Neo-Sindarin Neologisms

Words in this section are neologisms (fan-invented words) for Neo-Sindarin. These words are listed here to make it easier to evaluate these words independently of words created by Tolkien. Many of these “neologisms” are actually Tolkien-invented words (or adaptations of such words) that have been updated to be more consistent with the later forms of his languages. The language of the original form is in brackets, for example: ᴺS. [N.] laug “warm” is an adaptation of Noldorin lhaug to be consistent with the phonology of Sindarin. Words adapted from the earliest versions of the language (Early Noldorin [ᴱN.] or Gnomish [G.] from 1910-1930) are also treated as neologisms to more accurately reflect their degree of acceptance among authors of Neo-Sindarin.

There can be considerable disagreement among fans of about the “right” way to add words into Tolkien’s languages. However, some of these neologisms have gone through some kind of community vetting process and are more generally accepted. Where available, the creator of each word as well as the process used to vet the word (if any) is listed next to the neologism. Unmarked “neologisms” are simply early words from before 1930 adopted without any changes beyond simple orthographic updates. Those marked with a “^” are early words that have gone through some minor changes from early forms to better fit the linguistic structures of Tolkien’s later languages. Those marked with a “!” are pure inventions, though they are generally based in some way on Tolkien’s linguistic elements.



Version 0.6.6

ᴺS. [G.] agrech n. “contempt”crech
ᴺS. [G.] ^agreithannen adj. “despised” ⇐ ^agreitha- « G. agrecthion
ᴺS. [G.] ^agreitharol adj. “despicable, contemptible” ⇐ ^agreitha- « G. agrectharol
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ammos n. “*breast, chest; ⚠️breastplate”
ᴺS. [G.] amosgarn n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”ammos + S. caran
ᴺS. [OS.] ^amphal n. “(death) agony” < OS. amphala «
ᴺS. !anglennol adj. “approaching, coming” ⇐ S. #anglenna-
ᴺS. !annas n. “length” ⇐ S. and
ᴺS. !budhulug n. “dragonfly” ⇐ S. budhu + S. lhûg
ᴺS. [G.] ^caeth n. “cause, reason, motive” < ᴺ√KAH « G. caith
ᴺS. [G.] ^caetha- v. “to make to do or be, cause, compel, induce, bring about” < ᴺ√KAH « G. caitha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^caethas n. “causation” ⇐ ^caeth « G. caithos
ᴺS. [G.] ^caetheb n. “original” ⇐ ^caeth « G. caithonwed
ᴺS. [G.] cang adj. and n. “tangled, confused, mixed up, awry; tangle, confusion, mêllay” < ᴺ√KANGA
ᴺS. [G.] canga- v. “to tangle, *to go wrong” < ᴺ√KANGA
ᴺS. !carnen adj. “done, finished” ⇐ S. car- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. !carthas n. “activity” ⇐ S. #carth
ᴺS. [G.] ^cauda- v. “to get flavour of, perceive, notice; ⚠️to taste (of the taster or person)” < √KYAW « G. cautha-¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^caudol adj. “tasteful, endowed with good taste; discreet, circumspect” ⇐ ^cauda- « G. cauthiol
ᴺS. !caust n. “savour, flavour” < √KYAW
ᴺS. [G.] ^caweth n. “sense of taste, taste, judgement” ⇐ S. caw- « G. cafwen
ᴺS. !cil- root. “to choose, select” < √KIL [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !cilu root. “choice, choosing, *selection” < √KIL
ᴺS. !códhon n. “idol” < ^ᴺ√KOD
ᴺS. !colui adj. “burdensome” ⇐ S. caul
ᴺS. [G.] corob n. “skull” < √KOR
ᴺS. [G.] ^cotha- v. “to startle” ⇐ ᴹ√KAP + ✶-tā « G. captha-
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] crantha- v. “to finish, complete, accomplish, achieve” < √KAR
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^cranthannen adj. “complete, perfect”crantha- (passive-participle) « ᴱN. cranthir
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] crech n. “spittle” < ᴺ√KEREK
ᴺS. [G.] crig n. “elbow”
ᴺS. [G.] ^crisg adj. “sharp [edged]” < √KIRIS « G. crisc
ᴺS. [G.] crista- v. “to slash, cut, slice” < √KIRIS
ᴺS. !cuida- v. “to waken, rouse” < ✶kuitā-
ᴺS. [G.] ^cuileb adj. “lively, ⚠️alive” ⇐ N. cuil « G. cuilog
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] cuilvorn n. “lifetime” ⇐ N. cuil + ᴹ√BOR(ON)
ᴺS. [G.] ^cuinas n. “vitality, liveliness” ⇐ N. cuin « G. cuibri
ᴺS. [G.] cuith n. “life, the vital principle; living body” < √KOY
ᴺS. [G.] ^cuithas n. “life (period of life); living, livelihood”cuith « G. cuithos
ᴺS. [G.] ^cui(w) adj. “awake, alert, ⚠️alive” < √KUY « G. cwim
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] cûr n. “cheese” < ᴺ√KYUR
ᴺS. [G.] curth n. “curd” < ᴺ√KYUR
ᴺS. [G.] ^curuwen n. “witch” ⇐ S. curu + ᴺQ. curuni « G. curus
ᴺS. [G.] ^dúvad n. “supper, dinner” ⇐ S. + mâd « G. dultha
ᴺS. !echuinu- v. “to awake, wake up” < ✶etkuinu-
ᴺS. !echuiru- v. “to come to life” < ✶etkoiru-
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] eithla- v. “to spring, well forth” < √KEL
ᴺS. [G.] ^galen adj. “grown (esp. of plants)” < √GAL² « G. calon
ᴺS. !glasta- n. “to joke” < ✶glada- [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !glaudh n. “joke, jest” < ✶glada-
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] glidheb adj. “like honey” ⇐ N. glî
ᴺS. [G.] gling n. “music” < √LIN²
ᴺS. [G.] ^glingren adj. “musical”gling « G. glingrin
ᴺS. [G.] glist n. “sugar” < √LIS
ᴺS. !glodhren adj. “jocular” ⇐ !glaudh
ᴺS. !gobem n. “mouth” ⇐ !pemp
ᴺS. !heledhren adj. “glassy, like glass, of glass” ⇐ S. heledh
ᴺS. [G.] huil n. “bitch, *female dog” < √KHUG
ᴺS. !iaetha- v. “to deride, mock, make fun of, laugh at” < ᴹ√YAY
ᴺS. !lad- v. “to stretch, extend (in length)” < √LAT¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^laeda- v. “to refresh, revive” < √LAY « G. lauthra-
ᴺS. [G.] ^laegas n. “verdure, greenness” ⇐ S. †laeg « G. laigos
ᴺS. [G.] ^laeth adj. “lost” < ^ᴺ√LAYATH « G. #laith²
ᴺS. [G.] ^laetha- v. “to let slip, lose, mislay, forget; (intr.) to be lost” < ^ᴺ√LAYATH « G. laith(r)a-
ᴺS. !laeweth n. “freshness” ⇐ S. laew
ᴺS. !lall n. “laugh” < √LAL
ᴺS. !lallen adj. “funny, amusing” ⇐ !lall
ᴺS. !laltha- n. “to amuse, make laugh” < √LAL [created by Elaran]
ᴺS. [G.] laph n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe” < √LAP
ᴺS. [S.] laudh n. “gluttonous eating, [N.] licking up (food or drink)” < ✶labdē
ᴺS. [G.] lavra- v. “to lap (of animals), suck up” < √LAB
ᴺS. [G.] leb- v. “to pick, pluck, take or feel or touch with fingers, cull” < √LEP
ᴺS. !leberen adj. “fingered, of fingers” ⇐ S. leber
ᴺS. [G.] ^lempha- v. “to beckon, crook the finger” < √LEP « G. lempa-
ᴺS. !levia- v. “to sound, make a noise” < √LAM
ᴺS. !lhinnas n. “slenderness, thinness” ⇐ ^lhind
ᴺS. [G.] ^lilt n. “dance” < ᴹ√LILT « G. lalt
ᴺS. [G.] ^liltha- v. “to dance” < ᴹ√LILT « G. laltha-
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] limig n. “[small] drop, ⚠️drop of water” < ᴹ√LIB¹
ᴺS. !limmeg n. “young of fish, small fry” ⇐ ^lim
ᴺS. !linnor n. “singer” ⇐ S. lind¹ [created by Elaran]
ᴺS. [G.] list n. “grace, favour, kindness” < √LIS
ᴺS. [G.] ^liv- v. “to drip” < ᴹ√LIB¹ « G. lib-
ᴺS. [G.] lob- v. “to gallop, *lope, ⚠️[G.] run” < ᴹ√LOP
ᴺS. [G.] lobrob n. “gallop; sound of horse’s feet” < ᴹ√LOP
ᴺS. !loera- v. “to stoop, bow, cower; to submit” < √LOK
ᴺS. [G.] ^lúda- v. “to pass (of time); to come to pass, occur” < ᴹ√LU « G. lûtha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^lummor n. “[foul] weather” < √LUM « G. lumbri
ᴺS. !lúthad n. “enchantments, sorcery” ⇐ ^lútha-
ᴺS. !madhren adj. “muddy” ⇐ S. madha
ᴺS. !mair adj. “precious” < ON. mirya
ᴺS. [G.] mang n. “butter” < ^ᴺ√MANGA
ᴺS. [N.] mann n. “food” < ✶matnā
ᴺS. !media- v. “to feed” < ✶matyā-
ᴺS. !meiras n. “value, preciousness” ⇐ !mair
ᴺS. [G.] ^melethel n. “darling, sweetheart” ⇐ N. meleth « G. melethli
ᴺS. !mivan adv. “where” ⇐ S. mi + S. man [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. [G.] muig adj. “soft, gentle” < ᴹ√MOY
ᴺS. [G.] muis n. “softness, tenderness, gentleness” < ᴹ√MOY
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^naegos n. “anguish” ⇐ N. naeg « ᴱN. naigros
ᴺS. [G.] nur- v. “to growl, grumble” < *ᴺ√NUR
ᴺS. [G.] nurn n. “complaint, plaint, ⚠️lament” < *ᴺ√NUR
ᴺS. [G.] nurna- v. “to complain of, ⚠️bewail, lament” < *ᴺ√NUR
ᴺS. [G.] nus- v. “to take notice, perceive” < ᴹ√NUS
ᴺS. [G.] ^odlad n. “week” « G. ochlad
ᴺS. [G.] ^orchen n. “dandelion, (lit.) day-eye” « G. glonthen
ᴺS. [G.] ^paetha- v. “to utter, speak, talk” < √PAKAT « G. pactha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^paethad n. “oratory” ⇐ ^paetha- « G. paithwen
ᴺS. [G.] ^paethron n. “orator” < √PAKAT « G. paithron
ᴺS. !path- v. “to smooth” < √PATH
ᴺS. [G.] ^pavra- v. “to ail, *be ill” < ᴹ√KWAM « G. cwancha-
ᴺS. !pemp n. “lip” < √PEÑ
ᴺS. [G.] ^pengas n. “archery” ⇐ N. peng « G. cwinglios
ᴺS. [G.] ^pengron n. “archer” ⇐ N. peng « G. cwingron
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] pess¹ n. “saying, [G.] proverb” < √KWE
ᴺS. !pildor n. “bat (animal)” < ^ᴺ√KWILID
ᴺS. !rontha- adj. “to polish, burnish” < √RUN²
ᴺS. !rothron n. “polisher” ⇐ !rontha-
ᴺS. !rûn adj. “polished, burnished, smoothed by polishing” < √RUN²
ᴺS. !sab- v. “to dig, bite into” < ᴺ√SAP
ᴺS. !saerlif n. “urine” ⇐ N. saer + ^liv-
ᴺS. [G.] ^samp n. “spade, shovel” < ᴺ√SAP « G. sabli
ᴺS. !sídhui adj. “peaceful, full of peace” ⇐ N. sîdh
ᴺS. [G.] suithlas n. “tea, *(lit.) leaf-drink” ⇐ ^suith + S. lass
ᴺS. !theriol adj. “flourishing” ⇐ S. theria- (active-participle)
ᴺS. [G.] ^tobla- v. “to hide” < √TUP « G. tubla-
ᴺS. !toled n. “coming, arrival” ⇐ S. #tol-
ᴺS. !tomp adj. “humped, bulging” < ᴹ√TUMPU
ᴺS. !tuilu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)” < ✶tuilu-
ᴺS. !tŷg n. “thigh” < ᴹ√TIW

Version 0.6.5

ᴺS. !abor n. “tomorrow, (lit.) after-day” ⇐ S. #ab + S. aur [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^adab- v. “to build, establish” < √TAK « ᴱN. adag-
ᴺS. [N.] ^adlanna- v. “to slope, slant” « N. atlanna- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^adlant adj. “oblique, slanted” « N. atlant [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^adlod adj. “sloping, tilted” « N. aclod
ᴺS. [G.] ^aebin n. “cherry (tree)” ⇐ √AYA(N) + pibin « G. aibin
ᴺS. !aeda- v. “to revere, worship” ⇐ √AYA(N) + ✶-tă
ᴺS. !aedaith n. “reverence, worship” ⇐ !aeda- + S. -th
ᴺS. [G.] ^aedh n. “nest” ⇐ S. aew « G. aidha
ᴺS. [N.] ^aegas n. “mountain peak” « N. oegas [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^aen n. “god” < √AYA(N) « G. ain¹
ᴺS. !Aeni n. “(female) angel” ⇐ √AYA(N)
ᴺS. !Aenu n. “(male) angel” ⇐ √AYA(N)
ᴺS. [G.] ^aevar n. “rookery, colony of birds” ⇐ S. aew + S. bar « G. aivor
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] aglann n. “ray of light” < √KAL
ᴺS. [G.] ^agol n. “flash” < ✶akla- « G. agla
ᴺS. [G.] ^agreitha- v. “to despise, contemn”agrech « G. agrectha-
ᴺS. !aif adj. “same, identical” < *ᴺ√IM [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. [N.] ^aith n. “spear-point, [ᴱN.] spear, ⚠️thorn” « N. eith
ᴺS. !alvar n. “(good) luck, fortune” < √AL(A)
ᴺS. !amarthannen adj. “decreed, destined, ordained” ⇐ S. amartha-
ᴺS. !ammatha- v. “to maul” ⇐ N. matha-
ᴺS. [N.] ^andrann n. “cycle, age, (lit.) long cycle” « N. anrand [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !andrethui adj. “patient, long suffering” ⇐ S. andreth + S. -ui
ᴺS. !anoren adj. “sunny” ⇐ S. Anor + S. #-en¹
ᴺS. [N.] ^anu n. and adj. “male (person or animal)” « N. anw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !apha- v. “to touch” < √PĀ/APA
ᴺS. !aphadol adj. “following” ⇐ S. aphad- (active-participle)
ᴺS. [N.] ^apharch adj. “arid, very dry” « N. afarch [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !aphas n. “(sence of) touch” ⇐ !apha-
ᴺS. !archadhu n. “throne” ⇐ S. ar(a)- + !hadhu
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] asg n. “bone; ⚠️[G.] stone of fruit” < *ᴺ✶askō
ᴺS. !asgúlef adj. “equal, equivalent” < !ᴺ✶askōlimā
ᴺS. [S.] ast n. “light or heat of the sun, *warmth” < √AS¹
ᴺS. !avaetha- v. “to ravish, seize (forcibly)” < √MAP
ᴺS. !avnedhor n. “afternoon” ⇐ S. #ab + !nedhor
ᴺS. !balaen adj. “divine” < √BAL
ᴺS. !baltha- v. “to excite, rouse, stir up, agitate” < √GWAL
ᴺS. !balthannen n. “excited, agitated” ⇐ !baltha-
ᴺS. !balthol v. “exciting; excitable” ⇐ !baltha-
ᴺS. !balu n. “excitement, emotion” < √GWAL
ᴺS. !banath n. “beauty” ⇐ S. bain [created by Lokyt]
ᴺS. !barthorn n. “eagle’s nest, eyrie” ⇐ S. bar + S. thoron
ᴺS. [G.] ^beleitha- v. “to extol, magnify” < √MBELEK « G. belectha-
ᴺS. !bened n. “chin” < ^ᴺ√BENET
ᴺS. !best n. “marriage, matrimony, wedlock, ⚠️wedding” < ᴺ√BES [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !besta- v. “to wed, marry” < ᴺ√BES [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !bestad n. “wedding, (lit.) marrying” ⇐ !besta- (gerund) [created by VQP]
ᴺS. !besten adj. “wedded, married” ⇐ !best
ᴺS. [G.] ^bethren n. “brother in law, kinsman by marriage” ⇐ ᴹ√BES + ^renn « G. bedhren
ᴺS. [G.] ^bethres n. “sister in law, *kinswoman by marriage” ⇐ ᴹ√BES + ress « G. bedhres
ᴺS. !bethron n. “spouse” < ᴺ√BES
ᴺS. !bída- v. “to compare, liken” < ✶ [created by Fayanzār]
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] blê n. and adj. “fat of meat; *fatty, oily, greasy” < ^ᴺ√MILIG
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] blîw n. “oil” < ^ᴺ√MILIG
ᴺS. [N.] ^boe [mb-] v. “I must” « N. bui [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] #^bond [mb-] adj. “snouted” « N. #bonn
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] brond adj. “firm, [G.] steadfast, *faithful, constant” < ᴹ√BOR(ON)
ᴺS. !bronnas adj. “steadfastness, constancy”brond
ᴺS. [N.] ^bund [mb-] n. “snout, nose, cape” « N. bunn
ᴺS. [N.] ^bŷr n. “follower, vassal” « N. beor [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^cadu adj. “shaped, formed” « N. cadw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^cae n. “earth” « N. coe [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^calph n. “water-vessel, [G.] bucket” « N. calf [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^camlann n. “palm of hand” « N. camland [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^cand adj. “bold” « N. cann [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !canthil n. “square” ⇐ S. canad + S. till
ᴺS. [N.] ^cefn adj. “of earth, earthen” « N. cevn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^celair adj. “brilliant, *shining” « N. celeir [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !celia- v. “to illuminate, light up; to illustrate” < √KAL
ᴺS. !celias n. “(artificial) light, illumination” ⇐ !celia-
ᴺS. [Ilk.] ?celon n. “river”
ᴺS. [N.] ^celu n. “spring, source; ⚠️[G.] rill, stream, runlet” < √KEL « N. celw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^círbann n. “haven” « N. cirban [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !colphae n. “depression, grief, (lit.) spirit-burden” ⇐ S. caul + S. fae
ᴺS. !coltha- v. “to bear up; to weigh, balance it on scales; to be worth, value or be equivalent to; ⚠️to endure” < √KOL
ᴺS. !côm adj. and n. “*bellied, belly” < ᴹ√KUM
ᴺS. !cordh n. “sour, curdled” < ᴺ√KYUR
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^cortha- n. “to turn sour, curdle, congeal” < ᴺ√KYUR « ᴱN. cirtha-
ᴺS. [N.] ^coru adj. “cunning, wily” « N. corw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^covn n. “empty, void” « N. caun²
ᴺS. !cumdug adj. “fat-bellied” ⇐ !côm + N. tûg
ᴺS. !cumdugui adj. “corpulent, (lit.) having a fat belly” ⇐ !cumdug
ᴺS. [N.] ^†cund n. “prince” < ✶kundō « N. †cunn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^cúron n. “crescent moon” ⇐ S. + S. #Raun « N. cúran [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !cûth n. “deception, lie” < √KUB [created by Elaran]
ᴺS. !cútha- v. “to deceive, lie” < √KUB [created by Paul Strack]
ᴺS. !dadhra- v. “to face, oppose, stand in way; to resist, thwart” ⇐ S. dan
ᴺS. !dadhren adj. “opposing, facing, opposite” ⇐ S. dan
ᴺS. [N.] ^daer [nd-] n. “bridegroom” « N. doer [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^dagras [nd-] n. “slaughter” ⇐ S. dagor + S. #-as « ᴱN. dagros
ᴺS. !danbed- v. “to answer” ⇐ S. dan + S. ped-
ᴺS. !dannad n. “falling” ⇐ S. danna- (gerund)
ᴺS. !delch [nd-] adj. “dense” < !ᴺ√NDEL
ᴺS. [N.] ^delu adj. “hateful, deadly, fell” « N. delw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [Ilk.] dem adj. “sad, gloomy” < ᴹ✶dimbā [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [Ilk.] dim n. “gloom, sadness” < ᴹ✶dimbē
ᴺS. [G.] dod n. “berry” < ^ᴺ√DOT
ᴺS. [G.] dod- v. “to drop, ⚠️fall down” < ^ᴺ√DOT
ᴺS. [S.] dom adj. “blind” < √DOM
ᴺS. [N.] ^dovn adj. “gloomy” « N. dofn
ᴺS. [N.] ^dravn n. “hewn log” « N. drafn
ᴺS. [N.] ^duvu- v. “to lie heavy” « N. #dufu-
ᴺS. [N.] ^edinor n. “anniversery day” ⇐ S. #ad- + S. #în¹ + S. aur « N. edinar [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^edledhia- v. “to go into exile” ⇐ S. edlenn « N. egledhia- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^edledhron n. “exile” ⇐ S. edlenn « N. egledhron [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^edrain n. “*(outer) border” ⇐ S. ed¹ + ^rain¹ « N. edrein [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^edreinui n. “bordering” ⇐ ^edrain + S. -ui « N. edraenui
ᴺS. [G.] ^egol n. “needle” < √EK « G. egli(n)
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] eitheb adj. “thorny, *(orig.) full of points; ⚠️sharp” ⇐ ^aith + S. -eb
ᴺS. [G.] ^eithos n. “thorn bush” « G. aithos
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^eithron n. “*spearman, ⚠️[ᴱN.] warrior” ⇐ ^aith + S. #-(r)on « ᴱN. †aithr¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^elch adv. and n. “else, something else” < ^ᴺ√ELEK « G. elc
ᴺS. [G.] eleg adj. “other, else” < ^ᴺ√ELEK
ᴺS. [G.] ^elegren adj. “different, strange”eleg « G. elegrin
ᴺS. !eliad n. “blessing” ⇐ S. elia-
ᴺS. !elias n. “blessedness” ⇐ S. elia-
ᴺS. [N.] ^elu adj. “(pale) blue” « N. elw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^elva- v. “to marvel at, admire” < ^ᴺ√ELEM « G. elma-
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] elvain adj. “wondrous, marvelous, wonderful; ⚠️wonder(ful thing), marvel” < ^ᴺ√ELEM
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] elven n. “wonder, wonderment” < ^ᴺ√ELEM
ᴺS. [S.] ^enaidh adj. “central, middle” < √ENED « S. enaid
ᴺS. [G.] ^enas n. “title” ⇐ S. #en- « G. enos
ᴺS. [G.] enwiol adj. “nominal” < ᴺ√EN
ᴺS. [G.] ereth n. “solitude, oneness, loneliness” < √ER
ᴺS. !erlu adv. “once, one time” ⇐ S. er + ^
ᴺS. !esgia- v. “to smoke (intr.)” < √USUK
ᴺS. !estannen adj. “named, called” ⇐ S. #esta- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. [S.] ^ethia- v. “to ease, assist” « S. eitha-² [created by Hialmr]
ᴺS. [N.] ^faeg adj. “mean, poor, bad” « N. foeg [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !faelas n. “fairness, equity” ⇐ S. fael²
ᴺS. [N.] ^fair adj. “right (hand)” « N. feir² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] falchon n. “great two-handed sword, twibill” < ^ᴺ√PHALAK
ᴺS. !fartha- v. “to sate, satisfy” < ᴹ√PHAR
ᴺS. !farthannen v. “sated, satisfied” ⇐ !fartha- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. !farthas n. “satiety, satisfaction” ⇐ !fartha-
ᴺS. !fastui n. “hairy, hirsute” ⇐ N. fast
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] faus(t) n. “thirst”
ᴺS. !faw- v. “to puff, blow, pant” < √PHAW
ᴺS. !fawas n. “bladder, (orig.) inflated thing” < ᴺS. !faw-
ᴺS. [N.] ^fervain adj. “northern” « N. fervein
ᴺS. [G.] ^fidhras n. “collective hair, *all hair on the body” < √SPIN(ID) « G. fidhra
ᴺS. [G.] ^fidhren adj. “having hair, -haired” ⇐ S. find « G. #fidhrin
ᴺS. [G.] finc n. “trick” < √PHIN¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^finna- v. “to trick, deceive, cheat, take in” < √PHIN¹ « G. fintha-
ᴺS. [G.] fôph n. “fool” < ᴺ√PHOPH
ᴺS. !fophas n. “folly”fôph
ᴺS. !fophren adj. “foolish”fôph
ᴺS. [G.] gach n. “cow” < ^ᴺ√GYAK
ᴺS. [N.] ^gaer adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy” « N. goer [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^gaeruil n. “seaweed” « N. oeruil [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^gaew adj. “pregnant” < ᴺ√GIW « G. gaiw
ᴺS. !galenathrod n. “pipe” ⇐ S. galenas + √ROT
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^galf n. “back (from shoulder to shoulder), [G.] shoulders” < √GAL² « ᴱN. alm
ᴺS. !galleg n. “sprig, sapling” ⇐ S. galadh + S. -eg¹
ᴺS. [N.] ^galu n. “increase, growth; ⚠️good fortune, blessedness, blessings” « N. galw [created by HSD, Paul Strack]
ᴺS. [G.] ^ganna- v. “to gain, profit, increase; to be profitable, bring in revenue” < ^ᴺ√GYANTA « G. gam(m)a-
ᴺS. [G.] ^gannan adj. “waxen, grown big, grown up, adult, [originally?] large” < ^ᴺ√GYANTA « G. ganthan
ᴺS. [G.] gant adv. “larger, greater, more, (lit.) increased” < ^ᴺ√GYANTA
ᴺS. [N.] gartha- v. “to defend, ⚠️keep” < ᴹ√GARAT
ᴺS. [G.] gil- [ñg-] v. “to gleam, shine pale and silver (as of the moon [or stars])” < √(Ñ)GIL
ᴺS. [G.] ^glaen adj. “serene, clear, fair (espec. of weather)” < ᴹ√GALAN « G. glaim
ᴺS. !glaenas n. “serenity, fair weather” ⇐ ^glaen
ᴺS. [G.] ^glanna- v. “to cleanse, purify, purge” < ᴹ√GALAN « G. glantha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^glannaith n. “cleanliness, purity” ⇐ ^glanna- « G. glanweth
ᴺS. !glannas n. “purification” ⇐ ^glanna-
ᴺS. [G.] ^glannen adj. “cleanly, pure” ⇐ ^glanna- « G. glanthin
ᴺS. !glassui adj. “joyful, happy” ⇐ N. glass
ᴺS. [G.] glast n. “marble” < ^ᴺ✶galast-
ᴺS. [G.] ^glathren adj. “marble”glast « G. glastrin
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^glavradeb adj. “full of the din of voices” ⇐ N. glavra- « ᴱN. glabroseb
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^glavradol adj. “chattering, talkative” ⇐ N. glavra- « ᴱN. glabadol
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^glavradon adj. “vain talker, *chatterbox” ⇐ N. glavra- « ᴱN. glebe(i)dion
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^glavras n. “babble, chatter, babel, din of voices” ⇐ N. glavra- « ᴱN. glabros
ᴺS. !gleinannen adj. “bounded, enclosed, limited” ⇐ S. gleina- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. !glinthad n. “look, glance, flash of the eye” ⇐ S. glintha- (gerund)
ᴺS. [N.] ^godref adv. “abreast; *together-through” « N. godrebh [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^†golu [ñg-] n. “lore” « N. †golw
ᴺS. [G.] gomod n. “companionship, living together; community, fellowship, *(orig.) eating-together” < ᴺ✶wāmāt
ᴺS. !gonneb adj. “rocky” ⇐ S. gond
ᴺS. [G.] ^gonnos n. “great rock” ⇐ S. gond « G. gonthos
ᴺS. [G.] ^gonnoth n. “pillar, stele, memorial” ⇐ S. gond « G. gontha¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^goredhen adj. “sib, akin, [closely] related” ⇐ ^redhen « G. goredhin
ᴺS. [S.] ^govad- v. “to meet” « S. govan-
ᴺS. !govai adj. and adv. “alike” ⇐ S. #be [created by Paul Strack]
ᴺS. [G.] gratha- v. “to rub, scratch, fray”
ᴺS. [N.] ^graw adj. “dark, swart” « N. grau
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^gwael n. “sheath, case, cover; pod” < ᴹ√WAY « ᴱN. bail
ᴺS. !gwaelphilin n. “quiver, (lit.) case of arrows” ⇐ ^gwael + ^pilin
ᴺS. [S.] gwaeren adj. “windy” ⇐ S. gwae(w) + S. #-ren
ᴺS. [G.] gwalir n. “rhyme, rime (the two actual rhyming words), rhyming poem” ⇐ S. go- + N. glîr
ᴺS. [N.] ^gwanu n. “death (act of dying)” « N. gwanw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwaren n. “(nuclear) family” ⇐ S. go- + ᴺ√^RE(N)D « G. gwarin(n)
ᴺS. !gwedhen adj. “oath-bound, allied” ⇐ N. gwedh
ᴺS. !gwedhren adj. “maidenly, girlish” ⇐ S. gwend
ᴺS. !gwedhron n. “ally, one bound by oath” ⇐ N. gwedh
ᴺS. [G.] gwef n. “louse” < ^ᴺ√WEB
ᴺS. [G.] gwel- v. “to boil, bubble (intr.)” < ᴺ√(G)WEL
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwelch n. “bubble” < ᴺ√(G)WEL « G. gwelc
ᴺS. [G.] gweleb adj. “cool, fresh (esp. of water)” < ᴺ√(G)WEL
ᴺS. [G.] ^gweleth n. “boil, bubble”gwel- « G. gwelaith
ᴺS. [G.] gweltha- v. “to squeeze, press” < ᴺ√(G)WEL
ᴺS. [N.] ^gwelu n. “air (as a substance)” « N. gwelw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwemmel n. “weevil” < ^ᴺ√WEB « G. gwembel
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwennod n. “elder tree; elderberry, *(lit.) maiden berry” ⇐ S. gwend + dod « G. gwindod
ᴺS. !gwidhren adj. “adolescent” ⇐ S. gwîn
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwiltha- v. “to air, expose to air” < ᴹ√WIL « G. gwailtha-
ᴺS. !gwimmam n. “whale, (lit.) sheep of the waves” ⇐ S. gwing + !bam
ᴺS. [G.] gwingil n. “mermaid, (lit.) foam maiden” ⇐ S. gwing
ᴺS. !gwinui adj. “youthful” ⇐ S. gwîn
ᴺS. [G.] ^gwir- v. “to weave” < √WIR « G. gwer-
ᴺS. [G.] gwiril n. “spindle” < √WIR
ᴺS. !gwirphin n. “braid, pigtail, (lit.) woven-tress” ⇐ ^gwir- + S. find
ᴺS. !gwirthar n. “shuttle, (lit.) weave-across” ⇐ ^gwir- + S. thar
ᴺS. !gwist n. “change” < √WIS
ᴺS. !gwista- v. “to change, alter” < √WIS
ᴺS. !gýda- v. “to impregnate” < ᴺ√GIW
ᴺS. [G.] ^gŷl adj. “fecund; conceiving, having conceived, just pregnant” < ᴺ√GIW « G. giol
ᴺS. [G.] ^gŷth n. “germ, foetus, embryon” < ᴺ√GIW « G. gioth
ᴺS. [G.] ^gythra- v. “to germinate, be conceived” ⇐ ^gŷth « G. giothra-
ᴺS. [G.] ^gythren adj. “embryonic” ⇐ ^gŷth « G. giothrin
ᴺS. [G.] ^hach n. “the hams, buttocks” < ^ᴺ√KHAK « G. hacha
ᴺS. [G.] hadang n. “javelin, (lit.) hurling iron” ⇐ N. had- + S. ang
ᴺS. [N.] hadh- v. “to sit” < √KHAD
ᴺS. !hadhu n. “chair, seat” < ✶khadmā
ᴺS. [N.] ^hadlath n. “sling” « N. haglath
ᴺS. [N.] ^hair n. and adj. “left (hand)” « N. heir [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^hand adj. “intelligent” « N. hann
ᴺS. !hannen adj. “seated”hadh- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. [G.] hant n. “throw, cast; turn or move in games” < ᴹ√KHAT
ᴺS. [N.] ^haru n. “wound” « N. harw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] haug adj. “low” < ᴹ√KHAW
ᴺS. [G.] haw- v. “to lie” < ᴹ√KHAW
ᴺS. [G.] hel- v. “to freeze” < √KHEL
ᴺS. !helen adj. “frozen” < √KHEL
ᴺS. [G.] hemp n. “cord; ⚠️band, bond” < √KHAP
ᴺS. [G.] hent n. “eyesight, *(sense of) sight” < √KHEN
ᴺS. [G.] ^hesg adj. “withered, ⚠️dead; chilled, chill” < ^ᴺ√KHES « G. hesc
ᴺS. [N.] ^hethu adj. “foggy, obscure, vague” « N. hethw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^hilu coll. “posterity; one’s descendents, progeny, offspring” < √KHIL « G. hilm
ᴺS. [G.] ^hilvias n. “inheritance, heritage” ⇐ ^hilu « G. hilming
ᴺS. [N.] ^hithu n. “fog” < √KHITH « N. hithw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !hivia- v. “to stick to, adhere, cleave to, abide by” < ᴹ√KHIM
ᴺS. [G.] ^hoda- v. “to lay, stretch out, lay flat on ground; *to lay to rest, bury (person)” « G. hautha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^hogren adj. “lowly, humble, mean”haug « G. haugrin
ᴺS. [G.] hosta- v. “to gather, collect” < √KHOT¹
ᴺS. [G.] hothron n. “captain” ⇐ S. hoth
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwand n. “sponge, fungus” « N. chwann
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwest n. “puff, breath, breeze” « N. chwest [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwîn n. “giddyness, faintness” « N. chwîn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwind n. “eddy” « N. chwinn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwinia- v. “to twirl, whirl, eddy” « N. chwinia- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^hwiniol adj. “whirling, giddy, mad, fantastic” « N. chwiniol [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^iana- v. “to join, connect, unite” < √YAN² « G. gada-
ᴺS. [S.] îd adv. “extremely, very” < √IT²
ᴺS. [N.] ^idhor adj. “thoughtfulness” < ^ᴺ✶inrē « N. idher [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^idhrinn n. “year, (lit.) *year-circle” « N. idhrin [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !idith n. “itch” < ^ᴺ√ITITH
ᴺS. !idithen adj. “itching” < ^ᴺ√ITITH
ᴺS. !idithia- v. “to itch, irritate” < ^ᴺ√ITITH
ᴺS. !imeneth n. “namesake, (lit.) same name” ⇐ S. im¹ + S. eneth
ᴺS. [N.] ^inu adj. “female” < √NĪ/INI « N. inw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !inwas n. “feminity, womanhood” ⇐ ^inu
ᴺS. !inwasui adj. “feminine” ⇐ !inwas
ᴺS. [N.] ^lae n. “great number” « N. lhae [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^laeg adj. “keen, sharp, acute” « N. lhaeg [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^laew adj. “frequent, many” « N. lhaew [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lagor adj. “swift, rapid” « N. lhagr [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lain adj. “free(d)” < √LEK « N. lhain [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !lanad n. “weft, woof” < ᴹ√LAN
ᴺS. [N.] ^lang n. “cutlass, sword” « N. lhang [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lant n. “clearing in the forest” « N. lhant [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !lanu n. “loom” < ᴹ√LAN
ᴺS. !larf n. “fat, (fat) flesh” < ᴹ√LAR
ᴺS. [N.] lasbelin n. “leaf-fall, autumn” [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !last n. “(sense of) hearing” < √LAS²
ᴺS. !lastad n. “listening, hearkening, attention” ⇐ S. lasta- (gerund)
ᴺS. !lastadui adj. “audible” ⇐ S. lasta- [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lath n. “thong of (?leather)” « N. lhath [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lathr(ad)a- v. “to listen in, eavesdrop” < √LAS² « N. lhathr(ad)a- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lathron n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper” < √LAS² « N. lhathron [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^laug adj. “warm” « N. lhaug [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^laus n. “hair” « N. lhaws
ᴺS. [N.] ^lav- v. “to lick” « N. #lhav- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !leidhron n. “liberator, savior” ⇐ ^lain
ᴺS. !leinas n. “freedom, liberty” ⇐ ^lain
ᴺS. [N.] ^lend adj. “tuneful, sweet” « N. lhend [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lethril n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper (f.)” « N. lhethril [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !lhae- v. “to hear” < √SLAS [created by Shihali]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhaew adj. “sick, sickly, ill” « N. flaew [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhain adj. “lean, thin, meagre” « N. thlein [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhê n. “fine thread, spider filament” « N. thlê [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhind adj. “fine, slender” « N. thlinn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhing n. “spider’s web, cobweb; ⚠️spider” « N. thling [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhingril n. “spider” « N. thlingril [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhîw n. “sickness, disease” « N. fliw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !lhoereb adj. “venomous, poisonous” ⇐ S. lhoer
ᴺS. [N.] ^lhoss n. “whispering or rustling sound” < ᴹ√SLUS « N. floss [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !lhossa- v. “to whisper” < ᴹ√SLUS
ᴺS. [N.] ^lim n. “fish” « N. lhim [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^limlug n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent” « N. lhimlug [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^limmid- v. “to moisten” « N. lhimmid- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^limp adj. “wet” « N. lhimp [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^loch n. “ringlet” « N. lhoch [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^loda- v. “to float” « N. lhoda- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^loeth n. “twist, tendril, spiral, coil” < √LOK « G. loctha
ᴺS. [G.] ^loetha- v. “to curl, bend, wind, twine, ⚠️tie knot, tangle” < √LOK « G. loctha-
ᴺS. !log- v. “to haul, drag, pull, draw” < √LUK
ᴺS. !loged n. “draught, draft, drawing (of fishes etc.)” ⇐ !log- (gerund)
ᴺS. [G.] ^logren adj. “curled, curly, *bending, looping” ⇐ ^lûg « G. logrin
ᴺS. [G.] ^logrifidhren adj. “curly haired” ⇐ ^logren + ^fidhren « G. logrifidhrin
ᴺS. !logui adj. “meandering, twisting, winding, intracite, (lit.) full of bends” ⇐ ^lûg
ᴺS. [N.] ^lom adj. “weary” « N. lhom [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] lonc n. “curl” < √LOK
ᴺS. [G.] ^lor- v. “to sleep” < √(O)LOR « G. lur-¹
ᴺS. [N.] ^lorn adj. “asleep” « N. lhorn² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] lortha- v. “to put to sleep, send to sleep” < √(O)LOR
ᴺS. [N.] ^ n. “time, occasion” < ᴹ√LU « N. lhû [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^lûg n. “bend, loop, wind, twist; guile, deceit” < √LOK « G. lûgi
ᴺS. [N.] ^lum n. “shade, *area with obscured light; [G.] [dark] cloud” « N. lhum [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lumren n. “shady, [G.] overcast” « N. lhumren [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lunt n. “boat” « N. lhunt [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lûr n. “sleep, slumber” < √(O)LOR « N. lhûr
ᴺS. !lurlos n. “poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep” ⇐ ^lûr + S. loth
ᴺS. [N.] ^lûth n. “spell, charm, [ᴱN.] magic” < ᴹ√LUK « N. lhûth [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^lútha- v. “to enchant” < ᴹ√LUK « N. lhûtha- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^mablantas n. “sycamore” ⇐ S. mâb + ^plant « G. mavlantos
ᴺS. [G.] mâd n. “meal” < √MAT
ᴺS. !madui adj. “edible” ⇐ S. mad- + S. -ui
ᴺS. [N.] ^mae² adj. “soft, pliant” « N. moe
ᴺS. [N.] ^maeas n. “dough” « N. moeas
ᴺS. !maedol adj. and n. “welcome” ⇐ S. mae + S. #tol- [created by Roman Rausch]
ᴺS. [N.] ^mael¹ n. “lust” « N. moel [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^mael² n. and adj. “stain; stained” « N. hmael [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !maeligeb adj. “wealthy, rich” ⇐ S. maelig + S. -eb
ᴺS. [N.] ^maelui adj. “lustful” « N. moelui [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^maith n. “goal, intention” < ᴺ√MEK « G. mectha
ᴺS. [N.] ^mâl n. “pollen, yellow powder” « N. hmâl
ᴺS. [N.] ^malu adj. “fallow, pale, ⚠️[ᴱN.] yellow” « N. hmalw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !mathad n. “handling, feeling, stroking, caressing; appraising, assay” ⇐ N. matha- (gerund)
ᴺS. [N.] ^maw n. “soil, stain” « N. hmaw
ᴺS. [G.] mechor n. “gore” < ^ᴺ√MEKH
ᴺS. [N.] ^medli n. “bear, (lit.) honey-eater” « N. megli [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^medlin adj. “*bear-like” « N. meglin [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^medlivorn n. “blackbear” « N. meglivorn
ᴺS. [G.] ^meitha- v. “to aim at; to intend, mean” < ᴺ√MEK « G. mectha-
ᴺS. [G.] ^meithas n. “meaning” < ᴺ√MEK « G. mecthos
ᴺS. [N.] ^meren adj. “festive, gay, joyous” « N. beren²
ᴺS. [G.] mib n. “(little) kiss, peck” < ᴺ√MIKW
ᴺS. !milu n. “greed” < √MIL(IK)
ᴺS. [N.] ^minai adj. “distinct, unique, single” < √MIN « N. minei [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !mírad n. “treasury, hoard” ⇐ S. mîr
ᴺS. [G.] ^miru n. “wine” « G. mîr
ᴺS. [G.] ^mirwelthen n. “vintage, (lit.) *wine pressing” ⇐ S. miruvor + gweltha- « G. mirwelthin
ᴺS. [G.] ^mýtha- v. “to kiss, bill” < ᴺ√MIKW « G. mictha-
ᴺS. [N.] ^naegra- v. “to pain” « N. negra- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !natha- v. “to entertain, (orig.) to make welcome” < √NATH
ᴺS. !nathas v. “entertainment” ⇐ !natha-
ᴺS. !nathla- v. “to welcome” < √NATH [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !nathol adj. “affable, kindly, welcoming” < √NATH
ᴺS. !nathren adj. “acceptable, agreeable, welcome” < √NATH
ᴺS. !nedhor n. “mid-day, noon” ⇐ N. nedh- + S. aur
ᴺS. [N.] ^nedhu n. “bolster, cushion” « N. nedhw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !nedhwad n. “middle-meal, lunch” ⇐ N. nedh- + mâd
ᴺS. [N.] ^nend adj. “watery” « N. nenn
ᴺS. !nepheg n. “mid-point, (lit.) mid-spot” ⇐ N. nedh- + N. peg
ᴺS. ! adv. “once, at one time” < ✶-nē
ᴺS. [G.] ^nigol n. “mouse, (lit.) small one” < √NIK « G. nig(la)
ᴺS. [G.] ^nigren adj. “stealthy, (orig.) mouse-like” ⇐ ^nigol « G. nigrin
ᴺS. !nimmas n. “whiteness” ⇐ S. nimp¹
ᴺS. [N.] ^nind adj. “slender” « N. ninn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !níphess n. “frost-patterns; snowflake, ice-flake, (lit.) chill feather” ⇐ !nîs + !pess²
ᴺS. !nîs n. “frost” < √NIK(W)
ᴺS. [G.] ^nui prep. and adv. “before (of time); [G.] afterwards, again, later” < *ᴺ√NO « G. nui
ᴺS. !nuir n. “yesterday” ⇐ ^nui
ᴺS. [N.] ^nŷw n. “noose, snare” « N. hnuif [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^och n. “knee” < !ᴺ✶okkā « G. octha
ᴺS. !olost adj. “drowsy, dreamy, lazy” < √OLOS
ᴺS. [G.] ^orth adj. “upper” < √RŌ/ORO « G. ortha
ᴺS. !othas n. “warfare” ⇐ N. auth
ᴺS. !othestannen adj. “infamous, of evil name, (lit.) ill-named” ⇐ S. oth- + !estannen
ᴺS. !othidh n. “armistice” ⇐ N. auth + S. îdh
ᴺS. [N.] ^othlonn n. “paved way” « N. othlon [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^othrad n. “street” « N. ostrad [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !othrim n. “army” ⇐ N. auth + S. -rim
ᴺS. !othrol n. “warlike” ⇐ N. auth
ᴺS. !othwen n. “amazon” ⇐ N. auth + S. -wen
ᴺS. [N.] ^paich n. “juice, syrup, *sap” « N. peich [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^palt n. “wide flat leaf; page of book; ⚠️blade (of swords, knives, oars, etc.)” < √PAL « G. paltha
ᴺS. [N.] ^pand n. “courtyard” « N. pann² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^pathu n. “level space, sward” « N. pathw [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^penninor n. “full year (last day of year), *new year’s eve” ⇐ S. #pant + S. #în¹ + S. aur « N. penninar [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !pess² n. “feather” < ᴹ√KWES
ᴺS. !pesson n. “plume, feather” ⇐ !pess²
ᴺS. [G.] pibin n. “(small) berry, haw” < *√PIN
ᴺS. !pilimmes n. “arrow feathering” ⇐ ^pilin + !pess²
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^pilin n. “arrow, [G.] dart” < ᴹ√PILIN « ᴱN. lhinn
ᴺS. !pilinoth n. “arrow of war, arrow sent as a summons to war” ⇐ ^pilin + N. auth
ᴺS. [G.] ^pir- v. “to stir, stir round, make spin” < ᴺ√KWIR « G. cwir-
ᴺS. [G.] ^pîr n. “cream” < ᴺ√KWIR « G. cwîr
ᴺS. !piren adj. “spun, rounded, cylindrical” < ᴺ√KWIR
ᴺS. [G.] ^piruin n. “spinning wheel” < ᴺ√KWIR « G. cwiruin
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] plador n. “oar” ⇐ √PAL
ᴺS. [G.] ^plant adj. “candid, blunt (of words); †flat, open, expansive” < √PAL « G. blant
ᴺS. [G.] porog n. “fowl (domestic)” < ✶poroki
ᴺS. [G.] ^puida- v. “to wash, cleanse, soap” < ᴹ√POY « G. puidra-
ᴺS. !puidh n. “wash, cleaning” < ᴹ√POY
ᴺS. [N.] ^raeg adj. “wrong” < √RIK² « N. rhoeg [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^raew n. “fathom” « N. rhaew [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rain¹ n. “border” « N. rhain [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rain² adj. “free, *unconstrained” « N. rhein²
ᴺS. [N.] ^ranc n. “arm” « N. rhanc [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rand n. “cycle” « N. #rhand
ᴺS. [N.] ^rasg n. “horn” « N. rhasg [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^raudh adj. “hollow, cavernous” « N. rhaudh [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^raun adj. “errant” « N. rhaun [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^ravn n. “wing (horn), extended point at side” « N. rhafn
ᴺS. [N.] ^raw n. “bank (especially of a river)” « N. rhaw² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^redh- v. “to sow” « N. #rhedh- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^redhen adj. “related” < ^ᴺ√RE(N)D « G. redhin
ᴺS. [N.] ^rein n. “slot, spoor, track, footprint” « N. rhein¹ [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rem adj. “frequent, numerous” « N. rhem [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rend adj. “circular” « N. rhenn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^renia-¹ v. “to stray, wander” « N. rhenia-¹ [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^renia-² v. “to fly, sail” « N. rhenia-² [created by David Salo]
ᴺS. [G.] ^renn n. “cousin (m.), relative” < ^ᴺ√RE(N)D « G. ren(d)
ᴺS. !rennas n. “kinship, relation” ⇐ ^renn
ᴺS. [G.] ress n. “cousin (f.), relative” < ^ᴺ√RE(N)D
ᴺS. [N.] rhaen adj. “crooked” < √SRAG
ᴺS. [N.] ^rhib- v. “to scratch” « N. thrib- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rib- v. “to flow like a (?torrent)” « N. rhib- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rim n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)” « N. rhim² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rîn adj. “crowned” « N. rhîn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rinc n. “twitch, jerk, sudden move” « N. rhinc [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rind n. “circle” « N. rhinn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^ringorn n. “circle” « N. rhingorn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rista- v. “to cut; to rend, rip” « N. rhista- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !ristannen adj. “cut” ⇐ ^rista- (passive-participle)
ᴺS. [N.] ^ritha- v. “to jerk, twitch, snatch, *twist” « N. rhitha- [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [S.] ^rítha- v. “to try, strive” « S. raitha- [created by Elaran]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rîw n. “brink, brim” « N. rhîf [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^romru n. “sound of horns” « N. rhomru [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^†ross n. “polished metal” « N. †rhoss² [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^† n. “loud sound, trumpet-sound” « N. rhû [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rui n. “hunt, hunting” « N. rhui [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^rŷn n. “chaser, hound of chase” « N. rhŷn [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !sa prep. and adv. “beside, along side, next (to)” < √AS²
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^saeb adj. “hungry” < ^ᴺ√SAYAK « ᴱN. haib
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^saeth n. “hunger” < ^ᴺ√SAYAK « ᴱN. hais
ᴺS. [G.] ^saetha- v. “to have hunger” < ^ᴺ√SAYAK « G. saitha-
ᴺS. !saethon n. “hunger (great), famine” ⇐ ^saeth + S. -on²
ᴺS. [N.] ^sain adj. “new” « N. sein [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [G.] ^salch n. “green cut grass, ensilage, *fodder” < #ᴹ√SALAK « G. salc
ᴺS. [G.] ^salcha- v. “to scythe or mow” < #ᴹ√SALAK « G. salca-
ᴺS. [N.] ^salph n. “broth” « N. salff [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !satha- v. “to put, place” < √SAT
ᴺS. !saun n. “bath” < ^ᴺ√SOW
ᴺS. [G.] ^saw- v. “to wash, bathe, ⚠️clean” < ^ᴺ√SOW « G. sô-
ᴺS. !sesta- v. “to set, (lit.) to make rest (on)” < √SED
ᴺS. [N.] ^suil n. “goblet” « N. sûl
ᴺS. [N.] ^suith n. “draught, [G.] drink” « N. sûth [created by David Salo, vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. [N.] ^talagan n. “harper” « N. talagand [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !talathren adj. “vale like, of the vale” ⇐ S. talath
ᴺS. !talif n. “ankle” ⇐ S. tâl + S. #lif
ᴺS. [ᴱN.] ^tarph adj. “stale, dry (of foods)” < ^ᴺ√TARKWA « ᴱN. tarf
ᴺS. !tavnen adj. “made (by craft of hand), wrought, fashioned” ⇐ S. tavn
ᴺS. [S.] ^techu n. “chip” < ✶teswā « S. tewch
ᴺS. !tel- v. “to end, finish” < √TEL
ᴺS. !telum n. “mushroom” < √TELU
ᴺS. [G.] tertha- v. “to destroy, *ruin, †(orig.) to make pierced; ⚠️to devour” < ᴺ√TER
ᴺS. [G.] ^terthaith n. “waste, ruin, destruction”tertha- « G. teraith
ᴺS. !thain adj. “lawful, formal, according to custom” < ᴹ√STAN
ᴺS. [Ilk.] ?thall adj. “steep, falling steeply (of river)”
ᴺS. [Ilk.] ?thalos n. “torrent”
ᴺS. [N.] ^thand adj. “firm, true, abiding” « N. thann
ᴺS. [N.] ^thavn n. “post, wooden pillar” « N. thafn
ᴺS. !theinas adj. “law, rule” ⇐ !thain [created by Fiona Jallings]
ᴺS. !theinweg n. “lawman, lawyer” ⇐ !thain
ᴺS. !thornang n. “steel” ⇐ S. thorn¹ + S. ang
ᴺS. !thostol adj. “stinking” ⇐ N. thosta- (active-participle)
ᴺS. [G.] thûg n. “resin” < ^ᴺ√THUK
ᴺS. [G.] thuith n. “resinous juice, *resin, gum; any adhesive substance” < ^ᴺ√THUK
ᴺS. [G.] ^tinithas n. “group of stars, star-cluster, constellation” ⇐ S. tin « G. tinwithli
ᴺS. [G.] tintiltha- v. “to twinkle, sparkle” ⇐ √TIN + √TIL
ᴺS. !tintilthad n. “sparkling, twinkling, scintillation”tintiltha-
ᴺS. [N.] ^tond adj. “tall” « N. tonn
ᴺS. [N.] ^tovn adj. “lowlying, deep, low” « N. tofn
ᴺS. !túliel adj. “come, arrived” ⇐ S. #tol- (perfective-participle)
ᴺS. [N.] ^tund n. “hill, mound” « N. tunn
ᴺS. !úben n. “nobody, no one” ⇐ S. pen²
ᴺS. [N.] ?uilu n. “embers”
ᴺS. !uitha- v. “to smoke (trans.)” < √USUK [created by Shihali]
ᴺS. !úlren adj. “odorous” ⇐ N. ûl
ᴺS. [N.] ^ulunn n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature” « N. ulun [vetted by HSD]
ᴺS. !únud- v. “to untie, undo, unloose” ⇐ N. nod-²
ᴺS. [G.] urna- v. “to blaze, burn” < √UR
ᴺS. [G.] ^uru n. “brazier, grate” < √UR « G. urm
ᴺS. [G.] uthra- v. “to get away, escape” < ^ᴺ√UTH
ᴺS. !úthúlui adj. “breathless” ⇐ N. thûl
ᴺS. [G.] uthwen n. “escape, way out, exit” ⇐ ᴺ√^UTH + S. men²
ᴺS. !uwedhen adj. “outlaw, outcast” ⇐ !gwedhen
ᴺS. !uwedhron n. “outlaw, outcast” ⇐ !gwedhron
ᴺS. !vina prep. “into” ⇐ S. vi + S. na¹
ᴺS. [G.] ^ŷl n. “lamb” < ᴺ√EW(EL) « G. iol