Neo-Primitive Elvish Words


suf. “adjectival”
-ā̆ suf. “active verbal suffix”
ā particle. “imperative”
⚠️ᴱ✶ā prep.
ā̆ prep. “as for, as regards, with reference to”
ᴹ✶ suf. “present suffix”
⚠️ᴱ✶a+GAL n.
ᴹ✶a-¹ pref. “complete”
ᴹ✶-ā² suf. “present suffix”
ᴹ✶a-² n.
aba- v. “refuse, forbid”
abar(o) n. “refuser, recusant, one who refuses to act as advised or commanded”
ᴹ✶abāro n. “refuser, one who does not go forth”
ab(a)sene- v.
abta v. “refuse, deny, say no”
ᴹ✶abtā- v. “to away, go away”
ak(a)lar n. “*radiance” see ✶aklar(a)
✶, ᴹ✶akkal- v. “to blaze, shine (suddenly and) brilliantly”
akla- v. “to shine out, flash”
✶, ᴹ√aklar(a) n. “radiance, brilliance, glory”
aklāra adj. “brilliant, glorious”
aklari(n)kwā adj. “full of glory”
aklata- v. “*to shine out, flash” see ✶akla-
ᴹ✶akrā adj. “narrow”
✶, ᴹ✶aktō n. “artificer, [ᴹ✶] maker, wright”
akwā adv. “fully, completely, altogether, wholly”
⚠️ad(a) prep. “and, alongside”; see instead:
as(a) “and”
ᴹ✶adnō n. “gate”
⚠️ᴱ✶aduen- n.
-ai suf. “plural of adjectives”
ᴹ✶ai adv. “possibility”
ai adv. “supposing”
ᴹ✶aı̯an- adj. “holy”
⚠️ᴱ✶aika adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶aikos-sa n.
aikwā adj. “steep, tall”
ᴹ✶aikwā adj. “tall, steep”
⚠️ᴱ✶aikwa adj. “high, steep”
⚠️ᴱ✶‽ai-idh n. “nest”
⚠️ᴱ✶‽aı̯·ind n.
ᴹ✶ailin n. “pool, lake”
airē n. “holiness, sanctity”
airō n. “ocean”
⚠️ᴱ✶aith-k n.
ᴹ✶aiwē n. “(small) bird”
⚠️ᴱ✶aiya- interj.
ᴹ✶al pref. “without”
ala-ā-mene n.
ᴹ✶álākō n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”
⚠️ᴱ✶alakya- v. “to shield, ward off, protect”
⚠️ᴹ✶alā́ri n. “bliss”
⚠️ᴹ✶alar-si interj. “hail!”
⚠️ᴱ✶alassē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶alchwa n. “swan”; see instead:
alkwā “swan”
✶, ᴹ✶, ᴱ✶alkwā n. “swan”
⚠️ᴱ✶alda n.
⚠️ᴱ✶aldamǝ n.
-(a)lē suf. “abstract noun, adverb”
⚠️ᴱ✶alō n.
⚠️ᴱ✶alwa adj. “*lofty”
⚠️ᴱ✶alyan- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶alđam- n.
am- n. “intensive prefix”
am(a) adv. and conj. “moreover, furthermore, to proceed”
amal n. “mother”
amas n. “mother” see ✶amal
amba ? “more”
ᴹ✶amba- adv.
⚠️ᴱ✶ambalatā n.
ambar n. “the settlement”
ᴹ✶ambar n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ambarinþǝ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶amba-ros-sa adj.
ambō n. “hill”
⚠️ᴱ✶a-mbod-t’ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ambṝt- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ambṛtá n.
ambu(na) adj. “*hilly”
ᴹ✶amƀus n. “breast”
ᴹ✶amī̆l n. “mother”
amma n. “mother” see ✶amal
ammat- v. “to devour, eat up”
ᴹ✶ammat- v. “to devour”
amme n. “mother” see ✶amal
⚠️ᴱ✶amsŏrı̯a adj.
amtā- v. “to enlarge, increase”
⚠️✶, ᴹ✶amtā n.; see instead:
ankā “jaws, (animal’s) mouth, [ᴹ✶] row of teeth”
⚠️ᴱ✶amundǝ n.
ān(a) affix. “subjective genitive”
anak adv. “against, opposite”
Anār n. “Sun”
ᴹ✶Anār n. “Sun”
✶, ᴹ✶ankā n. “jaws, (animal’s) mouth, [ᴹ✶] row of teeth”
✶, ᴹ✶añkal- v. “to blaze” see ✶akkal-
and(ă) adv. and conj. “moreover, to go on further, to say more”
⚠️ᴱ✶anda n.
andā adj. “long, far”
ᴹ✶andā adj. “long”
ᴹ✶andambundā adj. “long-snouted”
⚠️ᴱ✶andond- n.
ᴹ✶andọl n. “long pole”
angā n. “iron”
ᴹ✶angā n.
ᴹ✶angosse n. “horror”
annā n. “gift”
ᴹ✶aññol- n. see ᴹ✶oññol-
antā- v. “to give, cause a thing/person to go to an object, send, [ᴹ✶] present”
ᴹ✶anta- v. “to give, present”
⚠️ᴱ✶apa prep. “to, on”
ap’lata n. “prohibition, refusal”
ap-pata v. “to walk behind on a track or path”
ara adj. “beyond, further than”
⚠️ᴱ✶araka n. “shingle, piles of stones”
⚠️ᴱ✶a-rak-wa adj.
⚠️ᴹ✶arān n.
ᴹ✶(a)ranyā adj. “free, ?uncontrolling”
aras(sō) n. “hart”
arātā adj. “high, lofty, noble”
árātō n. “lord”
-(a)rē suf. “abstract noun”
ᴹ✶arʒā adj. and n. “dread”
⚠️ᴹ✶ari n. “day”; see instead:
auri “heat, period of sun”
arn(a)- pref. “noble, royal”
⚠️ᴱ✶āro n.
arphō n. “seizer, thief”
artaurē n. “Realm”
arthā ?
as(a) prep. “and”
asa- suf. “*beside”
ᴹ✶askarā adj. “tearing, hastening”
ᴺ✶*askō n. “bone”
ᴺ✶!askōlimā adj. “equivalent, (lit.) beside-bear-able”
áse n. “sunlight”
ᴹ✶asmalē n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
ᴹ✶asmalindē n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
asmarō n. “*neighbor”
-(a)sta suf.
ᴹ✶-asta suf. “collective plural”
as’tāră n. “faith, loyalty”
⚠️at pref. “once again”
ata suf. “numerative dual ending”
⚠️ᴱ✶atak- v. “to build, establish”
ᴹ✶atakwē n. “construction, building”
ᴹ✶atalat- v. “slip right down, collapse, fall to ruin”
⚠️ᴱ✶ataqa- v. “to build, establish” see ᴱ✶atak-
⚠️ᴱ✶atāqa v. “to build, establish”
✶, ᴹ✶atar n. “father”
(a)tata num. card. “two”
atatya adj. “double”
⚠️at-kwet v. “answer”
⚠️ᴱ✶atefe- n. “strong dislike”
athmō n. “good companion”
ᴹ✶-atta ?
atta num. card. “two”
ᴹ✶atta num. card. “two”
⚠️ᴱ✶attū + ōka n.
ᴹ✶atū n. “father”
ᴹ✶atyēnar n. “anniversary day”
aþayā n. “beneficial‽”
aþra- n. “to cross (to and fro)”
ᴹ✶au adv. “wish or supposition known to be unreal”
au- pref.
⚠️ᴱ✶au̯(a) prep.
(au)be adv. “not so”
⚠️ᴹ✶auluta- v. “[unglossed]”
aumat- v. “to devour, eat up”
auri n. “heat, period of sun”
⚠️ᴱ✶aurina- adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶austakalende n. “mid-summer’s day”
awa- pref. “away”
awā adv. “away”
áwa- v.
ăwă prep. “from”
awā-da adv.
aw(a)delo n.
awādelo n.
⚠️ᴱ✶awestá n.
aw’tha n. “a dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”
-ayā suf. “continuative present”
áyan n. “holy thing or object or place”
ayanā v. “to hallow, bless, treat as holy”
ᴹ✶-bā suf.
bākwet- v. “to refuse, prohibit, say no”
ᴹ✶bad- v. “to judge”
ᴹ✶bād- n. “judgement”
⚠️ᴱ✶baχa n.
ᴹ✶balā adj. and n. “powerful; Power, God”
Balaniā n.
ᴹ✶Bale n.
⚠️ᴱ✶balga n. “*hump”
banayā n. “Vanyar”
bani adj. “fair”
banwa adj. see ✶wanwa
banya adj. “beautiful”
ᴹ✶bányā adj. “beautiful”
Baradā adj. “Varda”
ᴹ✶Baradā adj. “lofty, sublime”
barani adj. “russet, brown”
ᴹ✶barasā adj. “hot, burning”
barathī n. “queen”
ᴹ✶barnā adj.
ᴹ✶baryā- v. “to protect”
ᴹ✶batā̆ n. “beaten track, pathway”
bāta- v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse, forbid”
ᴹ✶battā v. “trample”
prep. “as, like”
ᴹ✶bedū n.
ᴹ✶belē n. “strength”
ᴹ✶bélekā adj. “mighty, huge, great”
⚠️ᴱ✶benda adj. “slanting, sloping, up or down hill”
⚠️ᴱ✶bendē n.
ᴹ✶berékā adj. “wild”
ᴹ✶berō n. “valiant man, warrior”
ᴹ✶bérya- v. “to dare”
ᴹ✶besnō n. “husband”
ᴹ✶bessē n. “wife”
ᴹ✶bestā n. “matrimony”
ᴹ✶besū n. “husband and wife, married pair”
ᴹ✶beurō n. “follower, vassal”
ᴹ✶beuyā- v. “follow, serve”
⚠️ᴱ✶b’ilf- n.
-b(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
ᴹ✶-b(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
⚠️ᴱ✶bod-heb v.
⚠️ᴱ✶bond- n.
ᴹ✶boron- v.
ᴹ✶b’randā adj. “lofty, noble, fine”
ᴹ✶b’rássē n. “heat”
ᴹ✶b’rekta v. “break out suddenly”
ᴹ✶b’rethā n. “beech-mast”
ᴹ✶b’rittē n. “broken stones, gravel”
ᴹ✶b’rōnā adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶búrı̯ā n.
buzbō n. “large fly”
ᴹ✶buzbō n. “large fly”
-kā̆ suf. “adjectival or enlargement”
n. “home, house”
ᴹ✶#kab- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶kahta n.
⚠️ᴱ✶kaı̯- v. “to lie down”
⚠️ᴱ✶kaillume adv.
kainu- v. “to lie down”
ᴹ✶kaire n. “flat isle on a river”
kaita- v. “to lie, be on the ground”
✶#kal- v. “to shine, be bright”
⚠️ᴱ✶kalā n.
kala-kwendī n.
kalánt- ?
ᴹ✶kalaryā adj. “brilliant”
kalas- v. “begin to shine, get light”
kalat n. “light”
ᴹ✶kalat n. “light”
kalatta n. “a light, lamp”
⚠️ᴱ✶kalda n.
kalinā adj. “bright”
kalma n. “a light”
ᴹ✶kalrō n. “noble man, hero”
ᴹ✶kalrondō adj. “hero”
kalta- v. “cause to shine, kindle”
⚠️ᴹ✶kaltwa ? “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ✶kamba n.
kambā n. “(cupped) hand”
ᴹ✶kambā n.
✶, ᴱ✶kamprū n. “*flea”
kānā n. “outcry, clamour”
kanakwe num. card. “*14”
kanatā num. card. “four”
ᴹ✶kandā adj. and n. “bold”
kānō n. “leader, ruler; crier, herald”
kanta adj. “shape; fashion”
kantaya num. ord. “fourth”
ᴹ✶kantaya adj. “shapely”
⚠️ᴱ✶kantya n. “edge”
⚠️ᴱ✶kapa- v. “to leap”
⚠️ᴱ✶kapse n.
kar- v. “do, make”
ᴹ✶kar- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶kar- v. “to make”
⚠️ᴹ✶karanā́ adj. “ruddy, scarlet”
karandi n. “making”
karani adj. “red”
ᴹ✶karani adj. “red”
⚠️ᴱ✶karase n. “lettuce”
karijendi n. “a process of manufacture”
kārimā adj. “able to be done, feasible”
kas n. “head”
ᴹ✶kas n. “head”
kasd(a) adv. “to the head”
⚠️ᴱ✶cas-falon- adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶kasla n.
kasma n. “?helm”
ᴹ✶kasma n.
kasraya n. “a tressure”
ᴹ✶kassa n.
⚠️ᴹ✶kast adv. “towards the top”; see instead:
kasd(a) “to the head”
✶, ᴹ✶kat- v. “to shape”
✶, ᴹ✶katal n. “carving tool”
ᴹ✶katwā adj. “shaped, formed”
ᴹ✶katwārā adj. “shapely”
kawa n. “shelter, house”
kāwāk n. “frog”
kawāk n. “crow”
⚠️ᴱ✶-kǝ n.
ᴹ✶ke pron. “thou”
⚠️ᴱ✶kekt(ǝ)lē n.
keglē n. “fence or palisade of spikes or sharp stakes”
kegyā n. “hedge”
kel(e)bē n. “deer, hind”
kelebō n. “hart”
kelekā adj. “*hasty”
⚠️ᴱ✶kelekwé n.
✶, ᴹ✶kelu- v. “to well up, flow (out swiftly), well forth”
⚠️kelumē v.
ᴹ✶kelun n. “river”
kelus n. “brook”
kelutā- v. “to cause to spring forth, start (water) flowing, tap”
ᴹ✶kelutā- v. “to cause to flow out”
⚠️ᴹ✶kēm n. “*earth”
⚠️keme n. “earth”
kemen n. “earth”
kenásĭta adv. “if it be so, may be, perhaps”
⚠️ᴱ✶keréldǝ n.
keule n. “*renewal”
keurā adj. “*renewed”
keu̯rānā n. “new-moon”
kēwā adj. “fresh, new, renewed”
⚠️ᴱ✶kǝ̀rekka n.
khā adv. “far”
khabdā n. “pile, (artificial) mound”
khabnā n. “pile, (artificial) mound”
khadmā n. “seat”
khādo ?
ᴹ✶khagda n. “heap, pile, (piled) mound”
khagdā¹ n. “fence (of stakes), palisade”
⚠️khagdā² n. “piled mound, heap”
ᴹ✶khaimē n. “custom, habit”
ᴹ✶khalatirnō̆ n. “fish watcher”
ᴹ✶khalnā adj. “noble, exalted”
khamu- v. “to sit down”
ᴹ✶khaustā n. “rest-ing”
khazd- v.
ᴹ✶khe pron. “they”
kherī n. “lady”
kheru- v. “to lord it over, be master of, own”
kherū n. “lord, master”
kherūnī n. “lady”
ᴹ✶khīmā adj. “sticky, viscous”
khimīti adj. “clinging, sticking, persistent, chronic”
khĭn- adv. “*here, now”
khīnā n. “child”
ᴹ✶khīthi n. “mist, fog”
ᴹ✶khithme n. “fog”
ᴹ✶khithwa adj.
khō̆ prep. “with, acc[ompanied] by”
khōgo n.
kholjē n. “hen”
khollō̆ n. “cock”
khōm n. “heart”
khomlō adv. “from the heart”
ᴹ✶khōn n. “heart”
ᴹ✶khotsē n. “assembly”
khotta v. “gather hastily together, pile up”
khottă n.
ᴹ✶khrassē n. “precipice”
ᴹ✶khugan n. “hound”
khyā̆ pron. “other thing”
khyana adj. “other”
ᴺ✶ [ᴹ✶]khyapat- n. “shoe”
khyē̆ pron. “other person”
ᴹ✶khyelesē n. “glass”
ki n. “you (imperious/familiar)”
⚠️ᴱ✶kı̯-ā adv. “now”
⚠️ᴱ✶kīla n.
kirissi n. “cleft”
kirtē n. “rune”
kiryā n. and adj. “(small swift sailing) ship; swift (especially of things that pass easily through obstacles)”
ᴹ✶kiryā n. “ship”
⚠️✶, ᴹ✶kiryaktō n. “shipwright”
⚠️✶, ᴹ✶kiukā n. “*thigh”; see instead:
ᴹ✶tiukō “thigh”
⚠️ᴱ✶kiwka n. “cud”
✶#k’la n. “*light”
ᴹ✶k’lā n. “light”
⚠️ᴱ✶k’lamakta- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶k’lamektā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶kṇdōrā́ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶kṇ́dṑra n.
⚠️ᴱ✶koile n.
koiru- v. “to come to life”
koitā- v. “to bring to life”
⚠️ᴹ✶kōmā n. “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ✶kópa n.
ᴹ✶kornā adj. “round, globed”
⚠️ᴱ✶korolda adj.
ᴹ✶kotse n.
ᴹ✶kott- n. “quarrel”
ᴺ✶ [✶]*kottō n. “foe”
ᴹ✶k’rannā adj. “ruddy (of face)”
⚠️ᴱ✶kṛkta n.
ᴹ✶k’rikta- v. “reap”
⚠️ᴱ✶krikw- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶kṛp- v. “to pluck”
⚠️ᴱ✶kṛ́pàlima adj.
ᴹ✶krumbā adj. “*left”
ᴹ✶krumbē n. “*left hand”
ᴹ✶kukūwā n. “dove”
ᴹ✶kuʒnā n. “bowed, bow-shaped, bent”
ᴹ✶kuilez n. “quiet”
kuitā- v. “to waken, rouse”
ᴹ✶kuldā adj. “red”
kuldā adj. “hollow”
⚠️ᴱ✶kulū n. “gold”
kūma n.
kundō n. “prince, leader, lord”
⚠️ᴹ✶#kundū n.
kurwē n. “skill of the hand; power, ability”
ᴹ✶kuu̯ n. “bow”
-kwā suf. “-ful”
ᴹ✶*kwantā adj. “full”
⚠️ᴱ✶kwapya- v.
kwāra n. “fist”
kwayam num. card. “10”
ᴹ✶kwelēnē n.
ᴹ✶kwelett- n. “corpse”
kwēn n. “person, one, (some)body”
kwendā n. “assembly of (all the) people”
kwende n. “speaker, elf”
ᴹ✶kwendya adj.
ᴹ✶kwǣnē n. “small gull, petrel”
ᴹ✶kwenedē n. “Elf”
ᴹ✶kwentā n. “tale”
kwentrō n. “speaker, reciter, narrator, minstrel”
ᴹ✶kwentrō n. “narrator, reciter, minstrel”
kwenyā adj. “Elvish”
ᴹ✶kwessē n. “feather”
kwet- v.
⚠️kwetnā n. “saying, proverb”
ᴹ✶kwetta n. “word”
kwinde n. “crest, ridge”
ᴹ✶kwingā n. “bow (for shooting)”
⚠️ᴱ✶kwissa- v.
kyaw- v. “to taste”
kyelep(ē) n. “silver”
kyulmā n. “mast”
ᴹ✶kyul(u)mā n. “mast” see ᴹ✶tyulmā
⚠️ᴱ✶kyurna n.
ᴹ✶-d suf. “allative”
-da suf. “motion to or towards a point, allative suffix”
-dā suf. “product of an action”
⚠️ᴱ✶da’a interj.
⚠️ᴱ✶dak- v. “to slay”
⚠️ᴱ✶dagá adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶dagd- v.
⚠️ᴹ✶dagdā n. “pit”
⚠️ᴱ✶dagí n.
⚠️ᴱ✶dagla n.
⚠️ᴱ✶dagnā́ adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶dagniı̯- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶dágniya n.
ᴹ✶dagwe ?
⚠️ᴹ✶daʒrā adj. “great, large”
⚠️ᴱ✶daı̯al- v. “play”
ᴹ✶daiō n. “shade, shadow cast by any object”
daira adj. “large, great”
dalath n. “deep valley or valley enclosed with woods”
dankĭna n. “slain”
ᴹ✶danta- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶daormĕ- n.
dāra adj. “wise”
⚠️ᴱ✶dar’wa- adj.
ᴹ✶dattā n. “hole, pit”
de pron. “you (pl.)”
✶, ᴱ√dē/lē prep. “with”
dede pron. “2nd person dual”
⚠️delkā adj. “dense”
⚠️delwa adj. “thick (of a single thing)”
delya adj. “lovely, fine, beautiful”
delya- v. “walk, go, proceed, travel”
⚠️delya-² v. “?thick, thicken & congeal”
dene adj. “thin and strong, pliant, lithe”
⚠️ᴱ✶dēr adj.
ᴹ✶dēr n. “man”
dērā adj. “hard, difficult”
deulē n. “mistake”
⚠️ᴱ✶dı̯ag- v. “sacrifice”
ᴹ✶dimbā adj. “sad, gloomy”
ᴹ✶dimbē n. “gloom, sadness”
dirnā adj. “tough”
ᴹ✶doʒmē n.
dōmē n. “night”
ᴹ✶dōmi n. “night, twilight, gloom”
ᴹ✶dōmilindē n. “nightingale”
dond(a) n. “fist”
dorno n. “oak”
ᴹ✶d’rāk n.
Droban-yon n. “*Wilderland”
⚠️ᴱ✶du̯ag- v. “to beat”
duinē n. “(large) river”
⚠️ᴱ✶duiwe n.
dūpā n. “bend, bow, curve”
durnu adj. “dark of hue”
⚠️ᴱ✶du(w)il n.
⚠️ᴱ✶dyen(d)ye(n) n.
⚠️ᴱ✶dyeye n.
ᴹ✶e pron. “he, she, it”
ekka n. “hole”
⚠️ᴱ✶ekta n. “thorn”
⚠️ᴱ✶ekta- n.
ektā- v. “prick with a sharp point, stab”
⚠️ᴱ✶ektar- n.
✶, ᴹ✶ektel- v. “to spring out (of water), spurt out, gush”
ᴹ✶ektele n. “spring, issue of water”
ᴹ✶ektelu- v. “to well, bubble up, gush forth”
⚠️ᴱ✶‽ektī n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ektĭ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ektḷ n.
(e)kwē̆ adj. “afresh, anew”
ekwē prep. “say, says, said”
ᴹ✶edel- n. “Star-folk, Elf”
edelā n. “the fair”
⚠️ᴹ✶edēlā n. “firstborn, eldest”
edelō n. “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher”
⚠️ᴹ✶edenā adj. “first”
⚠️ᴹ✶ednōno n. “firstborn”
⚠️ᴱ✶#eðus adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶eχt·taþ· n. “thorn-bush”
ᴹ✶eʒ- v. “to be”
⚠️ᴱ✶Eid(e)lā n.
ēl n. “star”
el-ā interj. “lo!, look!, see!”
eledā n. “star-folk, of the stars”
ᴹ✶#eledā n. “Star-folk, Elf”
elen n. “star”
elenā adj. “connected with or concerning the stars”
elen-barathī n. “star-queen”
elenyā adj. see ✶elenā
⚠️ᴱ✶elmendā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶elmendaya adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶elmendiya adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶elménd(i)ya adj.
elwe pron. “inclusive, we = you and I/me”
emel n. “mother” see ✶amal
emer n. “mother” see ✶amal
✶, ᴹ✶en adv. “next, further, again; [ᴹ✶] yonder”
eñ- v. “to exist”
enkeya num. ord. “6th”
ened adj. “middle, center”
enete ?
ᴹ✶eñma ?
eñna ?
ent adv. “over there”
ᴹ✶ent adv. “over there”
⚠️ᴱ✶enuthi n.
⚠️ᴱ✶enwa adj.
✶, ᴹ✶epe prep. “after of time; after or behind of place”
ᴹ✶erekwa adj. “isolated”
ᴹ✶eredē n. “seed”
erikwā adj. “single, alone”
eryā adj. “isolated, lonely”
et prep. “out (of), forth”
ᴹ✶et prep. “out, forth”
✶, ᴹ✶etkat- v. “to form, [ᴹ✶] fashion, [✶] (lit.) out-shape”
✶, ᴹ✶et-kelē n. “spring, issue of water”
etkoiru- v. “to come to life”
⚠️ᴹ✶etkoiyu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”; see instead:
tuilu- “to open (of buds, flowers)”
etkuinu- v. “to awake, wake up”
ᴹ✶et-kuiwē n. “awakening”
ᴹ✶ete adv. “back, below”
⚠️ᴱ✶etḷ- n.
etlendā adj. “exiled”
etlō n. “‘outsider’, stranger”
et-pel n. “outer fence”
etr- v. “open (intransitive)”
ᴹ✶etsiri n. “mouth of a river”
ᴹ✶ettul- v. “to come out”
ettul- v. “to come out, issue”
⚠️ᴱ✶ekse adv.
ezdē n. “rest”
ᴹ✶ezdē n. “rest”
⚠️ᴱ✶faiðn adv.
⚠️ᴱ✶failda adj. “worse”
ᴹ✶farā- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶fēka adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶fectha adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶feı̯n adv.
⚠️ᴱ✶fīđ’lī n.
for- n. “right-hand, north”
ᴹ✶ga pron. “indefinite subject”
gaili n. “ray”
gairā adj. “awful, fearful”
ᴹ✶gais- v. “to dread”
ᴹ✶gaisrā adj. “dreadful”
✶*galā- v. “to grow (of plants)”
ᴹ✶galā- v. “to grow”
⚠️ᴹ✶gālæ n. “light”
galadā n. “great plant, tree”
ᴹ✶galadā n. “tree”
galadarembinā adj. “tree-meshed”
galādu n. “thicket”
ᴺ✶ [ᴱ✶]^galast- n. “*marble”
galmā n. “flower”
ᴹ✶galyā adj. “bright, light”
gampa n. “hook”
ᴹ✶*gampa n. “hook”
gardā n. “region”
ᴹ✶garta n. “hide, leather”
ᴹ✶gāsa n. “void”
ᴹ✶gassā n. “hole, gap”
ᴹ✶gattā n. “cavern”
ᴺ✶GAWAK n. “clumsy”
gāyā n. “terror, great fear”
gayakā adj. “*fell, terrible, dire”
gayār n. “sea, the terrifier”
⚠️ᴹ✶geiā adv. “ever”
ᴹ✶gengwā adj. “sick”
gilyā n. “silver spark”
ᴹ✶gilya n. “star”
⚠️ᴱ✶gīwă n.
ᴹ✶glā n. “radiance”
glada- v. “laugh”
⚠️ᴹ✶glamba n. “shouting, din”
⚠️ᴱ✶g’lamektá n.
glawarē n. “sheen of gold”
glindā adj.
ᴹ✶glisi n. “honey”
⚠️ᴱ✶glon-χend n.
prep. “from”
ᴹ✶golbā n. “branch”
gollo n. “fur, cloak”
gon- n. “a stone”
✶, ᴹ✶gondō n. “stone, rock”
ᴹ✶gor adj. “vigor”
gōr(i)kubā n. “traitor”
grā n. “dog, bear”
grauku n. “a powerful hostile and terrible creature”
grawa n. “dog”
⚠️ᴱ✶gṝgo n.
⚠️ᴱ✶grgu- n.
grottā n. “(large) excavation, underground dwelling”
ᴹ✶gū̆- interj. “no, not”
⚠️ᴱ✶gu̯ara- v. “to dwell”
⚠️ᴱ✶gu̯eg- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶gu̯eđeþlī n. “maiden, little girl”
⚠️ᴱ✶guin·wen n.
⚠️ᴱ✶gwā-alassē n.
gwā-ƀandina adj. “met”
gwa-lassiē n. “foliage”
⚠️ᴱ✶gwa·lē·st·a n.
✶*gwendē n. “maiden, young or small woman, girl”
⚠️ᴱ✶*Gwendi n.; see instead:
KWENED “spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf”
⚠️gwenyā adj. “fair, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ✶gwṝþa n.
⚠️ᴱ✶gwṛþū n.
ᴹ✶gyernā adj. “old, worn, decrepit (of things)”
ᴹ✶hamwa n. “chair”
⚠️ᴱ✶haw- v.
heke adv. “apart, not including”
hekelā n. “a waif or outcast”
heklanā adj. “forsaken”
heklō n. “a waif or outcast”
hektā v. “set aside, cast out, forsake”
hek-wā adv. and prep. “leaving aside, not counting, excluding, except”
⚠️ᴱ✶heth·thed·’lon n. “daisy”
⚠️ᴱ✶χı̯ap n.
⚠️ᴱ✶hilqa suf.
⚠️ᴱ✶χilþē n. “youth”
adv. “from, coming from, as described by a genitive”
⚠️ᴹ✶ n. “shout”; see instead:
KHOL² “crow, cry aloud”
hōmen ?
⚠️ᴱ✶χou̯-ră adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶huðrost n.
hyōba n. “spirit, shadow”
ᴹ✶hyōlā n. “trump”
⚠️ᴱ✶‽ʒalast- n. “*marble”; see instead:
^ᴺ✶galast- “*marble”
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒaldá adj. “wide, broad”
ʒandā adj. “long”
⚠️ᴱ✶*ƷAWAKA n. “clumsy”; see instead:
ᴺ✶GAWAK “clumsy”
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒǝroukē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒird- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒirdǝ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒist- v.
⚠️✶, ᴹ✶ʒō prep. “from”; see instead:
“from, coming from, as described by a genitive”
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒolwḗ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ʒolwéya adj.
ʒorē n. “heart (inner mind)”
-i suf. “aorist suffix”
ᴹ✶-i suf. “aorist suffix”
ᴹ✶ī article. “the”
⚠️ᴱ✶-ī + n suf.
-ī¹ suf. “plural ending”
-ī² suf. “feminine personal ending”
⚠️ᴱ✶ı̯ādh n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ı̯aisa n.
īb- n. “a cliff, a sheer descent”
-ikwā suf. “-ful, adjectival suffix”
ᴹ✶īdē n. “heart, desire, wish”
⚠️ᴹ✶idrē n. “thoughtfulness”; see instead:
^ᴺ✶inrē “thoughtfulness”
⚠️ᴱ✶I̯ǝƀánnakote n.
-iel suf. “feminine suffix”
-il suf. “old tool and weapon names”
ᴹ✶ilpirin adj. “immortal”
ilū n. “all, everything, the whole”
-imā suf. “possibility”
imbē n. “deep valley, wide ravine”
imbi prep. “between”
imbi-lătă n.
imde pron. “yourselves”
immā pron. “reflexive”
immō pron. “reflexive”
imte pron. “themselves”
✶, ᴹ✶-inā suf. “passive participle”
-i(n)kĭ n. “diminutive suffix”
indō n. “interior reflection or mind, the mind in its purposing faculty, the will; mood, heart”
ᴹ✶indo n. “mood, heart”
ᴹ✶ing adj. “*first”
ᴹ✶initial-s-groups ? “Gnome-realm”
ᴺ✶ [ᴹ✶]^inrē n. “thoughtfulness”
-(i)ondo suf.
⚠️ᴱ✶ı̯otta n.
ista- v. “to know”
ᴹ✶ista- v. “to know”
ᴹ✶istāyā adj. “learned”
-ita suf. “general infinitive”
ᴹ✶Ithil n. “moon”
-iti suf. “habit or special association with the verbal action”
⚠️itrā adj. “gleaming”
-ittā suf. “ending in feminine names”
-(i)yē suf. “abstract noun, adverb”
ᴹ✶-(i)yē suf. “perfect suffix”
ᴹ✶-iyē suf. “gerund, -ing”
-iyē¹ suf. “perfect suffix”
-iyē² suf. “gerund, -ing”
KEG n. “snag, barb”
⚠️ᴱ✶ḷ- pref. “negative prefix”
-lā suf. “active participle”
ᴹ✶la- pref. “no, not, negative prefix”
lā- v. “to not be”
lā̆ prep. and adv. “beyond”
lab- v.
ᴹ✶labdā n. “licking up (food or drink), gluttonous eating”
⚠️labdē n. “licking up (food or drink)”
labmā n. “*(physical) tongue”
labmē n. “*language”
⚠️ᴱ✶labna n.
ᴹ✶lakra adj. “swift, rapid”
ᴹ✶lāda adj. “flat”
ᴹ✶lai- n. “*many”
ᴹ✶laibē n. “ointment”
ᴹ✶laikā adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laikā adj. “green”
laikwā adj.
ᴹ✶laikwā adj. “fresh”
ᴹ✶laire n. “long lay”
lairē n. “*summer”
lamā̆n(a) n. “animal”
ᴹ✶#lamanǝ n.
lambā n. “physical tongue”
lambē n. “tongue, language, dialect”
ᴹ✶lambe n.
lāmina v.
langa adv.
langō n. “route or connection between to places; neck”
lañna adv. “athwart”
ᴹ✶la(n)srondo n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper”
⚠️ᴱ✶lanta n.
lasa adv. “not it = it is/was not so”
lassē n. “leaf”
ᴹ✶lassē¹ n. “leaf”
ᴹ✶lassē² n. “ear”
ᴹ✶lassekwelēne n. “leaf-fading”
ᴹ✶#lastā- v.
ᴹ✶lătĭna adj. “flat (and wide)”
lauka adj.
ᴹ✶lauka adj. “warm”
✶, ᴹ✶laurē n. “golden colour of sunshine or golden flowers; [ᴹ✶] light of the golden tree Laurelin” see ✶glawarē
lawā n. “growing, blooming”
⚠️ᴱ✶ḷkălā́ n.
-lē suf. see ✶-(a)lē
le pron. “you (sg.)”
⚠️ᴱ✶ adj.
ᴹ✶lebnā adj. “left behind”
ledmē n. “leaving, departure”
lednē n.
ledya- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶leχa n.
⚠️ᴱ✶leχ-rā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶leχ-sa n.
⚠️ᴱ✶leika adj.
✶?le(n)dembassē n. “bread taken on leaving home (for a long journey)”
⚠️leñwe n.
lepe n. “finger”
ᴹ✶lepenar n. “week”
lepene n. “five”
ᴹ✶lep(e)ne n. “five”
lepenya num. ord. “5th”
leper n. “finger”
✶†lepero n. “finger”
lepetā n. “thumb, ‘picker’; finger”
lepethron n.
⚠️ᴱ✶lept- n.
⚠️ᴹ✶lepti n.
le tulir v. “come ye!”
lḗ tuli, tuli lḗ, āle tuli! v. “come (you)!, now you, come!”
⚠️ᴱ✶leyé n.
ᴹ✶-lī suf. “partitive”
ᴹ✶ n. “number”
ᴹ✶libda n. “soap”
ᴹ✶ligā n. “fine thread, spider filament”
lĭmbĭ adj. “quick, swift”
limi n. “link”
lindā adj. “*sweet sounding”
ᴹ✶lindā adj. “sweet sounding”
linde n. “singer, singing”
ᴹ✶#lindē n. “*singing”
ᴹ✶#lindō n. “singer”
ᴹ✶liñwi n. “fish”
liru- v. “to sing gaily”
ᴹ✶lisge n. “reed”
lissĭ- adj.
lisyā adj. “sweet”
litse n. “sand”
⚠️ᴱ✶lḷt- v. “to dance”; see instead:
ᴹ√LILT “dance”
⚠️ᴱ✶ḷma n.
⚠️ᴱ✶lṇ́tànwa adj.
n. “lying water”
ᴹ✶lokko n. “ringlet”
⚠️ᴱ✶loktu n.
loga n. “fenland”
logna adj. “soaking wet, swamped”
ᴹ✶londē n. “narrow path, strait, pass”
⚠️ᴱ✶‽lopatte n. “rabbit”
ᴹ✶lopō n. “rabbit”
ᴹ✶lopōtundu n. “rabbit hole”
⚠️ᴱ✶lopse ? “[unglossed]”
lossē n. “snow”
lossĭ adj. “snowy, snow-white”
⚠️ᴱ✶lōtetarwa n. “garden”
loth n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
lotho/a n. “flower”
lotse n. “flower”
lotta- v. “bloom”
⚠️ᴱ✶loume n.
n. “bow, curve”
✶, ᴹ✶lubbu n. “a clumsy piece or lump”
lukma n. “heavy transport wain”
lugni adj. “blue”
ᴹ✶lugni adj. “blue”
luʒu n.
luini adj. “blue”
ᴹ✶lungā adj. “heavy”
✶*lungu adj. “heavy”
⚠️ᴱ✶lūpe n.
-lwa suf.
-lwe suf.
-lyā suf. “active participle”
-m suf. “ancient plural formation”
-mā suf. “instrumental suffix”
ᴹ✶-mā suf. “passive suffix, the result of a processs”
n. “hand”
ᴹ✶ n. “land”
makla n. “sword”
ᴹ✶makla n. “sword”
ᴹ✶maktā- v. “to fight”
makwā n. “a hand-full, complete hand with all five fingers”
ᴹ✶madlī n. “honey-eater”
⚠️ᴹ✶magā n. “hand”
magiti adj. “handy, skilled; shapely”
ᴹ✶magnā adj. “skilled”
magrā adj. “good, useful, proper, fit”
ᴹ✶magrā adj. “useful, fit, good (of things)”
magtā- v. “to handle, wield, manage, deal with”
ᴹ✶magyā n.
✶†maha n. “hand, the manager”
✶^mahsē n. “handful”
mahsi n. “handiness”
ᴹ✶mahtā- v. “to handle, stroke, feel; to deal with, wield, treat”
ᴹ✶māʒ n. “hand”
ᴹ✶maʒiti adj. “handy, skilled”
ᴹ✶maʒtā- v. “to handle, stroke, feel”
mai adv. “well”
maikā¹ adj. “sharp, penetrating, going deep in”
maikā² n. “blade of a cutting tool or weapon (especially sword-blade)”
mailiki n. “wealth, abundance”
⚠️ᴱ✶maı̯n adj.
⚠️✶, ᴹ✶maita- v. “to feed”; see instead:
matyā- “to feed”
māīta ?
ᴺ✶ [ᴹ✶]*malatā n. “gold (as metal)”
⚠️ᴱ✶malkĭ- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶malkŭ- n.
mā-limi n. “wrist, (lit.) hand-link”
malnā adj. “yellow, of golden colour”
ᴹ✶mālō n. “friend”
malu n.
māmā n. “sheep”
mammata- v. “to gobble up, devour”
⚠️ᴱ✶#mānī n.
⚠️ᴹ✶manō n. “departed spirit”
manrā adj. “good”
⚠️ᴱ✶mapa- v. “to seize”
ᴹ✶mapā n. “hand”
⚠️ᴱ✶mapta- v.
ᴹ✶mardasē adv. “at home”
ᴹ✶mart adv. “homewards”
maslā ?
⚠️masta- v. “to feed up, fatten”; see instead:
matyā- “to feed”
✶, ᴹ✶mat- v. “to eat”
⚠️ᴱ✶mat- v. “to eat”
✶, ᴹ✶matnā adj. “eaten, [ᴹ✶] food”
matulā adj. “edacious”
matwā ?
matyā- v. “to feed”
matˢtimā adj. “edible”
⚠️ᴱ✶mau̯ adv.
⚠️ᴱ✶mau̯ard- n.
ᴹ✶mauy- v. “need (impersonal)”
Māya n.
mazgā adj.
ᴹ✶mazgā adj. “soft, pliant”
ᴹ✶mazgē n. “dough”
✶, ᴹ✶mazgō n. “sticky substance”
mbā n. “sheep”
ᴹ✶mbakhā n. “article (for exchange), ware, thing”
⚠️ᴹ✶mbād- n. “judgement, sentence”
ᴹ✶mbanda n. “duress, prison”
mbandō n. “custody, safekeeping; prison, duress”
⚠️ᴹ✶mbandō n. “doomsman, judge”
✶#mbar- v. “to dwell”
ᴹ✶#mbar- v. “to dwell”
ṃbar n.
mbar(ă) n. “dwelling, habitation”
⚠️ᴱ✶mbāră n.
mbard(a) adv. “home, homeward”
mbardā n.
mbar-ndor n. “home land, native land”
ᴹ✶ṃbárt- n.
mbartā v. “to define, decree, destine”
ṃbart(ă) n. “fate, doom”
mbassē adj. “(baked) bread”
mbasta adj. “batch”
⚠️ᴱ✶#mbastā n.
mbazdā n. “baked or a baked thing”
⚠️(m)belek- adj. “large, great, big, [ᴹ✶] huge; mighty”
ṃbono n. “hill, lump, clump, mass”
ᴹ✶#mbundā adj. “snouted”
ᴹ✶mbundu n. “snout, nose; cape [of land]”
⚠️ᴱ✶mbúryā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶mburyā́ adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶mburyē n.
me pron. “1st-pl-exclusive pronoun”
ᴹ✶me pron. “we (exclusive)”
mē̆ pron. “2nd person plural exclusive pronoun”
-mē suf. see ✶-(u)mē
⚠️ᴱ✶megđana n.
⚠️ᴱ✶meχse n. “gore”
meinā adj.
melā- v. “to love”
ᴹ✶melā- v. “to love”
mēlā̆-mbar n. “beloved dwelling”
meldā adj. “dear, beloved”
melnā n. “friend”
-mē̆n suf. “instrumental, with (which)”
ᴹ✶-mē̆n suf. “instrumental, with (which)”
mēn- n. “a way, a going, a mov[ement]”
menel n. “heaven, sky”
ᴹ✶metta n. “end”
prep. “in, within”
mikrā adj. “sharp-pointed”
min num. card. “one”
mīni prep. “between”
✶, ᴹ√min(i)kewē̆ num. card. “eleven, (lit.) fresh one”
ᴹ✶minitunda n. “isolated hill, tower”
ᴹ✶miniya adj. “single, distinct, unique”
⚠️ᴱ✶miniyā adj. “fine, slender”
minya num. ord. “first”
mīrĭ adj. and n. “precious, precious thing”
⚠️ᴱ✶miros’w̯or- n.
⚠️miru̯(a)-wōrĭ n. “precious juice”
⚠️ᴹ✶mitra adj. “small”
-m(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
ᴹ✶-m(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
⚠️ᴱ✶míye n. “mist, drizzle”
ᴹ✶mizdā adj. “wet”
mizdē n. “drizzle”
ᴹ✶mizdē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶mḷgo n. “*oil”; see instead:
^ᴺ√MILIG “*oil”
n. “person”
moina adj.
mōja- v. “to toil, labour, be afflicted”
✶, ᴹ✶mōl n. “slave, [ᴹ✶] thrall”
mori adj. “black”
ᴹ✶mori adj. “black”
ᴹ✶mǭri n. “blackness, dark, night”
ᴹ✶morikwende n. “Dark-elf”
mori-kwendī n.
mornā adj. “dark”
mor(o)kē n. “she-bear”
morokō n. “bear”
ᴹ✶morókō n. “bear”
⚠️ᴹ✶mrekjā adj. “wild, fierce”
⚠️ᴱ✶mtā n. “cheek”; see instead:
ankā “jaws, (animal’s) mouth, [ᴹ✶] row of teeth”
⚠️ᴱ✶mᵇāsḷ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶mẓđē n. “mist”
-na suf. “to”
-nā suf. “adjective suffix; passive participle”
ᴹ✶-nā suf. “adjective”
nābā n. “hollow”
ᴹ✶nakma n. “jaw”
ᴹ✶nakt- n. “biting”
⚠️ᴱ✶naχū́a n. “*giant”; see instead:
ᴹ√NOROTH “*giant”
naikē n. “she-goat”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋaistă n. “to oppress, cause great grief to”
najak n. “goat”
najakō n. “he-goat”
⚠️ᴱ✶nalda n. “yellow-lily”
ñaldā adj. “gleaming sheen”
⚠️ᴱ✶nāma n.
nanmen- v. “return”
✶*nāpa n. “thumb, (lit.) picker”
ᴹ✶narāka adj. “rushing, rapid, violent”
nāro n. “fire”
ᴹ✶narwā adj. “fiery red”
năta n. “thing”
nathlo n. “guest”
naukā adj. “stunted, shortened, dwarf(ed)”
ᴹ✶nauthe n. “imagination”
ᴹ✶nakse n. “tooth”
ᴹ✶nāyǝ n. “lament”
nazgā n. “bond, fetter”
nazgwē n. “bondage, durance”
nki pron. “*thou-and-I”
ᴹ✶#ndak- v.
ndakna adj.
ᴹ✶ndākō n. “warrior, soldier”
ndakta- v. “to slay”
ᴹ✶#ndagta- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶ndagta- v. “to slay cruelly”
ndagwē ?
⚠️ᴱ✶ṇ̄dai adv. “far away”
ndan- pref. “back-”
ndandō n. “one who goes back on his word or decision”
ndangwetha n. “answer”
ndanmē n. “retreat; ebb, lowtide”
⚠️ᴹ✶ndē̆- pref. “in, inside”
ndē̆r n. “man”
ᴹ✶ndǣr n. “bridegroom”
ᴹ✶ndḗro n. “bridegroom”
ᴹ✶ndeuna adj. “second”
ᴹ✶ndeuro n. “follower, successor”
-ndĭ suf.
ndī prep. “beneath, not touching, under”
-ndīl suf.
ndilā- v. “to love, be devoted to”
ndīlī n. “a special concern with or love for”
✶, ᴹ✶ndī̆s n. “[ᴹ✶] bride”
ᴹ✶#-ndō suf. “agental suffix”
ndorē n. “land”
ᴹ✶ndorē n. “land, dwelling-place, region where certain people live”
⚠️ᴱ✶ndore n.
ndōro n. “land”
⚠️ᴱ✶ṇdr adj.
ᴹ✶ndulla adj. “dark, dusky, obscure”
ᴹ✶ndulna adj. “secret”
ᴹ✶ndūne n. “west”
ṇdūnē n. “sunset”
ᴹ✶ṇdūnē n. “sunset”
-ndūr suf. “attend, tend”
(n)durā adj.
ndūtā- v. “to cause to sink”
ndūya- v. “to descend”
-nē prep. “past tense”
ᴹ✶-nē suf. “past suffix”
adv. “was; then, ago, before”
ᴹ✶ adv. “was; then, ago”
nebā prep. “on this (the speaker’s) side”
nektē n. “angle”
negdē n. “exudation”
ᴹ✶negdē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶negeher n.
⚠️ᴱ✶nēgittĕ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶nēgu n.
neila num. ord. “3rd”
ᴹ✶neinē n. “tear”
ᴹ✶neiniel- adj. “tearful”
ᴹ✶neiti adj. “moist, dewy”
nelkwăya num. card. “13”
nelekwe num. card. “*13”
nelede num. card. “three”
ᴹ✶#nem- v.
nē̆n n. “water”
ᴹ✶nē̆n n. “water”
nēnā adj. “wet”
nenda n. “water”
ᴹ✶nendā adj. “watery, wet”
ᴹ✶nengǝ n. “beak, nose”
ᴹ✶nenle n. “brook”
⚠️ᴹ✶neñrē n. “tear, weeping”
ᴹ✶neñwi n. “nose”
nēr n. “man, a male person”
⚠️ᴱ✶nerı̯ond- n.
nerteya num. ord. “9th”
nes- adj. “sweet smelling”
⚠️nesī/nese suf. “a person of female nature”
netere num. card. “nine”
nēthā¹ n. “sister”
nēthā² adj. “gay, lively, girlish”
nethē n. “young woman, girl”
ᴹ✶nēthē n. “youth”
ᴹ✶nethrā adj. “young”
netthi n. “girl approaching the adult, sister (diminutive)”
n(g)ā n. “terror, terrible thing”
ᴹ✶ngalambe n. “barbarous speech”
ñ(g)alatā n. “glory, radiance”
ñgaurijē n. “*she-were-wolf”
ñgawar n. “were-wolf”
ñgillē n. “silver glint”
ᴹ✶ñgolda adj. “wise”
ñgōlē n. “Science/Philosophy as a whole”
ñgolodō n. “lore-master, sage”
ᴹ✶ñgolodō n. “gnome”
⚠️ᴱ✶Ngol(o)dō- n.
ᴹ✶ngolwina adj. “wise, learned in deep arts”
ñgormē n. “dread, reverence, awe”
ñgornā adj. “dreaded, revered”
✶?ñgothō n. “foe”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋgua-aloþ- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋguār adj.
ñgur n. “wolf”
ñgurijē n. “she-wolf”
ñgurū n. “death”
ᴹ✶ñgwalaraukō n.
ñgwar- v. “fret, wear away”
ñgwaumē n. “wolvish howling”
ñgwaurō n. “wolf (not wild wolves)”
ñgyar- v. “recite”
ni pron. “I, me”
ᴹ✶ni pron. “I”
ᴹ✶ n. “woman”
ᴹ✶nībe n. “front, face”
niktil n. “little [finger]”
ᴹ✶nidwō n. “bolster, cushion”
⚠️ᴱ✶nı̯ēr n. “grief”
nimpĭ adj. “small”
ninkĭ adj. “small”
ninkwi adj. “white, pale”
ᴹ✶ninkwi adj. “white, pale”
ninkwiraite adj.
ninkwis- v. “to (begin to) grow pale”
ninkwita- v. “to grow white, whiten”
ninkwitā- v. “to make white, whiten”
ᴹ✶ninkwitā- v. “to make white (or pale), whiten”
⚠️ᴱ✶ninda n. “*stream”
⚠️ᴱ✶nindyá adj. “blue”
⚠️ᴱ✶nindyā adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶ninqe-nı̯ēne n.
✶, ᴹ✶nīs n. “woman, female person”
⚠️ᴱ✶nḷdle n. “dell”
adv. “behind”
ᴹ✶ñol- n. “smell”
⚠️ᴱ✶nold n.
ᴹ✶ñōle n. “odour”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋōlo n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋolta adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋolđō n.
⚠️ᴹ✶ñōn- n. “idea, thought”
nōrē n. “kindred, race”
⚠️ᴱ✶norokā́ n. “slave, thrall, servant”; see instead:
mōl “slave, [ᴹ✶] thrall”
nōse n. “race, tribe, people”
ᴹ✶not- v. “to count”
⚠️notmē n. “calculation, a sum”
nōto n. “number in counting, numeral”
⚠️ᴱ✶notta n.
⚠️ᴱ✶n’reu̯ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶nṛga adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶nṝgwé n. “pain”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋu̯a pref. “together, in one”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋuaʒet- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋuarenđā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶nubhin n.
nukotto n. “a stunted or ill-shaped thing (or person)”
nuktā- v. “stunt, prevent from coming to completion, stop short, not allow to continue”
n-uĕg suf. “male”
numē-n n. “sunset, west”
⚠️ᴱ✶numne n.
⚠️ᴱ✶n(u̯)ou̯n n.
ᴹ✶nūrā adj. “deep”
ᴹ✶nut- v. “to tie, *bind”
-nwā suf. “passive participle, present (perfect)”
ñwa-lōth n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
⚠️ᴱ✶ŋwa·mat n. “*community, (lit.) eating-together”; see instead:
^ᴺ✶wāmāt “*community, (lit.) eating-together”
ñwe pron. “1 pl. inclusive base”
ᴹ✶nyadrō n. “rat”
⚠️ᴱ✶nyeχie n. “tear”
⚠️ṇ̃kwalē n. “torment”
ᴹ✶ṇ̃kwalē n. “death agony”
ᴹ✶ṇ̃gwā̆le n. “torture”
ṇ̃gyellē n. “small bell”
⚠️ᴱ✶ suf.; see instead:
“from, coming from, as described by a genitive”
suf. “genitive”
-ō̆ suf. “pronominal suffix”
ᴺ✶!okkā n. “knee”
okhor n. “blood”
oklā adj. “bad, wicked”
okma n. “an evil deed”
oktā n. “war, hostility, strife”
ᴹ✶oktā n. “strife, war”
oio adv. “ever”
ᴹ✶oiyā adj. “everlasting”
olā- v. “to become, come into being, turn into (another state)”
⚠️ᴱ✶oldō n.
⚠️ᴹ✶olro- v. “to dream”
ᴹ✶olsa- v. “to dream”
ōma n. “voice”
ᴹ✶ōmat- v. “to eat away, devour, corrode”
omen- v. “to move to a common point, meet”
ᴹ✶oññol- n. “strong smell”
ᴹ✶onrō n.
ontarō n. “begetter”
ᴹ✶ontā́ro n. “begetter, parent”
⚠️ᴱ✶orbat- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶orbı̯a- n.
ᴹ✶orku n. “goblin”
✶#ōre adj. “arising”
⚠️orlā prep. “over”
ornā adj. “uprising, tall”
ornē n. “(straight) tree”
ᴹ✶ornē n. “(high) tree”
⚠️ᴱ✶ornĕ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶‽orotse n. “impetus, speed, haste, rash courage”
orta- v. “to rise, ascend”
ᴹ✶orta- v. “to rise”
ortā- v. “to raise”
ᴹ✶ortā- v. “to raise”
ᴹ✶ortur- v. “master, conquer”
orya- v. “to rise”
ostō n. “fortress or stronghold”
⚠️ᴱ✶ot·g’lāta n.
otoso num. ord. “seven”
otsoya num. ord. “7th”
otsōyā num. ord. “seventh”
oþlō n. “*stranger, guest”
⚠️ᴱ✶ou̯a n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ou̯χē n. “fleece”
⚠️ᴱ✶ourū̆ n. “sun”
⚠️ówō adv. “together”
⚠️ᴱ✶okswe n.
⚠️ᴱ✶okswē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶pak- v. “to apply, attach”
⚠️ᴱ✶pahyīand n.
palad n. “plain”
palantīră/palantīrā n.
palátā n. “flat of the hand”
palda n. “surface”
palnā adj. “wide, broad”
pal’tā v. “to feel with the hand, stroke”
panda ?
ᴹ✶panda ?
ᴹ✶panō n. “plank, fixed board (especially in a floor)”
ᴹ✶pantā adj. “open”
paran adj. “bare, bald, naked, unclad”
ᴹ✶parkā adj. “dry”
ᴹ✶parmā n. “book”
pat(a) n. “track, road, way; ford”
ᴹ✶pathmā n. “level place, sward”
pathnā adj. “smooth”
ᴹ✶pathnā adj. “smooth”
ᴹ✶patnā adj. “wide”
ᴹ✶ n. “mouth, lips”
⚠️ᴱ✶peia n. “scorn”; see instead:
ᴹ√YAY “mock”
peles n. “fence, enclosure”
peles- v. “to fence round”
⚠️ᴱ✶pelesa n. “fence”; see instead:
peles “fence, enclosure”
pelo n. “a bound”
pelola adv. and prep. “beyond (the boundary)”
pelsa- v. “to fence round” see ✶peles-
peltakse n. “fence of fixed stakes, a ‘pale’”
ᴹ✶peltakse n. “pivot”
peñ n. “lip, mouth”
pendā adj. “sloping”
pē̆pe n.
✶*phairē n. “spirit (general)”
phanā n. “veil, cloud”
phanmā n. “veil, screen”
phantā- v. “to veil, cloak”
phanyā adj. “*veiled, veiling”
pharā- v. “to hunt, pursue” see ✶sparā-
pharalē n. “hunting”
pharne n. “any growing thing or plant”
phawa n.
phawalōkō n. “dragon”
phāy n. “flame, ray of light”
phayā n. “soul, indwelling spirit”
phelgā n. “mine, boring, tunnel, underground dwel[ling]”
ᴹ✶pheren n. “beech-tree”
pheryā adj. “quick, ready, prompt”
ᴹ✶philínkē n.
philinki n. “finch”
phindē n. “a tress”
phini- n. “a single hair”
phinik n.
ᴹ✶phoroti adj. “right or north”
phū interj. “excl[amation] of disgust”
✶, ᴹ✶phuinē n. “deep shadow, night shade, [ᴹ✶] night”
ᴺ✶!PHUM n. “moth”
n. “small insect”
⚠️ᴱ✶p(i)lind- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶pingwé adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶pisye n.
⚠️ᴱ✶plandá adj.
ᴹ✶poikā adj. “clean, pure”
poli n. “meal”
pollō n. “ram”
ᴹ✶pori n. “flour, meal”
porokē n. “hen”
poroki n. “fowl”
⚠️ᴱ✶p’rimbe n.
⚠️ᴱ✶pṣk- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶pṣt- v. “spit”; see instead:
ᴹ√PIW “spit”
n. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ✶pukku- n.
⚠️ᴱ✶pukse v.
⚠️ᴱ✶qāmē n.
⚠️ᴱ✶qettā̆ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶qṇtā́ adj. “full”
⚠️ᴱ✶qṇ́tā adj. “whole, all”
-r suf. “plural ending”
ᴹ✶-r suf. “plural verb”
r/l-iĕl suf. “female”
ra- suf.
ᴹ✶rāba adj. “wild, untamed”
ᴹ✶rakmē n. “fathom”
ᴹ✶ragnā adj. “crooked”
rai n.
raika adj. “crooked”
raitē n. “peculiar hue, (special) fashion”
ᴹ✶rāmā n. “wing”
ᴹ✶rāmalē n. “pinion, great wing (of an eagle)”
ᴹ✶rambā n. “wall”
ᴹ✶ramna n. “wing (horn), extended point at side”
ᴹ✶ramya- v. “to fly, sail; to wander”
⚠️ᴱ✶rankind- v.
ᴹ✶ranku n. “arm”
ᴹ✶randā n. “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)”
raph- v.
rass n. “horn”
ᴹ✶ratā n. “path, track”
rāta adj. “lofty”
ᴹ✶rattā̆ n. “course, river-bed”
raukō n. “demon”
raurō n. “roarer”
✶, ᴹ✶rāw n. “lion”
⚠️ᴱ✶rawa n. “a wild beast”; see instead:
rāw “lion”
⚠️ᴱ✶ṝk- adj.
-rē suf. see ✶-(a)rē
n. “single item take out of a (long) series”
rekti(e) n. “rescue, saving”
reddā n. “sown field, acre”
ᴹ✶reddā n. “‘sown’, sown field, acre”
rembinā adj. “meshed, netted, woven”
rēnē n. “remembrance”
⚠️ᴱ✶res-rŭ n. “kinsman, cousin”
⚠️riknā adj. “*crowned”
rīgā n. “wreath, garland”
ᴹ✶rīgē n. “crown”
rigelle n. “woman crowned”
ᴹ✶rimbā adj. “frequent, numerous”
ᴹ✶rimbē n. “crowd, host”
ᴹ✶rinki n. “flourish, quick stroke”
rindi adj. “swift”
ringā adj.
ringi adj. “chill”
rinsa adj. “cleft, cloven, separate”
rinse n. “?cleft, ravine”
ᴹ✶risse- n. “a ravine”
ᴹ✶rista- v. “cut”
-ro suf. “an old agental formation”
roban n. “wilderness”
rokkē n. “mare”
rokkō n. “horse, swift horse for riding”
ᴹ✶rokkō n. “swift horse”
rokokwēn n. “horseman, rider”
ᴹ✶rǭda n. “cave”
rondō n. “vaulted roof or chamber; cave; †heavens”
roññā- v. “to hasten”
roño adv. “soon, anon”
ᴹ✶ronyō n. “‘chaser’, hound of chase”
⚠️ᴱ✶-rosi- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶roso- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶ros-sá adj.
rossē n. “dew, spray (of fall or fountain)”
⚠️ᴱ✶rotya- v.
ᴹ✶rundā n. “rough piece of wood”
ᴹ✶#runya n. “spoor, track, footprint”
ᴹ✶ruskā adj. “brown”
russā adj. “red-haired, copper-coloured”
-s suf. “inceptive (verbal suffix)”
✶, ᴱ√sa pron. “3 sg. neuter [it], the thing, impersonal; this by me, [ᴱ√] demonstrative”
ᴹ✶sagmā n. “poison”
sagrā adj.
ᴹ✶sagrā adj. “bitter”
⚠️ᴱ✶saχ[a] n. “fire”
⚠️ᴱ✶saχsōđa n. “house of fire”
ᴹ✶salakwē n. “*grass”
san- n. “that”
sanā n.
ᴹ✶sangā n. “throng” see ᴹ✶stangā
✶*sanwē n. “an act of thinking, a thought”
⚠️sapnā n. “delved hole, pit”
sará ?
ᴹ✶sarnā n. “of stone”
sarniye n. “shingle, pebble bank”
satarŏ n. “trusty follower, loyal companion”
satrā adj. “steadfast, trusty, loyal”
satya- v. “set aside”
sawā n. “filth”
skā n. “‽”
ᴹ✶skala n. “fish”
skalā n. “a cast shadow”
ᴹ✶skalnā adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
⚠️ᴱ✶skantá n.
⚠️ᴱ✶skap- v. “to jump”
⚠️ᴱ✶skapya- v. “to cause liquids to spurt out”
ᴹ✶skarnā adj. “wounded”
⚠️ᴱ✶skar-wé n.
ᴹ✶skarwē n. “wound”
ᴹ✶skelmā n. “skin, fell”
ᴹ✶skelnā adj. “naked”
ᴹ✶skelta- v. “to strip”
skorā- v. “to look out for, watch for, await”
ᴹ✶skorā- v. “look out for, expect, wait for”
skū n. “‽”
⚠️ᴹ✶skyapat- n. “shoe”; see instead:
ᴺ✶khyapat- “shoe”
se pron. “he, she, it, 3rd person singular pronoun”
prep. “at”
⚠️ᴱ✶sek’·ðana n. “midday”
sedu- v. “to go to rest”
-se-sē̆ suf. “3rd sg reflexive”
⚠️ᴹ✶settā adj. “first”
sē tuli, tuli sḗ, āse tuli! v. “let him come! etc.”
adv. “this (by me), now or here”
ᴹ✶sī̆/sē̆ pron. “she”
⚠️ᴱ✶siktā adj. “moist, wet”
sidā̆ adv. “hither”
silki n. “sheen”
silimā n. and adj. “crystal (white); [ᴹ✶] silver, shining white”
ᴹ✶silimā adj. “silver, shining white”
ᴹ✶silimē n. “light of Silpion, †silver”
⚠️ᴱ✶silum(b)ǝril- n.
sĭnā adj. “this”
sinkitamo n.
⚠️ᴱ✶sind(an)ai n.
⚠️ᴱ✶sı̯on pref.
siru- v.
sīru n. “stream”
sirya- v. “to flow [smoothly]”
ᴹ✶sirya- v. “to flow smoothly”
sisilla- v. “to twinkle, glisten”
ᴹ✶slaiwā adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
slas n. “ear”
⚠️ᴱ✶sleiwa adj. “pale”
ᴹ✶slindā adj.
ᴹ✶slindi adj. “fine, delicate”
ᴹ✶slingē n. “spider, spider’s web, cobweb”
⚠️ᴱ✶slingwé n.
ᴹ✶slinyā adj. “lean, thin, meagre”
ᴹ✶slīwē n. “sickness”
(s)lōkō n. “reptile, snake, worm”
slowā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶sḷp- v. “to drink”
⚠️ᴱ✶sḷt- v. “to sift”
ᴹ✶smāgā n. “soil, stain”
ᴹ✶smagla n. and adj. “stain; stained”
⚠️ᴱ✶smaika- adj.
ᴹ✶smaldā n. “gold (as metal)”
ᴹ✶smalinā adj. “yellow”
✶, ᴹ✶smalu n. “[ᴹ✶] pollen, yellow powder; ⚠️[✶] dust, grit”
ᴹ✶smalwā adj. “fallow, pale”
⚠️ᴱ✶smiegé n. “crumb”
sminu adj. “slim”
snagdē n. “a wounding, a wound”
-sñe suf. “dual 1st person b (exclusive)”
⚠️ᴱ✶snóra n. “muscle”
soglā ?
ᴹ✶soglā ?
ᴹ✶solos n. “surf”
⚠️ᴱ✶souna adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶sou̯þ- adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶sōđā n. “house”
⚠️ᴱ✶spalk(w)e n.
spanā n. “a thing that veiled, a veil”
ᴹ✶spāna n. “cloud”
ᴹ✶spangā n. “beard”
✶, ᴹ✶sparā- v. “to hunt, pursue”
spindē n. “tress, braid of hair”
ᴹ✶spindē n. “tress, braid of hair”
spindilā n. “head of hair”
ᴹ✶spinē n. “larch”
spini- n. “thin thread”
srāban n. “wild beast”
✶*Srāban-yānā n. “Wilderland”
srawā n. “body”
srāwe n. “*flesh”
ᴹ✶*-ssē suf.
-ssē/-ssā suf.
⚠️ᴱ✶sṣt- v. “*spit, hiss”
⚠️ᴱ✶sṣtē n. “ulcer, boil”
-(s)tā suf.
ᴹ✶-stā suf. “-ing”
-stā suf. “collective suffix”
⚠️ᴱ✶s’ta- v.
ᴹ✶stabnē n. “wooden post”
ᴹ✶stabnō n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
ᴹ✶stabrō n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
⚠️ᴱ✶stakta- v. “to split”
⚠️ᴱ✶stainá adj.
ᴹ✶stalga adj. “stalwart, steady, firm”
⚠️ᴱ✶stalga adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶stalgond- n.
ᴹ✶stalgondō n. “hero, dauntless man”
⚠️ᴱ✶stalqe n.
ᴹ✶stalrā adj. “steep, falling steeply (of river)”
stama- v. “bar, exclude”
ᴹ✶stambē n. “room, chamber”
ᴹ✶stankā n. “cleft, split”
⚠️ᴱ✶stanka adj. “forked, split, bifurcated”
ᴹ✶stangā n. “throng, crowd, press”
ᴹ✶starāna adj. “stiff, hard”
steglō ?
ᴹ✶stegrā ?
stenna adj. “short”
stīrē n. “face”
stona n. “pine”
stuknā ?
ᴹ✶sū̆/sō̆ pron. “masc., he”
ᴹ✶sukmā n. “drinking-vessel”
ᴹ✶suglu n. “goblet”
sūli n. “wind”
ᴺ✶*SULUP n. “lap”
⚠️ᴱ✶suosā n.
sūri n. “wind”
⚠️ᴱ✶surı̯akta n.
⚠️ᴱ✶(s)wada n.
⚠️ᴱ✶swadwé n.
ᴹ✶swanda n. “sponge, fungus”
⚠️ᴱ✶swandǝ n. “dog”
⚠️ᴱ✶swǝnī n. “bitch, *female dog”
ᴹ✶swesta- v. “to puff”
-syā suf. “his, her, its”
ᴹ✶syadā n.
syadnā adj. “compressed”
ᴹ✶syadnā adj. “compact, compressed”
ᴹ✶syadsē n. “cleft, gash”
ᴹ✶syadta n. “axe-stroke”
ᴹ✶syalmā n. “shell, conch, horn of Ulmo”
syandā n. “crowd, pressed mass, [ᴹ✶] throng”
ᴹ✶syandā n. “a throng, crowd”
ᴹ✶syandō n. “cleaver, sword, hewer”
ᴹ✶syatsela n. “broadsword-blade, axe-blade”
ᴹ✶-t suf. “dual verb”
-t¹ suf. “dual ending”
-t² suf. “definite article”
-ta suf. “noun suffix, single product of an action”
⚠️ᴱ✶-ta suf.
-tā suf. “verb suffix (transitive), causative”
ᴹ✶-tā suf. “causatives from adjectives”
-tă suf. “verb suffix (intransitive)”
ta conj. “that, then”
ᴹ✶ta pron. “impersonal 3rd pl.; pronominal stem”
✶*takala n. “post, mark”
ᴹ✶takmā n. “thing for fixing”
ᴹ✶tad adv. “thither”
tad(a) adv. “thither, thereto, to that”
tagra adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶taχsođa adj. “seated high”
ᴹ✶taʒna n. “height, summit of high mountain”
taika n. “boundary, limit, boundary line”
ᴹ✶taikā adj. “steep, tall, deep”
⚠️ᴱ✶taı̯lkwē n.
ᴹ✶tainā adj. “long”
tāl n. “foot”
ᴹ✶tāl n. “foot”
✶, ᴹ✶talam n. “floor; flat space, platform, [ᴹ✶] ‘flet’; ground”
talat- v. “slip (down), collapse, fall in ruin”
ᴹ✶talat- v. “slip down”
ᴹ✶talkō n. “craftsmen, wright”
tald(a) adv. “to the foot”
ᴹ✶talgarta n. “high boot”
⚠️ᴱ✶táliı̯èndǝ n.
⚠️ᴱ✶tálı̯èndǝ n.
talmā n. “basis”
ᴹ✶talmā n. “foundation, basis, root”
⚠️ᴱ✶talqă n.
ᴹ✶talrunya n. “sole of foot”
ᴹ✶talt adv. “downwards”
taltā adj. “tottering, unsteady”
taltas- v. “begin to slip down”
taman- n. “a thing made by handicraft”
ᴹ✶tambā- v. “to knock”
tamō n. “craftsman, smith”
ᴹ✶tamrō n. “woodpecker, knocker”
ᴹ✶tāna adj. “*high”
tankā adj. “firm, fixed”
ᴹ✶tanka adj. “firm”
tankas- v. “become firm, settle down”
tankatā- v. “to make firm, fix, confirm”
ᴹ✶tankāta- v. “to make firm”
tankla n. “brooch, clasp, fastener, pin”
ᴹ✶tankla n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
⚠️ᴱ✶tank’rú n. “prop, support”
⚠️tandā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶tang- v. “to beat”
tanma n. “sign, token”
ᴹ✶tānniq n.
ᴹ✶tanō n. “craftsman, smith”
tāra adj. “high”
ᴹ✶tārā adj. “lofty”
ᴹ✶targā adj. “tough, stiff”
tārī n. “queen, (lit.) she that is high”
ᴹ✶tārī n. “queen”
ᴹ✶tār(ō) n. “king”
⚠️ᴱ✶#taruku n. “bull, ox”
tassā n.
tatakwe num. card. “*12”
tatalat- v. “totter, keep on slipping”
ᴹ✶tatalat- v. “totter, keep on slipping”
⚠️ᴹ✶tatharē n. “willow-tree”; see instead:
tathari “*willow”
tathari n. “*willow”
⚠️ᴱ✶taþ· n. “bush”
ᴹ✶taurā adj. “masterful, mighty”
taurē n. “forest”
ᴹ✶taurē n. “great wood, forest”
ᴹ✶tawar n. “wood (material)”
ᴹ✶tawārē̆ n. “dryad, spirit of woods (f.)”
ᴹ✶tawārō̆ n. “dryad, spirit of woods (m.)”
tawinā adj. “wood”
✶, ᴹ✶#takse n. “*nail”
te pron. “they”
ᴹ✶te pron. “personal 3rd pl.”
ᴹ✶tekla n. “pen”
tekma n. “pen”
tekmā n. “letter”
ᴹ✶tekma n. “writing, grammar”
tekmē n. “writing, grammar”
ᴹ✶tekmē n. “letter, symbol, writing”
⚠️teknā n. “a letter (epistola)”
ᴹ✶tekna n. “a letter”
tekta v.
tektā n. “sign, symbol, mark”
tegē n. “line, road”
tegmā n. “direct[ion], process”
⚠️ᴱ✶tegna adj. “straight”
⚠️ᴱ✶teχie n.
ᴹ✶teʒē n. “path, course, line, direction, way”
⚠️ᴱ✶teʒt- n.
⚠️ᴹ✶, ᴱ✶TELED n. “*hindmost”; see instead:
TELES “come at rear, end a line or series; [ᴹ√] hindmost, tarrier”
teler- n. “Teleri”
teleryā n. “of the Teleri”
ᴹ✶télesā n. “rear”
telet- v. “to stop (up)”
ᴹ✶telmē̆ n. “hood, covering”
✶, ᴹ✶telu- v. “to cover over, roof in”
ᴹ✶telumē n. “vault, heaven”
ᴹ✶telumēhtǝ n. “canopy”
ᴹ✶tēñe n. “line, row”
teñwā n. “letter, sign, token”
teñwe n. “sign, token, indication”
ᴹ✶tēra adj. “straight, right”
ᴹ✶terēn(ē) adj. “slender”
ᴹ✶terēwā adj. “piercing, keen”
ᴹ✶ters- n. “fine pierced hole”
⚠️ᴱ✶tesare n. “brick, tile”
teswā ? “(?chip)”
-te-tē̆ suf. “3rd pl reflexive”
tete pron. “3rd person dual”
⚠️ᴱ✶tet’l-asse n.
⚠️ᴱ✶teutá n.
thā adv. “then, next”
ᴹ✶thā adv. “then, next, since”
thakta- n. “to pressure or force ([one] to do something against one’s will or conscience)”
thandā n. “shield”
thara¹ prep. “across, over, (properly) athwart”
thara² adj. “tall (or long) and slender”
thara-pata n. “crossway”
ᴹ✶thārō n. “saviour”
ᴹ✶thaurēnā adj. “*fenced”
ᴹ✶thausā adj. “foul, evil-smelling, putrid”
ᴹ✶#theles n. “*sister”
ᴹ✶thērē n. “look, face, expression, countenance”
thillu- v. “to shine out, appear (of stars, etc.)”
thindā adj. “grey”
thindi adj. “grey”
ᴹ✶thindi adj. “palid, grey, wan”
thini adj. “grey” see ✶thindi
⚠️ᴱ✶‽thiptha- v.
thorono n. “eagle”
thowō adj.
thū́lē n. “blowing forth”
thūsē n. “horrible darkness, black mist”
⚠️ᴱ✶ti pron. “they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun”
tilte n. “peak”
ᴹ✶tinkō n. “metal”
tini n. “spark”
ᴹ✶tinmē n. “spark, glint”
⚠️ᴱ✶tiq- v. “to melt”
tirlā adj. “looking”
ᴹ✶*tirnō̆ n. “watcher”
tithilla- v. “to twinkle, glisten”
⚠️ᴱ✶titté n.
ᴹ✶tiukā adj. “thick, fat”
ᴹ✶tiukō n. “thigh”
⚠️ᴱ✶t’lépe n.
⚠️ᴱ✶t’lḗpe n.
⚠️ᴱ✶tloise n.
⚠️ᴱ✶tloiwe n. “sling”
⚠️ᴱ✶tḹtá n.
⚠️ᴱ✶tḷtā́ adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶tṃp- v. “to beat”
⚠️ᴱ✶tṇq- v. “to hear”
⚠️ᴱ✶tṇt- v. “to bounce”
⚠️ᴱ✶togō n.; see instead:
ᴹ√TOW “*wool”
tolbā n. “a protuberance”
tollă n. “island”
ᴹ✶tollo n. “island”
toltoya num. ord. “8th”
tolu- v. “to stand up”
tolya adj. “prominent”
ᴹ✶tōp- v. “to roof”
⚠️ᴹ✶torōmā n. “[unglossed]”
towo n. “wool”
⚠️ᴱ✶tṝqă adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶-ttǝ suf. “dual”
ᴹ✶ adj. “strength”
ᴹ✶tubnā adj. “deep”
ᴹ✶tūgu n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
ᴹ✶tui- v. “to grow fat, swell‽”
ᴹ✶tuilē n. “spring (time)”
ᴹ✶tuilelindō n. “spring-singer, swallow”
tuilu- v. “to open (of buds, flowers)”
ᴹ✶tuimā n. “a sprout, bud”
tul- v.
ᴹ✶tul- v.
tulku n. “prop, support”
ᴹ✶tulku n. “support, prop”
tultā- v. “to make come, fetch, send (from point of view of receiver)”
ᴹ✶tultā- v. “make come”
ᴹ✶tulukmē n. “support, prop”
tulyā- v. “to cause to come, send for, fetch, summon”
ᴹ✶tulyā- v. “to send hither”
ᴹ✶tumbu n. “deep valley under or among hills”
ᴹ✶tundā adj. “tall”
ᴹ✶tundu n. “hill, mound; hole”
ᴹ✶tungā adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
ᴹ✶tupsē n. “thatch”
⚠️ᴱ✶tūr(ǝ) n.
ᴹ✶tūrē n. “mastery, victory”
ᴹ✶tūrō suf. “master, victor, lord”
turū n. “Great Lord or King”
turuk n. “stake”
ᴹ✶turumā n. “shield”
ᴹ✶turumbē n. “shield”
turunka n. “great stake”
ᴹ✶tussā n. “bush”
⚠️ᴱ✶tuv- v. “to receive, take”
⚠️ᴱ✶tuksk- num. card. “thousand”
ᴹ✶tyalangando n. “harp-player, harper”
ᴹ✶tyalyā- v. “to play”
ᴹ✶tyulmā n. “mast”
ᴹ✶tyulussē n. “poplar-tree”
⚠️ᴱ✶þeχē n. “eye, pupil”
⚠️ᴱ✶þeχiē n. “eyesight”
⚠️ᴱ✶þχenda n. “eye”
⚠️ᴱ✶þẉ-iı̯on-d n.
suf. “dual ending for pairs”
ū interj. “primitive negative interjection”
-ua suf. “possessive”
-ubā suf.
uba- v. “to ponder, have in mind; to impend, be imminent, approach, draw near”
ᴹ✶ūbanō n. “monster”
ubmē n. “imminence/threat”
⚠️ᴱ✶uƀna n.
ᴹ✶ubrā adj. “abundant”
⚠️ᴱ✶ū́kā̀rele n.
⚠️ᴱ✶ukko n. “rain”
uklā adj. “gloom, gloomy”
ᴹ✶uklaina adj. “wicked”
⚠️ᴱ✶u̯ǝkḗ n. see ᴱ✶gu̯eg-
⚠️ᴱ✶u̯einā́ ?
⚠️ᴱ✶u̯enı̯ā̆́- adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶u̯eniı̯ássa adj.
ugrā adj. “nasty”
ugu- v.
⚠️ᴱ✶u̯i pref.
⚠️ᴱ✶uiŋē n.
ul- v. “to pour”
-ū̆lā suf. “likelihood or aptitude”
ulka adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶ulkā adj.
ᴹ✶ulda n. “torrent, mountain stream”
ᴹ✶ulgundō n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ᴹ✶ulyā- v. “it is raining”
ᴹ✶ūmanā adj. “wicked”
-(u)mē suf. “denoting a (single) action”
ᴹ✶ungwē n. “gloom”
ūopa adj. “dumb”
ūr n. “a fire (on hearth)”
urkā adj. “horrible”
urku/urkō n. “orc”
⚠️ᴱ✶ur-iktī adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶ur’-irda adj.
us(u)kwē n. “reek”
ᴹ✶us(u)kwē n. “reek”
-vā suf. “possessive, adjectival”
ᴹ✶vaia n. “sea”
ᴹ✶vaianer n. “sailor”
verī n. “wife”
verū n. “husband”
⚠️ᴱ✶vṛđní n.
wa- pref.
wā- pref. “together”
wādelo n.
⚠️wagme v. “*blow”
ᴹ✶wahsē n. “stain”
ᴹ✶wahtā- v. “to soil, stain”
ᴹ✶wahtē n. “a stain”
⚠️ᴱ✶wa-ʒist- v.
ᴹ✶waʒrā adj. “soiled, dirty”
waile n. “*wind”
waiwa(y) n. “*wind”
walka adj. “fierce, ferocious”
walna adj. “excited, wild”
ᴺ✶ [ᴱ✶]^wāmāt n. “*community, (lit.) eating-together”
ᴹ✶wān n. “goose”
wanjā adj. “fair”
ᴹ✶wannā adj. “departed, dead”
ᴹ✶wanōrō n. “one of kin”
ᴹ✶wanta- v. “to depart, die”
wanwa adj. “gone, taken away, lost, departed”
ᴹ✶wanwē n. “death”
wanya adj. “fair-haired (yellow to golden)”
wath n. “shadow”
ᴹ✶wath n.
wāwā v. “*blow”
wāya v. “blow”
ᴹ✶wāyā n. “envelope”
-wē suf. “person; male suffix”
ᴹ✶-wē suf. “abstract suffix”
we pron. “we, us (inclusive)”
ᴹ✶we pron. “we (inclusive)”
ᴹ✶wedā n. “bond”
ᴹ✶wǣdē n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
ᴹ✶wedtā n. and vb. “contract”
wegō suf. “a person of male nature (and fëa); ruler”
ᴹ✶wegō suf. “man; warrior”
wegō(n) n. “living creature”
wegtē n. “activity, occupation”
ᴹ✶wegtē n. “manhood”
ᴹ✶weʒē n. “manhood, vigour”
ᴹ✶wen- n. “girl”
⚠️ᴱ✶wikā adj.
⚠️ᴱ✶wiı̯ḗ n. “teors, *penis”
ᴹ✶wilwā n.
⚠️ᴹ✶wínda- v. “fade”
⚠️ᴹ✶windı̯ā adj. “pale blue”
ᴹ✶wingē n. “foam, crest of wave, crest”
wini n. “child not yet full grown”
⚠️ᴹ✶winyē n. “evening”
⚠️ᴱ✶wiqē n.
pref. “together”
ᴹ✶wō̆- pref. “together”
wonā adj. “male”
⚠️wōri n. “juice (esp. of fruit)”
wwe pron.
ᴹ✶[y] ?
-ya suf. “adjectival suffix”
-yā suf. “causative”
ᴹ✶-yā suf. “causatives from verbs”
-yă suf. “formative”
-yā² suf. “present participle”
ᴹ✶yakta- n. “neck”
yagā n.
ᴹ✶yagō n. “gulf”
ᴹ✶yagwē n. “ravine, cleft, gulf”
⚠️ᴱ✶yai-ka v.
yānā adj. “wide, large, extensive”
yandē n. “a wide region or country”
ᴹ✶yantā n. “yoke”
yarr- n. “dog”
yat adv. “away back; ago”
ᴹ✶yat adv. “away, back there; ago”
ᴹ✶yatmā n.
⚠️ᴱ✶yatt- n.
⚠️ᴹ✶yatta prep. “across”
ᴹ✶ prep. “at”
yenā adj. “female”
ᴹ✶yend n. “daughter”
ᴹ✶yenpanta adj. “aged, long-lived”
ᴹ✶yenrinde n. “year”
⚠️ᴱ✶yḹta n. “yoke”
⚠️ᴱ✶yn̄t adj. “large”
adv. “together (plural)”
yondō n. “son, boy”
ᴹ✶yondō n. “son”
conj. “both”
ᴹ✶yu conj.
yuldā n. “what is drunk, a draught”
yulmā n. “drinking-vessel”
yulmē n. “drinking, carousal”
yūnekē num. card. “twelve, 2 sixes”
yuyuñal n. “twilight”