mountains of Shadow”, it was later replaced by S. ephel “outer fence, surrounding ring”, so perhaps has a similar meaning. It might be a remnant of G. heb “round about, around” (GL/48), which appeared as an element in the name G. Heborodin “Encircling Hills” (LT2/166).

Reference ✧ WR/137 ✧ Hebel

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ᴱN. heb prep. “about; ?from”

References ✧ MC/217; PE13/147

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G. heb prep. “round about, around”

References ✧ GL/48; LT2A/Heborodin

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