Neo-Quenya Vocabulary

WARNING: BETA CONTENT; USE WITH CAUTION

The Quenya vocabulary words presented here are drawn from a large number of sources, both before and after The Lord of the Rings. Since this does not match Tolkien’s conception of the language at any particular time, this list uses the “Neo-Quenya” designation. Words in this list marked with a “*” are more dubious than others: they are either fan-invented words, or drawn from Tolkien’s earliest writings; see the entries for individual words for more information. In some cases, some of the English translations in quotes are also questionable or fan-invented: these are also marked with a “*”. Words or translations marked with a “†” are archaic or poetic, and would not used in ordinary speech.

For more information about how this vocabulary list was assembled, see the Full Neo-Quenya Word List and the discussion of the Motivations and Methodology of the Eldamo lexicon.

The current version of this vocabulary list is a working draft, and is subject to change. New words will be added in the future, and some older or incompatible words may be removed. For now, you should consult original sources and use your own judgement as to which words you should use.


-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a interj. “O, Oh”
a- pref. “infinitive prefix”
á particle. “imperative particle”
*accal- v. “to blaze, shine (suddenly and) brilliantly”
aha n. “rage”
*ahtar- v. “to do back, react”
*ahtarië v. “reaction”
*ahto n. “wright, maker”
ahtumat n. “supper, *(lit.) maker’s meal”
ahya- v. “to change”
ai¹ interj. “ah, alas”
ai² adv. “supposing, suppose, maybe”
aian n. “holy thing or object or place”
aiano n. “stranger”
aica adj. “fell, terrible, dire; sharp”
aicalë n. “peak”
aicassë n. “mountain peak”
ailin n. “(large) lake, pool”
*aimahto n. “martyr”
*aimo n. “saint”
aina adj. “holy, revered, numinous, *divine”
aina- v. “to hallow, bless, treat as holy”
ainas n. “hallow, fane, *shrine, holy place, sanctuary”
Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.)”
ainima adj. “blessed, holy (of things)”
*aino n. “god”
Ainu n. “holy one, angelic spirit (m.)”
*aipio n. “cherry”
aiqua adj. “steep”
aiquen pron. “if anybody, whoever”
aira adj. “holy, sanctified, worshipful”
aira adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
airë¹ (airi-) adj. and n. “holy; sanctity, holiness”
airë² n. “sea”
airëa adj. “holy (applied to persons)”
airita- v. “to hallow”
airon n. “ocean”
aista- v. “to dread”
*aita- v. “to revere, worship”
*aitalë n. “reverence, worship”
*aitalëa adj. “reverent, worshipful”
aiwë n. “(small) bird”
aiya interj. “hail; behold, lo”
ála particle. “do not”
ala-¹ v. “to plant, grow (of plants); *to thrive, flourish”
al(a)-² pref. “well, happily”
ala-² v. “to deny”
alaco n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”
alahasta adj. “unmarred”
alahen adj. “eyeless”
*alalla- v. “*to keep on growing”
alalmë n. “inflorescence”
alalvëa adj. “having many elms”
alamen n. “good omen on departure”
alanessë n. “nicotiana, pipeweed”
alaninquitálima adj. “that cannot be made white (again)”
alaquenta adj. “well (happily) said”
(a)larca adj. “swift, rapid”
*alas (alast-) n. “marble”
alasaila adj. “unwise”
alassë n. “happiness, joy, merriment”
*alassëa n. “happy, joyful, merry”
*alasta adj. “of marble, marble”
*alaswa adj. “like marble”
alca- v. “to glitter, *shine out, flash”
alca n. “ray of light”
alcar n. “glory, splendour, radiance, brilliance”
alcarin(qua) adj. “glorious, brilliant, radiant”
alda n. “tree”
aldarembina adj. “tree-meshed”
aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
Aldëa n. “*Tuesday, Tree-day (Númenórean)”
*aldeon (aldeond-) n. “avenue (of trees)”
aldinga n. “tree-top”
Aldúya n. “*Tuesday, Day of the Two Trees”
aleldarin adj. “unelvish”
alfárima adj. “impossible to pursue”
Alfírimo n. “Immortal”
alima adj. “fair, good”
alla interj. “welcome, hail”
alma n. “good fortune, weal, wealth, *well-being”
alma n. “flower”
almarë n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
almárëa adj. “blessed”
almë n. “good (or blessed) thing, blessing, piece of good fortune, *luck”
*almo n. “shoulder(s), back”
alómëa adj. “voiceless”
alqua n. “swan”
alta (alat-) adj. “large, great in size”
alvë n. “elm”
alwa adj. “well-grown”
alwara adj. “useless”
alya adj. “rich, prosperous, abundant, blessed”
alya- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
am- pref. “up, upwards”
amaltil n. “*mother finger”
amanya adj. “*blessed”
*amapta- v. “to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly”
amatixë n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”
amaurëa n. “dawn, early day”
amba¹ adv. “up(wards)”
amba² adj. and n. “more”
ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”
ambalë n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
ambalotsë n. “uprising-flower”
am(ba)penda adj. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”
Ambar n. “The World, Earth, (lit.) Habitation”
ambarónë n. “dawn; uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ambë adv. “more”
ambela adv. “further still beyond, far away beyond”
am(be)na adv. “nearer to”
ambo n. “hill, rising ground, mount”
ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
ambor n. “breast, *chest”
ambuna adj. “hilly”
amilessë n. “mother-name”
amil(lë) n. “mother”
*ammë n. “mummy, mother”
amorta- v. “to heave”
ampa n. “hook, crook”
ampan- v. “to build”
ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ampanóta- v. “to build, erect a (large) building”
ampanotalëa adj. “architectural”
ampanotalyë n. “architecture”
ampendë n. “upward slope”
amya n. “mummy, (orig.) my mother”
amya-¹ pref. “excellent, admirable”
an conj. and adv. “for, but, then, or; moreover, furthermore”
(a)na- pref. “plu-”
an(a) prep. “to, towards, to a point near, alongside”
an(a)- pref. “intensive prefix”
*ana- pref. “to, towards”
(a)nacca n. “narrows, defile, pass, cut”
ananta conj. “but yet, and yet”
Anar n. “Sun”
Anar n. “Sun”
anarórë n. “sunrise”
Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”
anastorna adj. “*extremely hard”
*anat prep. “against”
anca n. “jaws; jaw, row of teeth”
ancárima adj. “easy, (lit.) very doable”
anda adj. “long, far”
andamacil n. “long sword”
andamunda n. “elephant”
andanéya adv. “long ago, once upon a time”
andatehta n. “long-mark”
andatelco n. “long stem, long leg”
andavë adv. “long, at great length”
ando n. “gate, (great) door; †entrances, approaches”
andólama n. “long consonant”
andon (andond-) n. “great gate”
andú- pref. “going down, setting (of sun), west”
andul n. “long pole”
andúna adj. “western”
andúnë n. “sunset, evening, (orig.) going down; west”
anessë n. “given (or added) name, nickname, surname”
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
ango (angu-) n. “snake, dragon”
angulócë n. “dragon”
anna n. “gift, (orig.) thing handed, brought or sent to a person”
an(ner) adv. “at hand”
*anqua adj. and adv. “opposite, against”
*anta n. “cheek”
anta- v. “to give, present; †to add to”
antaro n. “high mountain, peak”
antë n. “giver (f.)”
anto n. “giver (m.)”
anto n. “mouth, jaw, *mouth as a thing for eating”
antoryamë n. “strengthening”
anya- v. “to reach, go to, arrive at”
ap- v. “to touch one, concern, affect”
apa¹ pref. “after (of time)”
apa³ conj. “but”
apacen n. “foresight, (lit.) *after-sight”
apacenya adj. “of foresight”
*apanta- v. “to open, reveal, show, display”
*apantië n. “display, *revealing, revelation”
(apa)ruivë n. “wild fire”
appa- v. “to touch”
apsa¹ n. “meat, cooked food”
apsen- v. “to remit, release, forgive”
apta- v. “to refuse, deny, say nay”
aqua adv. “fully, completely, altogether, wholly”
aquapahtië n. “privacy, (lit.) *full-closedness”
ar conj. “and”
ar- pref. “by-, beside, near”
ar(a) prep. and adv. “beside, next [to], *near”
ar(a)- pref. “noble, high”
aran n. “king”
aranaitë adj. “*kingly, royal”
arandil n. “king’s friend, royalist”
arandur n. “minister, steward, (lit.) king’s servant”
aranel n. “princess”
aranië n. “kingdom”
aranus(së) n. “kingship”
arat n. “weed”
arata adj. “high, noble, exalted, lofty”
aráto n. “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king”
arca adj. “narrow”
arca- v. “*to petition”
arcandë n. “*petition”
Arcastar n. “Tolkien”
*arcólima adj. “equivalent”
arda n. “region, realm, particular land or region”
árë (ári-) n. “sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun)”
-(á)rë suf. “general action verbal suffix”
árë nuquerna n. “árë-reversed”
ar(i)- pref. “superlative prefix”
arië n. “daytime”
arimaitë adj. “(supremely) skillful”
arin n. “morning”
arinya adj. “morning, early”
arma n. “ray of sunlight”
armar coll. “goods”
armaro n. “*neighbor”
arpo n. “seizer, thief”
arquen n. “noble, knight”
*arrongo adv. “right away, promptly, very soon”
arta n. “fort, fortress”
arta¹ adv. “etcetera”
arwa adj. and suf. “possessing, having, in control of”
arya adj. “excelling, *better”
arya- v. “to excel”
aryon n. “heir”
as prep. “with”
as(a)- [þ] pref. “easily”
asa- [þ] v. “to be willing, agree”
asalastë [þ] adj. “easily heard”
asar [þ] n. “fixed time, festival”
asar(o) [þ] n. “doctor, leech”
asarta [þ] n. “leech, doctor”
ascat- v. “to rend, break asunder”
ascénima [þ] adj. “visible, easily seen”
asëa [þ] n. “healing herb, athelas”
asëa [þ] n. “*healing herb”
asëa aranaitë [þ] n. “*kingsfoil”
asëa aranion [þ] n. “kingsfoil, asëa of the Kings”
asië [þ] n. “ease, comfort”
asra [þ] adj. “?easy”
assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
asta n. “month; division, part (esp. one of other equal parts)”
asta- v. “to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)”
astalda adj. “strong, *valiant”
astar n. “faith, loyalty”
astarindo n. “bystander; supporter”
astarmo n. “bystander; witness”
asto n. “dust”
asumo [þ] n. “friend at need, friend with shared interests, colleague”
asya- [þ] v. “to ease, assist, comfort”
at(a)- pref. “double, [repeat a] second time; bi-, twi-; back, again, re-”
ata adv. “again, *(lit.) a second time”
ataformaitë adj. “ambidextrous”
atalantë n. “collapse, downfall”
atalantëa adj. “ruinous, downfallen”
atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”
ataltarë n. “collapse”
atamaitë adj. “two-handed”
atamir n. “heirloom”
Atan n. “Man, (lit.) the Second (People)”
Atan n. “Man”
ataquanta- v. “*to refill, fill a second time, double fill”
ataquë n. “construction, building”
atar¹ n. “father”
atar² prep. “*for”
atartil n. “thumb”
atatya adj. “double”
atsa¹ n. “claw, catch, hook”
atsa² n. “tassel, fryse, fringe”
atta num. card. “two”
attalya n. and adj. “biped, *(lit.) two-footed”
attëa num. ord. “second”
atto n. “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
atwa adj. “double”
atya¹ n. “daddy, (my) father”
au- pref. “away (from)”
au¹ adv. “away, off, not here (of position)”
au² adv. “if only”
aucir- v. “to cut off (and get rid of or lose a portion)”
aulë n. “invention”
aura n. “possession, thing owned”
aurë n. “day (as opposed to night), daylight”
*aurëa adj. “sunny, sunlit, (lit.) daylight-ish”
*aurië n. “wealth [in possessions], property”
ausa n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”
auta-¹ v. “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”
*autaila adj. “going, passing, nearly gone”
autas n. “a former occur[rence]”
au(vë) adv. “might (have), would (have)”
auvië n. “possession (abstract), *the act of possessing”
ava- pref. “without”
avá (áva-) particle. “don’t, negative imperative”
ava-¹ v. “to refuse, forbid”
ava¹ adv. and adj. “outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
ava-² pref. “negation (refusing or forbidden)”
avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
avalatya- v. “to close, shut”
avalerya- v. “to restrain, to deprive of liberty”
avanir n. “unwill”
avanwa adj. “refused, forbidden, banned”
avanyárima adj. “unspeakable, what one must not tell, not to be told or related”
avaquétima adj. “not to be said, that must not be said”
avatyar- v. “*to forgive, (lit.) do away with”
awalda adj. “move[d], stirred, excited”
axa n. “ravine, narrow path; edge”
axan n. “commandment, (divine) law or rule”
axë n. “neck, rock ridge”
axo¹ n. “bone”
*axula adj. “bony”
áya n. “awe”
ca prep. “behind, at back of place”
cacarra- v. “to keep on doing”
caila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
caima n. “bed, couch”
caimasan (caimasamb-) n. “bedchamber”
caimassë n. “lying in bed, sickness”
caimassëa adj. “bedridden, sick, confined to bed, a-bed”
*cainu- v. “to lie down, *bend down; [with locative] to endure, suffer (from)”
caita-¹ v. “to lie”
caita-² v. “*to lay (transitive); to place”
cal- v. “to shine”
cala n. “light”
*calainë n. “serenity”
calambar adj. “*light-fated”
calarus (calarust-) n. “polished copper”
*calas (calass-) n. “brass”
*calassina adj. “made of brass”
cálë n. “light”
calima adj. “bright, luminous”
calina adj. “light, bright, sunny, (lit.) illumined”
*callë n. “fair weather, clear sky, blue sky”
*calleva adj. “fair (weather or complexion)”
callo n. “noble man, hero”
calma n. “lamp, (device for shining) light”
calmatan n. “lampwright”
calmatéma n. “k-series”
calpa n. “water-vessel, bucket”
calpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”
calta- v. “to kindle, (cause to) shine, light up, set light to”
*calwa adj. “lurid”
calya- v. “to illuminate”
*cáma n. “guilt, responsibility”
camba n. “(cupped) hand, hollow of the hand”
*campo n. “flea”
camta- v. “to (make) fit, suit, accomodate, adapt”
canaquë num. card. “*fourteen”
*canaquëa num. ord. “fourteenth”
ca(na)sta fraction. “one fourth, *quarter”
cánë n. “valour”
cáno n. “commander, chief(tain), ruler, governor; †crier, herald”
canta- v. “to shape”
canta¹ num. card. “four”
canta² n. “shape, framework, frame; shaped”
*cantallumë adv. “four times”
cantëa num. ord. “fourth”
cantëa adj. “shapely”
*canu n. “lead”
*canuina adj. “of lead”
*canuva adj. “leaden”
canwa¹ n. “announcement, order”
canya- v. “?to command”
canya adj. “bold”
cap- v. “to leap, jump”
*capaitë adj. “leaping, bounding”
*capanda n. “jump”
capsa n. “case, vessel”
*capta- v. “to make spring, scatter, startle”
car- v. “to do, make, build”
car¹ (card-) n. “building, house”
caraitë (caraiti-) adj. “active, busy”
caraitië n. “activity, business”
caranya- v. “to make red, redden”
carassë n. “built fort or dwelling surrounded by bulwarks”
*carasta n. “making, manufacture, construction”
carasta- v. “to build”
caraxë n. “jagged hedge of spikes, row of spikes or teeth”
carca n. “fang, tooth, tusk”
carcanë n. “row of teeth”
*carcapolca n. “boar, *(lit.) tusk-pig”
*carcara adj. “toothed”
*carcasarma adj. “large saw”
carda n. “deed”
carë n. “action, doing, making”
carië n. “making”
cárima adj. “feasible, possible (to do), able to be done, able to be made”
carina adj. “done, finished”
carma² n. “tool, implement, means, weapon”
carmë n. “art; making, production; structure”
carnë (carni-) adj. “red, scarlet”
*carnëambor n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”
carrëa n. “tressure”
carva n. “*womb”
-carya suf. “doing”
cas (car-) n. “head, top”
Casar n. “dwarf”
cas(ta) adv. “to(wards) the top, upwards”
castol(o) [þ] n. “helmet”
cat- v. “to shape, fashion”
cato adv. “afterwards”
cauma n. “protection, shelter, shield”
cav- v. “to receive”
-cca suf. “your (dual)”
-ccë suf. “you (dual)”
ce pron. “you (sg)”
cé¹ conj. “if”
cé² adv. “may (be)”
cëa n. “*hedge”
*cecet n. “pheasant”
*cehtecet n. “clucking”
*celeta n. “trickle”
celima adj. “fluent, *(lit.) able to flow freely”
celma n. “channel”
celu- v. “to (begin to) flow, spring forth (of water)”
celulindë (celulindi-) n. “spring”
celumë n. “flow(ing), stream, flood (tide)”
celundë n. “welling forth”
celurë n. “fountain”
celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring”
*celusta n. “outflow”
celut n. “rivulet”
celva n. “animal, living thing that moves”
celya- v. “to send running down; to rain”
cemen n. “the Earth; earth, soil”
cemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
cemnaro n. “potter”
*cemnassë n. “earthenware, pottery”
cen n. “sight”
cen- v. “to see, behold, look”
cénai conj. “if it be that”
cenasta adv. “if it be so, may be, perhaps”
cenda n. “inspection, reading”
cenda- v. “to watch (intensively), observe (for some time); to read”
cendelë n. “face”
cénima adj. “visible, able to be seen”
*cenítë adj. “seeing, *able to see”
centa n. “enquiry, *essay”
Cermië n. “July”
certa n. “rune”
ces- [þ] v. “to search, examine (in order to find something)”
*cesië [þ] n. “search”
cesta- [þ] v. “to seek, search for; to ask”
cesya- [þ] v. “to cause interest, interest (oneself), (lit.) to cause one to enquire”
ceula adj. “?alive (of vegetable)”
ceulë n. “*renewal”
ceura adj. “renewed”
ceuran n. “new-moon”
ceuranar n. “new sun after solstice”
ceuta- v. “to renew, refresh”
céva adj. “fresh, new, renewed”
*cil- root. “to choose, select”
cilin n. “glass”
*cilina adj. “glassy, of glass”
*cilinta- v. “to glaze”
cilintilla n. “looking-glass”
cilinyul n. “drinking-vessel (made of glass)”
cilmë n. “choice, choosing, *selection”
cilmessë n. “self-name”
címa n. “edge of a cutting weapon/tool”
cimba n. “edge, brink”
cinta adj. “small”
cir- v. “to cut, cleave; *to sail”
circa n. “sickle”
*cirda n. “splinter, *wood shaving”
*cirihta- v. “to reap”
*cirila adj. “cutting”
cirincë n. “scarlet-plumed species of bird”
cirissë n. “slash, gash”
cirma n. “knife”
cirmacin (cirmacim-) n. “knife-edge”
cirya¹ n. and adj. “(sharp-prowed) ship, boat; swift gliding”
cirya² n. “cleft, pass”
ciryamo n. “mariner”
ciryando n. “sailor”
ciryaquen n. “shipman, sailor”
ciryasta n. “sail, *sailing”
ciryatan n. “shipbuilder, shipwright”
cíta- v. “to suppose”
*citya- v. “to tickle”
*cityalë n. “tickling”
*cityalëa adj. “ticklish, susceptible, sensitive”
coa n. “house; outhouse, shed, hut, booth; building used for a dwelling or other purposes; †body”
coacalina n. “light of the house, indwelling spirit”
coimas n. “life-bread, lembas”
*coina adj. “alive”
coirë n. “stirring, early spring”
coirëa adj. “living”
coita- v. “to live, be alive, have life”
*coiva adj. “lively”
coiv(i)ë n. “life, liveliness”
col- v. “to bear, carry, wear”
*cólë n. “passivity, endurance, patience; a passive individual”
*cólema n. “patience, endurance; hardship”
*cólemaina adj. “patient”
*cóleva adj. “passive”
cólima adj. “bearable, light (of burdens and things comparable, troubles, labors, afflications)”
colindo n. “bearer”
colla adj. and n. “borne, worn; vestment, cloak”
collo n. “cloak”
cólo n. “burden”
coloitë (coloiti-) adj. “capable of bearing, tolerant (of), enduring”
coloitië n. “endurance, staunchness, fortitude”
comya- v. “to collect”
coranar (coranár-) n. “(solar) year, (lit.) sun-round”
corco n. “crow”
*corda n. “temple”
*cordon n. “idol”
corin n. “circular enclosure, great circular hedge”
corma n. “ring”
corna adj. “round, globed”
coromindo n. “cupola, dome”
coron n. “mound”
coron (corn-) n. “globe, ball”
*coropë n. “skull”
*corta- v. “to roll up, roll, pack”
costa- v. “to quarrel, debate, dispute”
*costaima adj. “debatable”
*costë n. “quarrel, dispute, legal action”
cotto n. “*enemy”
cotumo n. “enemy”
cotya adj. “hostile”
n. “bow”
cucua n. “dove”
cucumba- v. “to nod repeatedly, (lit.) keep on bowing”
*cuilórë n. “day-dream, (lit.) awake-dream”
*cuilórëa adj. “absent-minded, (lit.) day-dreamy”
cuima n. “creature, animal”
*cuimamatta n. “animal food”
*cuimamatya adj. “carnivorous, (lit.) animal-eating”
*cuita- v. “to waken, rouse”
*cuiva adj. “awake”
cuivëa adj. “wakening”
cuivië¹ n. “awakening”
culda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
culina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
*culingwë n. “goldfish”
cullo n. “red gold”
culuina adj. “orange (coloured)”
culuma n. “orange [fruit]”
culumalda n. “laburnum, *(lit.) orange-tree”
cúma n. “void”
cumba adj. and n. “*bellied, belly”
cumna adj. “empty”
cúna adj. “bent, curved”
cúna- v. “to bend”
cundo (cundu-) n. “lord, guardian, prince”
cunduina adj. “of princes, princely”
*cúnë n. “crescent, arch”
*cunya- v. “to rule”
*cupta n. “deception, lie”
*cupta- v. “to deceive, lie”
curo (curu-) n. “skillful (?device)”
curu n. “skill; magic, wizardry”
*curuni n. “witch, *sorceress, female magician (not necessarily evil)”
curwë n. “craft, skill of the hand, technical skill and invention”
cuv- v. “to conceal, *hide”
cuv- v. “to bow”
cúvima adj. “concealable”
cuvo n. “hider”
cuvoitë (cuvoiti-) adj. “hiding, secretive; treacherous”
cúvula adj. “flexible, pliant”
*cyúca n. “cud”
-da suf. “product of an action”
-e suf. “plural of adjectives”
e pron. “he, she, it”
n. “Creation, the (Material) Universe, Cosmos, †World; let it be, what is, all that is”
ëa- v. “to be, exist, have being, be found extant in the real world”
-ëa¹ suf. “continuative present”
-ëa² suf. “ordinal suffix”
ëala n. “being, spirit (not incarnate)”
ëar n. “sea, great sea, ️ open sea”
eärendur n. “(professional) mariner, (lit.) *servant of the sea”
Eärenya n. “Thursday*, Sea-day”
eäron n. “ocean, great sea”
ëaruilë n. “seaweed”
*ëasta n. “being, existence”
ec- v. “to have a chance of; may, can”
*ecca n. “hole”
*eccahta n. “hawthorn, (lit.) thorn-hedge”
eccaira adj. “?out-far”
ecces- [þ] v. “to find out, bring out by examining or eyeing[?]”
ecco n. “spine, point, thorn”
*eccoia adj. “thorny”
(ec)coiru- v. “to come to life”
*eccuinu- v. “to awake, wake up”
ecet n. “short stabbing sword”
*ef- v. “to emerge (especially from water)”
*ehta- v. “to stab”
ehtë (*ehti-) n. “spear”
ehtelë n. “spring, issue of water”
ehtelu- v. “to well, bubble up”
ehtyar n. “spearman”
él n. “star”
ela interj. “behold!”
Elda n. “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk”
Eldalië n. “People of the Eldar, Elven-folk, Elf-folk”
Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Eldar; Elvish (language)”
élë n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”
elen n. “star”
Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”
elenya adj. “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar”
ella pron. “of you, for you”
elloa n. “next year”
*ellumë adv. “once, one time”
*elmenda n. “wonder, wonderment”
elp- v. “to anoint”
elvë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive)”
elvëa adj. “starlike”
elyë pron. “thou (emphatic polite)”
emer- v. “?to herd (sheep)”
*emermo n. “herdsman, shepherd”
emerwen n. “shepherdess”
emma n. “*picture”
emmë¹ pron. “we (emphatic exclusive), *we (dual emphatic exclusive)”
empollië adv. “*harder”
en adv. “(then) soon, in that (future) case; there, yonder; look yon(der)”
en- pref. “re-, again”
*enar n. “tomorrow”
-enca suf. “without, -less”
enda n. “heart; center, *interior”
endë n. “centre, middle; core”
endëa adj. “middle”
ender n. “bridegroom, *groom”
*endya adj. “central”
enel prep. “in the middle, between”
enelmo n. “go-between, intervener, intermediary, mediator”
enenquë num. card. “sixteen”
*enenquëa num. ord. “sixteenth”
enga prep. “save, *except”
engë adv. “ago, in the past, once (in past), †it was”
engwa adj. “sickly”
engwë n. “thing”
enna¹ n. “fact”
ennë n. “thought, purpose”
*enquain num. card. “sixty”
enquanta- v. “to refill”
enquë num. card. “six”
enquëa num. ord. “sixth”
*enquellumë num. card. “six times”
enquesta fraction. “one sixth”
enquet- v. “to repeat, say again”
enquië n. “Elvish week of six days”
enta adj. “another, one more”
entë¹ adv. “moreover, further(more), what is more; *next (of time or in a sequence)”
entul- v. “to come again, *return”
entulessë n. “return”
envinyata- v. “to renew, heal”
enwina adj. “old”
enyal- v. “to recall”
enyalië n. “memory, (lit.) recalling”
enyárë adv. “in that day”
eo pron. “person, somebody (unnamed)”
epë prep. “after (of time), following; before (in all relations but time)”
epessë n. “after-name”
epetai conj. “consequently, thereupon, thence, whereupon, (lit.) following which (fact)”
equë v. “say, says, said”
eques (equess-) n. “saying, (current or proverbial) dictum, quotation from someone’s uttered words, *quote”
er adj. and adv. “one, alone”
erca n. “prickle, spine”
erca- v. “to prick”
ercassë n. “holly”
*erda adj. “solitary, deserted”
erdë n. “singularity; seed, germ”
érë n. “existing”
eressë n. “solitude”
eressëa adj. “lonely”
erinqua adj. “single, alone”
erma n. “(physical) matter”
Eru n. “The One, God”
erumë n. “desert”
Eruva adj. “divine”
erya adj. “single, sole, only”
essë¹ n. “name”
*esta adv. “outwards”
esta-¹ v. “to name”
estaina adj. “named, *called”
estat- v. “to distribute in even portions, (lit.) *apportion out”
estel n. “hope, trust, *faith”
estirnë n. “brow”
esto pron. “they (dual emphatic)”
et prep. “out (of)”
et(e)- pref. “forth, out”
etelehta- v. “*to deliver”
eteminya adj. “prominent”
eterúna- v. “*to deliver”
ethenta- v. “to read aloud”
etsë n. “outside, exterior”
etsir n. “mouth of a river”
etta conj. “*therefore, (lit.) out of that”
etta pron. “his”
ettë¹ adj. “outside”
ettë² pron. “he (emphatic)”
ettelë n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ettelëa adj. “foreign”
ettul- v. “to come out, issue”
etya adj. “exiled”
*eulë n. “lamb”
évëa adj. “future”
fá¹ n. “*flame, ray of light”
fafarra- v. “*to keep on hunting”
fai adv. “*before of time”
faica adj. “contemptible, mean”
faila adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”
faina- v. “to emit light”
fairë n. “spirit (disembodied), phantom; †radiance”
fairë¹ n. “radiance”
fairë² n. “natural death (as act)”
falassë n. “(wave-beaten) shore, line of surf; beach”
falassë n. “beach”
falasta- v. “to foam, surge”
fallë n. “foam”
falma n. “(crested or foaming) wave, breaker”
falma n. “(crested) wave”
falmar(in) (falmarind-) n. “sea-spirit, nymph, sea-fay (male), spirit of the sea foam”
fana n. “raiment, veil; (bright) shape or figure; bodily form of an angelic spirit”
fána adj. “white”
fanga n. “beard”
fanta- v. “to veil, cloak, mantle”
fanto n. “whale”
fanwa n. “veil, screen”
fanya n. “(white) cloud, white and shining [thing]”
fanyarë n. “the skies”
fára n. “beach, shore”
fara- v. “to hunt”
faralë n. “hunting”
faralë n. “hunting”
*farasta n. “hunting, the chase”
farastëa adj. “of the chase (that it is proper to hunt)”
fárëa adj. “enough, sufficient”
faren adv. “enough”
farino n. “hunted man, outlaw, fugitive”
farma n. “?carpet”
farmë n. “sufficiency, plenitude, all that is wanted”
farna adj. “quarry, prey”
farnë n. “foliage”
farya- v. “to suffice”
fas (fass-) n. “fringe, border”
fassë n. “tangled hair, shaggy lock”
fasta adj. “pleased”
fasta-¹ v. “to tangle”
fasta-² v. “to please”
fauca adj. “thirsty, parched, (lit.) open-mouthed”
fëa n. “(indwelling or incarnate) spirit, soul”
fëafelmë n. “*spirit-impulse”
fel- v. “to feel (emotions)”
felco n. “cave, mine, underground dwelling”
felmë n. “*impulse, emotion”
felya n. “mine, boring, tunnel, underground dwel[ling]”
fenda n. “threshold”
fendë n. “door”
férima adj. “ready to hand, (quickly) available”
ferinya adj. “beechen”
ferna n. “mast, beechnuts”
fernë n. “beech-tree”
ferya- v. “to make ready (promptly)”
feuya- v. “to feel disgust at, abhor”
fifíru- v. “to slowly fade away”
filincë n. “finch”
filincë n. “”
filit (filic-) n. “small bird, sparrow”
fimbë (fimbi-) adj. “slender, *thin”
finca¹ adj. “clever (in petty ways), *tricky”
finda¹ adj. “having hair, -haired”
finda² adj. “fine and delicately made”
findë n. “hair (especially of the head), tress or plait of hair”
findë n. “tress, braid of hair”
findelë n. “tress, lock [of hair]”
findessë n. “head of hair, person’s hair as a whole”
findilë n. “head of hair”
finë n. “larch”
finë (fini-) n. “(single) hair, filament”
fínë n. “dexterity”
fínëa adj. “dexterous”
finta- v. “to make, finish off, decorate a thing with delicate work; to show skill”
fintalë n. “trick”
finwa adj. “dexterous; fine, delicate”
finya adj. “clever”
finya- v. “to do/make a thing (with fine work)”
*finyalë n. “cleverness”
fion (fiond-) n. “hawk”
fir- v. “to die, fade, expire, breathe forth”
firë n. “mortal man”
fírië n. “death”
Fírien n. “Winter”
fírima adj. “mortal, (lit.) *able to die”
fírimárë n. “mortality (being mortal)”
firin adj. “dead (by natural cause)”
*firinga n. “carcanet, necklace”
firya adj. “mortal; human”
firya adj. “human”
interj. “nay, no”
foa n. “breath, puff of breath”
foalócë n. “*breath-dragon”
forma n. “right-hand”
formaitë adj. “righthanded, dexterous”
formaitë adj. “righthanded, dexterous”
formen n. “north, (lit.) right-hand direction”
forna adj. “northern”
fortë (forti-) adj. “right or north”
forya adj. “right (hand), dexter”
ha pron. “it, subjective abstract particle”
*hac- v. “to squat”
háca- v. “to yawn”
*hacca n. “the hams, buttocks”
hahta n. “fence, hedge”
haila adj. “far beyond”
haimë n. “habit, *custom”
haira adj. “remote, far”
haiya adv. “far off, far away”
hala n. “cast shadow, *shade”
hala n. “(small) fish”
halatir(no) (halatirn-) n. “kingsfisher, (lit.) fish-watcher”
halda¹ adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
halla adj. “tall”
halya- v. “to veil, conceal, screen from light”
hamna n. “pile, (artificial) mound, heap”
hampa adj. “restrained, delayed, kept”
*hampë (hampi-) n. “cord”
han prep. “beyond”
han- pref. “*back as an answer or return by another agent”
hana n. “post”
handa¹ adj. “understanding, intelligent”
handassë n. “intelligence”
handë n. “knowledge, understanding”
handelë n. “intellect”
hanno n. “brother (diminutive)”
háno n. “brother”
hanquenta n. “answer”
*hanquet- v. “to answer”
hanta- v. “*to thank, give thanks”
hantalë n. “thanksgiving”
hanu n. “male, man (of Men or Elves), male animal”
*hanúrë n. “manliness, masculinity”
*hanusta n. “monastery”
*hanustar n. “monk”
*hanúva adj. “doughty, *manly”
*hanúvië n. “manhood, doughtyness”
hanuvoitë adj. “*masculine”
hanwa n. “seat, *chair”
hanwa adj. “male”
hanya- v. “to understand, know about, be skilled in dealing with”
har- v. “to sit, stay, remain; to dwell, abide, reside”
haranyë n. “century (100 years)”
χarina adj. “marred”
harma n. “treasure, treasured thing”
harna- v. “to wound”
harna¹ adj. “wounded”
haro n. “hawk”
*haru- v. “to sit down, take a seat”
harwë¹ n. “treasure, treasury”
harwë² n. “wound”
harya- v. “to have, possess”
hasa- [þ] v. “to treat kindly, make easy, (help to) cure; to treat (medically)”
hasta- v. “to mar”
hastaina adj. “marred”
hat (haht-) n. “comb, ridge”
*hat- v. “to hurl, fling, *throw”
hat-¹ v. “to break asunder”
hatal n. “spear, *javelin”
haura² n. “hoard, store”
hauta- v. “to cease, take a rest, stop”
he pron. “they”
heca v. “be gone!, stand aside!”
hecil n. “one lost or forsaken by friends, waif, outcast, outlaw”
hecilë n. “one lost or forsaken by friends, waif, outcast, outlaw (f.)”
hecilo n. “one lost or forsaken by friends, waif, outcast, outlaw (m.)”
hehta- v. “to put aside, leave out, exclude, abandon, forsake”
*hel- v. “to freeze”
helca adj. “icy, ice-cold”
helcë n. “ice”
helcelimbë n. “*icicle, (lit.) ice-drop”
*helcin adj. “frozen”
helda¹ adj. “naked, stripped bare”
hellë n. “sky”
helma n. “skin, fell”
*helta- v. “to strip; to despoil, denude”
helwa adj. “(pale) blue”
helyanwë n. “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
hendumaica adj. “sharp-eye[d]”
henta- v. “to eye, examine, read, scan”
hententa- v. “to spot with eye”
hentië n. “reading”
henulca adj. “*evil-eyed”
hequa prep. and adv. “leaving aside, not counting, excluding, except”
héra adj. “chief, principal”
*hérë n. “lordship”
heren n. “fortune, (lit.) governance”
heren n. “order”
herenya adj. “fortunate, wealthy, blessed, rich”
heri n. “lady”
hérincë n. “*little lady”
heru n. “lord, master”
*heru- v. “to lord it over, be master of, own, rule”
*hessa adj. “withered”
*hesta- v. “to wither”
hesto n. “captain”
hildë n. “heir, follower”
*hilmi coll. “family, offspring, *descendants, progeny”
hilya- v. “to follow”
him- v. “to adhere”
*híma adj. “sticky, viscous”
himba adj. “adhering, sticking”
*himítë (himíti-) adj. “clinging, sticking, (lit.) able to stick on; persistent, chronic”
himya- v. “to stick to, adhere, cleave to, abide by”
hína (hín-) n. “child”
hinna adv. “still”
hir- v. “to find”
hísë (hísi-) [þ] n. “mist, fog, haze”
hísië [þ] n. “mist, mistiness”
hísilanya [þ] n. “mist thread, grey elvish rope”
Hísimë [þ] n. “November, *Misty-one”
hiswa [þ] adj. “grey (*of weather), *foggy, *overcast”
hiswë [þ] n. “fog”
hiuta- v. “to hint”
*hlaiwa adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
hlapu- v. “to blow, fly or stream in the wind”
hlar- v. “to hear”
hlas (hlar-) n. “ear”
hlic- v. “to creep”
*hlívë n. “sickness, *disease”
*hloa n. “fenland, *swamp, bog”
(h)lócë n. “snake, serpent, reptile, worm; dragon, drake”
hloima n. “poison, poisonous substance”
hloirë n. “venom, poison, poisonousness”
hloirëa adj. “venomous, *poisonous”
hloita- v. “to poison, envenom, fill with poison”
hlón(a) (hlon-) n. “noise, sound”
hlonitë adj. “phonetic”
*hlussa- v. “to whisper”
*hlussë n. “whispering sound”
* n. “owl”
n. “spirit, shadow”
hó- pref. “away, from, from among”
hócir- v. “to cut off (so as to have or use a required portion)”
holla adj. “?shut”
*hollë n. “shout”
holmo adv. “sincerely, heartily; (lit.) from the middle”
holmo adv. “from the middle”
*holta- v. “to call out”
holya- v. “to shut, close”
hón (hom-) n. “heart (physical)”
honda adj. “hearted”
hondo adj. “*hearted”
*hont n. “sneeze”
hont adv. “inwards”
*hontossë n. “loud sneeze”
hópa n. “haven, harbour, small landlocked bay”
hopassë n. “harbourage”
hora- v. “to wait for”
hórë n. “impulse”
hórëa adj. “impulsive”
hormë n. “urgency”
horta- v. “to send flying, speed, urge”
hortalë n. “speeding, urging”
horya- v. “to have an impulse, be compelled to do something, set vigorously out to do”
hosta n. “large number”
hosta- v. “to gather (hastily together), collect, assemble, pile up”
*hostaitë adj. “able to gather”
hosto n. “crowd, assembly”
*hototyossë n. “a cough and a sneeze”
*hotsë n. “army, band, troop”
hótul- v. “to come away”
*hotya- v. “to sneeze”
hrai- pref. “hard, *difficult”
hrai(a)¹ adj. “awkward, difficult, stiff”
hraicénima adj. “scarcely visible, hard to see”
hranga adj. “awkward, difficult, stiff, hard”
hranga- v. “to thwart”
hráva adj. “wild, savage, untamed”
hravan n. “wild beast”
*hravanda n. “wilderness”
hrávë n. “flesh”
*hrávëa adj. “fleshly, carnal”
hresta n. “beach”
hrissë n. “fall of snow”
hristil n. “snow (?peak)”
hrívë n. “winter”
hriz- v. “to snow”
hroa n. “body, bodily form, flesh; physical matter”
hroafelmë n. “*body-impulse”
(h)róna adj. “eastern, east”
hrondo n. “(physical) body, corporeal form”
*hrondova adj. “corporeal, bodily”
hróta n. “dwelling underground, artificial cave or rockhewn hall”
hru- pref. “evil-”
hrúcarë n. “evil-doing”
hruo n. “*wickedness”
hrú(y)a n. “evil, wicked”
n. “hound (or ?heart)”
huan n. “hound, dog”
huinë n. “gloom, darkness, deep shadow; night shade”
humpë adv. “in the middle”
húna adj. “cursed, accursed”
*húni n. “bitch, *female dog”
huo n. “dog”
*huolë n. “litter (of pubs, cubs, etc.)”
húta- v. “to curse”
*hútatyosta n. “whooping cough”
*húvar n. “wild dog, jackal”
hwan (hwand-) n. “sponge, fungus”
hwarin adj. “crooked”
hwarma n. “crossbar”
hwermë n. “gesture-code”
hwesta n. “breeze; breath, puff of air”
hwesta- v. “to puff”
hwesta sindarinwa n. “Grey-elven hw”
hwindë n. “eddy, whirlpool”
hwindë n. “birch”
hwinya- v. “to swirl, eddy, gyrate”
hya¹ conj. “or”
hya² pron. “other thing”
hyalma n. “conch, shell, horn of Ulmo”
hyam- v. “*to pray”
*hyamië n. “prayer”
hyana adj. “other”
hyando n. “cleaver, hewer (sword)”
hyapat n. “shoe”
*hyar n. “plough”
hyar- pref. “left-hand, south”
hyar- v. “to cleave; to plough”
hyarma n. “left hand”
hyarmaitë adj. “left-handed”
hyarmen n. “south, (lit.) left-hand direction”
hyarna¹ adj. “southern”
hyarya adj. “left (hand)”
hyatsë n. “cleft, gash”
hyë pron. “other person, him (the other)”
hyóla n. “trump”
-i¹ suf. “general plural for nouns”
article. “the”
-i² suf. “simplest aorist infinitive”
pron. “who, what, which, that”
pron. “that”
-ië¹ suf. “abstract noun, adverb”
-ië² suf. “gerund suffix, -ing”
-ië³ suf. “perfect suffix”
-ië³ suf. “perfect suffix”
-iel suf. “feminine suffix; -daughter”
-ien¹ suf. “feminine ending; -daughter”
-ien¹ suf. “daughter”
-ien² suf. “-land”
-ien² suf. “-land”
ier prep. “*as”
il- pref. “every, *all”
-(i)la suf. “active participle”
ilaurëa adj. “*daily”
ilca- v. “to gleam (white)”
ilcë pron. “you (plural emphatic)”
-ilco suf. “you (dual)”
ilduma n. “heaven”
*ilimba adj. “milky”
*ilin (ilim-) n. “milk”
illi n. “all”
*illomë n. “everywhere”
illumë adv. “*always”
ilqua n. “everything, all”
ilquárëa adj. “general”
ilquen n. “everybody, *everyone”
ilu n. “everything, all, the whole; universe”
*iluasta n. “omnipresence”
ilúcara adj. “omnificient”
iluisa adj. “omniscient”
ilúvala adj. “omnipotent”
ilúvë n. “the whole, the all, allness; universe”
ilvan(y)a adj. “perfect”
ilya adj. “every, each, all (of a particular group of things), the whole”
im- pref. “same”
-ima suf. “-able, -ible, able to be done, possible”
imbë¹ prep. and adv. “between, among”
imbë² n. “deep valley, (wide) ravine, glen, dell”
imíca prep. “among”
imlë pron. “yourself (polite)”
imma pron. “same, self-same, same thing”
immë¹ pron. “ourselves (exclusive)”
immo pron. “same one (person), self”
imni pron. “myself”
imya adj. “same, identical, self-same”
*imyalë n. “sameness”
-ina suf. “adjective suffix; passive participle”
inca n. “idea”
incánu n. “mind master”
incánussë n. “mind mastership”
-incë suf. “diminutive ending”
indë pron. “yourselves”
indemma n. “mind-picture (of apparition in dream)”
indil n. “lily, other large single flower”
indis (indiss-) n. “bride”
indo n. “(state of) mind, (inner) thought, mood; will, resolve; heart”
indómë n. “settled character; will of Eru”
indu- v. “to will, do on purpose”
induinen n. “purpose”
indyel n. “small bell”
indyo n. “grandchild, descendant, grandson”
inga n. “top, highest point”
ingaran n. “high-king”
ingolë n. “lore, science, philosophy; deep lore, magic”
ingolmo n. “loremaster, wizard, one with very great knowledge”
ingor n. “summit of a mountain”
*inimë n. “femininity, womanliness”
inimeitë adj. “*feminine”
*iniva adj. “womanly”
-inqua suf. “-ful, complete”
-inqua suf. “”
inquë pron. “thou-and-I (emphatic)”
insa pron. “itself”
insë pron. “himself, herself”
intë¹ pron. “themselves”
intë² pron. “they (emphatic)”
intin pron. “they”
intya n. “guess, supposition, idea, notion”
intya- v. “to guess, suppose”
intyalë n. “imagination”
intyë pron. “yourself (familiar)”
inwalmë n. “mood of mind”
inwë pron. “ourselves (inclusive)”
inwis (inwist-) n. “change of mind/mood”
inya adj. “female”
inyë pron. “I (emphatic)”
inyë pron. “I (emphatic)”
-ion suf. “-son, masculine patronymic”
-ion suf. “-son”
ipsin n. “fine thread”
*iqu- v. “to beg, ‘pray’”
íqua conj. “when, whenever”
íquallumë adv. “when, whenever”
*iquis n. “requirement”
*iquista n. “request; if you please, please”
*iquisya- v. “to ask for, request”
írë n. “desire, longing”
írë² conj. “when”
írima adj. “desirable, lovely”
Isil [þ] n. “Moon, (lit.) Sheen”
isilmë [þ] n. “moonlight”
Isilya [þ] n. “*Monday, Moon-day”
-issë suf. “ending in feminine names”
issë pron. “he, *she, it (emphatic)”
ista- v. “to know”
istalima adj. “knowable, ascertainable”
istarë n. “knowledge”
istima adj. “wise (in sense knowing very much), knowledgeable, very well informed, learned”
istya n. “knowledge”
istyar n. “scholar, learned man, lore-master, wizard”
-ita suf. “particular infinitive”
ita conj. “that which, what”
íta² adv. “very, extremely; (lit.) multiplied, increased”
itas adv. “in that case”
-itë (-iti-) suf. “adjectival ending; capable of doing, generally (and naturally) doing”
it(ë) adv. “if”
*itis n. “fly bite; *itch”
*itisin adj. “itching”
*itisya- v. “to itch, irritate”
*itsë n. “small fly”
*KITYA root. “*tickle”
la- pref. “not, in-, un-”
lá- v. “to not be”
lá¹ adv. “no, not”
lá² prep. “beyond, over, across, athwart”
lacalima adj. “not possible to be kindled (made to shine)”
lacaltaima adj. “not possible to be kindled”
lacaraitë adj. “*inactive”
lacarë n. “not-doing, inaction”
*lacárima adj. “not feasible, impossible”
lacarina adj. “undone, *unfinished”
*lacenítë adj. “unseeing, blind”
*lafírima adj. “immortal”
lah- v. “to kick”
lahta- v. “to cross, pass over, go over; to surpass, excel”
laica adj. “green”
laica adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laicalassë adj. “green-leaf, green as leaves”
laicë n. “acuteness, keenness of perception”
laima n. “plant”
*laimamatta adj. “vegetable food”
*laimamatya adj. “herbivorous, vegetarian, (lit.) plant-eating”
laiquë n. “herb”
lairë n. “summer”
lairë² n. “poem”
lairelossë n. “summer-snow-white, species of tree in Númenor”
lairus (lairust-) n. “verdigris”
*laisa- v. “to let slip, lose, mislay, forget; (intr.) to be lost”
laista n. “ignorance, (lit.) not-knowing”
laistila adj. “ignorant”
*laistima adj. “unknowable, secret”
laita- v. “to praise, bless”
laitalë n. “praise”
laitë n. “colour”
laivë n. “ointment”
lala- v. “*to laugh”
*lalamma- v. “to chatter, babble”
*lalammië n. “babble”
*lalda n. “laugh”
*lalië n. “laughter, laughing”
*lalië-malina n. “daffodil, *(lit.) yellow laughter”
*lalil n. “chuckle”
láma n. “sound”
laman (lamn-) n. “animal, tame beast”
*lamanwa adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid”
*lamára adj. “useless, worthless, unsuitable”
*lamárë n. “flock”
lamatë n. “fasting, a fast”
lámatyávë n. “*sound-taste”
lamba n. “physical tongue”
lambë n. “language, tongue, dialect”
lambelë n. “phonetics”
lambetengwë n. “consonant”
lambina adj. “of tongue, spoken with tongue”
lamélima adj. “unlovable”
lámina adj. “echoing”
lamma- v. “?to echo”
lamya- v. “to sound”
lan conj. “*while”
lanat n. “weft, woof”
lanca n. “sharp edge (not of tools), sudden end”
landa n. “boundary”
landa¹ adj. “wide, broad”
landa² n. “(a) plain”
lanë n. “hem”
langa n. “thing that crosses, ferry, ford, crossway, bridge, cross-bar”
langë adv. “surpassingly, superlatively, extremely”
lango n. “neck, (physical) passage, throat”
lango n. “broad sword; prow of a ship”
lanna adv. “athwart”
lannë n. “tissue, cloth”
lanotoitë (lanotoiti-) adj. “innumerable”
lanta n. and adj. “fall; falling”
lanta- v. “to fall; to drop”
lantalca n. “boundary post or mark”
lantaner ? “”
*lantanwa adj. “fallen”
*lantasírë n. “waterfall, (lit.) falling river”
lantë n. “fall”
lanwa adj. “within bounds, limited, finite, (well-)defined”
lanwa n. “loom”
lanya n. “thread, warp, twine”
lanya- v. “to weave”
lanya-¹ v. “to bound, enclose, separate from, mark the limit of”
*lap- v. “to wrap, swathe, wind”
*lapil n. “swathe, flowing cloth”
*lappa n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe”
lapsa- v. “to lick (frequentative)”
*laptë n. “gluttonous eating, licking up (food or drink)”
láquet- v. “to deny (fact or accusation); (lit.) to say ‘it is not’”
laqui conj. “unless”
lar n. “fat, riches [richness?]”
lár n. “league”
lára¹ adj. “flat, *level”
lárëa adj. “fat, rich”
*laréra adj. “fallow, (lit.) not sown”
larma n. “(?pig-)fat, flesh”
larma n. “raiment”
*larmëa adj. “fleshy, fatty”
larmo n. “listener (spy or scout)”
*laru n. “grease”
*larúva adj. “greasy”
las adv. “it is/was not so”
lassë n. “leaf”
*lassëa adj. “with leaves, leafy”
lassecanta adj. “leaf-shaped”
lasselanta n. “(late) autumn, (lit.) leaf-fall”
lassewinta n. “leaf fall, autumn, (lit.) *leaf blowing”
lasta n. “listening, hearing”
lasta- v. “to listen”
lat- v. “to be extended, stretch, spread, extend; to be situated (of an area), lie (of lands or regions)”
láta adj. “open (not closed)”
látië n. “openness”
latina adj. “free (of movement), not encumbered with obstacles, open, cleared (of land)”
latta¹ n. “hole, pit”
latta² n. “strap”
latya n. “opening”
latya- v. “to open anything (so as to allow entry)”
lauca adj. “*warm”
*laulë n. “life, mode of life”
*laulema adj. “inhabiting”
*laulemo n. “inhabitant”
*laulesta n. “livelihood”
lau(më) adv. “no, no indeed not, on the contrary”
*laupë n. “tunic, shirt”
laurë n. “gold (light or colour)”
laurëa adj. “golden (of hue)”
laurië n. and adv. “goldenness; like gold”
laurinquë n. “yellow-flowered tree”
lauta- v. “to abound”
lauya- v. “to flourish (green), grow”
lav- v. “to lick”
lav-² v. “to yield, allow, grant”
lávar n. “(golden) blossom”
lavaralda n. “tree with long green leaves with golden undersides and pale flowers with a yellow flush”
*lávëar n. “glutton”
-lda¹ suf. “your (plural)”
-ldë¹ suf. “you (plural)”
-ldë² suf. “feminine agent”
-lë suf. “abstract noun, adverb”
-lë suf. “abstract noun”
le pron. “you (plural)”
lé¹ n. “way, method, manner”
lé² prep. “with, by, *with or by means of”
lehta adj. “free, released”
lehta- v. “to loose, slacken”
lelta- v. “to send, (lit.) *cause to go”
lelya adj. “delicate, beautiful and fine, slender, lovely”
lelya-¹ v. “to go, proceed (in any direction), travel”
lelya-² v. “to appear (of beautiful things); to attract, enchant (with dative)”
lemba adj. “left behind”
*lemillumë adv. “five times”
lempë num. card. “five”
lempëa num. ord. “fifth”
lemya- v. “to remain, tarry”
lenda n. “journey”
lenda- v. “to go free”
lenda- v. “to linger”
*lenga- v. “to behave”
*lengë n. “gesture, characteristic look, gesture or trait”
lenwë n. “leaving, departure”
lenweta- v. “to go away, migrate, leave one’s abode”
lepecan(t) n. “fourth finger”
lependë n. “middle finger”
lepenel n. “middle finger”
lepenquë num. card. “*fifteen”
*lepenquëa num. ord. “fifteenth”
lepenya num. ord. “fifth”
leper n. “finger”
lepesta fraction. “one fifth”
lepetas (lepetass-) n. “index finger”
lepetta n. “Gondorian hardwood”
lepincë (lepinci-) n. “little finger”
*lepsa n. “liver”
*lepsilë n. “tendril”
lepta adj. and n. “fingered”
lepta- v. “to pick (up/out); to finger, feel with the fingertips”
leptafinya adj. “clever-fingered”
leptenta- v. “*to point to, indicate with finger”
léra adj. “free (of persons)”
*léramo n. “freeman”
*lérië n. “freedom”
lerina adj. “free (of things)”
lerta- v. “to be free to do”
lerya- v. “to release, set free, let go”
*leryalë n. “release”
lesta n. “*girdle, belt”
lesta n. “measure”
*letinwessë n. “constellation”
leuca n. “snake”
-li suf. “partitive plural (suffix); many, some, a lot of”
lia n. “fine thread, spider filament”
*lia adj. “many”
*lia- v. “to entwine”
liantë n. “spider”
líco (lícu-) n. “wax”
lícuma n. “taper, candle”
lië n. “people, folk”
lihlicca- v. “to sneak about”
lillassëa adj. “having many leaves”
lilómëa adj. “very dark, full of darkness”
lilótëa adj. “having many flowers”
lilta- v. “to dance”
*liltë n. “dance”
*liltië n. “dancing, dance”
limba n. “drop”
limë (limi-) n. “link”
*limil n. “a chain”
limpa adj. “frail, slender and drooping”
limpë n. “wine”
li(n)- pref. “many”
linda adj. “beautiful (of sound), sweet, melodious; soft, gentle, light, kind”
linda- v. “*to make music”
lindalë n. “music”
*lindalëa adj. “melodious, *musical”
lindë (lindi-) n. “singing, song, musical sound; air, tune”
*lindëa adj. “singing”
*lindelin n. “melody, tune”
lindimaitar n. “composer, musician”
lindo n. “singer, singing bird”
lindornëa adj. “having many oak-trees”
línë n. “cobweb; cotton”
linga- v. “to hang, dangle”
linga-² v. “to ring, hum like the string of a harp, *resonate”
lingë n. “musical sound”
lingëa adj. “with a musical sound”
lingwë (lingwi-) n. “fish”
*lingwëa adj. “fishlike”
*lingwileuca n. “eel”
lingwilócë n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent”
linquë adj. “wet”
linquë n. “(leaf of a) hyacinth; *grass, reed”
linta adj. “swift”
*linta- v. “to soothe”
lintië n. and adv. “swiftness, speed; *quickly”
lintyulussëa adj. “having many poplars”
linwë n. “short lay”
linya n. “pool”
linyenwa adj. “old, having many years”
lipsa n. “soap”
*lipsanë n. “lather”
*lipta- v. “to drip”
*liquis (liquist-) n. “clarity, transparence, limpidity”
*liquistëa adj. “transparent, *clear”
lir- v. “to sing, chant”
liralë n. “merry singing”
lírë (líri-) n. “song”
liri n. “finch”
liru- v. “to sing (gaily)”
liruima adj. “able to be sung”
lirulë n. “merry song”
lirulin n. “lark”
*lirusta n. “singing, chant”
lirustëa adj. “fit for singing, to be sung”
lís (liss-) n. “honey, *sugar”
liscë n. “reed, sedge”
lissë¹ (lissi-) adj. “sweet”
lissë² n. “grace”
*lisselë n. “sweetness”
litsë n. “sand”
liyúmë n. “host”
-lla¹ suf. “your (plural polite)”
-llë¹ suf. “feminine agent”
-llë² suf. “you (plural)”
-llo suf. “(movement) from, out of, ablative suffix”
*-llumë suf. “-times”
-lma¹ suf. “our (exclusive)”
-lma² suf. “our (inclusive)”
-lma³ suf. “our (inclusive dual)”
-lmë¹ suf. “we (exclusive)”
-lmë² suf. “we (inclusive)”
prep. “(away) from; by agent [of]; ablative element”
loa n. “(seasonal) year, (lit.) (time of) growth, blooming”
lócë¹ n. “bight, bend, curl of hair”
locin adj. “bent”
loëndë n. “mid-year (Númenórean calendar), (lit.) *year-middle”
loi- pref. “mistaken, mistake in ...”
loica adj. “failing, short, inadequate”
loicarë n. “mistaken action”
loico n. “corpse, dead body”
loicolícuma n. “corpse-candle”
loima n. “mistake”
loiparë n. “mistake in writing”
loiquetë n. “mistake in speech”
loita- v. “to miss, fail, fall short of (transitive)”
*lomba adj. “blind”
lómë n. “night, dimness, twilight, dusk, darkness, night-time, shades of night”
lómëa adj. “shadowed, gloomy, *shadowy”
lómelindë n. “nightingale, (lit.) dusk-singer”
lomentië n. “?journey away”
lón(a) n. “(deep) pool, mere, river-feeding well”
londë n. “(land-locked) haven; road (in sea), fairway, entrance to harbour; gulf”
londië n. “harbourage”
lónë¹ n. “isle, island, remote land difficult to reach”
*lop- v. “to gallop, *lope”
lopo n. “rabbit”
lopotundo (lopotundu-) n. “rabbithole”
*lor- v. “to slumber, *sleep”
*lorda adj. “slumbrous, drowsy”
lórë n. “slumber, *sleep; dream”
*lórelot n. “poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep”
lorna adj. “asleep”
*lorta- v. “to faint, swoon, become dazed”
*lortalë n. “swoon, faint, dizziness”
*loru- v. “to fall asleep”
lós [þ] n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers”
lossë¹ n. and adj. “snow, fallen snow; snow-white, snowy”
lossë² n. “(white) blossom, flower; (white) flower; inflorescence (of white flowers)”
lossëa adj. “snowy, (snow) white”
losta- v. “to bloom”
lótë n. “flower, single blossom, bloom”
*lótëa adj. “full of blossom, *blooming, flowering”
Lótessë n. “May, (lit.) *Flower-ness”
*lotesta n. “garden”
*lotincë n. “floret”
lotsë n. “small (single) flower”
loxë n. “hair”
*loxo (loxu-) n. “mud, *slime”
-lta suf. “theirs”
-ltë suf. “they”
lu- v. “to be heavy, be sad”
n. “time, occasion”
*luc- v. “to haul, drag, pull”
lucassë n. “*debt, trespass”
lúcë n. “enchantment”
lucië n. “*debt, trespass”
lucindo n. “*debtor, one who trespasses”
luhta- v. “to enchant”
luhta- v. “to bow”
luhta n. “*debt, trespass”
*luilë n. “blue stone, sapphire”
luimë n. “flood, floodwater, flooded land; flood tide, high tide”
luinë (luini-) adj. “blue”
luinincë (luininci-) adj. “bluish”
luita- v. “to flood, inundate, drench”
lumba adj. “gloomy”
lumba adj. “weary”
lumbë n. “gloom, shadow”
lumbo n. “cloud, dark lowering cloud; gloom, dark, shade”
lumbulë n. “dark shadow, heavy shadow; deep in shadow”
lúmë¹ n. “time, period of time, hour”
*lúmëa adj. “pertaining to time, temporal”
lumenyárë n. “*history”
lúmequenta n. “history, chronological account”
lúmequentalë n. “history”
lúmequentalëa adj. “historical”
lúmequentalëa adj. “historical”
lumna adj. “lying heavy, burdensome, oppressive, ominous”
lumna- v. “to lie heavy, be heavy”
lúna adj. “*dark”
lunca n. “heavy transport wain”
lungo (lungu-) adj. “heavy; fraught”
lungumaitë adj. “heavy-handed”
luntë n. “boat, ship”
lúpë n. “plume”
luppo n. “clumsy piece or lump”
*lurmë n. “dark weather, bad weather”
lusta adj. “void, empty”
*lut- v. “to flow, float, sail”
*lúta- v. “to have time pass”
lúva n. “bow (in forming tengwar), bight, bend, curve”
-lva suf. “our (inclusive)”
-lvë suf. “we (inclusive)”
-lya suf. “imperfect participle”
-lya¹ suf. “your (polite)”
-lya² suf. “imperfect participle”
*lyanta- v. “to add to, enlarge, increase, augment”
*lyaxë n. “cow”
-l(yë) suf. “you (polite)”
lye pron. “you (polite)”
*lyello n. “call, shout, cry of triumph”
*lyerna adj. “old, worn”
*lyerya- v. “to wear (out), get old”
-ma suf. “instrumental”
-ma suf. “instrumental”
n. “hand”
má¹ n. “hand”
ma¹ pron. “something, a thing, anything”
ma² adv. “interrogative particle”
mac- v. “to hew with a sword, *fight”
macar n. “swordsman; †forger”
macar n. “tradesman”
macil n. “sword, forged sword blade, cutting sword, broadsword”
mahalma n. “throne”
mahta- v. “to handle, wield, use, make use of; to manage, deal with, treat, control; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon”
mahta- v. “to handle, wield; to deal with, treat; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon, fight”
mahtar n. “warrior, soldier”
maht(i)ë n. “management”
mai adv. “well”
mai-¹ pref. “excellent, admirable”
Maia n. “(angelic) spirit, the Beautiful”
maica¹ adj. “sharp, piercing”
maica² n. “blade of a cutting tool or weapon (especially sword-blade)”
mailë n. “lust”
mailëa adj. “lustful”
maina n. “thing of excellence, treasure”
maira adj. “admirable, excellent, precious, splendid, sublime”
mairë n. “work of high and beautiful art, the process of producing a work”
mairëa adj. “beautiful (of things made by art)”
maita adj. “hungry”
maita- v. “to make with art, design, compose”
maitalë n. “the act of doing [artistic] work”
maitar n. “artist; poet”
maitë (maiti-) adj. “handy, skillful, skilled; having a hand, handed; shapely”
*maitelë n. “skill, handicraft”
*maitië n. “hunger”
maiwë n. “gull”
mai(y)a n. “”
mal conj. “but”
mál n. “grit”
malca adj. “how great”
málë n. “good health”
málimë (málimi-) n. “wrist, (lit.) hand-link”
malina adj. “yellow, of golden colour”
malinornë n. “mallorn, (lit.) golden/yellow tree”
mallë n. “street, (made or stone) road”
mallo adv. “whence”
malo (malu-) n. “dust, grit; pollen, yellow powder”
málo n. “friend, comrade”
malo¹ (malu-) n. “pollen, yellow powder”
malo² (malu-) n. “rust”
malta n. “gold (metal)”
*maltava adj. “of gold”
malwa adj. “fallow, pale, yellowish, *wan”
máma n. “sheep”
mamil n. “*mummy”
mammata- v. “to gobble up; to go on eating, gorge oneself”
mammata- v. “to gobble up, devour, gorge”
man pron. “who”
mana pron. “what”
mána n. “blessing, good thing”
manaitë adj. “*blessed, having grace”
*manan adv. “why”
manar n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss”
manca- v. “to trade”
mancalë n. “commerce”
manda n. “prison, *duress”
mando n. “custody, safe keeping; prison, duress”
manen adv. “how”
*mangwë n. “butter”
manima adj. “of what kind, of what sort”
manna adv. “whither”
manta- v. “to bless”
manu n. “departed spirit”
manya- v. “to bless”
mapa- v. “to grasp, seize, take”
maqua n. “hand-full, group of five (similar) things; hand (colloquial); closing or closed [hand] (facing down) for taking”
maquanotië n. “decimal system”
maquet- v. “*to ask, question”
mar- v. “to abide, be settled or fixed, *dwell”
már (mar-) n. “home, dwelling, habitation”
mára adj. “good, proper; useful, fit, good (of things), excellent”
mára adj. “good (of things), useful, fit”
máralë n. “goodness”
maranwë n. “destiny”
mar(da) (mard-) n. “house, dwelling, residence, mansion, a thing or place dwelt in”
*mardaitë adj. “indoors, at home, homely, domestic”
mar(dar) adv. “homewards”
márië adv. and n. “well, happily; goodness, good estate, being well, happiness”
maril n. “glass, crystal”
marrë adv. “at home”
marta- v. “to define, decree, destine; to happen (impers.), chance”
marta¹ adj. and n. “fated, fey”
martan (martam-) n. “dwelling-house”
marto n. “tower”
marya adj. “pale, fallow, fawn [light yellowish tan color]”
massa n. “bread”
massánië n. “the Lady, breadgiver”
massë¹ n. “where”
massë² n. “portion, share, capacity, †handful”
massë² n. “handful, share, just portion (in distribution), measure or capacity (of a person)”
masta n. “cake, loaf”
masta- v. “to bake”
mat (matt-) n. “meal”
mat- v. “to eat”
mátengwië n. “language of the hands”
matië n. “eating”
mátima adj. “edible”
matta n. “food”
mattima adj. “edible”
-matya suf. “eating”
*matya- v. “to feed”
maurë n. “need”
mausta n. “compulsion”
mauya- v. “to compel”
maxa adj. “soft, pliant”
maxë n. “handiness”
maxë¹ n. “dough”
maxo n. “mire, sticky substance, *slime”
-më suf. “abstract noun”
-më suf. “abstract noun”
me pron. “us (exclusive)”
me pron. “we, us”
mecin adv. “please”
*mehar n. “gore”
*mehta- root. “to aim at”
mehtar n. “warrior”
*mehtë n. “mark, aim, object”
mel- v. “to love”
méla adj. “loving, affectionate”
mélamar n. “(emotional) home”
melda adj. “beloved, dear, sweet”
meldë n. “*friend (f.)”
meldo n. “friend, lover”
melehta adj. “mighty”
*meletya- v. “to magnify”
melima adj. “loveable”
melindo n. “lover (m.)”
melissë n. “lover (f.)”
melmë n. “love”
melumatya adj. “honey-eating”
men n. “way”
men- v. “to go, proceed, move (generally)”
mena- v. “to be making for, be on way to”
mendë n. “*will”
menel n. “the heavens, firmament, sky”
meneldil n. “astronomer, (lit.) *lover of the heavens”
menelluin adj. “cornflower (color), *(lit.) sky-blue”
Menelya n. “*Wednesday, Heavens-day”
menta n. “sending, message”
menta- v. “to send, cause to go (in a desired direction)”
mentë n. “point, end”
mentië n. “passage, journey, direction of travel”
menya pron. “*our (possessive pronoun)”
mer- v. “to hope, wish, desire, want”
meren(dë) (merend-) n. “feast, festival”
*meresta n. “intention”
merya adj. “festive”
meryalë n. “holiday”
mestanyatsë n. “suffixion”
mestanyatsë n. “suffixion”
meter prep. “*for (the purpose of), towards the end”
métima adj. “last, ultimate, final”
metta n. “ending, end”
mettë adj. “end”
metya- v. “to put an end to”
mi prep. “in, within”
n. “small fly”
-mië suf. “a single action”
milca adj. “greedy”
*milla adj. “oily”
millë n. “?ring”
*millo (millu-) n. “oil”
milmë n. “desire, greed”
milya adj. “soft, gentle, weak”
milya- v. “to long for”
mimírima adj. “very beautiful”
min num. card. “one, one (in a series), the first”
mina prep. and adv. “into, in, to the inside”
mína adj. “desiring to start, eager to go”
mína- v. “to desire to go in some direction, wish to go to a place, make for it; to have some end in view, *intend”
minassë n. “fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”
minasurië n. “enquiry”
minda adj. “prominent, conspicuous”
mindë n. “turret”
mindon n. “(lofty or isolated) tower; turret”
minquë num. card. “eleven”
*minquelumë adv. “eleven times”
minquesta fraction. “*one eleventh”
minquetyarmë n. “accentuation”
minquetyarmë n. “accentuation”
mintyë n. “peak”
minya ordinal. and adj. “first; eminent, prominent”
miqu- v. “to kiss”
*miquë n. “kiss”
*miquelë n. “kissing”
miquelis (miqueliss-) n. “(soft, sweet) kiss”
mir prep. and adv. “to the inside, into”
mírë n. and adj. “jewel, gem, precious thing, treasure; precious”
mírëa adj. “jewelled”
miril (mirill-) n. “shining jewel”
mirilya- v. “to glitter”
mirima adj. “free”
mírima adj. “very valuable, very precious, very lovely”
mirroanwë n. and adj. “incarnate”
*miru n. “wine”
*mirucarnë (mirucarni-) adj. “wine-red”
*mirúva adj. “like wine, winy”
miruvórë n. “mead, nectar, special wine or cordial, drink of the Elves, (lit.) precious juice”
mirwa adj. “precious, valuable”
mirya adj. “beautiful, lovely (of works of art only)”
mísë [þ] adj. “(light) grey”
mista [þ] adj. “grey”
mista- v. “to stray about”
mistë n. “drizzle, fine rain”
mitta prep. and adv. “inwards, into”
mitta- v. “to insert; to come in, enter”
mittandë n. “infixion, intrusion, insertion”
mittandë n. “infixion, insertion”
mittanya- v. “*to lead (into)”
mitya adj. “interior”
miuë (miuy-) n. “cat”
miulë n. “whining, mewing”
míwa adj. “small, tiny, frail”
mixa adj. “wet”
-mma¹ suf. “our (exclusive dual)”
-mma² suf. “our (exclusive)”
-mmë¹ suf. “we (exclusive dual)”
-mmë² suf. “we (exclusive)”
-mmo suf. “we (exclusive dual)”
-mo suf. “agental suffix”
mo pron. “one, anyone, someone, somebody”
moia- v. “to labour, be afflicted”
*moica adj. “soft, gentle”
moina adj. “familiar, dear”
mól n. “slave, thrall”
móla adj. “enslaved”
mólomë n. “hard work, burden”
móna n. “*womb”
Mondósar n. “Oxford”
morco n. “bear”
mordo n. “shadow, obscurity, stain, smear, dimness”
morë (mori-) n. and adj. “darkness, blackness, night; dark, black”
morë (mori-) adj. “black, dark”
*mórilanta n. “nightfall”
morimaitë adj. “black-handed”
morna adj. “black, dark; black of hair; gloomy, sombre”
morna adj. “gloomy, sombre”
mornië n. “darkness, blackness”
móta- v. “to labour, toil”
motto n. “blot”
muilë n. “secrecy”
*muilima adj. “secretive”
muina adj. “hidden, secret”
mulë n. “meal”
mulo (mulu-) n. “dust”
mun- v. “to dislike, to not like”
mundo n. “bull, ox”
mundo n. “snout, nose; cape [of land]”
mussë adj. “soft”
-n suf. “genitive suffix”
-n² suf. “dative”
interj. “yes, it is so, it is a fact”
ná- v. “to be”
ná- v. “to be”
nac- v. “to hew, cut”
nac-² v. “to bite”
nácë interj. “it may be seeming, *qualified yes”
náha adj. “narrow, *thin”
naham- v. “to summon”
nahámë n. “summons”
nahamna adj. “summoned”
nahta-¹ v. “to slay”
nahta¹ n. “a bite”
nahta-² v. “to confine, oppress”
nahta² num. card. “eighteen”
nahtana adj. “*slain”
nahtë n. “wounding, wound”
nai interj. “alas”
nai adv. “maybe, be it that, may it be that; perhaps, it may be”
nai- pref. “ill, grievously, abominably”
naica adj. “bitterly painful or grievous”
naicë n. “sharp pain”
naicëa adj. “cruel”
naicelë n. “anguish”
naicelëa adj. “painful, agonizing”
naina- v. “to lament”
nainië n. “lament”
naiqua- v. “*to sin”
naiquet- v. “to curse or blaspheme”
naira¹ [ñ] adj. “vast, wide, empty”
naira² adj. “dreadful, horrible, unendurable”
nairë n. “lament, sorrow”
nairëa adj. “sorrowful”
naitë adj. “true”
naitië adv. “indeed, truly”
nalláma n. “echo”
nalta [ñ] n. “radiance, glittering reflection”
nam- v. “to judge”
náma n. “judgment or desire”
namárië interj. “farewell, (lit.) be well”
namárië interj. “”
namba n. “hammer”
namba- v. “to hammer”
námië n. “single judgment or desire”
namna n. “statute”
námo n. “person, somebody (unnamed)”
nan conj. and adv. “but, on the contrary, on the other hand; again”
nan- pref. “back (again); backwards”
nan-¹ pref. “backwards”
nan-² v. “to go back”
nanca adj. “*slain”
nancar- v. “to undo”
nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”
nanda- [ñ] v. “to harp”
nanda¹ adj. “?back”
nandaro [ñ] n. “harper”
nandë [ñ] n. “harp”
nandelë n. “harping, *repetition”
nandellë [ñ] n. “little harp”
nan(do) n. “(wide) valley, vale”
nangwa n. “jaw”
nanwa adj. “existing, actual (true), *real”
nanwë n. “ebb, lowtide”
nanwen- v. “to return, go/come back”
napan- v. “to add”
napanna n. “additional letter”
nápo n. “thumb, (lit.) picker”
nappa n. “claw, talon”
náquet- v. “to assent, agree (on fact); (lit.) to say ‘it is’”
nár n. “fire (as an element); flame”
naraca adj. “harsh, rending, violent of (?sounds)”
*narambo n. “bang, buffet”
narca- v. “to rend”
narda n. “knot”
nár(ë) n. “flame”
Nárië n. “June, *Fire-ness”
narmo [ñ] n. “wolf”
Narquelië n. “October, Sun-fading”
narta- v. “to kindle, *ignite, inflame”
Narvinyë n. “January, *New-fire”
násan interj. “*amen, (lit.) may it be so”
násië interj. “*amen, (lit.) may it be so”
nasquë n. “bondage, durance”
nassë n. “thorn, spike”
nassë n. “nature, true-being, *essence; person, individual”
nasta- v. “to prick, sting”
nasto n. “animal, beast”
na-súrima n. “aspirate”
nat n. “thing”
náto interj. “it is that; *yes (emphatic)”
natsë n. “web, net”
nattira- v. “to despise”
nauca adj. “stunted, shortened, dwarf(ed)”
Nauco n. “Dwarf”
Nauco n. “Dwarf”
naulë [ñ] n. “wolfhowl”
nauro [ñ] n. “werewolf, wolf (not wild wolves)”
nausë [þ] n. “imagination”
nauta adj. “bound, obliged”
nav-¹ v. “to judge”
nav-² v. “to try”
náva¹ adj. “hollow”
náva² [ñ] n. “mouth”
náva-tengwë [ñ] n. “consonant”
návë n. “being”
návëa [ñ] n. “consonant”
naxa¹ n. “bond, fetter”
naxa² adj. and n. “evil”
-nca suf. “your (plural familiar)”
-ncë suf. “you (plural familiar)”
-ndacil suf. “-victor, -slayer”
-ndë suf. “general action verbal suffix”
-ndë suf. “feminine agent”
-(n)dil suf. “-friend, -lover”
-(n)dil suf. “-friend”
-ndo suf. “masculine agent”
-ndo suf. “*agent (male)”
-ndon suf. “like, as”
-ndor suf. “land, country”
-(n)duinë suf. “(large) river”
-(n)dur suf. “-servant”
-(n)dur suf. “*servant”
adv. “yes (it was so)”
nec- pref. “without”
néca adj. “pale, vague, faint, dim to see”
necel n. “thorn”
nefítë adj. “air-breathing”
nehta- v. “to deprive”
nehtano n. “one deprived, exile whose rights and goods have been confiscated”
nehtar n. “slayer”
nehtë¹ n. “spearhead, gore, wedge, narrow prominitory; angle”
nehtë² n. “honey”
*nehtelë n. “honeycomb”
nel- pref. “tri-”
*nelca adj. “dense”
nelcë n. “tooth”
neldë num. card. “three”
neldëa num. ord. “third”
nel(d)esta fraction. “one third”
nellë n. “brook, *stream”
*nellumë adv. “thrice, three times”
*nelma n. “needle”
nelquë num. card. “*thirteen”
nelquëa num. ord. “*thirteen[th]”
neltil (neltild-) n. “triangle”
nelya num. ord. “third”
*nelya- v. “to thicken, congeal”
nem-² v. “it seems (impersonal)”
némë n. “leave, *permission”
nemesta n. “appearance, seeming”
nemestë n. “appearance”
nemestëa adj. “apparent”
-nen suf. “instrumental”
nén n. “water”
nenda adj. “wet”
nendë n. “lake, pool”
nendë n. “pool”
nenemma- v. “to keep on (re-)appearing”
nengwë n. “nose, beak”
nengwëa adj. “nasal”
nengwetanwa adj. “nasal-infixed”
nengwetehta n. “nasal sign”
Nénimë n. “February, *Wet-ness”
nér (ner-) n. “man, male person; adult male”
nerca adj. “sharp, angular”
nercë n. “little man”
nerdo n. “large, strong man”
ne(re)sta fraction. “one ninth”
nernehta n. “man-spearhead”
nerno ? “”
nertë num. card. “nine”
nertëa num. ord. “ninth”
nésa [þ] n. “sister”
nessa adj. “young”
nessamelda n. “species of tree in Númenor, (lit.) beloved of Nessa”
nessë n. “youth”
nessima adj. “youthful”
net(ë) n. “one more beyond (the middle)”
neterquë num. card. “nineteen”
netil n. “trinket, (?small thing) of personal adornment”
nettë n. “(little) girl, daughter, sister (diminutive), pretty little thing”
netya adj. “pretty, dainty”
netya- v. “to trim, adorn”
neuma n. “snare, *noose”
neuna adj. “second, *following, next”
neuro n. “follower, successor”
néya adv. “once, at one time”
-ngo suf. “we (inclusive dual)”
ngolfinë n. “magical skill”
-ngwa suf. “our (inclusive dual)”
-ngwë suf. “we (inclusive dual)”
ni pron. “me, I”
ni pron. “I”
n. “woman, female”
prep. “beneath, not touching, under”
níca adj. “little, small”
nícë n. “little finger”
nicu- v. “to snow, freeze, be cold (of weather), be chill”
nië n. “tear”
nieninquë n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nieninquëa adj. “like a snowdrop”
nihtil n. “little [finger]”
nil (nild-) n. “blue-bell, harebell”
nilda adj. “friendly, loving (towards)”
nildë n. “friend (f.)”
nildo n. “friend [m.]”
nílë (níli-) n. “a special concern with or love for”
nillë¹ [ñ] n. “silver glint; Valinorian imagines [images of real stars]”
nillë² (nill-) n. “small [woman]”
nilmë n. “friendship”
nilmo n. “friend”
nimpa adj. “drooping, ailing”
nindari n. “river-maid, nymph”
nindë adj. “slender”
ninquë (ninqui-) adj. “white, pale; chill, pallid, cold”
*ninquelë n. “pallor”
ninqueri n. “*white (female thing or personification)”
ninqueru n. “white man, white male swan, white ship, white (male thing or personification)”
ninquinta- v. “to grow pale”
ninquissë n. “whiteness”
ninquita- v. “to whiten, grow white, make white; to shine white”
ninquita- v. “to whiten, make white; to shine white”
ninquitárë n. “whitening, whitewashing”
ninya pron. “my”
nípa adj. “small (usually with connotation of weakness)”
niquë n. “cold; snow”
niquë n. “snow”
niquessë n. “frost-patterns; snowflake, ice-flake, (lit.)”
niquis (niquiss-) n. “ice-flake, snowflake; petal (loose) of a white flower”
nir- v. “to press, thrust, force (in a given direction)”
níra n. “will (as a potential or faculty), individual will (in potential)”
nírë n. “force”
nírítë adj. “forceful, exerting great thrust or pressure, driving”
nirmë n. “act of will, exercise of will”
nirwa n. “bolster, cushion”
nis- [þ] v. “*to smell sweetly”
nís (niss-) n. “woman”
nísima [þ] adj. “fragrant”
nissa n. “lady”
*nista n. “thrust, push, shove”
nisto n. “large woman”
nítë (*níti-) adj. “moist, dewy”
nitya adj. “little”
niulë ? “”
nixë n. “minnow, ‘little fish’”
nixë n. “frost”
-nna suf. “(movement) to, towards, onto; allative suffix”
nó¹ prep. “before (of time); at back (of place); yester-; after (of place), behind”
nó² (nów-) n. “conception, idea, thought”
noa adj. and n. “yesterday; former, *previous”
noirë n. “tomb”
nóla¹ n. “round hilltop, knoll, round head; summit, top [of a mountain or hill]”
nóla² [ñ] adj. “wise, learned”
nólë [ñ] n. “lore, knowledge, long study; wisdom”
nólë [ñ] n. “wisdom”
nolmë [ñ] n. “knowledge, philosophy (including science)”
nolmo [ñ] n. “wise person”
nóloa n. “yesteryear”
nolwë [ñ] n. “wisdom, (secret) lore”
nolya [ñ] adj. “dark-haired”
nómë n. “place”
*nómëa adj. “local”
nóna adj. “born”
nonda n. “hand especially in (?clutching)”
*nonorra- v. “to run on, run smoothly and hum, *keep on running (especially of machines)”
*nópata- v. “to precede, (lit.) to walk before”
nór n. “land”
nor-¹ v. “to run (or leap, of animals or men)”
nórë n. “land, country, region where certain people live, nation; †people, race, tribe, folk”
norië n. “race, running”
norima adj. “running swiftly a course”
nórima adj. “strong/swift at running”
normë n. “race, running”
norna adj. “tough, stiff; hard, firm, resistant; thrawn, obdurate”
nornëa adj. “*of oak”
norno n. “oak”
*nornolassëa adj. “having oak-leaves”
noroitë (noroiti-) adj. “(capable of) running”
norolinda adj. “*tripping lightly”
norsa [þ] n. “giant”
norta [ñ] adj. “horrible”
norta- v. “to make run (specially used of riding horses or other animals), ride”
nortil n. “cape (of land)”
norto [ñ] n. “horror”
nos(së) n. “kindred, family, clan, ‘house’, folk, kin, people, *tribe”
nosta- v. “to beget; to be begotten”
nostar n. “begetter, parent”
not- v. “to count, reckon”
not- v. “to reckon”
nótë n. “number”
notessë n. “numeral”
nótië n. “*counting”
nótima adj. “countable, limited in number (weight and measure); (colloquial) moderate in amount, some, few, several”
*notwë n. “calculation, sum”
nov- v. “?to think, form idea, imagine”
-nquë suf. “thou-and-I (dual)”
-nta suf. “theirs”
-nta suf. “to become or be made”
-ntë suf. “they”
nu prep. “under, beneath”
nú- pref. “going down, setting (of sun), west”
nucumna adj. “humbled”
nuhta- v. “to stunt, prevent from coming to completion, stop short, not allow to continue”
núla¹ [ñ] adj. “dark, occult, mysterious”
núlë [ñ] n. “black arts, sorcery”
*núlemo [ñ] n. “(evil) sorceror, black magician”
nulla adj. “dark, dusky, obscure; hidden, secret”
numba adj. “bent, humped”
*numbë n. “timidity”
*numbëa adj. “timid”
númen n. “west, direction or region of the sunset, occident, (lit.) going down”
nún adv. “down below, underneath”
núna adj. “western”
nuquerna adj. “reversed, inverted, (lit.) *under-turned”
nuquerna adj. “inverted”
*nur (nurr-) n. “complaint”
nur- v. “to grow/be dark”
núra adj. “deep”
núro n. “servant”
nurru- v. “to murmur, grumble, mumble”
nurta- v. “*to hide”
nurtalë n. “hiding”
nuru [ñ] n. “death”
nusta- v. “to smell [something]”
*nustaima adj. “odorous, (lit.) able to be smelled”
nut- v. “to tie, *bind”
núta- v. “to lower; to set, sink (of Sun or Moon), stoop”
nútaitë (nútaiti-) adj. “?lowering (naturally), degrading”
nútë n. “bond, knot”
nútil (nútill-) n. “under-point”
nútima adj. “*lowerable”
nuxo n. “Petty dwarf”
núya- v. “to descend”
-nwa suf. “passive suffix; active participle (intransitive verbs); perfective participle”
-nwa suf. “perfective participle”
nwalca [ñ] adj. “cruel”
nwalma [ñ] n. “pain”
nwalmë [ñ] n. “torment”
nwalya- [ñ] v. “to pain, torment”
nwámë n. “wolvish howling”
nwar- [ñ] v. “to fret, wear away, erode; to gnaw”
nwara- v. “to gnaw, erode, wear away”
-nya suf. “my”
nyar- v. “to relate, recite, tell”
nyárë n. “history, account, tale, saga”
nyarië n. “talking”
nyarna n. “(long epic) tale, story, legend, saga”
nyarnamaitar n. “storyteller”
nyarro n. “rat”
nyárula adj. “apt to talk”
-n(yë) suf. “I”
-nyë suf. “I”
nye pron. “me, I”
nyellë n. “bell”
nyello n. “singer”
-o suf. “of; genitive ending”
o prep. “from”
o- pref. “together”
ó prep. “with”
oa adv. “away (of movement)”
oar adv. “away from”
*occa n. “knee”
ócom- v. “to gather, assemble”
(o)combë n. “gathering, assembly, assemblage, collection”
ohlon n. “diphthong”
oholima adj. “confidential”
ohta n. “war”
ohtar n. “warrior”
*ohtarië n. “martial ardour”
oi- v. “to live, pass one’s days”
oia(la) adj. “everlasting, unceasing, without end, for ever”
oialë adv. “forever, everlastingly, eternally, in eternity”
oialëa adj. “eternal”
oi(o) adv. and n. “ever, everlastingly; an endless period”
oiolairë n. “ever-summer (a species of tree)”
oira adj. “eternal”
oirë n. “everlasting age”
ol- v. “to become”
ola- v. “to grow, grow up, reach its prime”
óla- v. “to dream”
ólama n. “consonant”
ólama n. “consonant”
ólamaitë adj. “consonantal”
ólamaitë adj. “consonantal”
*olanwa adj. “fully grown, adult, mature”
olass(i)ë n. “foliage, collection of leaves”
*olasta n. “growth”
olba n. “branch”
olca adj. “bad, wicked”
*ólemë n. “elbow”
olmë n. “odour, *scent, smell (not necessarily bad)”
oloirë n. “great flood”
oloiya- v. “to inundate, flood”
olombo n. “horse”
olor n. “dream, vision”
*olorda adj. “drowsy”
olos¹ (olós-) [þ] n. “inflorescense, mass of flowers (on one plant)”
olosta adj. “dreamy, *dreamlike”
olótë n. “bloom, the flowers collectively of a single plant”
olva n. “growing things with roots in the earth, *plant”
óma n. “voice, resonance of the vocal chords, vowel”
ómaisë n. “voiced [stop]”
ómalóra adj. “voiceless”
ómanda adj. “vocalic”
ómatailë n. “vowel lengthening”
ómataina n. “vocalic extension”
ómatehta n. “vowel-sign”
óma-tengwë n. “vowel-sign”
ómëa n. and adj. “vowel; voiced”
omentië n. “meeting (of pathways), (lit.) coming together of journey-path, meeting or junction of the directions of two people”
ompa adv. “forward”
-on suf. “augmentative, great”
ondo n. “stone (as a material), (large mass of) rock”
*ondolë n. “(stone) monument; stone-cairn”
ondolunca n. “stonewain”
ondomaitar n. “sculptor in stone”
*ondova adj. “stony”
ongwë n. “crime”
*onin n. “anvil”
onna n. “child, *offspring”
onna n. “creature”
ono conj. “but”
onóna adj. and n. “twin-born; one of a pair of twins”
onónë n. “kinswoman; sister”
onóro n. “kinsman; brother”
onot- v. “to count up, *reckon”
onot- v. “to count up”
onótië n. “*reckoning”
onótimo n. “*reckoner”
onta- v. “to beget, create”
onta- v. “to beget, create”
ontalë n. “descent”
ontalë n. “descent”
ontamo n. “mason (sculptor)”
onya n. “my child”
ópa n. “mouth (opening of which the lips are the edges)”
opelë n. “walled house, *manor; village, town, *hamlet”
opo prep. “before, in front (of place); after (of time)”
opto n. “back”
or prep. “above”
or- v. “to warn, urge, feel an urge/wish/desire”
órava- v. “*to have mercy”
orco n. “Orc”
orco (orcu-) n. “goblin”
órë¹ n. “heart (inner mind), *conscience; warning, caution, (pre)monition”
órë² n. “arising, rising”
*orendë n. “(nuclear) family”
orhal- v. “to exalt”
óricuvoitë adj. “uncommunicative, keeping one’s own counsel (not necessarily sinister)”
ormë n. “haste, violence, wrath, rushing”
ormo n. “riser”
orna adj. “hasty”
ornë n. “(tall) tree”
ornë n. “(high isolated) tree”
ornemalin n. “bearing yellow flowers”
oro- suf. “up, aloft”
oroman n. “mountain dweller”
oromar (oromard-) n. “lofty hall, high-mansion, high (lofty) dwelling”
oron (oront-) n. “mountain”
oron (oront-) n. “mountain”
orotinga n. “mountain-top”
orro¹ interj. “ugh, alas!, ow!”
orróna adj. “eastern”
orta-¹ v. “to raise, cause to rise, lift (up)”
orta-² v. “to rise”
ortalima adj. “able to be raised”
ortarë n. “lifting up”
ortil n. “up-point”
*ortina adj. “risen”
ortírië n. “*patronage, (lit.) watching over (from above)”
or(t)o n. “mount, mountain, hill; mountain-top”
orto n. “mountain-top”
orwa adj. “high, lofty”
orya- v. “to rise”
orya- v. “to rise”
orya-² v. “*to raise”
oryandë n. “arising”
ósanwë n. “communication of thought, interchange of thought; (lit.) thinking together (dual)”
osellë [þ] n. “[sworn] sister, associate [f.]”
ossë n. “terror”
ostimë n. “blend”
ostirion n. “fort”
osto n. “fortress, stronghold, strong place; city, town with wall round”
otoquë num. card. “seventeen”
otornassë n. “brotherhood, *association”
otorno n. “sworn brother, associate [m.]”
o(to)sta fraction. “one seventh”
otsëa num. ord. “seventh”
otso num. card. “seven”
*otsola n. “(seven-day) week”
*otsollumë adv. “seven times”
ovéa adj. “(con)similar, alike”
*ovëanta- v. “to imitate, make like”
prep. “touching, against, on (above but touching); as regards, concerning, about”
*pahta- v. “to speak, talk (intransitive)”
pahta¹ adj. “closed, shut, private”
pahta² n. “speech”
*paimë n. “vengeance taken, punishment, penalty, infliction”
*paimenë n. “vindictiveness, vengefulness, cruelty”
*paimesta n. “chastisement”
*paimeta- v. “to exact or inflict a penalty, punish”
*paita- v. “to repay, requite, *avenge”
*paitië v. “vengeance”
*palalassë n. “sycamore, (lit.) flat leaf”
palan adj. and adv. “far, wide, afar, distant; to a great extent, over a wide space, to a distance”
palantír n. “far-gazer, far-seer, (lit.) that which looks far away”
palar n. “plain, flat field, ‘wang’”
palca- v. “to beat flat”
palda adj. “wide, broad, *expansive”
*palis n. “sward, green, lawn”
palla prep. and adv. “far beyond”
palmë n. “surface”
*palo (palu-) n. “plane (surface), the flat, *level, flatness”
palpa- v. “to beat, batter”
palta n. “flat of the hand, *palm; shelf”
palta- v. “to feel with the hand, stroke”
*paltalda n. “palm tree”
*paluhta n. “table”
palúrë n. “surface, bosom, bosom of Earth, (Old English) folde”
*paluva adj. “even, level, flat”
palya- v. “to open wide, spread, expand, extend”
pamba n. “ball”
pan- v. “*to arrange, set in order”
panda n. “enclosure”
pano n. “piece of shaped wood”
panta adj. “open, wide, spreading”
panta- v. “to unfurl, spread out, open”
*pantië n. “unfolding, opening”
panya- v. “to fix, set; to plan, arrange”
par- v. “to learn”
parca adj. “naked (of persons)”
parca adj. “dry; thirsty”
parma n. “book, writing, composition, written document of some size”
parma n. “book”
parmahenta- v. “*to read”
parmahentië n. “(book) reading”
parmaina adj. “of books, literary”
parma-resta n. “*book-fair”
parmatéma n. “p-series”
parmatéma n. “p-series”
parnë adj. “bare, bald, naked”
pas- [þ] v. “to smooth”
pasta [þ] adj. “smooth(ed), sleek, glabrous”
pasta- [þ] v. “to smooth, iron”
pata- v. “to walk, *stroll; to rap, tap (of feet)”
pataca n. “consonant”
patta adj. “smoothed, sleek”
n. “lip, (closed) mouth”
pecco n. “nut”
peccuvo n. “squirrel, (lit.) nut-hider”
pel- v. “to go round, encircle; to surround, fence in, pen in”
peler n. “fence, enclosure; fenced field”
pella prep. and adv. “beyond (boundary or limit)”
pelma n. “border, fringe, edge, limiting device”
pelo n. “boundary (fence)”
peltas (peltax-) n. “fence of fixed stakes, a ‘pale’; [ᴹQ, ᴱQ] pivot”
pempë n. “lip”
pen- v. “not to have”
penda adj. “sloping down, (steeply) inclined”
penda adj. “sloping down, inclined”
penda- v. “to slope, incline”
pendë n. “steep incline, hillside, (down) slope, declivity”
pendë n. “slope, downslope, declivity”
penga- v. “to pout”
penna adj. and n. “lacking; vowel”
penquanta adj. “full to the brim, with mouth full”
penya adj. “lacking, inadequate”
per- pref. “half, semi”
peresta fraction. “one half”
Perian (Periand-) n. “Halfing”
perómanda adj. and n. “semivocalic, *semi-vowel”
perya- v. “to divide in middle, halve”
n. “small insect”
píca- v. “to lessen, dwindle, wane”
pilin (pilind-) n. “arrow”
pilinehtar n. “an unidentified plant, (lit.) ?arrow thorns”
*pio n. “plum, berry, cherry”
*pipir- v. “to twirl, twizzle”
*pir- v. “to spin, *stir”
*pirin (pirind-) n. “thin rod, pin”
pirindë n. “flower that opened and shut quickly with any change of light”
*pirindëa adj. “cylindrical”
*pirinumbë n. “cylinder (hollow)”
pirucendëa adj. “on the point of her toes”
pirya n. “juice, syrup, *sap”
pitya adj. “petty, little”
piuta- v. “to spit”
poica adj. “clean, pure, tidy”
poinessë n. “?cleanliness”
*poita- v. “to cleanse, *clean”
*poitië n. “(act of) cleaning, cleansing”
pol- v. “can, to be able to”
*polca n. “pig”
polda adj. “big; strong, burly”
polda adj. “strong, burly”
poldorë n. “physical strength; might”
polë (poli-) n. “meal, grist”
porë (pori-) n. “flour, meal”
porocë n. “hen, barn foul”
potai conj. “*therefore, (lit.) before which”
psar- v. “to rub”
psára n. “peel”
púlima adj. “pourable, liquid”
punta n. “stopped consonant”
pupso n. “large fly”
pupso n. “blow fly”
púrëa adj. “smeared, discoloured, bleared”
pusta n. “stop, *halt, pause”
pusta- v. “to stop, put a stop to, cease”
putta n. “stop (in punctuation)”
quácë n. “frog”
quáco n. “crow”
quainëa num. ord. “tenth”
quainquë num. card. “*sixteen”
*quaista fraction. “one tenth”
qual- v. “to die”
qualin adj. “dead, dying”
qualmë n. “(death) agony, (process of) death”
*qualmëa adj. “deadly, deathly”
*quam- v. “to be ill, vomit”
quámë n. “sickness, nausea”
*quámëa adj. “sick, *nauseous”
*quamna n. “vomit”
quanta adj. “full, filled”
quanta- v. “to fill [something], *(lit.) make full; to complete, *fulfill”
quanta-tencelë n. “full writing”
quantemma n. “fascimile, (lit.) *full-picture”
quantien n. “century, (lit.) full year”
quáqui adv. “all”
quár(ë) n. “fist, (tightly closed) hand”
quat- v. “to fill [intransitive]”
quë conj. “if”
quëa n. “vegetable”
*quëallumë adv. “ten times”
quëan num. card. “ten”
quel- v. “to fade”
*quelehtë n. “carcasse”
*quelehtië n. “rot, corruption”
*quelehtima adj. “corrupt, rotten”
quelesta n. “dying, fading”
quelet (quelets-) n. “corpse”
*queletya- v. “to perish”
quelië n. “*fading”
quellë n. “late autumn and early winter, (lit.) fading”
quellë n. “Autumn”
*quelmë n. “ruin, utter end, perdition”
quén (quen-) n. “person, individual, man or woman, one, somebody”
Quendë n. “Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks”
Quenderin adj. and n. “Quendian, of the Quendi, belonging to the Elves as a whole”
quénë n. “petrel”
*quenna n. “saying, proverb”
quenta n. “story, narrative, account, history, tale”
quentalë n. “history, narration, account”
quentaro n. “speaker, reciter; narrator, minstrel”
quentassë n. “history”
quentasta n. “historical account”
Quenya n. “Elvish, High-elven, Elf-latin, †speech”
Quenyarin adj. “*of Quenya”
quequetta- v. “to repeat, keep on saying”
quer- v. “to turn, *revolve”
queren (querend-) n. “pivot, revolving center”
querma n. “spinning wheel, turn-table, *wheel”
querna adj. “*turned”
quessë n. “feather”
quesset (*quessec-) n. “pillow”
quessetéma n. “kw-series”
quesso n. “minstrel, reciter”
questa n. “speech, language”
quet- v. “to say, speak, tell, talk”
quetië n. “words, *(lit.) speaking”
quetil n. “tongue, language, talk”
quétima adj. “speakable, pronounceable, utterable, *able to be said”
*quetítë adj. “having speech, able to talk, good at expression, glib”
quetta n. “word”
*quettalë n. “sentence; wording, expression, phrase”
qui conj. “if”
*quilda adj. “quiet, hushed, still”
*quilda- v. “to stay quiet, be quiet”
*quildarë n. “bat”
*quilir n. “quiet, *hush”
quín(ë) n. “crest, ridge”
quinga n. “bow (for shooting)”
*quinga- v. “to twang, thrum (of strings, harps, etc.)”
quingatelco adj. “*bow-legged”
quinna adj. “crested”
quiquië adv. “whenever”
*quiril n. “spindle; [spinning] top, *whirligig”
*quirilda adj. “twirling, pirouetting”
*quirmë n. “cream”
*quirna- v. “to stir, make spin”
quista- v. “to suppose”
-r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
-r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
-r² suf. “motion to or towards a point”
-r² suf. “”
(ráv-) n. “lion”
rá¹ (ráv-) n. “lion”
rá² prep. “*for, on behalf of”
rac- v. “to break”
ráca n. “wolf”
racca n. “*claw”
raccalepta adj. “*claw-fingered”
racina adj. “stripped, deprived”
rácina adj. “broken”
raf- v. “to wave, brandish; to snatch, seize”
raica adj. “crooked, bent, wrong”
*railë n. “smile”
raima n. “net”
raina¹ adj. “netted, enlaced, caught in a net”
raina² adj. “smiling, gracious, sweet-faced”
rainë n. “*peace, good will”
raiqua adj. “angry”
raita-¹ v. “to make network or lace; to catch in a net”
raita-² v. “to smile”
raiwë n. “lace”
ráma n. “wing”
*rámaitë adj. “having wings, winged”
rámalócë n. “winged dragon”
ramba n. “wall”
ramba¹ n. “wall”
ran (ramb-) n. “beam of wood”
Rána n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”
ránasta n. “lunar month”
ranco (rancu-) n. “arm”
randa n. “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)”
ránë n. “straying, wandering”
ránen adj. “errant”
ranga n. “yard, full pace”
rangwë n. “fathom”
ranya n. “erratic wandering”
ranya- v. “to stray, *wander”
*ranyaila adj. “wandering”
ras- v. “to stick out”
rassë n. “horn [of both animals and mountains]”
rassë n. “horn [of both animals and mountains]”
-rasta suf. “twelve”
-rasta suf. “twelve”
ráta- v. “to excel, surpass”
rauco n. “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature”
raumo n. “(noise of a) storm”
rauro n. “lion”
rauta n. “metal”
ráva adj. “free, unfettered, uncontrolled, lawless”
ráva² n. “bank (especially of a river)”
rávë n. “roaring noise”
rávëa adj. “roaring”
raxa n. “wain, *wagon”
raxë n. “*danger”
-rë suf. “abstract noun”
-rë suf. “gerund”
n. “day (period from sunset to sunset)”
rëa adj. “single”
*recca n. “spittle”
rehta- v. “to rescue, save”
rehtië n. “rescue, saving”
*rehtima adj. “despicable, contemptible”
rem- v. “to snare”
remba- v. “to net, entrap”
rembë n. “mesh, net (for catching), hunter’s or fisher’s net”
rembina adj. “entangled, meshed, netted, woven”
remma n. “snare”
rempa adj. “crooked, hooked”
réna n. “edge, border, margin”
*renda n. “related, of the same kin or clan”
*rendë n. “kinship, kin, kindred, clan”
*rendo n. “cousin (m.), kinsman, *relative”
*rendolë n. “cousinship”
rer- v. “to sow”
*réra adj. “sown”
*ressë n. “cousin (f.), kinswoman, *relative”
resta n. “sown field, tilled ground, acre; *fair”
retto n. “*climber”
n. “reed, grass-stem”
ría n. “garland, wreath”
ric-¹ v. “to try, put forth effort, strive, endeavour”
ríë n. “crown”
rië¹ n. “garland”
rië² adv. “only”
riel(lë) n. “garlanded maiden, maiden crowned with a festive garland”
rihta- v. “to jerk, give quick twist or move, twitch, *wrench”
rillë n. “brilliance”
rilma n. “glittering light”
rilya adj. “glittering”
ríma n. “edge, hem, border”
rimba adj. “frequent, numerous”
rimbë n. “host, great number, crowd”
rimpa adj. “rushing, flying”
-rin suf. “-ian, racial-adjective, language”
rína adj. “crowned, garlanded”
rína adj. “crowned”
rinca n. “twitch, jerk, sudden move”
rincë (rinci-) n. “flourish, quick stroke, hook”
rinda adj. “circular”
rindë n. “circle”
ringa adj. “cold, chilly”
Ringarë n. “December, *Cold-day”
ringë (ringi-) n. “chill, cold”
ringwë n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)”
rissë n. “?cleft”
rista n. “cut”
rista- v. “to cut”
-r(o) suf. “agental suffix”
-ro suf. “agental suffix”
ro- pref. “uprising, sunrise, east”
adv. “the[?] [?next]”
roa n. “dog”
rocco n. “horse”
rocco n. “(swift) horse”
rocindë n. “*debtor, one who trespasses”
rohta n. “*debt, trespass”
rohtalië n. “*those who trespass, (lit.) trespass-people”
roimë n. “hunt, hunting”
roina adj. “ruddy”
roita- v. “to pursue”
róma n. “horn; loud sound, trumpet-sound”
romba n. “horn, trumpet”
rómen n. “east, uprising, sunrise”
ronda adj. “solid, firm”
rondo¹ n. “vaulted or arched roof, vaulted hall; cavern”
*rondova adj. “cavernous”
ron(go) adv. “soon”
ronyo n. “‘chaser’, hound of chase”
roquen n. “knight, horseman, rider”
rossë n. “(fine) rain, dew”
rotto n. “tunnel, small grot, cave”
ruc- v. “to feel fear or horror; *to flee (to)”
ruc- v. “to pluck”
rúcima adj. “terrible”
rúcina adj. “confused, shattered, disordered, ruined”
ruhta- v. “to terrify”
ruimen n. “fireplace, hearth”
*ruimenya n. “fireside”
ruina adj. “blazing, fiery”
ruinë n. “fire, blaze”
rúma- v. “to shift, move, heave (of large and heavy things)”
rúna- v. “to free”
runando n. “*redeemer”
runda adj. “smooth, polished”
runda n. “rough piece of wood”
runya adj. “fiery red”
runya n. “slot, footprint”
rúnya n. “red flame”
rusco (ruscu-) n. “fox”
ruscuitë adj. “foxy”
rúsë [þ] n. “wrath”
rúsëa [þ] adj. “wrathful”
russa adj. “red-haired”
russë n. “corruscation, †sword-blade”
russë n. “head or pelt of red hair”
ruxa adj. “wroth”
ruxa- v. “to crumble”
-rya¹ suf. “his, her, its”
-rya² suf. “their (colloquial)”
[þ] adv. “very good, all right, I will, I agree of course, of course I do”
sa pron. “that”
sa¹ pron. “it (inanimate); that”
sac- [þ] v. “to close”
sahta adj. “marred”
sahta- [þ] v. “to induce”
sahtië [þ] n. “pressure or force (to do something against one’s will or conscience)”
*saica- adj. “to be hungry”
*saicata- v. “to starve”
*saicë n. “hunger”
*saicelë adj. “famine”
*saicelëa adj. “famished”
saila adj. “wise”
*saiqua adj. “hungry”
sairon n. “wizard”
*saitya- adj. “to starve”
*salca- n. “to mow, scythe, mow down”
*salcessë n. “harvest [product]”
*salcima adj. “ready for cutting, *harvestable”
salpa- v. “to lick up, sup, sip”
salquë n. “grass, long mowing grass”
*salquenor n. “grassland, meadow”
sam- v. “to have”
sambë [þ] n. “room, chamber”
samna¹ [þ] n. “wooden post”
samno [þ] n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
sámo [þ] n. “helper”
*sampa n. “spade, *shovel”
sampanë n. “combination”
*sampo n. “*cellar, vault”
san prep. “*then, so”
san conj. “*then”
sana adj. “that very thing (already referred to)”
sana adj. “that”
sana- v. “*to think, reflect”
sanar n. “mind, thinker, reflector”
sanca [þ] adj. “cleft, split”
sanda [þ] n. “shield”
sanda [þ] adj. “firm, true, abiding”
sandastan (sandastam-) [þ] n. “shield-barrier”
sanga [þ] n. “press, pressure; throng, crowd, pack; tight mass; crowded, packed”
sanga- v. “to pack tight, compress, press”
sangië n. “necessity”
sanguma n. “press, *thing that presses”
sanwë n. “thought, an act of thinking”
sanwecenda n. “thought-inspection, thought-reading”
sanwë-latya n. “thought-opening”
sanwementa n. “thought-sending, mental message”
sanya [þ] adj. “regular, law-abiding, normal”
sanyë [þ] n. “rule, law”
*sap- v. “to dig”
*sappa adj. “hollow, dug-out, excavated”
sapsarra- v. “to keep on rubbing, fray away”
*sapta n. “(delved) hole, pit; grave”
sáquet- [þ] v. “I will, to agree (to do); (lit.) to say ‘yes’”
sar (sard-) n. “stone (small)”
sara [þ] n. “stiff dry grass, bent”
sára adj. “bitter”
*sáralipta n. “urine”
sarat n. “letter (of the Rúmilian alphabet)”
sarda adj. “hard (*as stone)”
*sardincë n. “pebble”
sa-rincë (sa-rinci-) n. “s-hook, hooked stroke in tengwa”
*sarma n. “saw”
sarmë n. “writing”
sarna adj. “of stone”
sarnë n. “stony place”
sarnië n. “shingle, pebble bank”
sáro [þ] n. “savior”
sarta adj. “steadfast, trusty, loyal”
sat- v. “to set aside, appropriate to a special purpose or owner”
satar n. “trusty follower, loyal companion”
*satta- v. “to put, place”
satya adj. “private, separate, not common, excluded”
sau- pref. “very badly”
saucarë n. “doing or making a thing very badly”
saucarya adj. “evil-doing”
*saunë n. “bath, small pool”
saura [þ] adj. “cruel, evil, vile; stinking, foul, evil-smelling, putrid”
sauricumba [þ] adj. “*foul-bellied”
*sausa n. “bath water, hot water”
sav- v. “to believe”
sáva n. “juice”
-s(ë) suf. “he, she, it; him, her, it”
se¹ pron. “he, she, it (animate)”
se² prep. “at, in”
seldë n. “daughter; child [f.]”
seldo n. “child [m.], *boy”
seler (sell-) [þ] n. “sister”
selyë n. “daughter (diminutive)”
sen- v. “to let loose, free, let go”
senda adj. “resting, at peace”
senya adj. “usual”
-ser suf. “friend”
ser- [þ] v. “*to sew”
ser- v. “to rest”
sercë n. “blood”
*sérë n. “peace; rest, repose”
serindë [þ] n. “broideress, needlewoman, *seamstress”
sermë n. “friend (f.)”
sermo n. “friend [m.]”
seron n. “friend”
seru- v. “to go to rest, settle on, sit or lit down, come to rest on”
*sesta- v. “to set, (lit.) to make rest (on)”
adv. “now”
si¹ adj. and pron. “this”
sicil n. “dagger, knife”
sië adv. “thus”
sil- v. “to shine (white)”
silima n. “crystal (white)”
sillë adv. “like this”
silmë n. “starlight; moonlight, †silver [light]”
silmë nuquerna n. “s-reversed”
*silmerána n. “gleaming moon, silver moon”
silo adv. “hence”
silumë adv. “now, (lit.) at this time”
síma n. “imagination, mind”
sin¹ adv. “*thus”
sina adj. “this”
sinan adv. “at present”
sinca n. “flint”
sincahonda adj. “flint-hearted”
sinda [þ] adj. “grey”
Sindarin [þ] n. “Grey-elven”
sindë (sindi-) [þ] adj. “grey, pale or silvery grey”
sindë (sindi-) [þ] adj. “grey, pale”
Sindel [þ] n. “Grey-elf”
sindië [þ] n. “greyness”
sinen adv. “by this means, so”
sinomë n. “here, (lit.) in this place”
sinta [þ] adj. “short”
sinta- [þ] v. “to fade, *(lit.) become grey”
sintamo n. “smith”
sinwa adj. “known, certain, ascertained”
sinya adj. “new, *current”
sinyë [þ] n. “evening”
sir- v. “to flow”
sir(a) adv. “hither”
síra n. “*today, this day”
sír(ë) (síri-) n. “river”
siril n. “rivulet”
sirya- v. “to flow (smoothly)”
sís adv. “here”
sisíla- v. “to shine (frequentative)”
sítë adj. “of this sort”
siulë n. “incitement”
sívë¹ prep. “*as”
sívë³ n. “knowing, knowledge”
soa n. “filth”
soica adj. “thirsty”
*soicië n. “thirst”
sóla ? “”
solor n. “surf”
*sona [þ] n. “pine”
*sonanel [þ] n. “pine-needle”
songa n. “mouth (interior cavity behind the teeth containing the tongue)”
sorasta n. “equipment”
sorna [þ] adj. “steadfast”
*sornion n. “eyrie”
soron [þ] n. “eagle”
*sov- v. “to wash, *bathe”
*sovalda- v. “to cleanse, purify”
*sovallë n. “washing, bathing, purification”
*sovalwa adj. “cleansing, *purifying”
-ssë¹ suf. “locative ending”
-ssë¹ suf. “locative ending”
-ssë² suf. “abstract noun”
-ssë² suf. “abstract noun”
-ssë³ suf. “himself, *herself, itself”
-sta¹ suf. “land, *part; close grouping”
-sta² suf. “verbal noun suffix”
-sta³ suf. “your (dual)”
-sta⁴ suf. “their (dual)”
-stë¹ suf. “you (dual)”
n. “(sound of) wind”
suc- v. “to drink”
*súcë [þ] n. “resinous tree, pine or fir”
*suhtë (suhti-) n. “resin, gum”
*suhtina adj. “resinous”
suhto n. “draught”
sulca n. “root (especially as edible)”
súlë (súli-) [þ] n. “spirit [as exertion of will]; breath”
Súlimë [þ] n. “March, *Windy-one”
súlo (*súlu-) n. “goblet”
sulpa- v. “to lap up, drink greedily”
súma n. “hollow cavity, bosom”
sundo [þ] n. “base, root, root-word”
sundóma [þ] n. “determinant vowel, root-vowel”
sundóma [þ] n. “determinant vowel, vocalic determinant”
sungwa n. “drinking-vessel”
súrë (súri-) [þ] n. “wind, breeze”
súriquessë n. “species of grass, (lit.) wind feather”
surya n. “spirant consonant”
súya- [þ] v. “to breathe”
-t¹ suf. “dual ending”
-t² suf. “they (object suffix)”
-ta suf. “causative verb suffix”
-ta suf. “causative”
adv. “then”
ta¹ pron. “that”
ta³ adv. “so, like that, also”
ta⁴ adv. “there”
ta⁵ conj. “and also, then”
tac- v. “to fasten”
tai¹ pron. “them (inanimate)”
tailë n. “lengthening, extension”
taima n. “extension”
taina¹ adj. “stretched, elongated; lengthened, extended, prolonged”
taina² n. “extension”
taita- v. “to prolong”
taitë adj. “of that sort”
tal adv. “downwards”
tál (tal-) n. “foot; bottom, lowest part”
talan (talam-) n. “flat space, platform; floor, ground”
talat n. “sheet”
talca n. “post, mark”
tal(da) adv. “to the bottom”
tallë adv. “like that”
*tallimë (tallimi-) n. “ankle, (lit.) foot-link”
tallunë n. “sole of foot”
talma¹ n. “basis, foundation”
talo adv. “thence”
talta adj. “tottering, unsteady, shaky, wobbling; sloping, tilted, leaning, inclined, slanting”
talta- v. “to slip (down), fall, collapse, slide down, slope”
talta- v. “to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope”
talta² n. “incline”
taltë adv. “down, at the bottom”
taltil (taltill-) n. “toe”
taltol n. “big toe”
talumë adv. “at that time”
tam- v. “to tap”
tama n. “that matter”
taman n. “thing made by handicraft”
tamba- v. “to knock, keep on knocking”
tambaro n. “woodpecker, knocker”
tambë (tambi-) n. “pot”
tambë prep. “*as, so”
tamma n. “tool”
tamna adj. and n. “artificial; artifact”
tamo n. “smith, builder, craftsman”
tampa n. “stopper”
tana adj. and pron. “that”
tana pron. “that (anaphoric)”
tana- v. “to show, indicate”
tanca adj. “firm, fixed, sure; steady, (stead)fast”
tancal(a) n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tancata- v. “to make firm, fix, confirm”
tancata- v. “to make fixed/firm, confirm”
tancil n. “brooch, clasp, pin; fastener”
tanen adv. “in that way”
tangwa n. “hasp, clasp”
taniquelassë n. “*high-white-leaf”
tanna¹ n. “sign, token”
tanna² adv. “thither”
tano n. “craftsman, smith”
tanomë adv. “there, (lit.) in the place (referred to)”
tanwë n. “craft, thing made, device, construction”
tap- v. “to stop, block”
tapta adj. “impeded”
-tar suf. “honorific”
tar affix. “high; king or queen (in compounds)”
tar- v. “to stand”
tár n. “king”
tar(a) adv. “thither; beyond”
tára¹ adj. “lofty, tall, high”
taras n. “great towering building (fort/city/castle), tower; mount, hill”
taras (tarass-) n. “mount, hill”
tarca n. “horn [of animals]”
tárë adv. “*that day”
tarhanwa n. “throne”
tári n. “queen”
tárië n. “height”
Tárinar n. “”
Tárion n. “alternate name of the last day of the Eldarin six-day week”
táris(së) n. “queenship”
tarma n. “pillar”
tarminas n. “great towering building (fort/city/castle), tower”
*tarqua- v. “to dry, preserve; to pickle”
*tarquina adj. and n. “salted, dried; salt meat”
tarya adj. “tough, stiff”
tasar(ë) (tasari-) [þ] n. “willow”
tassa n. “index finger”
tassë adv. “there”
tastil n. “*index finger”
tata n. “*daddy”
tatalla- v. “to admire, wonder at (the excellence of), marvel”
tatya num. ord. “second”
tatya- v. “to double, repeat”
tauca adj. “stiff, wooden”
taura adj. “(very) mighty, masterful; vast, of unmeasured might or size”
taura adj. “mighty”
taurë n. “forest, (great) wood”
taurë n. “great wood, forest”
taurëa adj. “forested”
tautamo n. “carpenter (carver)”
tauva- n. “*to endure”
táva n. “great tree”
tavaril n. “dryad, spirit of woods (f.)”
tavaron n. “dryad, spirit of woods (m.)”
taxë n. “nail”
te pron. “him, it”
te pron. “them”
tëa n. “straight line”
tëa- v. “to indicate”
tec- v. “to write”
tecco n. “stroke (of pen or brush), accent [´]”
tecil n. “pen”
tecil n. “pen”
tehta n. “mark (in writing), sign, symbol, diacritic”
tehta n. “mark (in writing), sign, diacritic”
*tel (teld-) n. “end”
tel- v. “to end, finish”
telco n. “leg; stem (of a tengwa symbol)”
telconta- v. “to stride, *(lit.) to leg it”
telda adj. “last, final”
telemna adj. “*silver”
telepta adj. “silver, of silver”
*telima adj. “final”
tella adj. “hindmost, last”
tellë n. “rear”
telluma n. “dome, cupola, vault”
telma n. “conclusion, anything used to finish off a work or affair; ending”
telmë n. “hood, covering”
telpë (telep-) n. “silver; money”
telperin adj. “like silver (in hue or worth)”
*telpilin n. “silver piece, *silver coin”
telpina adj. “of silver”
*telpingwë n. “silverfish”
telta- v. “to canopy, overshadow, screen”
telu adj. “last”
*telumbë n. “mushroom”
telumë n. “roof, canopy; vault, dome (of heaven)”
telumë n. “vault, dome (of heaven)”
telumet (telumett-) n. “canopy”
telya- v. “to finish, wind up, conclude”
téma n. “series, row, line”
ten prep. “for”
téna adj. “straight, right, *correct”
*tenca n. “letter (epistola)”
tencelë n. “writing (system), spelling”
tengwa n. “letter, written letter; sign, token, indicator”
tengwa n. “letter; writing, grammar”
tengwa- v. “to read written matter”
tengwacilmë n. “spelling”
tengwanda n. “alphabet”
tengwassë n. “alphabet”
tengwë n. “sign, token, indication; writing”
tengwë n. “writing”
tengwelë n. “language (in general)”
tengwesta n. “grammar, morphology, system or code of signs, collection of matter concerning writing, *language structure”
tengwesta n. “grammar; collection of writing”
tengwestië n. “language [as a concept]”
tengwië n. “reading; language (*signing)”
tenna¹ prep. “until, up to, as far as, to the point”
tenna¹ prep. “until”
tenna³ n. “thought, notion, idea”
tennoio adv. “forever”
tensi adv. “already, still, up to now, here; yet [from present]”
tenta adv. “already, still, up to now, here; yet [from past]”
tenta- v. “to point (to/out), indicate; to direct toward, be directed toward; to go forth towards (with object)”
ter prep. “through”
*ter- v. “to pierce”
tercáno n. “herald”
tercen n. “insight, (lit.) *through-sight”
tercenya adj. “of insight”
teren adj. “slender; lissom, lithe”
tereva adj. “fine, acute, *keen; sharp, piercing, shrill [of sound]; acute (pain)”
terhat- v. “to break apart”
termar- v. “to stand, *endure, abide, last, (lit.) through-abide”
terra n. “fine pierced hole”
tet(ta) n. “baby”
teuca ? “”
thë pron. “it”
tië n. “path, road, way, line, course, direction, route”
tier prep. “*so”
tihta- v. “to blink, peer”
tildë n. “fine sharp point, spike; (mountain) horn, tip, ️peak”
tillë n. “tip, point; [within compounds] finger, toe”
tin- v. “to spark, glitter, glint, gleam, shine as a star”
tinco n. “metal”
tinco n. “metal”
tincotéma n. “t-series”
tincotéma n. “t-series”
tinda adj. “glinting (silver)”
tindë n. “glint, *flash”
tindómë n. “(starry) twilight, time near dawn, starlit dusk”
tinga n. “*flint”
tinga- v. “to go (for a long while)”
tinga- v. “to twang”
tingahondo adj. “flint-hearted”
tingë n. “twang”
tingilya n. “twinkling star”
tinta- v. “to kindle, cause to spark, make to spark”
tintila- v. “to twinkle, sparkle, glitter, give tremulous light, †tremble”
*tintilië n. “sparkling, twinkling”
tinwë n. “spark, [apparent] star”
tir- v. “to watch (over), guard, heed; to look (at), gaze, observe”
tirila adj. “watching (something)”
tírima adj. “able to be watched, observable”
tirion n. “watch-tower, tower, (great or mighty) tower; city on a hill”
*tirista n. “*watch, guard”
tirítë (tiríti-) adj. “watchful, vigilant”
*tirmë n. “steadfast regard, stare, *gaze”
tirmo n. “watcher”
*titinwë n. “small star, sparkle of dew”
titsë (tits-) n. “kitten”
titta adj. “tiny, little”
tiuca adj. “thick, fat”
tiuco n. “thigh”
tiuya- v. “to swell, grow fat”
tixë n. “dot, tiny mark, point”
to prep. “on, above; in”
to prep. “in”
n. “wool”
toa n. “wood (as material)”
toa adj. “of wool, woollen”
toi pron. “they”
toina adj. “wood”
tol (toll-) n. “island, (steep) isle”
tolbo n. “big toe; stump, stub; thumb”
toldëa num. ord. “eighth”
toldo num. card. “eight”
tolma n. “protuberance contrived to serve a purpose, knob, short rounded handle”
toloquë num. card. “eighteen”
to(lo)sta fraction. “one eighth”
tolu- v. “to stand up, get up, leave one’s seat”
tolya adj. “prominent”
tolyo n. “sticker-up”
ton- v. “to tap, knock”
tópa n. “roof”
tópa- v. “to roof”
torna adj. “hard”
tornanga adj. and n. “iron hard; hard-iron, *steel”
toron (torn-) n. “brother”
tsettë n. “fly”
-ttë¹ suf. “they (dual)”
-ttë² suf. “themselves”
pron. “them (dual)”
tuc- v. “to draw, *pull (behind)”
*tucië n. “drawing, pulling”
tuia- v. “to sprout, spring”
tuilë n. “spring, spring-time”
tuilérë n. “*spring-day”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuilu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”
tuima n. “sprout, bud”
tul- v. “to come”
tulca adj. “firm, immovable, steadfast; strong”
tulco (*tulcu-) n. “support, prop”
tulma n. “event”
tulta- v. “to send, to send for, send hither, fetch, summon, (lit.) cause to come”
tultaima adj. “*sendable”
*tuluhta- v. “to support”
tulumaitë adj. “likely to come, probable (of future events)”
tulurya adj. “future, coming”
tulusta n. “advent, arrival”
tulustë n. “arrival”
tulya- v. “*to lead; to bring”
tulyandë n. “fetching”
tumba adj. “deep valley, deep, lowlying”
tumbalë n. “depth, deep valley”
tumbo (tumbu-) n. “deep vale, valley, dale”
tumna adj. “lowlying, deep, low; profound”
tumpo n. “hump, lump”
tunda adj. “tall”
tundo (tundu-) n. “hill, mound”
tunga adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
tuo n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
tup- v. “to cover, put a lid on, put hat on”
tupsë n. “thatch”
-tur suf. “master, lord, ruler, victor”
-tur suf. “master, victor, lord”
tur- v. “to master, conquer, dominate, win; to control, govern, *rule”
túra adj. “great”
turca adj. “strong, powerful (in body)”
turco¹ n. “chief”
turco² n. “*stronghold”
túrë n. “mastery, victory; might, strength, power”
túrëa adj. “mighty, masterful”
túrin n. “lord”
turindo n. “purposeful mind, strong will”
turindura adj. “done necessarily”
turma n. “shield”
turmen n. “realm”
turo n. “master, victor, lord”
turu- v. “to master, defeat, have victory over”
turut n. “tree-stem”
turya- v. “to strengthen”
turyandë n. “fortification, strengthening”
turyandë n. “fortification, strengthening”
turyanwa adj. “fortified”
tussa n. “bush”
tutulla- v. “to keep on coming (and going)”
tutulla- v. “to keep on coming (and going)”
tuv- v. “to find”
tuv- v. “to find”
túvima adj. “discoverable”
*tuxa num. card. “hundred”
-twa suf. “their (dual)”
-tya suf. “your (familiar)”
tyal- v. “to play”
tyalangan (*tyalangand-) n. “harp-player”
tyalië n. “play, game, sport, mirth”
tyar- v. “to cause”
*tyarma n. “cause, motive, reason”
tyaro n. “doer, actor, agent”
tyatyamba- v. “*to keep on tasting”
*tyausta n. “savour, flavour”
tyav- v. “to taste; (impersonal) to taste of, reminds one of”
*tyavasta n. “sense of taste”
tyávë n. “*taste”
tyaz- v. “to like”
-tyë suf. “you (familiar)”
tyë pron. “you (familiar), thee”
tyë pron. “thee”
tyelca adj. “hasty; agile, swift”
tyellë n. “grade, order, step (in a stairway or ladder)”
tyelpë (tyelep-) n. “silver”
tyelpetéma n. “palatal series”
*tyos (tyoss-) n. “cough”
*tyosta- v. “to cough”
tyuë n. “”
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulussë n. “poplar-tree”
*tyur- v. “to ‘turn’ milk, curdle (blood etc.)”
*tyurda adj. “curdled, *sour”
*tyurmë n. “cheese”
þelma n. “fixed idea, will”
þorya- v. “to dread, feel fear”
þossë n. “fear”
þosta- v. “to put to fright, terrify”
-u suf. “dual ending”
ú prep. and adv. “without, destitute of”
ú- pref. “no, not, un-, in-; hard, difficult, bad, uneasy; hardly, with difficulty, ‘badly’”
úcalima adj. “dim, murky”
úcar- v. “*to trespass, do wrong, sin”
úcarë n. “*debt, trespass”
úcárima adj. “hard to do, difficult”
úcarindo n. “*sinner”
úcarnë adj. “not red”
úfantima adj. “not concealable”
úfanwëa adj. “not veiled, unveiled”
ufárëa adj. “not enough”
úχarin adj. “unmarred”
uhta- v. “to dislike, feel disgust with, avoid as painful or nasty”
ui adv. “no, it is n[ot]”
ui- v. “to not be, to not do”
uilë n. “long trailing plant”
uito interj. “it is not that”
ul- v. “to rain”
-ula suf. “likelihood or aptitude”
-ula suf. “verbal adjective (likelihood, aptitude)”
ula adj. “apt to, likely to do so”
ulca adj. “evil; dark, gloomy, sinister; bad, wicked, wrong”
ulco (ulcu-) n. “evil”
úlëa adj. “pouring, flooding, flowing”
ulo n. “rain”
ululla- v. “to keep on pouring”
úlumë adv. “ever, at all times (in a series or period)”
*ulumpë n. “camel”
*ulunda adj. “monstrous”
ulundë n. “flood”
*ulundië n. “monstrosity”
ulundo n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ulya- v. “to pour, flow”
úma- v. “to teem”
úmahta(lë) n. “nuisance”
úmaitë adj. “clumsy(-handed), unskilled”
uman adv. “at one time”
úmara n. “bad, ill-used, evil, sinister”
úmárë n. “not good = evil”
umba n. “swarm”
umbar n. “fate, doom, curse”
umbë n. “imminence, threat; premonition, fear, unwelcome expectation”
umbestë adv. “was going”
umbo(n) n. “lump, clump, mass”
-úmë suf. “[large], of quantity”
úmë n. “great collection or crowd of things of the same sort; abundance”
úmëa adj. “abundant, swarming, teeming”
-umnë suf. “past-future”
un-/um- pref. “intensive prefix with evil sense”
úna¹ adj. “deprived of, destitute, forlorn”
úna² ? “*it is not”
únat n. “thing impossible to be or to be done”
unca- v. “to hollow out”
undómë n. “twilight, time near evening”
undu prep. and adv. “down (from on high), under, beneath”
undu prep. and adv. “down (from on high), under, beneath”
undulav- v. “to drown, swallow, submerge, (lit.) lick down”
undumë n. “abyss”
ungo n. “cloud, dark shadow”
ungwalë n. “torture”
ungwë n. “spider’s web”
únotë(a) adj. “not counted, uncounted”
únótima adj. “numberless, innumerable, countless, difficult/impossible to count”
unqua adj. “hollow”
unqualë n. “death agony, torment, agony, death”
unquë n. “hollow, cavity, hole”
unta- v. “to come down, descend”
untup- v. “to cover (over or up), (lit.) to cover down”
unutixë n. “dot or point placed below the line of writing”
únyárima adj. “impossible to recount”
úpa adj. “dumb”
úpahtëa adj. “speechless”
*ú pusto adv. “immediately, at once, (lit.) without pause”
úquétima adj. “unspeakable, impossible to say or put into words, unpronounceable”
úra adj. “large”
úra¹ adj. “nasty”
úra² adj. “torrid, sultry, unpleasantly hot”
urco (urcu-) n. “bogey, orc”
urda adj. “hard, difficult, arduous”
úrë n. “heat, fire”
Úrimë n. “August, *Hot-one”
*úrin adj. “(blazing) hot”
*urna n. “oven”
úro n. “*evil, nastiness”
urra adj. “bad”
*urruinië n. “conflagration”
ursa [þ] n. “rage”
ursa- [þ] v. “to rage”
ur(u)- pref. “hard, difficult”
urucárima adj. “hard to make / do”
urucarin adj. “made with difficulty”
urulócë n. “fire-serpent, fire-drake, fire-dragon”
urus (urust-) n. “copper”
*úruva adj. “fiery, like fire”
*urwa adj. “on fire, afire”
urya- v. “to be hot; to blaze, burn”
us- [þ] pref. “[wrong] with a bad sense; unsuitable, bad, improper, useless, wrong”
*us- [þ] v. “to escape, get out”
úsahtië [þ] n. “inducement to do wrong, *temptation”
úsië conj. “on the contrary”
usquë n. “reek, *smoke”
*ustya- v. “to smoke (intr.)”
*usuhta- v. “to smoke (trans.)”
*uswë [þ] n. “escape, issue, outlet”
-uva suf. “future tense suffix”
úva- v. “to impend, be imminent, draw near”
úvana adj. “marred”
úvanë(a) adj. “without beauty”
úvanima adj. “not fair, ugly; hard to call beautiful, hideous”
úvanimo n. “monster, corrupt or evil creature”
úvië n. “pondering, consideration”
úvië n. “considering a matter (with a view to decision)”
uxarë n. “doing wrong, *misdeed”
úyalë n. “twilight”
-va suf. “possessive or adjectival ending”
va prep. “(away) from, away”
va prep. “away”
interj. and adv. “will not, do not, shall not”
vahai(y)a adv. “far away”
vahta- v. “to soil, stain”
vailë n. “wind, *gust”
vailima adj. “windy”
*vaina adj. “blonde, fair of hair”
vainar n. “sailor”
vairë adj. “?wavy”
vaita- v. “to enfold, wrap”
vai(y)a n. “envelope”
Vala n. “(Angelic) Power, Authority”
vala- v. “to have [divine] power”
valaina adj. “of or belonging to the Valar, divine”
Valanya n. “*Friday, Vala-day”
valassë n. “divinity”
Valië n. “Female Vala”
valya adj. “having (divine) authority or power”
ván n. “goose”
vanda n. “oath, pledge, solemn promise”
vanë (vani-) adj. “fair, lovely”
vanessë n. “beauty”
vanië n. “beauty”
vanima¹ adj. “beautiful, fair”
vanima² n. “beautiful one, fair one”
vanimelda adj. “beautiful and beloved, elven-fair”
Vanimo n. “The Beautiful; Fair Folk”
vanta n. “walk, *hike, march”
vanta- v. “to walk, *trudge, trek”
vanwa adj. “gone (for good), lost, departed, vanished, past, over, no longer to be had, passed away, dead, gone for good”
vanwië n. “the past, past time”
vanya adj. “fair, beautiful, unmarred”
váquet- v. “to refuse, forbid, prohibit; (lit.) to say no, to say ‘I will not or do not’”
vára adj. “soiled, dirty”
varanda adj. “sublime”
*varassë n. “cliff”
vardarianna n. “fragrant evergreen tree”
varna adj. “safe, protected, secure”
varnassë n. “security”
varnë (varni-) adj. “brown, russet; swart, dark brown”
varya- v. “to protect”
vasar [þ] n. “veil”
vasarya- [þ] v. “to veil”
váva- v. “*to blow”
vaxë n. “stain”
váya n. “ocean, [stormy] sea”
-vë suf. “abstract noun, adverb”
ve¹ prep. “as, like, similar, after the manner [of]”
ve² pron. “us (inclusive)”
vëa¹ adj. “adult, manly, vigorous”
vëa¹ adj. “seeming, apparent”
vëaner¹ n. “(adult) man”
vëaner² (vëanér-) n. “sailor”
vëassë n. “vigour”
vehtë n. “life; habitat, haunt”
vehtequentalë n. “biography”
véla adj. “*alike, having a likeness or similarity”
*vembë n. “worm”
vénë adj. “virginity; *virgin”
vénë adj. “virginity”
vénëa n. “*virginal”
venessë n. “virginity”
*venta n. “chin”
vëo n. “living creature”
veo n. “man”
véra adj. “personal, private, own”
verca adj. “wild”
vérë n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
veri n. “wife”
verië n. “boldness”
*verina adj. “married”
veru n. “husband”
verya adj. “bold, *brave”
verya- v. “to dare”
*vesta- v. “to wed, marry, join others in marriage; (refl.) to get married”
vesta¹ n. “matrimony, state of marriage”
*vestalë n. “wedding”
*véta- v. “to compare, liken”
vië n. “manhood, vigour”
vilya n. “air, sky”
vínë n. “youth”
*vinima adj. “childish”
*vinimo n. “baby, little-one”
vinya adj. “young, new”
Víressë n. “April, *Freshness”
virya adj. “fresh”
virya- v. “to change, alternate”
vista n. “air as substance”
vista- v. “to change (transitive)”
vistë n. “change”
-voitë suf. “adjective suffix”
vórë n. “lasting”
vórëa adj. and n. “continuous, enduring, lasting; continuant”
vórima adj. “faithful, *(lit.) able to endure; continuous, enduring, repeated”
*vorimyalë n. “monotony”
vor(o)- pref. “continual repetition”
voro adv. “ever, continually, always”
voronda adj. “faithful, steadfast (in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise)”
vorongandelë n. “continual repetition, (lit.) harping on one tune”
voronwa adj. “enduring, long-lasting”
voronwë n. “steadfastness, loyalty, faith(fulness)”
voronwië n. “endurance, lasting quality”
vorosanya [þ] adj. “*ever-law-abiding”
walda adj. “excited, wild”
walmë n. “excitement, emotion”
walta- v. “to excite, rouse, stir up”
walwistë n. “change of mind”
walya- v. “to be excited (moved)”
*wanwa n. “great gale”
war- v. “to err”
-wë suf. “name-suffix (often masculine)”
n. “man, warrior”
-wë¹ suf. “masculine suffix”
-wë² suf. “abstract suffix”
*wel- v. “to boil, bubble”
*welet n. “boil, tumor”
*welva adj. “boiling, bubbling”
*welvë n. “bubble”
wén n. “greenness, freshness”
wendë n. “maiden, *virgin”
wendelë n. “maidenhood”
wenya adj. “green, yellow-green, fresh”
wil- v. “to fly”
wilwa adj. “fluttering to and fro”
wilwarin (wilwarind-) n. “butterfly”
wilwarindëa adj. “like a butterfly”
winë n. “baby, little-one, child not yet full grown”
wingë n. “foam, spindrift, spray, wave crest, froth, scud”
wingil (wingild-) n. “nymph, mermaid, foam-maid”
winta- v. “to scatter, blow about”
winyamo n. “youngster”
wirnë n. “change”
xara- v. “to yearn, long for”
-xë¹ suf. “reflexive verbal inflection”
xenna n. “odour”
xiétë (xiéti-) adj. “passing, impermanent”
ya pron. “which, where, that (relative pronoun)”
conj. “when”
adv. “formerly, ago”
-ya¹ suf. “adjective suffix”
-ya² suf. “aorist active participle, general verbal adjective”
-ya² suf. “suffix of endearment”
-ya³ suf. “his, her, its (colloquial)”
-ya⁴ suf. “verbal suffix”
yaimë n. “wailing”
yaimëa adj. “wailing”
yaiwë n. “mocking, scorn”
yal- v. “to summon”
yallë adv. “as, in the same way as, like”
yallumë adv. “at last”
yalmë n. “clamour”
yalúmë n. “former times”
yalúmëa adj. “olden”
yana pron. “that (the former)”
yána adj. “wide, vast, huge”
yanga- v. “to yawn”
yanta n. “bridge”
yanwë n. “joining, isthmus”
yára adj. “old, ancient, belonging to or descending from former times”
yárë n. “former days”
yárëa adj. “olden”
*yarra n. “️growl, snarl”
yarra- v. “to growl, snarl”
yassë adv. “once upon a time; there”
yat² (yac-) n. “goat”
yatta n. “narrow neck, isthmus; *(lit.) joining”
Yavannië n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
yávë n. “fruit”
yávë n. “fruit”
yávië n. “autumn, harvest [time or act]”
yáviérë n. “*autumn-day”
yáwë n. “ravine, cleft, gully”
-yë suf. “and (pairs)”
ye pron. “who”
ye prep. “at”
interj. “lo!, what a ..., what is more”
yé¹ interj. “”
yé² n. “eye”
yeldë n. “daughter”
yelmë¹ n. “loathing”
yelta- v. “to loathe, abhor”
yelwa adj. “loathsome”
yén n. “Elvish long year (144 solar years)”
yen(dë) n. “daughter”
yénië n. “annals”
yenya n. “last year”
yérë n. “*sexual desire”
yesta n. “beginning”
*yesta- v. “to begin”
yesta- v. “to desire”
yo conj. “both ... and”
yo conj. “and”
yo- pref. “together (used in words describing the union of three or more things)”
yó(m) prep. “[together] with”
yomenië n. “meeting, gathering”
yonda¹ adj. “enclosed”
yonda² adj. “wide, roomy, extensive”
yondë n. “region, any fairly extensive region with well-marked natural bounds”
yondo n. “son”
yondo n. “son”
yonwa n. “fence, border, boundary”
yonyo n. “boy, son (diminutive)”
yor- v. “to enclose, set bounds to/about”
yosanwë n. “(pl.) congruence”
yu- pref. “both”
adv. “too”
yul- v. “to drink”
yúla n. “ember, smouldering wood”
yulda¹ n. “drink, draught, thing drunk; cup”
yulda² adj. “drunk”
yúlima adj. “drinkable”
*yullumë adv. “twice, two times”
yulma n. “cup, drinking vessel, drinking implement, goblet”
yulma n. “brand”
yulmë n. “red (?heat), smouldering heat”
yulmë n. “drinking, carousal”
yuluitë (yuluiti-) adj. “drinking (as a habit), *aquatic”
yulunefítë adj. “amphibious”
yunquë num. card. “twelve”
*yunquëa num. ord. “twelfth”
yunquenta num. card. “thirteen”
yunquesta fraction. “*one twelfth”
*yuquain num. card. “twenty”
*yuquain tuxa num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yurasta num. card. “twenty four”
yúyo adj. “both”