S. paur n. “fist, closed hand” (Category: Hand)
The Sindarin word for a “fist” or a “closed hand” (PE17/42; PM/179), derived from either ✶kwārē or ✶kwāră (PE17/42; VT47/8) with the usual sound changes of ancient kw to p and ā to au. The word paur is most notable as the element -bor in the name Celebrimbor “Silver-fist”, with the usual soft-mutation of p to b and the change of au to o in polysyllables. In 1968 notes on Eldarin Hands, Fingers and Numerals Tolkien specified that “its chief use was in reference to the tightly closed hand as in using an implement or a craft-tool rather than to the ‘fist’ as used in punching” (VT47/8). For a “punching fist” the word [N.] drambor is more likely to be used.
Conceptual Development: N. paur “fist” first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√KWAR, neither of which was deleted (Ety/KWAR). In the first version of this root, the form was N. par “hand” (EtyAC/KWAR).
References ✧ PE17/42; PM/179, 318; SA/celeb; VT47/8
|baur||soft-mutation; p-mutation||✧ PM/318; VT47/8|
|✶kwārē > paur||[kwārē] > [pārē] > [pāre] > [pǭre] > [paure] > [paur]||✧ PE17/42|
|✶kwāra > paur||[kwāra] > [kwār] > [pār] > [pǭr] > [paur]||✧ PM/318|
References ✧ Ety/DARÁM, KWAR; EtyAC/KWAR
|-bor||soft-mutation suffix; p-mutation||“fist”||✧ Ety/KWAR|
|ON. pōre > paur||[pǭre] > [poure] > [paure] > [paur]||✧ Ety/KWAR|