Neo-Sindarin Vocabulary


The Sindarin vocabulary words presented here are drawn from a large number of sources, both before and after The Lord of the Rings. Since this does not match Tolkien’s conception of the language at any particular time, this list uses the “Neo-Sindarin” designation. Words in this list marked with a “*” are more dubious than others: they are either fan-invented words, or drawn from Tolkien’s earliest writings; see the entries for individual words for more information. In some cases, some of the English translations in quotes are also questionable or fan-invented: these are also marked with a “*”. Words or translations marked with a “†” are archaic or poetic, and would not used in ordinary speech.

For more information about how this vocabulary list was assembled, see the Full Neo-Sindarin Word List and the discussion of the Motivations and Methodology of the Eldamo lexicon.

The current version of this vocabulary list is a working draft, and is subject to change. New words will be added in the future, and some older or incompatible words may be removed. For now, you should consult original sources and use your own judgement as to which words you should use.

-a suf. “[old] genitive suffix”
a- pref. “intensive prefix”
conj. “and; †by, near, beside”
interj. “O!”
ab prep. “after”
ablad n. “prohibition, refusal”
*abor n. “tomorrow, (lit.) after-day”
ach¹ n. “neck”
ach² conj. “*but”
achad n. “rock ridge, neck (geographically)”
achar- v. “to avenge, do back, react, requite”
achared n. “vengeance”
acharn n. “vengeance, (an act of) revenge”
ad- pref. “back, again, re-”
-ad¹ suf. “noun-suffix”
ada n. “father (hypocoristic), daddy”
adab n. “building, house”
*adab- v. “to build, establish”
Adan n. “Man (as a race)”
adaneth n. “(mortal) woman”
adar n. “father”
adbed- v. “to rephrase”
adel prep. “behind, in rear (of)”
adertha- v. “to reunite”
aderthad n. “reuniting”
*adlanna- v. “to slope, slant”
*adlant adj. “oblique, slanted”
*adlod adj. “sloping, tilted”
adu adj. “double”
aduial n. “(evening) twilight”
advir n. “heirloom”
*aebin n. “cherry (tree)”
*aeda- v. “to revere, worship”
*aedaith n. “reverence, worship”
*aedh n. “nest”
aeg adj. “sharp, pointed, piercing”
*aegas n. “mountain peak”
aeglir n. “line of peaks, range of mountain peaks”
aeglos n. “snowthorn; icicle”
ael n. “lake, pool”
aen adv. “should be; ?may it be that”
*aen n. “god”
*Aeni n. “(female) angel”
*Aenu n. “(male) angel”
aer adj. “*hallowed, holy”
aerlinn n. “*hymn, (lit.) holy song”
aes n. “cooked food, meat”
*aevar n. “rookery, colony of birds”
aew n. “(small) bird”
aewen adj. “of birds”
*aglann n. “ray of light”
aglar n. “glory, brilliance, splendour, radiance”
aglareb adj. “glorious, brilliant, *radiant”
*agol n. “flash”
agor adj. “narrow”
*agrech n. “contempt”
*agreitha- v. “to despise, contemn”
*agreithannen adj. “despised”
*agreitharol adj. “despicable, contemptible”
ai¹ interj. “hail”
ai² pron. “*those who”
*aif adj. “same, identical”
air adj. “lonely”
*aith n. “spear-point, spear”
al-¹ pref. “no, not”
al-² pref. “well, happily”
alae interj. “?behold”
alaf n. “elm”
alag adj. “rushing, impetuous”
alagos n. “storm (of wind)”
albeth n. “(word of) good omen”
alfirin adj. and n. “immortal, (lit.) not dying; a species of flower”
alph n. “swan”
alu adj. “wholesome”
*alvar n. “(good) luck, fortune”
alwed adj. “prosperous, fortunate”
am adv. “up, upwards”
am- pref. “snake”
amar n. “world, the Earth, (lit.) settlement”
amarth n. “fate, doom”
amartha- v. “to define, decree, destine”
*amarthannen adj. “decreed, destined, ordained”
ambenn adj. and adv. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”
amdir n. “hope [based on reason], *expectation, (lit.) looking up”
amloth n. “uprising flower”
amlug n. “dragon”
*ammatha- v. “to maul”
*ammos n. “*breast, chest”
amon n. “hill, (isolated) mountain; lump, clump, mass”
*amosgarn n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”
*amphal n. “(death) agony”
amrûn n. “sunrise, east, (lit.) of the uprising”
an prep. “to, for; [N. and G.] of”
an- pref. “intensive prefix”
an- pref. “with, by”
anann adv. “(for) long”
anc n. “jaws, (animal’s) mouth; row of teeth”
and adj. “long”
andaith n. “long-mark”
*andrann n. “cycle, age, (lit.) long cycle”
andreth adj. “long-suffering, patience”
*andrethui adj. “patient, long suffering”
ang n. “iron”
angerthas n. “runic alphabetic, (lit.) long rune-rows”
anglenna- v. “to approach”
*anglennol adj. “approaching, coming”
angol¹ n. “deep lore, magic”
angos n. “horror”
angren adj. “of iron”
angwedh n. “chain, fetter, (lit.) iron-bond”
aníra- v. “to desire”
ann¹ n. “gift”
anna- v. “to give, †add to”
annabon n. “elephant”
*annas n. “length”
annon n. “(great) gate, door”
annui adj. “west[ern]”
annûn n. “sunset, west; (lit.) going down”
Anor n. “Sun”
*anoren adj. “sunny”
ant n. “gift”
-ant suf. “3rd person past tense”
*anu n. and adj. “male (person or animal)”
anwar adj. “awe”
*apha- v. “to touch”
aphad- v. “to follow”
*aphadol adj. “following”
aphadon n. “follower”
*apharch adj. “arid, very dry”
*aphas n. “(sence of) touch”
ar- pref. “outside; without”
ar-² pref. “day”
ar(a)- pref. “noble, royal, high”
aran n. “king, lord, chief, (lit.) high or noble person; lord (of a specific region)”
aras n. “deer”
*archadhu n. “throne”
arnad n. “*kingdom”
arnediad adj. “unnumbered, without reckoning, numberless, innumerable, countless, endless”
arnen n. “?royal”
arnoediad adj. “unnumbered, without reckoning”
arod adj. “noble”
arphen n. “noble, knight”
arthor n. “realm”
-as suf. “abstract noun”
*asg n. “bone”
asgar adj. “violent, rushing, impetious”
*asgúlef adj. “equal, equivalent”
*ast n. “light or heat of the sun, *warmth”
ast n. “dust”
astor n. “loyalty”
astorad n. “loyalty”
-ath suf. “collective or group plural”
ath- pref. “easily”
atha- v. “will (future)”
athae n. and adj. “?healing”
athan prep. “beyond”
atheg n. “(little) father; thumb”
athelas n. “kingsfoil, a healing herb”
athgar adj. “easy (easy to do)”
athgen adj. “easily seen”
athra-¹ v. “to cross (to and fro)”
athra-² v. “to treat medically”
athrabeth n. “conversation, debate, (lit.) interchange of words”
athrad n. “ford, crossing”
athrada- v. “to cross, traverse”
athragared n. “interaction”
aur n. “(whole) day, sunlight, morning”
auth n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”
auth n. “war, battle”
ava- v. “will not, do not”
avad n. “refusal, reluctance”
*avaetha- v. “to ravish, seize (forcibly)”
*avnedhor n. “afternoon”
avorn adj. “[stead]fast”
avras n. “precipice”
awarth n. “abandonment”
awartha- v. “to forsake”
bach [mb-] n. “article (for exchange), ware, thing”
bachor [mb-] n. “pedlar, *trader, merchant”
bad- v. “*to tread”
bâd n. “beaten track, pathway, way, path”
badh- [mb-] v. “to judge”
badhor [mb-] n. “judge”
badhron [mb-] n. “judge”
bain adj. “fair, beautiful; fair-haired; good, wholesome, favorable”
*balaen adj. “divine”
Balan n. “Vala, Power”
balch adj. “fierce, ferocious; cruel”
*baltha- v. “to excite, rouse, stir up, agitate”
*balthannen n. “excited, agitated”
*balthol v. “exciting; excitable”
*balu n. “excitement, emotion”
*banath n. “beauty”
band [mb-] n. “prison, custody, duress”
banga- [mb-] v. “to trade”
bar [mb-] n. “home, house, dwelling”
bara adj. “fiery, eager”
barad n. “tower, great towering building, fort, fortress”
barad² [mb-] adj. “doomed, *fated”
baradh adj. “steep”
baran adj. “brown, golden-brown; swart, dark brown”
bardh [mb-] n. “home”
bardor [mb-] n. “home land, native land”
bartha- [mb-] v. “to doom”
barthan [mb-] n. “large (stone) dwelling”
*barthorn n. “eagle’s nest, eyrie”
basgorn [mb-] n. “loaf, loaf of bread, round loaf, cake”
bas(t) [mb-] n. “bread”
batha- v. “to trample”
baudh [mb-] n. “judgement”
baug [mb-] adj. “tyrannous, cruel, oppressive”
baugla- [mb-] v. “to oppress”
bauglir [mb-] n. “constrainer; tyrant, oppressor”
bauglir [mb-] n. “tyrant, oppressor”
baul [mb-] n. “torment”
baur [mb-] n. “need”
baw¹ interj. “no, do not!”
baw² n. “howling”
be prep. “as, like”
belaith [mb-] adj. “mighty”
beleg adj. “great, mighty; large, big, huge”
*beleitha- v. “to extol, magnify”
bellas n. “bodily strength”
belt adj. “strong in body”
*bened n. “chin”
benn n. “man, male, †husband”
bennas n. “angle”
beren¹ adj. “bold”
bereth n. and adj. “queen, spouse; supreme, sublime”
bereth² n. “feast, festival”
beria- v. “to protect”
beril n. “rose”
bertha- v. “to dare”
besain [mb-] n. “the Lady, breadgiver”
bess n. “woman; wife”
*best n. “marriage, matrimony, wedlock”
*besta- v. “to wed, marry”
*bestad n. “wedding, (lit.) marrying”
*besten adj. “wedded, married”
*bethren n. “brother in law, kinsman by marriage”
*bethres n. “sister in law, *kinswoman by marriage”
*bethron n. “spouse”
*bída- v. “to compare, liken”
blab- v. “to flap, beat (wings etc.)”
*blê n. and adj. “fat of meat; *fatty, oily, greasy”
*blîw n. “oil”
bo prep. “*on”
boda- v. “to ban, prohibit, refuse, forbid”
*boe [mb-] v. “I must”
*bond [mb-] adj. “snouted”
bôr adj. and n. “steadfast; trusty man, faithful vassal”
born [mb-] adj. “hot, red”
both [mb-] n. “puddle, small pool”
bragollach n. “sudden flame; ?wild fire”
brand¹ adj. “towering, tall and massive, high; lofty, noble, fine”
brand² n. “steeple”
brannon n. “lord”
brass n. “white heat, *extreme heat”
brass n. “great cliff”
brassen adj. “white-hot, *very hot”
brasta- v. “to tower up, loom”
breged n. “violence, suddenness”
bregedur n. “wild fire”
bregol adj. “quick, sudden, violent, *fierce”
bregolas n. “fierceness”
breitha- v. “to break out suddenly”
brenia- v. “to endure”
brennil n. “lady”
breth n. “mast”
brethil¹ n. “silver-birch; beech”
brethil² n. “princess, (lit.) queen-daughter”
bril n. “glass, crystal”
brith n. “gravel”
brithon adj. “pebbly”
brôg n. “bear”
brona- v. “to last, survive”
bronadui adj. “enduring, lasting”
*brond adj. “firm, steadfast, *faithful, constant”
*bronnas adj. “steadfastness, constancy”
bronwe n. “endurance”
brui adj. “loud”
brûn adj. “old (has long endured)”
budhu n. “large fly”
*budhulug n. “dragonfly”
buia- v. “to serve, hold allegiance to”
*bund [mb-] n. “snout, nose, cape”
*bŷr n. “follower, vassal”
cab- v. “to leap, jump”
cabed n. “leap”
cabor n. “frog”
cad adv. “*after”
cadhad n. “dwarf”
*cadu adj. “shaped, formed”
cadwor adj. “shapely”
*cae n. “earth”
cael n. “lying in bed, sickness”
caeleb adj. “bedridden, sick”
caer² n. “flat isle on a river”
*caeth n. “cause, reason, motive”
*caetha- v. “to make to do or be, cause, compel, induce, bring about”
*caethas n. “causation”
*caetheb n. “original”
caew n. “lair, resting-place”
cáfru n. “?flea”
cai n. “hedge”
cail n. “fence, palisade of spikes or sharp stakes”
cair n. “ship”
cal- v. “to shine”
calad n. “light, brightness, shining”
calan n. “day(light)”
calar n. “(portable) lamp”
calardan n. “lampwright”
calen adj. “green; †bright, bright colored”
callon n. “hero”
*calph n. “water-vessel, bucket”
cam n. “(cupped) hand, holding hand; handful”
*camlann n. “palm of hand”
can- v. “to cry out, shout, call”
canad num. card. “four”
canath n. “quarter”
*cand adj. “bold”
*cang adj. and n. “tangled, confused, mixed up, awry; tangle, confusion, mêllay”
*canga- v. “to tangle, *to go wrong”
cannas n. “[abstract] shape”
cant n. “shape; outline”
*canthil n. “square”
canthui num. ord. “fourth”
car- v. “to do, make”
carab n. “hat”
carach n. “jaws, rows of teeth”
caraes n. “*jagged hedge of spikes”
carag n. “spike, tooth of rock”
caran adj. “red”
caras n. “circular earthwall with dike, fort surrounded by bulwarks; city (built above ground)”
carch n. “fang, tooth”
car(dh) n. “house”
cared n. “action”
*carnen adj. “done, finished”
carth n. “deed”
*carthas n. “activity”
carweg adj. “active; busy”
cast n. “cape, headland”
castol n. “helmet”
cathrae n. “tressure, *net for containing hair”
*cauda- v. “to get flavour of, perceive, notice”
*caudol adj. “tasteful, endowed with good taste; discreet, circumspect”
caul n. “(great) burden; affliction”
caun¹ n. “prince, chief, head”
caun¹ n. “valour”
caun² n. “outcry, clamour”
*caust n. “savour, flavour”
caw n. “top”
caw- v. “to taste”
*caweth n. “sense of taste, taste, judgement”
ceber n. “stake, spike”
cef n. “soil”
*cefn adj. “of earth, earthen”
*celair adj. “brilliant, *shining”
celeb n. “silver”
celebrin adj. “like silver (in hue or worth)”
celeg adj. “hasty; agile, swift”
celeth n. “stream, *brook, rill, runlet; (lit.) a flowing”
celevon adj. “*of silver”
*celia- v. “to illuminate, light up; to illustrate”
*celias n. “(artificial) light, illumination”
*celon n. “river”
*celu n. “spring, source”
cen- v. “to see, perceive, look”
cened¹ n. “looking”
cenedril n. “mirror, looking-glass, (lit.) looking-crystal”
cennan n. “potter”
cerch n. “sickle”
ceredir n. “doer, maker”
cerin n. “circular mound, artificial hill; round enclosure”
certh n. “rune”
certhas n. “runes-rows, runic alphabet”
Cerveth n. “July”
ceven n. “*Earth”
cevnas n. “earthenware”
ci pron. “thou”
cidinn adj. “small”
*cil- root. “to choose, select”
*cilu root. “choice, choosing, *selection”
cinnog adj. “small”
*círbann n. “haven”
círdan n. “shipbuilder, shipwright”
cirith n. “cleft, ravine, defile, pass”
cîw adj. “fresh, new, renewed”
claur adj. and n. “splendid; †splendour, glory”
*códhon n. “idol”
coll adj. “red, scarlet”
coll¹ n. “cloak”
coll² adj. “hollow”
*colphae n. “depression, grief, (lit.) spirit-burden”
*coltha- v. “to bear up; to weigh, balance it on scales; to be worth, value or be equivalent to”
*colui adj. “burdensome”
*côm adj. and n. “*bellied, belly”
condir n. “mayor, (lit.) *chief-man”
cor n. “ring, circle”
corch n. “crow”
*cordh n. “sour, curdled”
cordof n. “pippin, *(small red) apple”
corn adj. “round, globed”
*corob n. “skull”
coron n. “globe, ball; mound”
*cortha- n. “to turn sour, curdle, congeal”
*coru adj. “cunning, wily”
cost n. “quarrel”
coth n. “enemy, foe; enmity”
*cotha- v. “to startle”
cova- v. “to come together, meet; to gather, assemble”
covad- v. “to bring together, make meet”
*covn n. “empty, void”
craban n. “bird of crow-kind, *raven”
cram n. “cake of compressed flour or meal”
crann adj. and n. “ruddy (of face); face, blush, the cheeks”
*crantha- v. “to finish, complete, accomplish, achieve”
*cranthannen adj. “complete, perfect”
*crech n. “spittle”
*crig n. “elbow”
*crisg adj. “sharp [edged]”
criss n. “cleft, cut, slash, gash”
crist n. “cleaver”
*crista- v. “to slash, cut, slice”
critha- v. “to reap”
crumguru n. “wiley, sinister, guilty”
n. “bow; arch, crescent”
cûd n. “foe”
cuen n. “small gull, petrel, sea-bird”
cugu n. “dove”
cuia- v. “to live”
*cuida- v. “to waken, rouse”
cuil n. “life, lifetime”
*cuileb adj. “lively”
*cuilvorn n. “lifetime”
cuin adj. “alive”
cuina- v. “to be alive”
*cuinas n. “vitality, liveliness”
*cuith n. “life, the vital principle; living body”
*cuithas n. “life (period of life); living, livelihood”
*cui(w) adj. “awake, alert”
cûl n. “load”
cum n. “mound, heap”
*cumdug adj. “fat-bellied”
*cumdugui adj. “corpulent, (lit.) having a fat belly”
cûn adj. “bowed, bent, bow-shaped, concave”
*†cund n. “prince”
*cûr n. “cheese”
*cúron n. “crescent moon”
*curth n. “curd”
curu n. “skill (of the hand), craft; power, ability; cunning; magic”
curunír n. “wizard, man of craft”
*curuwen n. “witch”
*cûth n. “deception, lie”
*cútha- v. “to deceive, lie”
cŷl n. “*renewal”
cŷr adj. “renewed”
cýra- v. “to renew”
cýron n. “new-moon”
-d suf. “dual”
dad adv. “down”
dadbenn adj. and adv. “downhill, inclined, prone”
*dadhra- v. “to face, oppose, stand in way; to resist, thwart”
*dadhren adj. “opposing, facing, opposite”
dadwen- [nd-] v. “to return, go back”
dae- [nd-] pref. “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
daebeth [nd-] n. “blasphemy”
daedelos [nd-] n. “horrible fear”
dael [nd-] n. “horror”
daen [nd-] n. “corpse”
*daer [nd-] n. “bridegroom”
daer¹ adj. “great, large”
dâf n. “permission”
dag- [nd-] v. “to slay, kill”
dagnir [nd-] n. “slayer, bane”
dagor [nd-] n. “battle”
dagra- [nd-] v. “to battle”
*dagras [nd-] n. “slaughter”
dail adj. “beautiful, fine, delicate, lovely”
dam [nd-] n. “hammer”
damma- [nd-] v. “to hammer”
Dân [nd-] n. “Green-elf”
dan [nd-] prep. “back to, (back in return) against, down upon, back on, back again”
*danbed- v. “to answer”
dandol- [nd-] v. “to return, come back”
dangar- [nd-] v. “to undo”
dangen [nd-] adj. “slain”
dangweth [nd-] n. “answer, (lit.) *back-report”
danna- v. “to fall”
*dannad n. “falling”
dannen [nd-] n. “ebb, lowtide”
dannen adj. “fallen”
dant n. “*fall”
danwedh [nd-] n. “ransom”
dar- v. “to stop, halt”
dartha- v. “to wait, stay, remain, last, endure”
dath n. “hole, pit; steep fall, abyss”
daug [nd-] n. “warrior, soldier”
daur n. “league; †stop, pause”
de pron. “thee/you”
del n. “horror”
*delch [nd-] adj. “dense”
deleb adj. “horrible, abominable, loathsome”
delia- v. “to conceal”
deloth n. “abhorrence, detestation, loathing”
*delu adj. “hateful, deadly, fell”
*dem adj. “sad, gloomy”
dern adj. “tough, thrawn”
dess n. “young woman”
dev- [nd-] v. “to try”
dew- v. “to fail, miss”
[nd-] n. “woman, bride, lady”
di [nd-] prep. “in”
di¹ [nd-] prep. “beneath, under”
di² prep. “with”
díhena- v. “*to forgive”
-dil suf. “friend, lover”
dîl n. “stopper, stopping, stuffing”
dilia- v. “to stop (up)”
*dim n. “gloom, sadness”
dim n. “stair”
dîn n. and adj. “silence; silent, quiet”
dîn n. “opening, gap, pass in mountains”
dínen adj. “silent”
dínen adj. “silent”
dineth [nd-] n. “bride”
dîr n. “man, adult male; agental suffix”
dîr¹ [nd-] n. “man, adult male; agental suffix”
dîr² adj. “hard, difficult”
dirbedui adj. “hard to utter, difficult to pronounce”
dírnaith [nd-] n. “wedge-shaped battle-formation, (lit.) man-spearhead”
dîs [nd-] n. “bride”
*dod n. “berry”
*dod- v. “to drop”
dolen adj. “hidden, secret”
dol(l) n. “head, hill”
doll [nd-] adj. “obscure, dark, dusky, hidden, secret”
dolt¹ [nd-] n. “round knob, boss”
doltha- v. “to conceal”
*dom adj. “blind”
dond n. “fist”
donn adj. “swart, swarthy; shady, shadowy”
-dor suf. “*king, lord”
dôr [nd-] n. “land, region where certain people live, country”
dorn adj. “tough, stiff, thrawn, obdurate”
doron n. “oak”
dortha- [nd-] v. “to dwell, stay, settle”
*dovn adj. “gloomy”
dram n. “heavy stroke, heavy blow”
drambor n. “clenched fist; blow with a fist; thudder”
draug n. “wolf”
drava- v. “to hew”
*dravn n. “hewn log”
drega- v. “to flee”
dring n. “hammer, *beater”
dringa- v. “to beat”
n. “night, dimness; night-fall, late evening”
dúath n. “night shadow, dark/black shadow, night-shade”
duin n. “(large) river”
duinen n. “flood, high tide”
duirro n. “*river-bank”
dúlin n. “nightingale”
dûn [nd-] n. “west”
dûn [nd-] n. “west”
dûr [nd-] adj. “dark (with evil implications), gloomy, hellish”
*dúvad n. “supper, dinner”
dúven [nd-] n. “*western”
*duvu- v. “to lie heavy”
dýgar n. and adj. “mistaken act; doing a wrong thing”
dŷl n. “mistake”
dŷr adj. “mistaken, off point, not right”
e pron. “he”
eb prep. “?before”
-eb suf. “adjective suffix”
ech pron. “?you, yourself (singular)”
ech n. “spine”
echad n. “camp”
echad- v. “to form, make, shape, cut out, fashion; (lit.) to shape out”
echain adj. “new, built again”
echil n. “follower”
echor n. and adj. “outer circle; encircling”
echui n. “awakening”
*echuinu- v. “to awake, wake up”
echuir n. “early Spring, (lit.) stirring”
echuir n. “early Spring, (lit.) stirring”
*echuiru- v. “to come to life”
-ed¹ suf. “gerund”
ed¹ prep. and pref. “out, out of, forth”
-ed² suf. “3rd person singular possessive suffix”
ed² pron. “*it”
edaid adj. “double”
eden adj. “new, begun again”
Edhel n. “Elf”
edhellen adj. “elvish”
edhelvein adj. “elven fair”
*edinor n. “anniversery day”
*edledhia- v. “to go into exile”
*edledhron n. “exile”
edlenn adj. “exiled”
edlon n. “outsider, stranger”
edonna- v. “to beget”
edra- v. “to open (out)”
*edrain n. “*(outer) border”
edraith n. “rescue, saving”
edregol adv. “in especial”
*edreinui n. “bordering”
edwen num. ord. “second”
êg n. “thorn”
-eg¹ suf. “diminutive/singular ending”
-eg² suf. “2nd person singular familiar possessive suffix”
-egir suf. “2nd person plural familiar possessive suffix”
eglan adj. “forsaken”
egleria- v. “to glorify, praise”
egnas n. “sharp point, peak”
ego interj. “be off!”
*egol n. “needle”
egor conj. “or”
eil- v. “to rain”
ein- pref. “excellent, admirable”
einior adj. “elder”
eirien n. “daisy”
eitha-¹ v. “to prick with a sharp point, stab; to treat with scorn, insult”
eithad n. “*insult”
*eitheb adj. “thorny, *(orig.) full of points”
eithel n. “source [of water], spring, well, issue of water, fountain”
*eithla- v. “to spring, well forth”
*eithos n. “thorn bush”
eithro adv. “*also”
*eithron n. “*spearman”
-el suf. “2nd person singular polite possessive suffix”
êl n. “star”
elanor n. “a golden star-shaped flower, (lit.) sun-star”
*elch adv. and n. “else, something else”
Eledh n. “Elf”
*eleg adj. “other, else”
*elegren adj. “different, strange”
elia- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
*eliad n. “blessing”
*elias n. “blessedness”
-elir suf. “2nd person plural polite possessive suffix”
Ell n. “Elf”
ell n. “sky”
Elleth n. “Elf-maid”
Ellon n. “Elf-man”
elloth n. “single flower”
elo interj. “behold!”
*elu adj. “(pale) blue”
*elva- v. “to marvel at, admire”
*elvain adj. “wondrous, marvelous, wonderful”
*elven n. “wonder, wonderment”
emel n. “mother”
emig n. “(little) mother, *mommy”
-emir suf. “1st person plural exclusive possessive”
emlin n. “yellow bird, (lit.) yellow hammer”
en- v. “*to name”
-en¹ suf. “adjective suffix”
en¹ prep. “of the”
-en² suf. “my, 1st sg. poss. suffix”
en² pron. “1st sg pronoun”
*enaidh adj. “central, middle”
*enas n. “title”
-enc suf. “our (inclusive), 1st pl. incl. poss. suffix”
enchui num. ord. “sixth”
enedh n. “centre, middle; core”
eneg num. card. “six”
eneth n. “*name”
ennas adv. “there”
ennin n. “Valian year”
eno adv. “*still”
-ent suf. “their, 3rd pl. poss. suffix”
ent pron. “they, 3rd pl. pronoun”
*enwiol adj. “nominal”
ephed- v. “to say out”
ephel n. “outer fence, surrounding ring”
ephola- v. “?to remember”
er adj. “one, alone”
erch n. “prickle”
ercha- v. “to prick”
ereb adj. “single, alone, lonely, isolated”
eredh n. “seed, germ”
ereg n. “holly, holly-tree”
eregdos n. “holly, holly-tree”
*ereth n. “solitude, oneness, loneliness”
eria- v. “to rise”
erin ? “on the ... day”
eriol adj. “single, alone”
*erlu adv. “once, one time”
ernil n. “prince”
ero adv. “*only, alone”
ertha- v. “to unite”
eru n. “waste, desert”
eryn n. “wood, forest (of trees)”
esbin n. “thin thread, tress”
esgal n. “veil, screen, hiding; cast shadow; roof of leaves”
*esgia- v. “to smoke (intr.)”
est¹ pron. “he, she, it, 3rd sg. pronoun”
esta- v. “to be called”
*estannen adj. “named, called”
estel n. “hope, trust”
esten(t) adj. “short”
estolad n. “encampment”
-eth suf. “feminine ending”
*ethia- v. “to ease, assist”
ethir¹ n. “mouth of a river, (lit.) outflow”
ethir² n. “spy”
ethuil n. “spring [the season]”
fae n. “incarnate spirit, *soul”
*faeg adj. “mean, poor, bad”
fael¹ n. and adj. “gleam of the sun; *gleaming”
fael² adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”
*faelas n. “fairness, equity”
faer n. “spirit (in general)”
fain adj. and n. “dim, dimmed; filmy, fine-woven; *gossamer, thin (of cloth); (vague) apparition”
fair adj. “quick, ready, prompt”
*fair adj. “right (hand)”
falas n. “beach, shore, strand, surf(line)”
falch n. “cleft, ravine”
*falchon n. “great two-handed sword, twibill”
falf n. “foam, breaker”
faloth n. “large foamy wave”
faltha- v. “to foam”
fân n. “(white) cloud; veil; shape, vision”
fang n. “beard”
fanna- v. “to veil, cloak”
fanui adj. “cloudy, (lit.) having much cloud”
fanwos n. “mind-picture (of apparition in dream)”
far adj. and adv. “sufficient, enough, quite”
fara- v. “to hunt”
faran n. “rowan”
faras n. “hunting”
farf n. “?carpet”
farn adj. “enough”
faron n. “hunter”
faroth n. “?hunting, hunters”
*fartha- v. “to sate, satisfy”
*farthannen v. “sated, satisfied”
*farthas n. “satiety, satisfaction”
fast n. “shaggy hair”
*fastui n. “hairy, hirsute”
faug adj. “thirsty”
*faus(t) n. “thirst”
faw n. “*a breath, puff of breath”
*faw- v. “to puff, blow, pant”
*fawas n. “bladder, (orig.) inflated thing”
Feir n. “Mortal, mortal man”
feira- v. “to suffice”
fela n. “mine, boring, tunnel, underground dwelling”
feleg n. “cave, mine, underground dwelling”
fen n. “door; threshold”
fennas n. “doorway, great door”
fêr n. “beech-tree”
feredir n. “hunter”
fergar adj. “soon done”
fergenol adj. “quick to see or perceive, sharp-sighted or witted”
feria- v. “to make ready (promptly)”
fern adj. and n. “dead person; dead (of mortals)”
ferui adj. “ready to hand, (quickly) available”
*fervain adj. “northern”
*fidhras n. “collective hair, *all hair on the body”
*fidhren adj. “having hair, -haired”
fileg n. “small bird, *sparrow”
fim adj. “slender, slim”
fîn n. “(single) hair, filament”
*finc n. “trick”
find n. “tress, lock of hair”
findel adj. and n. “having fine or beautiful hair; (head of) hair, fax, mass of long hair”
fing n. “lock of hair”
*finna- v. “to trick, deceive, cheat, take in”
fir- v. “to fade, die”
Fíreb n. “Mortal”
fíreb adj. “mortal”
Firieth n. “(Female) Mortal”
firin adj. “dying, mortal”
Firion n. “(Male) Mortal”
firith n. “fading; [late] autumn”
firith n. “autumn”
flâd n. “skin”
flinc n. “finch”
flinc n. “*finch”
foen n. “long sight”
*fôph n. “fool”
*fophas n. “folly”
*fophren adj. “foolish”
forn adj. “north, right”
forn(en) adj. “closed”
forod n. “north”
forodren adj. “northern”
forvo n. “right hand, right side”
n. “path”
fuia- v. “to feel disgust at, abhor”
fuin n. “night, gloom, darkness, dead of night”
*gach n. “cow”
gad- v. “to catch”
gador n. “prison, dungeon”
gae n. “dread”
gaear n. “sea”
gaearon n. “ocean, (lit.) great sea”
gael adj. “pale, glimmering”
*gaer adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
gaer¹ adj. “awful, fearful, dreadful”
*gaeruil n. “seaweed”
*gaew adj. “pregnant”
gail adj. “bright, light”
gal- [ñg-] v. “to shine clear, shine golden as the Sun”
gala- v. “to grow”
galad [ñg-] n. “radiance, glittering reflection”
galadh n. “tree”
galadhremmen adj. “tree-meshed”
galas n. “plant, growth [of plants]”
Galbedir n. “Talking Tree”
*galen adj. “grown (esp. of plants)”
galenas n. “pipeweed, nicotiana, *tobacco”
*galenathrod n. “pipe”
*galf n. “back (from shoulder to shoulder), shoulders”
*galleg n. “sprig, sapling”
*galu n. “increase, growth”
galvorn n. “type of dark metal devised by Eöl, (lit.) *shining-black”
gammas n. “s-sign”
gamp n. “hook, crook; claw”
*ganna- v. “to gain, profit, increase; to be profitable, bring in revenue”
gann(ad)a- [ñg-] v. “to play a harp”
*gannan adj. “waxen, grown big, grown up, adult, [originally?] large”
gannel [ñg-] n. “harp”
*gant adv. “larger, greater, more, (lit.) increased”
gar- v. “to hold, have, *possess”
garaf [ñg-] n. “wolf”
gardh n. “region”
gardhon n. “province”
garn n. “‘own’, property”
garth n. “fort, fortress”
*gartha- v. “to defend”
gas n. “hole, gap”
gasdil n. “stopgap”
gaud n. “device, contrivance, machine”
gaul [ñg-] n. “wolfhowl”
gaur [ñg-] n. “werewolf”
gaw n. “void”
gaw- [ñg-] v. “to howl”
gawad [ñg-] adj. “howling”
gelir adj. “merry”
gell n. “joy, triumph”
gellam n. “jubilation”
gellui adj. “triumphant”
gem adj. “sickly”
genedia- v. “to reckon”
genediad n. “reckoning”
gern adj. “worn, old, decrepit (of things)”
gil [ñg-] n. “star; (bright) spark, silver glint, twinkle of light”
*gil- [ñg-] v. “to gleam, shine pale and silver (as of the moon [or stars])”
gildin n. “silver spark”
gilith n. “starlight”
gir- v. “to shudder”
girith n. “shuddering; horror”
Girithron n. “December, *Shuddering-one”
glad n. “wood”
gladh- v. “to laugh [at a joke], *guffaw”
*glaen adj. “serene, clear, fair (espec. of weather)”
*glaenas n. “serenity, fair weather”
glaer n. “long lay, narrative poem”
glaew n. “ointment, salve”
glam n. “din, uproar, bellowing of beasts, shouting, confused noise; barbarous speech”
glamog n. “orc”
glân¹ adj. “[bright shining] white; clear; pure, †bright”
glân² n. “hem, border”
glandagol n. “boundary mark”
glan(n) n. “boundary”
*glanna- v. “to cleanse, purify, purge”
*glannaith n. “cleanliness, purity”
*glannas n. “purification”
*glannen adj. “cleanly, pure”
glass n. “joy, *happiness”
*glassui adj. “joyful, happy”
*glast n. “marble”
*glasta- n. “to joke”
*glathren adj. “marble”
*glaudh n. “joke, jest”
glaur n. “gold [light or colour]”
glavra- v. “to babble”
*glavradeb adj. “full of the din of voices”
*glavradol adj. “chattering, talkative”
*glavradon adj. “vain talker, *chatterbox”
*glavras n. “babble, chatter, babel, din of voices”
glavrol adj. “babbling”
glaw n. “sunshine; radiance”
glawar n. “gold (light or colour); sunlight, radiance (of Laurelin)”
gleina- v. “to bound, enclose, limit”
*gleinannen adj. “bounded, enclosed, limited”
glenna- v. “*to travel”
glî n. “honey”
*glidheb adj. “like honey”
glim n. “voice”
*gling n. “music”
gling- v. “to hang, dangle”
*glingren adj. “musical”
glîn(n) n. “gleam, glint”
glintha- v. “to glance (at)”
*glinthad n. “look, glance, flash of the eye”
glir- v. “to sing, recite poem”
glîr n. “song, poem, lay”
*glist n. “sugar”
*glodhren adj. “jocular”
glóriel adj. “golden”
glórin adj. “golden”
gloss adj. “(dazzling) white, snow-white, clear white”
glosui adj. “snow white”
glûdh n. “soap”
go- pref. “together, co-, com-”
gobel n. “(walled) village, town (enclosure); walled house, *manor”
*gobem n. “mouth”
gobennas n. “history”
gobennathren adj. “historical”
*godref adv. “abreast; *together-through”
goe n. “terror, great fear”
goeol adj. “*fell, terrible, dire”
gohena- v. “*to forgive”
golas n. “foliage, collection of leaves”
golf n. “branch”
goll [ñg-] adj. “wise”
gollor [ñg-] n. “magician”
Golodh [ñg-] n. “one of the wise folk, Noldo”
Golodh [ñg-] n. “one of the wise folk, Gnome”
golodh [ñg-] n. “lore-master, sage”
goloth n. “inflorescence, collection of flowers”
*†golu [ñg-] n. “lore”
golwen [ñg-] adj. “wise, learned in deep arts”
*gomod n. “companionship, living together; community, fellowship, *(orig.) eating-together”
-gon suf. “lord, prince; valour”
gonathra- v. “to entangle, enmesh”
gonathras n. “entanglement”
gond n. “stone, rock, stone (as a material)”
gondram n. “hewn stone”
gondren adj. “*of stone”
*gonneb adj. “rocky”
*gonnos n. “great rock”
*gonnoth n. “pillar, stele, memorial”
gonod- v. “to count (up)”
gor [ñg-] n. “horror, dread, fear”
gor-¹ pref. “hard, difficult”
gor-² v. “to warn, urge”
gorbedui adj. “only to be said with horror or grief, lamentable to tell”
gordh adj. “difficult, laborious”
*goredhen adj. “sib, akin, [closely] related”
gorf n. “impetus, vigor”
gorgor [ñg-] n. “extreme horror, terror, haunting fear”
gorgor [ñg-] adj. “dreadful”
gorn adj. “impetuous”
gorn¹ [ñg-] adj. “revered”
gorn² adj. “hard, stiff, thrawn”
gornodui adj. “hard to count”
gorog n. “horror”
goroth [ñg-] n. “horror, dread”
gorth¹ [ñg-] n. “dead (person)”
gorthad [ñg-] n. “wraith, spirit of Dead”
gorthob [ñg-] adj. “horrible”
gost n. “dread, terror”
gosta- v. “to fear exceedingly”
*govad- v. “to meet”
*govai adj. and adv. “alike”
gowest n. “contract, compact, treaty”
*gratha- v. “to rub, scratch, fray”
*graw adj. “dark, swart”
graw n. “bear”
groga- v. “to feel terror”
grond adj. “weighty, ponderous”
grond n. “club”
groth n. “large excavation, delving, underground dwelling; cave, tunnel”
gruin adj. “ruddy”
gruitha- v. “to terrify”
gûl [ñg-] n. “black arts, sorcery, magic; †(secret) knowledge”
gûl [ñg-] n. “magic”
guldur [ñg-] n. “black arts, sorcery”
gûr n. “heart (inner mind)”
gurgof n. “traitor”
gurth [ñg-] n. “death”
guru [ñg-] n. “death (abstract)”
guruthos [ñg-] n. “death-horror, shadow of death, fear of death”
gwa-² pref. “*away”
gwador n. “(sworn) brother, associate”
gwae- v. “to go [depart]”
gwaeda- v. “to enfold”
gwaedh n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
*gwael n. “sheath, case, cover; pod”
*gwaelphilin n. “quiver, (lit.) case of arrows”
gwaen adj. “stained”
*gwaeren adj. “windy”
Gwaeron n. “March, *Windy-one”
gwae(w) n. “wind”
gwahae adj. “*far away”
gwain¹ adj. “young, *new”
gwain² adj. “fair-haired (yellow to golden), *blond”
gwaith n. “people, men, folk; manhood; man-power, troop of able bodied men, host, regiment; region”
*gwalir n. “rhyme, rime (the two actual rhyming words), rhyming poem”
gwaloth n. “blossom, collection of flowers”
gwanath n. “death (act of dying)”
gwann adj. “departed, dead”
gwanna- v. “to depart, die”
gwanod n. “tale, number”
*gwanu n. “death (act of dying)”
gwanunig n. “a twin”
gwanur n. “kinsman, kinswoman”
gwanwen adj. “departed, *gone, lost [to time], past”
*gwaren n. “(nuclear) family”
gwarth n. “betrayer”
gwass n. “stain”
gwastar n. “hummock”
gwath n. “shadow, dim light, shade”
gwath² n. “stain”
gwatha- v. “to soil, stain”
gwathel n. “[sworn] sister, associate [f.]”
gwathra- v. “to overshadow, dim, veil, obscure”
gwathren adj. “shadowy, dim”
gwathui adj. “*shadowy”
gwaun n. “goose”
gwaur adj. “soiled, dirty”
gwê n. “living creature”
gwe n. “man, warrior”
gwedh n. “bond”
gwedh- v. “to bind”
*gwedhen adj. “oath-bound, allied”
*gwedhren adj. “maidenly, girlish”
*gwedhron n. “ally, one bound by oath”
*gwef n. “louse”
*gwel- v. “to boil, bubble (intr.)”
*gwelch n. “bubble”
*gweleb adj. “cool, fresh (esp. of water)”
*gweleth n. “boil, bubble”
*gweltha- v. “to squeeze, press”
*gwelu n. “air (as a substance)”
gwelwen n. “air, lower air”
*gwemmel n. “weevil”
gwend n. “maiden”
gwend n. “bond, friendship”
gweneth n. “maidenhood, virginity”
*gwennod n. “elder tree; elderberry, *(lit.) maiden berry”
gweria- v. “to betray”
gwest n. “oath”
gwesta- v. “to swear”
gweth n. “*report”
*gwidhren adj. “adolescent”
gwilith n. “air (as a region)”
*gwiltha- v. “to air, expose to air”
gwilwileth n. “butterfly”
*gwimmam n. “whale, (lit.) sheep of the waves”
gwîn n. “youth”
gwing n. “foam, spray, spindrift; wave-crest”
*gwingil n. “mermaid, (lit.) foam maiden”
gwinig n. “little-one, baby”
*gwinui adj. “youthful”
*gwir- v. “to weave”
*gwiril n. “spindle”
Gwirith n. “April, *Freshness”
*gwirphin n. “braid, pigtail, (lit.) woven-tress”
*gwirthar n. “shuttle, (lit.) weave-across”
*gwist n. “change”
*gwista- v. “to change, alter”
*gýda- v. “to impregnate”
*gŷl adj. “fecund; conceiving, having conceived, just pregnant”
*gŷth n. “germ, foetus, embryon”
*gythra- v. “to germinate, be conceived”
*gythren adj. “embryonic”
hab- v. “to clothe”
habad n. “shoe”
*hach n. “the hams, buttocks”
had- v. “to hurl, *fling; throw at”
*hadang n. “javelin, (lit.) hurling iron”
*hadh- v. “to sit”
hâdh n. “*cleaver”
Hadhod n. “Dwarf”
hadhro n. “?doctor, leech”
*hadhu n. “chair, seat”
hadhwa- v. “to seat”
*hadlath n. “sling”
hador n. “thrower (of spears and darts)”
hadron n. “thrower (of spears and darts)”
hae adj. and adv. “far, very far away”
haedh n. “fenced enclosure”
haer adj. “remote, *distant”
haered n. “remoteness, (remote) distance”
haeron adj. “*distant”
haew n. “custom, habit”
*hair n. and adj. “left (hand)”
hal- v. “to lift”
hâl n. “fish”
half n. “seashell”
hall¹ adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
hall² adj. “exalted, high”
haltha- v. “to screen”
hamma- v. “to clothe”
hammad n. “clothing”
hamp n. “garment”
han pron. “that”
hana pron. “it”
hanar n. “brother”
*hand adj. “intelligent”
hannas n. “understanding, intelligence”
*hannen adj. “seated”
*hant n. “throw, cast; turn or move in games”
harad n. “south”
haradren adj. “southern”
harn adj. “south, southern”
harn² adj. “wounded”
harna- v. “to wound”
hartha- v. “to hope”
harthad n. “hope”
*haru n. “wound”
harvo n. “left hand, left side”
harwed adj. “left-handed”
hast n. “axe-stroke”
hasta- v. “to hack through”
hathel n. “broadsword-blade, axe-blade”
hathol n. “axe”
haudh n. “(funeral) mound, grave, tomb; [orig.] heap, piled mound”
*haug adj. “low”
haust n. “bed”
*haw- v. “to lie”
hawn n. “brother”
heb- v. “to keep”
*hel- v. “to freeze”
helch adj. “bitter cold, ice-cold, icy”
heledh n. “glass”
*heledhren adj. “glassy, like glass, of glass”
heledir(n) n. “kingsfisher, (lit.) fish-watcher”
heleg n. “ice”
*helen adj. “frozen”
heleth n. “fur, fur-coat”
helf n. “fur, *hide”
hell¹ adj. “naked, *stripped”
heltha- v. “to strip, *flay, peel skin; *to despoil, make bare”
*hemp n. “cord”
hen pron. “she”
hen n. “eye”
hên n. “child”
henia- v. “to understand”
henneth n. “window”
*hent n. “eyesight, *(sense of) sight”
herdir n. “master”
heria- v. “to begin suddenly and vigorously”
heron n. “lord, master”
herth n. “household, troop”
heruin n. “lady”
hervenn n. “husband”
hervess n. “wife”
heryn n. “lady”
*hesg adj. “withered”
*hethu adj. “foggy, obscure, vague”
adv. “now”
hîl n. “heir”
*hilu coll. “posterity; one’s descendents, progeny, offspring”
*hilvias n. “inheritance, heritage”
him¹ adv. and adj. “ever, enduring, continually; steadfast, abiding”
him² adj. “cool”
hîr n. “lord, master”
híril n. “lady”
hîth n. “mist”
hithlain n. “mist thread, grey elvish rope”
hithren adj. “grey”
*hithu n. “fog”
Hithui n. “November, *Misty-one”
hithui adj. “misty”
*hivia- v. “to stick to, adhere, cleave to, abide by”
hiw adj. “sticky, viscous”
(h)lô n. “flood, fenland”
ho pron. “he”
hobas n. “harbourage”
*hoda- v. “to lay, stretch out, lay flat on ground; *to lay to rest, bury (person)”
*hogren adj. “lowly, humble, mean”
hollen adj. “closed, shut”
honeg n. “brother (diminutive)”
horn adj. “driven under compulsion, impelled (to do something)”
hortha- v. “to urge on, speed”
host n. “gross (144)”
*hosta- v. “to gather, collect”
hoth n. “host, horde”
*hothron n. “captain”
n. “dog”
huan n. “great dog, hound”
hûb n. “haven, harbour, small landlocked bay”
hûd n. “assembly, *gathering, moot”
*huil n. “bitch, *female dog”
hûl n. “cry of encouragement in battle”
hûn n. “heart (physical)”
huorn n. “?Spirit Tree”
hûr n. “readiness for action, vigour, fiery spirit”
*hwand n. “sponge, fungus”
*hwest n. “puff, breath, breeze”
*hwîn n. “giddyness, faintness”
*hwind n. “eddy”
*hwinia- v. “to twirl, whirl, eddy”
*hwiniol adj. “whirling, giddy, mad, fantastic”
hwinn n. “birch”
-i suf. “adjectival suffix”
article. “the”
pron. “who, that, indefinite indeclinable relative particle”
n. “chasm, pit; void, abyss; gulf”
iach n. “ford”
*iaetha- v. “to deride, mock, make fun of, laugh at”
iaew n. “mocking, scorn”
ial n. “?call, cry”
ialla- v. “to call”
*iana- v. “to join, connect, unite”
-ian(d) suf. “-land”
iant n. “bridge”
iant n. “yoke”
iâth n. “fence”
iau¹ n. “corn”
iau² n. “ravine, cleft, gulf”
iaun adj. “wide, extensive, large, roomy, vast, huge”
iaun n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary, *shrine, temple”
iaur adj. “old; ancient, olden”
iavas n. “autumn”
*îd adv. “extremely, very”
îdh n. “rest, repose, peace, tranquility”
*idhor adj. “thoughtfulness”
idhren adj. “pondering, wise, thoughtful”
*idhrinn n. “year, (lit.) *year-circle”
*idith n. “itch”
*idithen adj. “itching”
*idithia- v. “to itch, irritate”
-iel¹ suf. “feminine suffix; daughter”
-iel² suf. “adjective suffix”
-iel³ suf. “perfective-participle”
-ien suf. “feminine ending”
iest n. “wish”
îf n. “cliff, sheer descent”
-il suf. “feminine suffix”
il adj. “*all”
ilaurui adj. “*daily”
im pron. “I”
im¹ pron. “I, I myself; reflexive, self(same)”
im² prep. “between”
im³ n. “valley; dell, deep vale”
*imeneth n. “namesake, (lit.) same name”
imlad n. “deep valley, narrow valley with steep sides, gap, gully, dell, glen”
imrad n. “path or pass between mountains or trackless forest, (lit.) *valley path”
imrath n. “long narrow valley with road or watercourse running through it lengthwise, (lit.) *valley course”
în¹ n. “year”
în² pron. “his, *reflexive possessive = his own”
inc n. “guess, idea, notion”
ind n. “some particular purpose or intention of an individual; heart, inner thought, meaning”
ingem adj. “old (in mortal sense), suffering from old age, decrepit, (lit.) year-sick”
ínias n. “annals”
innas n. “*will”
*inu adj. “female”
*inwas n. “feminity, womanhood”
*inwasui adj. “feminine”
io adv. “ago”
iolf n. “brand”
-(i)on suf. “adjectival suffix”
ion n. “son”
-ion¹ suf. “-son”
-ion² suf. “-region, -land”
ionn n. “son”
iôr n. “course”
iphant adj. “aged, having lived long, (lit.) year-full”
-ir suf. “past of intransitive verbs”
ir conj. “?when”
î(r) pron. “impersonal plural pronoun”
îr n. “*sexual desire”
írui adj. “desirable, lovely”
ist n. “lore, knowledge”
ista- v. “to have knowledge, know”
istui adj. “learned”
Ithil n. “Moon”
Ithil n. “Moon”
ithildin n. “magical alloy that glows in moonlight, (lit.) moon-star”
ithron n. “Wizard”
iuith n. “use”
iuitha- v. “to employ”
iûl n. “embers”
Ivanneth n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
laba- v. “to hop”
lach n. “(leaping) flame”
lacha- v. “to flame”
lad n. “plain”
*lad- v. “to stretch, extend (in length)”
laden adj. “flat, *level, flat and wide; open, cleared”
*lae n. “great number”
*laeda- v. “to refresh, revive”
laeg adj. “green, viridis, green (of leaves/herbiage), fresh”
*laeg adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
*laegas n. “verdure, greenness”
laer¹ n. “summer”
laer² n. “song”
*laeth adj. “lost”
*laetha- v. “to let slip, lose, mislay, forget; (intr.) to be lost”
laew adj. “fresh”
*laew adj. “frequent, many”
*laeweth n. “freshness”
*lagor adj. “swift, rapid”
laich adj. “sweet”
lain n. “thread, warp, twine”
*lain adj. “free(d)”
lala- v. “to laugh”
lalaith n. “laughter”
*lall n. “laugh”
*lallen adj. “funny, amusing”
*laltha- n. “to amuse, make laugh”
lam n. “(physical) tongue; language”
lamm n. “echo”
lamma- v. “to echo”
lammad n. “*echoing”
lammen adj. “of tongue, spoken with tongue”
*lanad n. “weft, woof”
lanc¹ n. “sharp edge (not of tools), sudden end”
lanc² adj. “naked”
land adj. “wide, broad; open space, level”
lang n. “passage; neck, *throat”
*lang n. “cutlass, sword”
*lant n. “clearing in the forest”
lanthir n. “waterfall”
*lanu n. “loom”
*laph n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe”
*larf n. “fat, (fat) flesh”
*lasbelin n. “leaf-fall, autumn”
lass n. “leaf”
*last n. “(sense of) hearing”
lasta- v. “to listen, give ear”
*lastad n. “listening, hearkening, attention”
*lastadui adj. “audible”
lasto interj. “listen, *hark”
*lath n. “thong of (?leather)”
*lathr(ad)a- v. “to listen in, eavesdrop”
*lathron n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper”
*laudh n. “gluttonous eating, licking up (food or drink)”
*laug adj. “warm”
*laus n. “hair”
*lav- v. “to lick”
lavan n. “animal”
*lavra- v. “to lap (of animals), suck up”
le pron. “thee, you (polite)”
*leb- v. “to pick, pluck, take or feel or touch with fingers, cull”
lebdas n. “index finger”
lebed n. “thumb”
leben num. card. “five”
lebenedh n. “middle finger”
lebent n. “fourth finger”
leber n. “finger”
*leberen adj. “fingered, of fingers”
lebethras n. “Gondorian tree”
lebethron n. “Gondorian hardwood, (lit.) *finger tree”
lebig n. “little finger”
ledh- v. “to go”
lefnui num. ord. “fifth”
legol adj. “[Ilk.] nimble, active, running free”
*leidhron n. “liberator, savior”
*leinas n. “freedom, liberty”
leithia- v. “to release, set free”
leithian n. “release from bondage, release, freeing”
lembas n. “waybread, journey-bread”
*lempha- v. “to beckon, crook the finger”
*lend adj. “tuneful, sweet”
lest n. “girdle, *belt”
leth- v. “to set free”
*lethril n. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper (f.)”
leutha- v. “to pick (up/out)”
*levia- v. “to sound, make a noise”
leweg n. “worm”
*lhae- v. “to hear”
*lhaew adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
*lhain adj. “lean, thin, meagre”
*lhê n. “fine thread, spider filament”
lheweg n. “ear”
*lhind adj. “fine, slender”
*lhing n. “spider’s web, cobweb”
*lhingril n. “spider”
*lhinnas n. “slenderness, thinness”
*lhîw n. “sickness, disease”
lhoer n. “venom, poison(ousness)”
*lhoereb adj. “venomous, poisonous”
lhoew n. “poison(ous substance)”
lhôn n. “noise, *sound”
lhong adj. “heavy”
*lhoss n. “whispering or rustling sound”
*lhossa- v. “to whisper”
lhûg n. “snake, serpent, reptile, worm; dragon”
n. “people (of one kind or origin)”
lif n. “link”
*lilt n. “dance”
*liltha- v. “to dance”
*lim n. “fish”
lim¹ adj. “quick, swift”
lim² adj. “clear, sparkling”
*limig n. “[small] drop”
*limlug n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent”
*limmeg n. “young of fish, small fry”
*limmid- v. “to moisten”
*limp adj. “wet”
lín pron. “*thy”
lîn n. “pool, mere”
lind¹ n. “song, chant, singing”
linna- v. “to sing, chant”
linnod n. “type of poem, (lit.) ?seven-chant”
*linnor n. “singer”
lîr n. “line, row”
lisg n. “reed, sedge”
liss adj. “fragrant”
lissuin n. “a fragrant flower”
*list n. “grace, favour, kindness”
lith n. “ash; sand”
lithui adj. “ashen, ashy, of ash”
*liv- v. “to drip”
*lob- v. “to gallop, *lope”
lobor n. “horse”
*lobrob n. “gallop; sound of horse’s feet”
*loch n. “ringlet”
*loda- v. “to float”
loen adj. “soaking wet, swamped”
*loera- v. “to stoop, bow, cower; to submit”
*loeth n. “twist, tendril, spiral, coil”
*loetha- v. “to curl, bend, wind, twine”
*log- v. “to haul, drag, pull, draw”
*loged n. “draught, draft, drawing (of fishes etc.)”
*logren adj. “curled, curly, *bending, looping”
*logrifidhren adj. “curly haired”
*logui adj. “meandering, twisting, winding, intracite, (lit.) full of bends”
*lom adj. “weary”
*lonc n. “curl”
lond n. “(land-locked) haven; narrow path, strait, pass”
lonnas n. “harbourage”
*lor- v. “to sleep”
*lorn adj. “asleep”
*lortha- v. “to put to sleep, send to sleep”
loss n. “snow”
lossen adj. “snowy”
lost adj. “empty”
loth n. “flower; inflorescence, head of small flowers”
lotheg n. “single flower, *floret”
Lothron n. “May, *Flower-ness”
loven adj. “echoing”
* n. “time, occasion”
*lúda- v. “to pass (of time); to come to pass, occur”
*lûg n. “bend, loop, wind, twist; guile, deceit”
luin adj. “blue”
luithia- v. “to quench”
*lum n. “shade, *area with obscured light; [dark] cloud”
*lummor n. “[foul] weather”
*lumren n. “shady, overcast”
lung adj. “heavy; grave, serious”
*lunt n. “boat”
*lûr n. “sleep, slumber”
*lurlos n. “poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep”
lûth n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
*lûth n. “spell, charm, magic”
*lútha- v. “to enchant”
*lúthad n. “enchantments, sorcery”
lŷg n. “snake”
ma interj. “good, excellent, that’s right”
mâb n. “hand, grasp”
*mablantas n. “sycamore”
mad- v. “to eat”
*mâd n. “meal”
madha n. “mud”
*madhren adj. “muddy”
*madui adj. “edible”
madweg adj. “gluttonous”
mae adv. and adj. “well; excellent, admirable”
*mae² adj. “soft, pliant”
*maeas n. “dough”
maecheneb adj. “sharp-eye[d]”
maed¹ adj. “shapely”
maed² adj. “handy, skillful, skilled”
*maedol adj. and n. “welcome”
maeg adj. “piercing, sharp, *penetrating”
mael adj. “well”
*mael¹ n. “lust”
*mael² n. and adj. “stain; stained”
maelig n. “wealth, abundance”
*maeligeb adj. “wealthy, rich”
*maelui adj. “lustful”
maen adj. “skilled, clever”
maen n. “a treasure”
maenas n. “craft, handicraft, art”
maer adj. “good, excellent, fair; useful, fit, good (of things)”
maeron n. “artist, poet”
maeth n. “fight, battle”
maeth n. “management”
maetha- v. “to handle, manage, wield, use, treat, deal with; *to rule, govern”
maetha- v. “to fight”
maethor n. “warrior”
maew n. “gull”
mâf n. “pile or mass of rock or earth”
magor n. “swordsman”
mai adv. “well”
maidh adj. “pale, fallow, fawn [light yellowish tan color]”
main adj. “prime, chief, pre-eminent”
*mair adj. “precious”
*maith n. “goal, intention”
*mâl n. “pollen, yellow powder”
malen adj. “yellow, yellowish”
mallen adj. “golden, of gold”
mallorn n. “gold tree”
mallos n. “golden flower”
malt n. “gold (as metal)”
malthen adj. “of gold”
*malu adj. “fallow, pale”
man pron. “*what, who”
mân n. “departed spirit”
manadh n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss”
*mang n. “butter”
*mann n. “food”
matha- v. “to stroke, feel, handle”
*mathad n. “handling, feeling, stroking, caressing; appraising, assay”
maur n. “gloom”
maw n. “hand”
*maw n. “soil, stain”
*mechor n. “gore”
*media- v. “to feed”
*medli n. “bear, (lit.) honey-eater”
*medlin adj. “*bear-like”
*medlivorn n. “blackbear”
medui adj. “end, final, last”
megil n. “sword, longsword”
megr adj. “sharp-pointed”
mein num. ord. “first”
*meiras n. “value, preciousness”
*meitha- v. “to aim at; to intend, mean”
*meithas n. “meaning”
mel- v. “to love”
melch adj. “greedy”
meldir n. “friend [m.]”
meldis n. “friend (f.)”
meleth n. “love”
*melethel n. “darling, sweetheart”
melethril n. “lover (f.)”
melethron n. “lover (m.)”
mell adj. “dear, beloved”
mellon n. “friend”
melui adj. “lovely, sweet”
men- v. “to go”
men¹ pron. “us”
men² n. “road, *way”
meneg num. card. “thousand, *large in number”
menel n. “the heavens, firmanent, region of the stars”
ment n. “point”
*meren adj. “festive, gay, joyous”
mereth n. “feast, festival”
meril n. “rose”
merilin(n) n. “nightingale”
mesg adj. “wet”
meth adj. “last”
methed n. “end”
*mib n. “(little) kiss, peck”
mîdh n. “dew”
mîl n. “love, affection”
milbar n. “beloved dwelling, dear home”
*milu n. “greed”
milui adj. “friendly, loving, kind”
mín pron. “our”
mîn n. “[thing] between; gap, space, barrier; anything intervening between two other things”
min¹ n. “peak”
min² num. card. “one”
*minai adj. “distinct, unique, single”
minas n. “tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”
mindon n. “tower, isolated hill (especially a hill with a watchtower)”
minib num. card. “eleven”
minlamad n. “?alliteration, (lit.) first-echoing”
minna- v. “to go in, enter”
minui num. ord. “first”
minuial n. “(dawn) twilight”
mîr n. “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
*mírad n. “treasury, hoard”
mírdan n. “jewel smith”
míria- adj. “to sparkle like jewels”
mirian n. “Gondorian coin”
míriel adj. “sparkling like jewels”
*miru n. “wine”
miruvor n. “a special wine or cordial”
*mirwelthen n. “vintage, (lit.) *wine pressing”
mist n. “error, wandering”
mista- v. “to stray about”
mistrad n. “straying, error”
mith adj. “grey, light grey, pale grey”
mithren adj. “grey”
mithril n. “Moria-silver, true-silver”
*mivan adv. “where”
mîw adj. “small, tiny, frail”
moed adj. “handy, skilled”
molif n. “wrist, (lit.) hand-link”
môr n. and adj. “dark(ness), †black”
môr adj. “black”
morchant n. “dark shape, shadow cast by light”
morgul n. “black arts, sorcery, necromancy”
morn adj. and n. “black, dark”
moth n. “dusk”
muda- v. “to labour, toil”
*muig adj. “soft, gentle”
muil n. and adj. “drear[iness]”
muin¹ adj. “dear”
muindor n. “brother”
muinthel n. “sister”
*muis n. “softness, tenderness, gentleness”
mûl n. “slave”
mund n. “bull”
mŷl n. “gull”
*mýtha- v. “to kiss, bill”
na- v. “to be”
na¹ prep. “to, towards, at”
na² prep. “of; with, along with, accompanied by, provided with or by, associated with, marked with; by”
nad n. “thing”
nadha n. “fetter”
nadhor n. “pasture”
nadhras n. “pasture”
nae interj. “alas”
naedh n. “a wounding, a wound”
naeg n. “pain”
*naegos n. “anguish”
*naegra- v. “to pain”
naer adj. “dreadful, horrible, unendurable; lamentable”
naergon n. “woeful lament”
naes n. “tooth”
naeth n. “woe; biting, gnashing of teeth”
naeth n. “biting, gnashing of teeth”
naew n. “jaw”
nag- v. “to bite; to chew, gnaw”
nail num. ord. “third”
naith n. “spearhead, gore, wedge, narrow prominitory; angle”
nalla n. “call”
nalla- v. “to cry”
nana n. “mother (hypocoristic), *mommy”
nan(d) n. “vale, valley, wide grassland, dale”
naneth n. “mother”
nâr n. “rat”
nara- v. “to tell”
Narbeleth n. “October, Sun-fading, Sun-waning”
narch adj. “bitter-biting”
narcha- v. “to rend”
nardh n. “knot”
narn n. “tale, saga”
narn n. “tale, saga”
nartha- v. “to kindle”
narthan n. “beacon”
naru adj. “red”
Narwain n. “January, (lit.) *New Fire”
nass n. “point, (sharp) end; angle, corner”
nasta- v. “to prick, point, stick, thrust”
nath n. “web”
natha- v. “to bring help to, save, rescue”
*natha- v. “to entertain, (orig.) to make welcome”
nathal n. “guest”
*nathas v. “entertainment”
*nathla- v. “to welcome”
*nathol adj. “affable, kindly, welcoming”
*nathren adj. “acceptable, agreeable, welcome”
nathron n. “weaver, webster”
naub n. “thumb”
naud adj. “bound”
naug adj. and n. “dwarf(ed), stunted; dwarf”
naug n. “Dwarf”
naugol (naugl-) n. “Dwarf (diminutive)”
naur n. “fire”
nauth n. “thought”
nautha- v. “to conceive”
naw n. “idea”
naw adj. “hollow”
Nawag n. “Dwarf”
ne- pref. “in”
ned n. “*one more”
neder num. card. “nine”
nedh- pref. “mid-”
*nedhor n. “mid-day, noon”
*nedhu n. “bolster, cushion”
*nedhwad n. “middle-meal, lunch”
nedia- v. “to count”
nedrui num. ord. “ninth”
nef prep. “hither, on this (the speaker’s) side of; †beyond [loose translation]; *near”
negen adj. “sharp, angular”
neitha- v. “to wrong, deprive”
neithan n. “one deprived, exile whose rights and goods have been confiscated”
nel- pref. “tri-”
nêl n. “tooth”
nelchaenen num. ord. “*thirtieth”
neldor n. “beech”
neledh num. card. “three”
neledh- v. “*to go in, enter”
neleg n. “tooth”
nell n. “bell”
nella- v. “to sound (of bells), *ring”
nelladel n. “ringing of bells”
nelthil n. “triangle”
nelui num. ord. “third”
nem n. “nose”
nen n. “water; lake, pool; (lesser) river, stream”
*nend adj. “watery”
nenui adj. “wet”
*nepheg n. “mid-point, (lit.) mid-spot”
nerthui num. ord. “ninth”
ness n. “headland”
nest n. “?heart, core”
nesta- v. “to heal”
nestad n. “healing”
nestag- v. “to insert, stick in”
neth n. “sister (diminutive); (little) girl”
neth adj. “young”
nethel n. “sister”
nethig n. “sister, girl (diminutive)”
* adv. “once, at one time”
niben adj. “petty, *small”
nîd adj. “damp, wet; tearful”
nidh n. “full vigorous purpose, exertion of will”
nidh- v. “to will”
nîdh n. “juice; honeycomb”
nidha- v. “to be determined to”
nîf n. “front, face”
niged n. “little finger”
*nigol n. “mouse, (lit.) small one”
*nigren adj. “stealthy, (orig.) mouse-like”
nim adj. “white”
nimdil n. “white horn”
*nimmas n. “whiteness”
nimmid- v. “to whiten”
nimp¹ adj. “pale, pallid, white; wan, sickly”
nimp² adj. “small and frail”
nimras n. “white-horn”
nin pron. “me”
nín pron. “my”
nîn¹ adj. “wet”
nîn² n. “tear”
*nind adj. “slender”
ninglor n. “golden water-flower”
niniel adj. “tearful”
ninniach n. “rainbow”
Nínui n. “February, *Watery”
nínui adj. “*tearful”
*níphess n. “frost-patterns; snowflake, ice-flake, (lit.) chill feather”
niphred n. “pallor; fear”
niphredil n. “white flower (similar to a snowdrop); (lit.) pale point”
nîr n. “tear; weeping, grief, sorrow”
nirnaeth n. “lamentation, tears”
nírnaeth n. “lamentation”
*nîs n. “frost”
nîth n. “youth”
nîth n. “sister”
no prep. “under”
nobad n. “thumb and index finger as a pair, (lit.) *pickers”
nod- v. “to count”
nod-² v. “to tie, *bind”
noen adj. “wise, sensible”
Nogoth n. “[Greater] Dwarf”
nor- v. “to run (or leap) of animals or men; to roll [of vehicles]”
nordh adj. “cord”
norn adj. “twisted, knotted, crabbed, contorted”
noroth n. “giant”
north n. “riding, race (of people running), charge or gallop”
northa- v. “to make run, *ride; to send rolling, speed”
Nórui n. “June, *Fiery”
nos(s) n. “family, kindred, clan, house; race, tribe, people”
-nt suf. “past of transitive verbs”
nu prep. “under”
nûd n. “bond”
*nui prep. and adv. “before (of time); afterwards, again, later”
*nuir n. “yesterday”
nuitha- v. “to stunt, prevent from coming to completion, stop short, not allow to continue”
*nur- v. “to growl, grumble”
nûr¹ n. “race”
nûr² adj. “deep”
*nurn n. “complaint, plaint”
*nurna- v. “to complain of”
*nus- v. “to take notice, perceive”
*nŷw n. “noose, snare”
nœdia- v. “to count”
-o suf. “imperative”
o prep. “from, of”
prep. “about, concerning”
*och n. “knee”
odhril n. “parent (f.)”
odhron n. “parent”
*odlad n. “week”
odog num. card. “seven”
oel adj. “cool”
oer adj. “nasty”
oew n. “an evil deed”
-og suf. “singular suffix”
Ogod n. “Ent”
ogol adj. “bad, evil, wrong; gloom(y)”
ogron n. “wicked or evil person”
-ol suf. “continuative [active] participle; adjective suffix”
ôl n. “dream”
oll n. “torrent, mountain-stream”
*olost adj. “drowsy, dreamy, lazy”
oltha- v. “to dream”
-on¹ suf. “masculine suffix”
-on² suf. “augmentative suffix”
ongol n. “stench”
onna- v. “?to be born”
onnen adj. “born”
Onod n. “Ent”
-or suf. “agental suffix”
or prep. “above; on, onto, on top”
or- pref. “-day”
Oraeron n. “Sea-day, *Thursday”
Oranor n. “(lit.) *Sun-day, Sunday”
Orbelain n. “*Day of the Valar, Friday”
orch n. “Orc, goblin”
orchal adj. “tall; superior, eminent, lofty”
*orchen n. “dandelion, (lit.) day-eye”
Orgaladh n. “Day of the Tree, *Tuesday”
Orgaladhad n. “Day of the Two Trees, *Tuesday”
Orgilion n. “*Star-day, Saturday”
Orithil n. “*Moon-day, Monday”
Ormenel n. “*Heavens-day, Wednesday”
orn n. “(tall) tree”
orn n. “tree”
orod n. “mountain”
orodben n. “mountaineer, one living in the mountains”
oroth n. “rage”
*orth adj. “upper”
ortha- v. “to raise”
ortha- v. “to raise”
orthad n. “*rising”
orthannen adj. “raised”
orthel- v. “to roof, screen above”
orthelian n. “canopy”
orthor- v. “to master, conquer”
os prep. “*about”
os- pref. “about”
osgar- v. “to cut round, amputate”
osp n. “smoke”
ost n. “fort, fortress, stronghold, citadel; (fortified) town, city; [orig.] enclosure”
-oth suf. “augmentative suffix”
oth- pref. “[wrong] with a bad sense; unsuitable, bad, improper, useless, wrong”
*othas n. “warfare”
*othestannen adj. “infamous, of evil name, (lit.) ill-named”
othgar(ed) n. “doing wrong, *wrong doing”
othgarn n. “misdeed”
*othidh n. “armistice”
*othlonn n. “paved way”
othol n. “stranger, guest”
*othrad n. “street”
*othrim n. “army”
*othrol n. “warlike”
othrond n. “underground stronghold, underground city, fortress”
othui num. ord. “seventh”
*othwen n. “amazon”
ovor adj. “abundant”
ovra- v. “to abound”
ovras n. “crowd, heap”
pad- v. “to step, walk”
pâd n. “a step (action); track, road; ford; way”
padra- v. “to walk”
pae num. card. “ten”
paenui num. ord. “tenth”
paeth n. “speech”
*paetha- v. “to utter, speak, talk”
*paethad n. “oratory”
*paethron n. “orator”
*paich n. “juice, syrup, *sap”
palan adv. “afar, abroad, far and wide”
palan-díriel n. “far-gazer”
palath¹ n. “surface”
palath² n. “iris”
*palt n. “wide flat leaf; page of book”
pan adj. “all”
pân n. “plank, fixed board (especially in a floor)”
panas n. “floor”
*pand n. “courtyard”
pann¹ adj. “wide”
panna-¹ v. “to open, enlarge”
paran adj. “bare, naked; smooth, shaven”
parch adj. “dry”
parch adj. “naked (of persons)”
parf n. “book”
parth n. “field, enclosed grassland, sward, *meadow”
path adj. “smooth”
*path- v. “to smooth”
pathra- v. “to fill”
pathred n. “fullness”
*pathu n. “level space, sward”
paur n. “fist, (closed) hand”
*pavra- v. “to ail, *be ill”
paw n. “sickness, *illness, ailment”
ped- v. “to say, speak”
pedweg adj. “talkative, saying a lot”
peg n. “dot, small spot”
pel- v. “to fade, wane”
pêl n. “fenced field”
peleth n. “waning, *fading”
pelia- v. “to spread”
pelthaes n. “pivot”
*pemp n. “lip”
pen- v. “to have not”
pen¹ prep. and pref. “without, lacking, -less”
pen² n. “one, somebody, anybody”
penbed adj. “not pronouncable”
pend n. and adj. “slope, (steep) incline, hill side, declivity; sloping (down), steeply inclined”
pendrath n. “passage up or down slope, stairway”
penedh n. “Elf”
peng n. “bow (for shooting)”
*pengas n. “archery”
pengolodh n. “teaching sage, doctor (of lore), *professor”
*pengron n. “archer”
penia- v. “to fix, set”
penn¹ n. “declivity”
penna- v. “to come down (in a slant), fall”
pennas n. “history”
*penninor n. “full year (last day of year), *new year’s eve”
pennod adj. “without count”
pennoediad adj. “innumerable”
pent n. “tale, story”
per- pref. “half”
Perian n. “Halfling, Hobbit”
perin adj. “half”
*pess¹ n. “saying, proverb”
*pess² n. “feather”
pessa- v. “to affect, concern”
pesseg n. “pillow”
*pesson n. “plume, feather”
peth n. “word”
pethron n. “speaker, reciter, narrator, minstrel”
*pibin n. “(small) berry, haw”
pichen adj. “juicy”
pigen adj. “tiny”
*pildor n. “bat (animal)”
*pilimmes n. “arrow feathering”
*pilin n. “arrow, dart”
*pilinoth n. “arrow of war, arrow sent as a summons to war”
pîn adj. “little”
pind n. “crest, ridge”
*pir- v. “to stir, stir round, make spin”
*pîr n. “cream”
*piren adj. “spun, rounded, cylindrical”
pirin n. “flower that opened and shut quickly with any change of light”
*piruin n. “spinning wheel”
plad n. “palm, flat of the hand”
*plador n. “oar”
*plant adj. “candid, blunt (of words); †flat, open, expansive”
pôd n. “animal’s foot”
poen n. “small gull, petrel”
*porog n. “fowl (domestic)”
post n. “pause, halt, rest, cessation, respite”
presta- v. “to affect, trouble, disturb”
prestannen adj. “affected (of vowels), mutated”
prestanneth n. “affection (of vowels), mutation”
puia- v. “to spit”
*puida- v. “to wash, cleanse, soap”
*puidh n. “wash, cleaning”
puig adj. “clean, tidy, neat”
râd n. “path, pass, track”
rada- v. “to make a way, find a way”
raeda- v. “to catch in a net”
raef n. “net”
*raeg adj. “wrong”
raen¹ adj. “netted, enlaced”
raen² adj. “smiling, gracious, sweet-faced”
*raew n. “fathom”
rain n. “erratic wandering”
*rain¹ n. “border”
*rain² adj. “free, *unconstrained”
ram n. “wall”
rammas n. “great wall”
ram(m)as n. “*great wall”
*ranc n. “arm”
*rand n. “cycle”
randir n. “wanderer, pilgrim”
rant n. “course, water-channel; lode, vein”
raph n. “?rope”
rasg n. “wain, *wagon, cart”
*rasg n. “horn”
rass n. “horn [of both animals and mountains]”
ras(t) n. “cape, shore”
rath n. “street; course, river-bed”
raud¹ adj. “lofty, noble, eminent, high, tall, excellent”
raud² n. “metal”
*raudh adj. “hollow, cavernous”
raug n. “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature”
Raun n. “Moon”
*raun adj. “errant”
ravaed adj. “skillful”
*ravn n. “wing (horn), extended point at side”
*raw n. “bank (especially of a river)”
raw¹ n. “wing”
raw² n. “lion”
*redh- v. “to sow”
*redhen adj. “related”
*rein n. “slot, spoor, track, footprint”
*rem adj. “frequent, numerous”
rem n. “mesh, net (for catching)”
remmen adj. “entangled, meshed, netted, woven”
-ren suf. “adjective suffix”
*rend adj. “circular”
*renia-¹ v. “to stray, wander”
*renia-² v. “to fly, sail”
*renn n. “cousin (m.), relative”
*rennas n. “kinship, relation”
*ress n. “cousin (f.), relative”
rest n. “cut”
reth n. “*climber”
reth- v. “to remain in same place, *endure”
rewinion n. “of the hunters”
rhach n. “curse”
rhaed n. “peculiar hue, (special) fashion”
*rhaen adj. “crooked”
rhanc adj. “awkward, hard”
rhandir n. “wanderer, pilgrim”
rhass n. “precipice”
rhaud n. “metal”
rhaw¹ adj. “wild, untamed”
rhaw² n. “flesh”
rhaw³ n. “lion”
rhî n. “crown”
*rhib- v. “to scratch”
rhien n. “(crowned) lady”
rhîw n. “winter”
rhond n. “body”
rhosg adj. “russet, brown”
rhovan n. “wilderness; wild beast”
rhu- pref. “evil-”
rhû¹ n. “evil, wicked”
rhû² n. “matter”
rhudol adj. and n. “unwelcome, coming with evil omen or intent”
rhufen adj. “east”
rhugar n. “evil deed”
rhugarol adj. “wicked, doing evil”
rhûn n. “east, eastern; †rising”
rhúnen adj. “eastern”
n. “wreath, garland; crown”
rían n. “queen, (lit.) crowned-lady”
*rib- v. “to flow like a (?torrent)”
rîdh n. “sown field, acre”
-riel suf. “crowned maiden”
rîf n. “bark”
-(r)il suf. “feminine suffix”
-rim suf. “collective or group plural”
rim n. “host, great number, people (of one kind or origin), crowd”
*rim n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)”
rîn n. “remembrance”
*rîn adj. “crowned”
*rinc n. “twitch, jerk, sudden move”
*rind n. “circle”
ring adj. “cold, chill, cool”
*ringorn n. “circle”
riss adj. and n. “cleft, cloven, separate; cleft”
*rista- v. “to cut; to rend, rip”
*ristannen adj. “cut”
*ritha- v. “to jerk, twitch, snatch, *twist”
*rítha- v. “to try, strive”
*rîw n. “brink, brim”
roch n. “horse”
rochben n. “rider”
rochir n. “knight, horse-lord”
rodel n. “lady, high lady”
Rodon n. “Vala”
Rodyn n. “alternate name of the last day of the Eldarin six-day week”
rom n. “horn, trumpet”
*romru n. “sound of horns”
-(r)on suf. “agental suffix”
rond n. “(vaulted or arched) roof; vaulted chamber or cavern; heavens [as a roof of the world]”
*rontha- adj. “to polish, burnish”
*†ross n. “polished metal”
ross¹ n. “rain; foam, spindrift, spray”
ross² adj. “red-haired, copper-coloured”
rost adj. “rainy”
rosta- v. “to hollow out, excavate”
*rothron n. “polisher”
roval adj. and n. “winged; pinion, great wing (of an eagle)”
*† n. “loud sound, trumpet-sound”
rûdh n. “bald”
*rui n. “hunt, hunting”
ruin n. and adj. “red flame; fiery red”
ruist n. “fireplace, hearth”
*rûn adj. “polished, burnished, smoothed by polishing”
rusc n. “fox”
rust n. “copper”
rustui adj. “copper”
rûth n. “anger, wrath”
ruthra- v. “to rage”
*rŷn n. “chaser, hound of chase”
*sa prep. and adv. “beside, along side, next (to)”
*sab- v. “to dig, bite into”
sabar n. “delving”
sad n. “place, spot”
sâdh n. “sward, turf”
sador adj. “steadfast, trusty, loyal”
sadron n. “trusty follower, loyal companion”
*saeb adj. “hungry”
sael adj. “wise”
saer adj. “bitter”
*saerlif n. “urine”
*saeth n. “hunger”
*saetha- v. “to have hunger”
*saethon n. “hunger (great), famine”
said adj. “private, separate, not common, excluded”
*sain adj. “new”
salab n. “herb”
*salch n. “green cut grass, ensilage, *fodder”
*salcha- v. “to scythe or mow”
*salph n. “broth”
sam n. “chamber”
sammar n. “*neighbor”
*samp n. “spade, shovel”
sant n. “garden, field, yard”
sarch n. “grave”
sarn n. and adj. “(small) stone, pebble; stony (place), *with many stones”
sarnas n. “cairn”
*satha- v. “to put, place”
*saun n. “bath”
saur adj. “bad (of food), putrid”
sautha- v. “to drain”
sav- v. “to have”
saw n. “filth, putrescence”
saw n. “juice”
*saw- v. “to wash, bathe”
seidia- v. “to set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner”
sell n. “daughter; †girl, maid”
sen pron. “this”
send n. “?rest”
sennas n. “guesthouse”
sennui adv. “?rather, instead”
sereg n. “blood”
seregon n. “plant with red flowers, (lit.) blood of stone”
serni n. “shingle, pebble bank”
seron n. “lover”
*sesta- v. “to set, (lit.) to make rest (on)”
adv. “here”
sîdh n. “peace”
*sídhui adj. “peaceful, full of peace”
sigil n. “necklace”
sigil n. “dagger, knife”
síla- v. “*to shine”
silef n. and adj. “(white) crystal; silver, shining white”
silif n. “light of Silpion, †silver”
silith n. “silver light, starlight, *moonlight”
silivren adj. “(white) glittering”
siniath n. “news, tidings”
sinnarn n. “novel tale”
sír n. “*today, this day”
sîr n. “river, stream”
siria- v. “to flow”
sirith n. “flowing”
sog- v. “to drink”
solch n. “root (especially as edible)”
sui prep. “*as”
*suil n. “goblet”
suila- v. “to greet”
suilad n. “greeting”
suilanna- v. “to greet, *give greeting”
*suith n. “draught, drink”
*suithlas n. “tea, *(lit.) leaf-drink”
sûl n. “wind”
tachol n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tachol n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tâd num. card. “two”
tad-dal adj. “two-legged”
tadui num. ord. “second”
taeg n. “boundary, limit, boundary line”
taen¹ n. “height, summit of high mountain”
taen² adj. “long (and thin)”
taer adj. “lofty, *high”
taer adj. “straight”
taes n. “nail”
taetha- v. “to fasten, tie”
taew n. “holder, socket, hasp, clasp, staple”
tagol n. “post, mark”
taid adj. “supporting, second in command”
taith n. “mark, sign, symbol, stroke”
tâl n. “foot; [lower] end”
talad n. “incline, slope”
talaf n. “ground, floor”
*talagan n. “harper”
talan n. “flet, flat space, platform (in a tree)”
talan n. “flet”
talath n. “flat lands, plain”
*talathren adj. “vale like, of the vale”
talf n. “wang, flat field, topographical flat area”
*talif n. “ankle”
talraph n. “stirrup”
talt adj. “slipping, falling, insecure”
tamma- v. “to knock”
tân n. “builder, smith, wright, artificer”
tanc adj. “firm; steady, steadfast; settled”
tang n. “bowstring”
tangada- v. “to make firm, confirm, establish”
tara adj. “tough, stiff”
tarag n. “horn; steep mountain peak”
tarch adj. “stiff, rough (or tough)”
tarias n. “stiffness, toughness, difficulty”
tarlang adj. and n. “proud, obstinate, (lit.) stiff-necked; stiff neck (a nickname applied to men of haughty carriage or mood)”
*tarph adj. “stale, dry (of foods)”
tas n. “index finger”
tass n. “labour, task”
tathar n. “willow (tree)”
tathor n. “willow-tree”
tathren adj. “of willow”
tathren adj. “of willow”
taug adj. “firm, strong, (?withstand)”
taur n. “forest, wood, great wood, dense wood”
taur² adj. “vast, mighty, overwhelming, awful, huge; high, sublime”
taur³ n. “king (of a whole tribe)”
tauron n. “forester”
taus n. “thatch”
tavn n. “a thing made by handicraft”
*tavnen adj. “made (by craft of hand), wrought, fashioned”
tavor n. “woodpecker, knocker; wood fay”
taw n. “wood as material”
taw adj. “of wool, woollen”
taw³ adv. “thither”
tawen adj. “wood (of material), ?wooden (of make)”
n. “line, way”
*techu n. “chip”
tegil n. “pen”
tegol n. “pen”
teith n. “mark, stroke”
teitha- v. “to write, draw, inscribe, make marks or signs”
*tel- v. “to end, finish”
telch n. “stem”
tele n. “end, rear, hindmost part”
telia- v. “to play”
telien n. “sport, play, game”
tellen n. “sole of foot”
telu n. “dome, high roof”
*telum n. “mushroom”
ten pron. “*it, passive voice marker”
*tertha- v. “to destroy, *ruin, †(orig.) to make pierced”
*terthaith n. “waste, ruin, destruction”
tess n. “fine pierced hole”
têw n. “letter”
-th suf. “gerund, abstract noun”
tha- v. “?to become”
*thain adj. “lawful, formal, according to custom”
thala adj. “stalwart, steady, firm”
thalion n. “hero, dauntless man”
*thall adj. “steep, falling steeply (of river)”
*thalos n. “torrent”
tham n. “hall, chamber, room”
thamas n. “great hall”
thanc adj. and n. “forked, cleft, split, divided, cloven, bifurcated; cleft, break, breach”
*thand adj. “firm, true, abiding”
thand n. “shield”
thang n. “oppression, pressure; compulsion, duress, need”
thangail n. “shield-fence, shield-wall”
thar prep. and pref. “across, athwart, over”
thâr n. “stiff grass”
tharan adj. “vigorous”
tharas n. “hassock, footstool”
tharn adj. “sapless, stiff, rigid, withered”
thaur adj. “abominable, horrible”
*thavn n. “post, wooden pillar”
thavron n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
thaw adj. “corrupt, rotten”
*theinas adj. “law, rule”
*theinweg n. “lawman, lawyer”
thel- v. “to intend, mean, purpose, resolve, will”
thêl n. “sister”
thela n. “point (of spear)”
thent adj. “short”
theria- v. “to be vigorous, flourish”
*theriol adj. “flourishing”
thia- v. “to appear, seem”
thilia- v. “to glisten”
thilim adj. “gleaming”
thîn n. “evening”
thind adj. “grey, pale”
thinn adj. “grey, pale”
thinna- v. “to fade, *(lit.) become grey”
thinnas n. “shortness, shortening”
thîr n. “face, look, expression, countenance”
thôl n. “helmet, helm”
thôn n. “pine-tree”
thond n. “root, base”
thoniel adj. “kindler (in the past)”
thonnas n. “base, root, *foundation; root-word”
thôr¹ adj. “swooping, leaping down”
thora- v. “to fence”
thoren adj. “*fenced”
thorn¹ adj. “steadfast”
*thornang n. “steel”
thórod n. “torrent”
thoron n. “eagle”
thoss n. “fear”
thost n. “smell”
thosta- v. “to stink, *give off a smell”
*thostol adj. “stinking”
thû n. “stench; black mist, horrible darkness”
*thûg n. “resin”
thuia- v. “to breathe”
*thuith n. “resinous juice, *resin, gum; any adhesive substance”
thûl n. “breath”
thurin adj. “secret, hidden”
ti pron. “*them”
n. “line, row”
tilias n. “?mountain range”
till n. “point, spike, (sharp) horn, tine, ending”
tin n. “spark, sparkle, twinkle of stars”
tîn¹ pron. “his”
tinc n. “metal”
*tinithas n. “group of stars, star-cluster, constellation”
tinna- v. “to glint”
tinnu n. “(starry) twilight, dusk, early night (without moon)”
*tintiltha- v. “to twinkle, sparkle”
*tintilthad n. “sparkling, twinkling, scintillation”
tir- v. “to look (towards), watch (over), guard”
tir- v. “to watch”
tîr adj. “straight, right; upright, honest; esteem, regard, honour”
tíra- v. “to see”
tiria- v. “to watch, gaze; to ward, guard”
tiria- v. “to watch”
tirion n. “tower”
tirith n. “watching, guarding, watch, ward, guard”
tirith n. “watch, guard”
tirnen adj. “guarded”
tirnen adj. “guarded”
tithen adj. “little, tiny”
tiwdi n. “alphabet”
toba- v. “to cover, roof over”
tobas n. “roofing, roof”
*tobla- v. “to hide”
tog- v. “to bring”
tol n. “island, (high steep-sided) isle”
tol- v. “to come”
*toled n. “coming, arrival”
toleg n. “*sticker-up”
tollui num. ord. “eighth”
tolodh num. card. “eight”
tolog adj. “stalwart, trusty”
tolothen num. ord. “eighth”
toltha- v. “to fetch”
*tomp adj. “humped, bulging”
*tond adj. “tall”
tong adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
tôr n. “brother”
torech n. “(secret) hole, lair, excavation”
torn¹ n. “burial mound”
torn² adj. “hidden, secret”
Torog n. “Troll”
tortha- v. “to wield, control”
toss n. “bush, low-growing tree”
*tovn adj. “lowlying, deep, low”
trasta- v. “to harass, trouble”
tre- pref. “through”
trenar- v. “to recount, tell to the end”
trenarn n. “account, tale”
trevad- v. “to traverse”
trî prep. “through”
trîw adj. “fine, very slender”
trunc n. “great stake”
n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
tûg adj. “thick, fat”
tui n. “sprout, bud”
tuia- v. “to sprout, spring; to swell”
tuilinn n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
*tuilu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”
*túliel adj. “come, arrived”
tulu n. “support, prop”
tulus n. “poplar-tree”
tum n. “(deep) valley; flat vale”
tump n. “hump”
*tund n. “hill, mound”
tûr n. “mastery, victory, power”
*tŷg n. “thigh”
-u suf. “a person or being”
ú- pref. “no, not, negative; impossible”
û adv. and interj. “no, not, nor”
úan n. “monster”
uanui adj. “monstrous”
ubed n. “denial”
úbedui adj. “not fit to say, unspeakable”
*úben n. “nobody, no one”
úgarol adj. “not now doing or making, idling”
úgarth n. “trespass, (lit.) *misdeed”
-ui suf. “-ful, having quality, adjective suffix; possibility, suitability [as verbal suffix], *-able”
ui adv. “ever”
ui- pref. “twi-”
ui- pref. “twi-”
ui² n. “envelope”
uial n. “twilight, evendim”
uil n. “seaweed”
uilos n. “flowers like ‘white stars’”
*uilu n. “embers”
uir adj. “*fiery”
uir n. “eternity”
uireb adj. “eternal”
*uitha- v. “to smoke (trans.)”
ul- pref. “*ugly”
ûl n. “odour, *smell”
úlan(n) adj. “narrow, (lit.) not broad”
*úlren adj. “odorous”
uluithiad adj. “unquenchable”
*ulunn n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ûn¹ n. “creature”
ungol n. “spider”
únodui adj. “countless”
*únud- v. “to untie, undo, unloose”
ûr n. “fire”
ûr² adj. “wide”
*urna- v. “to blaze, burn”
*uru n. “brazier, grate”
urug (urcu-) n. “bogey”
Urui n. “August, *Hot-one”
úthaes n. “inducement to do wrong, *temptation”
*uthra- v. “to get away, escape”
*úthúlui adj. “breathless”
*uthwen n. “escape, way out, exit”
úvelui adj. “not amiable, unloveable”
*uwedhen adj. “outlaw, outcast”
*uwedhron n. “outlaw, outcast”
vi prep. “in”
*vina prep. “into”
-weg suf. “person, being, individual; active in doing”
-wen n. “maiden, *female suffix”
*ŷl n. “lamb”
ylf n. “drinking-vessel”
ýneg num. card. “twelve”