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Q. ná- v. (irregular-verb) “to be”

Q. ná-, v. (irregular-verb) “to be”

References ✧ LotR/377; PE17/57-59, 74, 90, 93, 126, 162; PE22/154, 158, 166-168; RGEO/58-60; VT42/33-34; VT43/13-16, 23, 30, 34; VT44/34; VT49/9-10, 19, 23, 27-30

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

na aorist   ✧ VT43/16; VT49/27
na aorist “*art” ✧ VT43/30
nain aorist 1st-sg   ✧ VT49/27
naitye aorist 2nd-sg-familiar   ✧ VT49/27
nailye aorist 2nd-sg-polite   ✧ VT49/27
nalye aorist 2nd-sg-polite “*art thou” ✧ VT43/30
nas aorist 3rd-sg “he is” ✧ PE17/126
nās aorist 3rd-sg “it is” ✧ VT49/30
nar aorist plural   ✧ VT43/34
năr aorist plural   ✧ VT49/30
nát dual   ✧ VT49/30
nauva future “will be” ✧ PE22/154; PE22/168; VT42/34
nauva future   ✧ VT49/19; VT49/27
nauvan future 1st-sg   ✧ VT49/19
na imperative “be” ✧ PE17/59
na imperative “*(let it) be” ✧ VT44/34
imperative   ✧ VT49/28: imp.
á na imperative “be!” ✧ PE17/58
náne past “was” ✧ PE22/158; VT49/27
náne past “was” ✧ PE22/158
nāne past   ✧ VT49/27; VT49/27
past   ✧ VT49/28; VT49/30; VT49/30
anen past 1st-sg   ✧ VT49/28
anel past 2nd-sg   ✧ VT49/28
anes past 3rd-sg   ✧ VT49/28
nése past 3rd-sg “he was” ✧ VT49/29
nēse past 3rd-sg   ✧ VT49/28
nēt past dual   ✧ VT49/30
náner past plural   ✧ VT49/10
nāner past plural “were” ✧ VT49/9
nēr past plural   ✧ VT49/30
anaie perfect   ✧ VT49/27; VT49/27
anáye perfect   ✧ VT49/27
nár plural “are” ✧ PE22/166
nár plural “are/were” ✧ VT49/9
nár plural   ✧ VT49/30
nār plural   ✧ VT49/9
na present “be” ✧ PE17/59
present   ✧ VT49/27; VT49/30
(nalme?) present 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ VT49/27
nalme present 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ VT49/30
nanye present 1st-sg   ✧ VT49/30
nánye present 1st-sg   ✧ VT49/27
na-tye present 2nd-sg-familiar   ✧ VT49/27
na-lye present 2nd-sg-polite   ✧ VT49/27
nalye present 2nd-sg-polite   ✧ VT49/30
nasse present 3rd-sg   ✧ VT49/30
nās(e) present 3rd-sg   ✧ VT49/27
na subjunctive “*be” ✧ VT43/14; VT43/15
na subjunctive “let it be” ✧ VT43/14
na subjunctive   ✧ VT43/14; VT43/23
subjunctive   ✧ VT43/14

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. ná- v. (irregular-verb) “to be”

References ✧ Ety/NĀ²; PE22/96, 119

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

ne past “was” ✧ PE22/119
past “was” ✧ PE22/96

Element In

Derivations


ᴱQ. ná- v. “to be, exist”

References ✧ PE15/32; PE16/141, 146; QL/64

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

naltur 3rd-pl “*they are” ✧ PE15/32
nalto 3rd-sg “*they are [have]” ✧ PE15/32
nalto 3rd-sg “*they are” ✧ PE15/32
nanye past “it was” ✧ PE16/141
nar plural “*are” ✧ PE15/32

Elements

e-² “to be” suffix ✧ PE16/141 (-nye)

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ > [nā-] ✧ QL/64