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S. gwae n. “wind” (Category: Wind)

S. gwae, n. “wind” (Category: Wind)

The normal Sindarin word for “wind”, usually appearing as gwae but sometimes as gwaew, most frequently derived from √WAY “blow” but also a bewildering variety of other roots (NM/237; PE17/33-34, 189); see the entry for √ for further discussion.

Conceptual Development: The earliest form of this word was G. gwâ “wind” from both Gnomish Grammar and Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s (GG/14; GL/43). The form ᴱN. gwá “wind” reappeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists from the 1920s (MC/217), but in the Nebrachar poem from circa 1930 the form was gwaew “wind” (MC/217). It was N. gwaew “wind” in The Etymologies of the 1930s from the root ᴹ√WAIWA (Ety/WĀ), and appeared a number of times in later writings as both gwae and (more rarely) gwaew, as noted above.

Neo-Sindarin: For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I prefer using only gwae for “wind”, reserving gwaew for “storm”.

References ✧ NM/237; PE17/33-34, 189

Glosses

Variations

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

wā-yo > gwoe > gwae [wājo] > [wǭjo] > [wǭio] > [woio] > [gwoio] > [gwoi] > [gwoe] ? [gwae] ✧ NM/237
WAYA > gwae [wajā] > [waja] > [waia] > [gwaia] > [gwai] > [gwae] ✧ PE17/33
waiwe > gwae(w) [waiwe] > [gwaiwe] > [gwaiw] > [gwaew] ✧ PE17/33
WIW > gwae(w) [waiwe] > [gwaiwe] > [gwaiw] > [gwaew] ✧ PE17/34
wāyā > gwoe > gwae [wājā] > [wāja] > [wǭja] > [wǭia] > [woia] > [gwoia] > [gwoi] > [gwoe] ? [gwae] ✧ PE17/34
WAYA > Gwae [wajā] > [waja] > [waia] > [gwaia] > [gwai] > [gwae] ✧ PE17/189

N. gwaew n. “wind” (Category: Wind)

See S. gwae for discussion.

Reference ✧ Ety/WĀ ✧ “wind”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√WAIWA > gwaew [waiwa] > [gwaiwa] > [gwaiw] > [gwaew] ✧ Ety/WĀ

ᴱN. gwá n. “wind” (Category: Wind)

See S. gwae for discussion.

References ✧ MC/217; PE13/146

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

gwain plural ✧ PE13/146

Element In

Derivations


G. gwâ n. “wind” (Category: Wind)

See S. gwae for discussion.

References ✧ GG/14; GL/43; LT1A/Súlimo; PE15/26

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

gwa·lim class-plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14
gwâr dative; declension-D ✧ GG/14
no·wâlim dative class-plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14
gwathir dative plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14
gwân genitive; declension-D ✧ GG/14
a·walim genitive class-plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14
gwathon genitive plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14
gwath plural; declension-D ✧ GG/14

Element In

Cognates

Derivations